Form of Government: Republic
Area: 196 712 sq km
Population: 16 705 608 inhab. (estimate 2020)
Density: 84.92 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 17° - 12° N; long. 18° - 11° W
Capital: Dakar (capital) 1 146 053 inhab. (2013); Dakar 3 026 316 inhab. (2013), urban agglomeration
Currency: CFA franc (100 centimes)
Human development index: 0.512 (rank: 168)
President: Macky Sall (Alliance for the Republic), elected 25 March 2012, in office since 3 April 2012, reconfirmed 24 February 2019
National Assembly: seats based on the elections of 30 July 2017: United in Hope (coalition led by APR-Alliance for the Republic, in support of President Sall), 125; PDS (Senegalese Democratic Party), 19; others, 21
Internet: www.ansd.sn (Agence Nationale de la Statistique)
Member of AU, ECOWAS, OIC, UN, WTO

Senegal

Sénégal, République du Sénégal
Useful information

International license plate code SN
International dialling code 00221
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (recommended; it is also required if traveling from a country with risk of transmission, including travelers having transited more than 12 hours through the airport of a country with risk of transmission); malaria prophylaxis (recommended for some areas)
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side rigth
Internet code .sn

GMT  0
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Dakar 24.4
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Dakar 21/27
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Dakar 8.5/8
Annual average precipitation (mm) Dakar 499
Days of rainfall (annual average) Dakar 37

Politics and current affairs

The arrest (3 March 2021) of an opposition figure sparked several days of violent protests, also fuelled by intolerance of the pandemic restrictions.

Geography.
Senegal is bordered to the north by Mauritania, to the east by Mali, to the south by Guinea and Guinea-Bissau and to the west; it lies on the Atlantic Ocean.
The country surrounds The Gambia. To the north the border is marked by the River Senegal; other important rivers are the River Casamance and the River Gambia. The climate is warm, with one dry season and one humid season.

Government


Formerly a French colony, it has been independent since 11 September 1960. The “father of the country”, the writer Léopold S. Senghor, was President until 1980. From 1982 to 1989, the country was part of the Senegambia Confederation, along with The Gambia. After A. Diouf’s long presidency (1981-2000), the opposition candidate, A. Wade, (Senegalese Democratic Party) proved victorious, later beaten at the 2012 elections by Macky Sall, founder of the Alliance for the Republic party. Between 1983 and 2004, a separatist guerrilla movement developed in the Casamance region led by the MFDC (Movement of the Democratic Forces of Casamance); after the 2004 peace agreements some militia have remained active. According to the 2001 Constitution, the President is elected by direct suffrage for five years which may be renewed only once; the National Assembly is made up of 165 members, elected for five years. The Senate, reintroduced in 2007, was abolished once more by Macky Sall in 2012. In 2019, Parliament approved the abolition of the position of prime minister. The legal system is based on French law.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force5.5%2015
Army87.5%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides7.4per 100 000 pop.2015
Theft33.8per 100 000 pop.2015
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Dakar1 146 053inhab.2013
Thiès317 763inhab.2013
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Dakar3 026 316inhab.2013
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate33.9522019
Death rate5.5962019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Wolof38.7%2011
Toucouleur26.5%2011


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim95.9%2016
Christian4.1%2016


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Diola
French (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years40.1%2020
15-29 years28.5%2020


