Form of Government: Republic
Area: 196 712 sq km
Population: 16 209 125 inhab. (estimate 2019)
Density: 82.40 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 17° - 12° N; long. 18° - 11° W
Capital: Dakar (capital) 1 146 053 inhab. (2013); Dakar 3 026 316 inhab. (2013), urban agglomeration
Currency: CFA franc (100 centimes)
Human development index: 0.505 (rank: 164)
President: Macky Sall (Alliance for the Republic), elected 25 March 2012, in office since 3 April 2012, reconfirmed 24 February 2019
National Assembly: seats based on the elections of 30 July 2017: United in Hope (coalition led by APR-Alliance for the Republic, in support of President Sall), 125; PDS (Senegalese Democratic Party), 19; others, 21
Internet: www.ansd.sn (Agence Nationale de la Statistique)
Member of AU, ECOWAS, OIC, UN, WTO

Senegal

Sénégal, République du Sénégal
Useful information

International license plate code SN
International dialling code 00221
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (recommended; it is also required if traveling from a country with risk of transmission, including travelers having transited more than 12 hours through the airport of a country with risk of transmission); malaria prophylaxis (recommended for some areas)
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side rigth
Internet code .sn

GMT  0
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Dakar 24.4
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Dakar 21/27
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Dakar 8.5/8
Annual average precipitation (mm) Dakar 499
Days of rainfall (annual average) Dakar 37

Politics and current affairs

President M. Sall was re-elected on 24 February 2019 with 58.3% of the votes. On 4 May, Parliament approved the abolition of the position of prime minister.

Geography.
Senegal is bordered to the north by Mauritania, to the east by Mali, to the south by Guinea and Guinea-Bissau and to the west; it lies on the Atlantic Ocean.
The country surrounds The Gambia. To the north the border is marked by the River Senegal; other important rivers are the River Casamance and the River Gambia. The climate is warm, with one dry season and one humid season.

Government


Formerly a French colony, it has been independent since 11 September 1960. The “father of the country”, the writer Léopold S. Senghor, was President until 1980. From 1982 to 1989, the country was part of the Senegambia Confederation, along with The Gambia. After A. Diouf’s long presidency (1981-2000), the opposition candidate, A. Wade, (Senegalese Democratic Party) proved victorious, later beaten at the 2012 elections by Macky Sall, founder of the Alliance for the Republic party. Between 1983 and 2004, a separatist guerrilla movement developed in the Casamance region led by the MFDC (Movement of the Democratic Forces of Casamance); after the 2004 peace agreements some militia have remained active. According to the 2001 Constitution, the President is elected by direct suffrage for five years which may be renewed only once; the National Assembly is made up of 165 members, elected for five years. The Senate, reintroduced in 2007, was abolished once more by Macky Sall in 2012. The legal system is based on French law.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force5.5%2015
Army87.5%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides7.4per 100 000 pop.2015
Theft33.8per 100 000 pop.2015
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Dakar1 146 053inhab.2013
Thiès317 763inhab.2013
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Dakar3 026 316inhab.2013
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate352017
Death rate5.72017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Wolof38.7%2011
Toucouleur26.5%2011


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim95.9%2016
Christian4.1%2016


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Diola
French (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years41.2%2018
15-29 years28.5%2018


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Economy


Since 2015, the economy has experienced solid growth thanks also to abundant harvest in agriculture. The Sall presidency in 2012 enacted the Plan Sénégal Emergent (PSE) to favour growth via economic reforms and infrastructural investments. The agricultural sector is based on the cultivation of peanuts, the country being one of the world’s main producers. Sugar cane, fruit, tomatoes and cotton productions are also noteworthy. Millet, rice, maize and cassava are grown for domestic consumption. The fishing industry, which is important for exports, is going through a crisis due to the fact that waters have been over-exploited. A further important resource is phosphates (deposits in Taïba, Matam and Thiès). Industry is quite developed, especially food manufacturing, shipbuilding, construction, mechanics, textiles and clothing; in Dakar-M’Bao there are chemical (fertilizers) and petrochemical plants; phosphoric acid is produced in Mboro. The role of numerous Chinese companies wishing to exploit the country’s resources, especially oil and gas, is growing.
The CFA franc is pegged to the Euro by a fixed exchange rate. Dakar is a free-trade area and the headquarters of the Central Bank of West African States. Tourism is relevant.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)144.82index2016
Balance of trade-4 287.2M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population4 333 127units2018
Active population, Females39.4%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate16.8%2016
Unemployment rate, Females67.5%2016
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses3 074 600M LCU2018
Revenues2 599 400M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture32%2018
industry13.6%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture16.5%2017
industry25.6%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation1 300.3BN LCU2018
International reserves116.9M US$2016
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land16.97%2015
forests42.97%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total1 692.6841000 t2017
maize264.3421000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava336.4441000 t2017
potatoes118.7831000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages76.1161000 t2017
carrots and turnips161000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green18.71000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts9151000 t2017
sesame seed131000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits137.7751000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts3.8521000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane464.9791000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton221000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total265.9191000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts8.9841000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits48.3951000 t2017
oranges48.3951000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas301000 t2017
mangoes1321000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize175.1631000 ha2017
millet813.0841000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava34.4041000 ha2017
potatoes5.2841000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages4.6481000 ha2017
carrots and turnips1.8371000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green1.5041000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts9401000 ha2017
sesame seed221000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit12.0351000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts1.2521000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane3.941000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton191000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts22.7621000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits6.7331000 ha2017
oranges6.7331000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas1.171000 ha2017
mangoes19.6341000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber6 400 0082017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle3 573.9481000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes3 573.9481000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs416.7511000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep6 036.2451000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats5 723.0471000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses480.0891000 heads2017
asses and mules480.0891000 heads2017
Livestock - Camelids
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
camels4.7651000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds59 9511000 heads2017
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey3.4671000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter0.8561000 t2014
eggs261000 t2017
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs34 593.2t2017
freshwater fishes31 082t2017
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural gas26M m³2017
Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ilmenite2501000 t2018
rutile81000 t2018
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
phosphate rock1 7821000 t2018
salt245.71000 t2018
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
basalt3.81000 t2016
limestone2 0001000 t2016
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold6 741kg2016
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal3 742.14M kWh2016
- hydro356M kWh2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal8341000 kW2016
- hydro751000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation4 167.14M kWh2016
total installed capacity9771000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
lead3.61000 t2016
silver, metal500kg2016
Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
petrol49.11000 t2014
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fertilizers1001000 t2016
nitrogen fertilizers11000 t2014
Industry - Clothing and footwear
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
footwear600 000pairs2001
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley151000 t2014
cottonseed oil2.41000 t2014
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes, packs489.8M units2018
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other paper0.1381000 t2017
paper0.1381000 t2017
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement5 1491000 t2016
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production624.5M US$2014
food, beverages and tobacco production1 168.5M US$2014
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products37.500% of goods exports2018
manufactures33.141% of goods exports2018
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Mali548.4M US$2010
India209.7M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
France943.3M US$2010
Nigeria488.9M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20183 517M US$ -
20172 989M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20187 805M US$ -
20176 729M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures279M US$2014
Number of arrivals1 365 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown8 200 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried211000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers7.053per 1000 pop.2017
Computers22.2per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling9years2017
Graduates28 058units2017
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level64 874units2017
Teachers, secondary level57 316units2017
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds0.3per 1000 pop.2008
Physicians0.07per 1000 pop.2016
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.4% of adults2017
HIV, total0.3%2001
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.75% of GDP2015
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking31.65%2016
Access to electricity61.7%2017
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear5%2011
education2.4%2011
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