Form of Government: Republic
Area: 196 712 sq km
Population: 15 256 346 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 77.56 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 17° - 12° N; long. 18° - 11° W
Capital: Dakar (capital) 1 146 053 inhab. (2013); Dakar 3 026 316 inhab. (2013), urban agglomeration
Currency: CFA franc (100 centimes)
Human development index: 0.494 (rank: 162)
President: Macky Sall (Alliance for the Republic), elected 25 March 2012, in office since 3 April 2012
Prime Minister: Mohamed Dionne (independent), since 6 July 2014
National Assembly: seats based on the elections of 30 July 2017: United in Hope (coalition led by APR-Alliance for the Republic, in support of President Sall), 125; PDS (Senegalese Democratic Party), 19; others, 21
Internet: www.ansd.sn (Agence Nationale de la Statistique)
Member of AU, ECOWAS, OIC, UN, WTO

Senegal

Sénégal, République du Sénégal
Useful information

International license plate code SN
International dialling code 00221
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (recommended; it is also required if traveling from a country with risk of transmission, including travelers having transited more than 12 hours through the airport of a country with risk of transmission); malaria prophylaxis (recommended for some areas)
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side rigth
Internet code .sn

GMT  0
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Dakar 24.4
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Dakar 21/27
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Dakar 8.5/8
Annual average precipitation (mm) Dakar 499
Days of rainfall (annual average) Dakar 37

Geography.
Senegal is bordered to the north by Mauritania, to the east by Mali, to the south by Guinea and Guinea-Bissau and to the west; it lies on the Atlantic Ocean.
The country surrounds The Gambia. To the north the border is marked by the River Senegal; other important rivers are the River Casamance and the River Gambia. The climate is warm, with one dry season and one humid season.

Government


Formerly a French colony, it has been independent since 11 September 1960. The “father of the country”, the writer Léopold S. Senghor, was President until 1980. From 1982 to 1989, the country was part of the Senegambia Confederation, along with The Gambia. After A. Diouf’s long presidency (1981-2000), the opposition candidate, A. Wade, (Senegalese Democratic Party) proved victorious, later beaten at the 2012 elections by Macky Sall, founder of the Alliance for the Republic party. Between 1983 and 2004, a separatist guerrilla movement developed in the Casamance region led by the MFDC (Movement of the Democratic Forces of Casamance); after the 2004 peace agreements some militia have remained active.
According to the 2001 Constitution, the President is elected by direct suffrage for five years which may be renewed only once; the National Assembly is made up of 165 members, elected for five years. The Senate, reintroduced in 2007, was abolished once more by Macky Sall in 2012. The legal system is based on French law.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force5.5%2015
Army87.5%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides7.3per 100 000 pop.2015
Theft17.1per 100 000 pop.2015
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Dakar1 146 053inhab.2013
Thiès317 763inhab.2013
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Dakar3 026 316inhab.2013
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2017)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate35.62016
Death rate5.92016
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Wolof38.7%2011
Toucouleur26.5%2011


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim96.1%2014
Christian3.8%2014


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Diola
French (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years41.5%2017
15-29 years28.5%2017