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Economy


Growth is fueled by foreign investment and exports and is sensitive to the trend of agricultural crops. The Sall presidency in 2012 enacted the Plan Sénégal Emergent (PSE) to favour growth via economic reforms and infrastructural investments. The agricultural sector is based on the cultivation of peanuts, the country being one of the world’s main producers. Sugar cane, fruit, tomatoes and cotton productions are also noteworthy. Millet, rice, maize and cassava are grown for domestic consumption. The fishing industry, which is important for exports, is going through a crisis due to the fact that waters have been over-exploited. A further important resource is phosphates (deposits in Taïba, Matam and Thiès). Industry is quite developed, especially food manufacturing, shipbuilding, construction, mechanics, textiles and clothing; in Dakar-M’Bao there are chemical (fertilizers) and petrochemical plants; phosphoric acid is produced in Mboro. The role of numerous Chinese companies wishing to exploit the country’s resources, especially oil and gas, is relevant. The CFA franc is pegged to the Euro by a fixed exchange rate. Dakar is a free-trade area and the headquarters of the Central Bank of West African States. Tourism is relevant.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)144.82index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)153.45index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population4 255 232units2020
Active population, Females40.4%2020
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate7.1%2020
Unemployment rate, Females45.5%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses3 349 000M LCU2019
Revenues2 833 000M LCU2019
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture30$%2019
industry13.5%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture16.499%2019
industry26.24%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation1 677.901BN LCU2020
International reserves116.9M US$2016
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land17.026%2018
forests42.322%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total2 768.7981000 t2019
maize530.7051000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava1 030.5921000 t2019
potatoes1401000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages105.0961000 t2019
carrots and turnips17.0851000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green18.8151000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts1 421.2881000 t2019
sesame seed24.3041000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits145.0241000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts4$1000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane1 093.7011000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton16.5111000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total1 484.051000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts6.7741000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits48.51000 t2019
oranges48.51000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas31.4221000 t2019
mangoes1301000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize258.3911000 ha2019
millet880.4081000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava94.011000 ha2019
potatoes5.851000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages7.0111000 ha2019
carrots and turnips2.4651000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green1.3951000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts1 110.9341000 ha2019
sesame seed33.7761000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit12.5911000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts1.31000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane9.6571000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton16.5111000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts16.6641000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits6.6441000 ha2019
oranges6.6441000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas1.2231000 ha2019
mangoes19.4641000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber6 428 1412019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle3 666.4461000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes3 666.4461000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs465.5431000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep7 051.9171000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats6 205.1451000 heads2019
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses482.5941000 heads2019
asses and mules482.5941000 heads2019
Livestock - Camelids
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
camels5.031000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds81 4191000 heads2019
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey4.381000 t2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter0.5551000 t2018
eggs34.2481000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs28 927.791t2019
freshwater fishes32 557.09t2019
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural gas12.5M m³2019
Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ilmenite3101000 t2020
rutile9$1000 t2020
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clay1201000 t2020
phosphate rock3 5001000 t2020
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
basalt3.81000 t2018
limestone2 0001000 t2018
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold7 628kg2018
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal3 988.42M kWh2018
- hydro356.4M kWh2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1 0011000 kW2018
- other renew.2091000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation4 513.82M kWh2018
total installed capacity1 2351000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
lead3.71000 t2018
silver, metal700kg2018
Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
petrol49.11000 t2014
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fertilizers1511000 t2019
nitrogen fertilizers18.91000 t2019
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley20$1000 t2018
cottonseed oil1.91000 t2018
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes, packs71.59M units2019
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other paper0.1381000 t2019
paper0.1381000 t2019
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement5 283.21000 t2019
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production625.369M US$2014
food, beverages and tobacco production1 170.104M US$2014
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products32.919% of goods exports2019
manufactures24.105% of goods exports2019
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Mali548.4M US$2010
India209.7M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
France943.3M US$2010
Nigeria488.9M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20204 091M US$ -
20194 179M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20207 881M US$ -
20198 143M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures324M US$2018
Number of arrivals1 365 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown8 200 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried284.51000 units2019
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers9.33per 1000 pop.2019
Computers22.2per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling8.844years2019
Graduates28 058units2017
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level2 171 967units2019
Students, secondary level1 149 844units2019
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds0.3per 1000 pop.2008
Physicians0.05per 1000 pop.2018
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.4% of adults2019
HIV, total0.3%2001
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.577% of GDP2015
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking24.5%2019
Access to electricity70.4%2019
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear5$%2011
education2.4%2011
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