Form of Government: Presidential republic
Area: 456.6 sq km
Population: 99 202 inhab. (estimate 2021)
Density: 217.26 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 3° - 11° S; long. 46° - 57° E
Capital: Greater Victoria 28 091 inhab. (2018), urban agglomeration
Currency: Seychelles rupee (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.796 (rank: 67)
President and head of government: Wavel Ramkalawan (LDS), elected 25 October 2020
Internet: www.nbs.gov.sc (National Bureau of Statistics)
Member of AU, COMESA, Commonwealth, SADC, UN, WTO

Seychelles

Sesel, Seychelles, Repiblik Sesel, République des Seychelles, Republic of Seychelles
Useful information

International license plate code SY
International dialling code 00248
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission, including travelers having transited more than 12 hours through the airport of a country with risk of transmission)
Electricity (Voltage) 240
Driving side left
Internet code .sc

GMT  +4
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Victoria 27.2
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Victoria 27/26
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Victoria 8/5
Annual average precipitation (mm) Victoria 2195
Days of rainfall (annual average) Victoria 149

Geography.
The Seychelles are an archipelago (88 islands of which 36 are inhabited) in the Indian Ocean, to the north-east of Madagascar. The main islands are Mahé (153 km²), Praslin (40 km²), Silhouette (20 km²), La Digue (15 km²), Curieuse and Félicité. In addition, there is the Amirante group (10.3 km²), the triad of Alphonse, Bijoutier and Saint François, the islands of Platte, Coetivy, Providence, Saint Pierre, Cerf, Astove and Assumption, the Cosmoledo group, and the islands of Aldabra, Farquhar and Desroches. The climate is warm and humid with heavy rainfalls.

Government


The Seychelles have been an independent state within the British Commonwealth since the 29 June 1976. At the end of 1992 the Marxist-inspired regime which was put in place following a military coup in 1977 opened up the system to become a multi-party system, but the People’s Progressive Front (SPPF), formerly the sole political party, has remained firmly in power. According to the 1993 Constitution, the President of the Republic is elected for a five-year term, at the same time as the National Assembly (34 members). During the 2016 elections, the People’s Party (PL), the new name of the SPPF, lost their majority to the Seychellois Democratic Alliance (LDS). The legal system is based on British Common law and French law.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force4.8%2015
Army47.6%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes28 497.9per 100 000 pop.2017
Homicides7.3per 100 000 pop.2017
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Administrative division

Administrative division
DistrictAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Anse Aux Pins2.5 sq km3 850 inhab.2010
Anse Boileau12$ sq km4 011 inhab.2010
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Victoria28 091inhab.2018
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Greater Victoria28 091inhab.2018
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate16.42019
Death rate8.12019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Creole91.4%2010
Indian4.4%2010


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic76.2%2010
other13.7%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
French (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years18.8%2020
15-29 years19.8%2020


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Economy


The country’s economy is based mainly on tourism and tuna fishing. Coconuts and bananas are the main crops. There are some cigarette and food processing factories (beer, tinned tuna). The current account deficit is structurally high. Trade routes which cross the waters of the archipelago are susceptible to attack by pirates.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)98.97index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)92.25index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population50 000units2020
Active population, Females49.5%2011-12
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate4.2%2020
Unemployment rate, Females46.7%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses8 379.3M LCU2019
Revenues8 435.4M LCU2019
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture1$%2018
industry20.9%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture2.713%2019
industry13.024%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation1.729BN LCU2020
International reserves559.682M US$2020
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land3.37%2018
forests73.261%2018
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.2361000 t2019
roots and tubers, total0.2361000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tomatoes0.511000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts3.6111000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cinnamon0.0251000 t2019
tea0.011000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total3.0791000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.1061000 t2019
lemons0.0591000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.0131000 t2019
bananas1.9881000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.0191000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tomatoes0.0761000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.7691000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cinnamon0.5781000 ha2019
tea0.0231000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.0071000 ha2019
lemons0.0031000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.0011000 ha2019
bananas0.0981000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber12 8402019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle0.2221000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes0.2221000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs4.6181000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats5.6611000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds57$1000 heads2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.5781000 t2019
hides and skins0.0051000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs135t2019
marine fishes134 952t2019
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
granite173.51000 t2018
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal428M kWh2018
non-renewable electricity generation98.845%2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1461000 kW2018
- other renew.9.51000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation433M kWh2018
total installed capacity155.51000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
soap0.071000 t2016
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley5.6511000 t2018
coconut oil0.0061000 t2018
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes52$M units2019
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production78.778M US$2020
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products78.126% of goods exports2019
manufactures20.771% of goods exports2019
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Saudi Arabia94.5M US$2007
United Kingdom80.7M US$2007
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Saudi Arabia214M US$2007
Germany82.2M US$2007
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2020446M US$ -
2019518M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20201 031M US$ -
20191 167M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures109M US$2019
Number of arrivals384 000units2019
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown13 700 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried414.11000 units2019
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers275.98per 1000 pop.2019
Computers211.7per 1000 pop.2007
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling14.193years2019
Graduates441units2018
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level9 383units2019
Students, secondary level7 325units2019
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending16.864% of total expenses2018
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds3.4per 1000 pop.2018
Physicians1.9per 1000 pop.2018
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis16$per 100 000 pop.2019
Tuberculosis (prevalence)33$per 100 000 pop.2014
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.222% of GDP2016
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking100%2019
Access to electricity100%2019
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear5.8%2013
education1.6%2013
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