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Economy


Since 2015, the economy has experienced solid growth thanks also to abundant harvest in agriculture. The Sall presidency in 2012 enacted the Plan Sénégal Emergent (PSE) to favour growth via economic reforms and infrastructural investments. The agricultural sector is based on the cultivation of peanuts, the country being one of the world’s main producers. Sugar cane, fruit, tomatoes and cotton productions are also noteworthy. Millet, rice, maize and cassava are grown for domestic consumption. The fishing industry, which is important for exports, is going through a crisis due to the fact that waters have been over-exploited. A further important resource is phosphates (deposits in Taïba, Matam and Thiès). Industry is quite developed, especially food manufacturing, shipbuilding, construction, mechanics, textiles and clothing; in Dakar-M’Bao there are chemical and petrochemical plants. The role of numerous Chinese companies wishing to exploit the country’s resources, especially its oil and gas resources, is growing. The CFA franc is pegged to the Euro by a fixed exchange rate. Dakar is a free-trade area and the headquarters of the Central Bank of West African States. Tourism is on the increase.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)144.82index2016
Balance of trade-3 781M US$2017
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population5 179 250units2017
Active population, Females41.4%2017
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate9.8%2015
Unemployment rate, Females54%2013
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses2 559 400M LCU2017
Revenues2 384 000M LCU2017
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture53.4%2017
industry20.1%2017
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture17.1%2016
industry23.4%2016
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation1 136.5BN LCU2017
International reserves116.9M US$2016
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land16.97%2015
forests42.97%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total1 977.0061000 t2016
maize314.7031000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava420.7721000 t2016
potatoes63.8281000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages59.6751000 t2016
carrots and turnips7.1161000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green14.6741000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts7191000 t2016
sesame seed121000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits136.7591000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts3.9691000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane696.9921000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton19.6931000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total265.9191000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts6.9091000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits48.8691000 t2016
oranges48.8691000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas37.8631000 t2016
mangoes123.6061000 t2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize189.9731000 ha2016
millet857.9731000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava39.2761000 ha2016
potatoes2.8991000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages3.4781000 ha2016
carrots and turnips0.7761000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green1.1481000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts8801000 ha2016
sesame seed211000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit12.1531000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts1.2811000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane5.9021000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton201000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts17.771000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits6.8531000 ha2016
oranges6.8531000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas1.4831000 ha2016
mangoes19.1971000 ha2016
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber6 386 1782016
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle3 540.2431000 heads2016
cattle and buffaloes3 540.2431000 heads2016
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs409.0471000 heads2016
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep5 923.1881000 heads2016
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats5 384.4161000 heads2016
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses475.911000 heads2016
asses and mules475.911000 heads2016
Livestock - Camelids
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
camels4.9641000 heads2016
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds48 7801000 heads2016
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey3.4671000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter0.8561000 t2014
eggs24.8161000 t2016
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs28 882.43t2016
freshwater fishes29 473.6t2016
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural gas26M m³2017
Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ilmenite3001000 t2017
rutile101000 t2017
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
phosphate rock2 2001000 t2017
salt265.71000 t2015
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
basalt3.81000 t2015
limestone2 0001000 t2015
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold5 670kg2015
silver540kg2015
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal3 263.68M kWh2015
- hydro339M kWh2015
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal8541000 kW2015
- hydro751000 kW2015
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation3 672.68M kWh2015
total installed capacity9651000 kW2015
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
lead1.91000 t2015
Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
petrol49.11000 t2014
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fertilizers107.71000 t2015
nitrogen fertilizers11000 t2014
Industry - Textiles
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cotton yarn0.4111000 t2001
Industry - Clothing and footwear
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
footwear600 000pairs2001
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley151000 t2014
cottonseed oil2.41000 t2014
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes, packs63M units2015
tobacco2 218t2003
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other paper0.1381000 t2016
paper0.1381000 t2016
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement4 6151000 t2015
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production323.5M US$2012
food, beverages and tobacco production605.4M US$2012
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products36.802% of goods exports2016
manufactures36.468% of goods exports2016
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Mali548.4M US$2010
India209.7M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
France943.3M US$2010
Nigeria488.9M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20172 920.253M US$ -
20162 640.276M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20176 701.089M US$ -
20165 477.912M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures279M US$2014
Number of arrivals1 006 600units2015
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown8 200 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried211000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers7.053per 1000 pop.2017
Computers22.2per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling9years2016
Graduates32 849units2012
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level64 088units2016
Teachers, secondary level56 844units2016
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds0.3per 1000 pop.2008
Physicians0.07per 1000 pop.2016
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.4% of adults2016
HIV, total0.3%2001
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.75% of GDP2015
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking31.65%2016
Access to electricity64.5%2016
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear5%2011
education2.4%2011
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