Form of Government: Presidential republic
Area: 456.6 sq km
Population: 97 199 inhab. (estimate 2018)
Density: 212.88 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 3° - 11° S; long. 46° - 57° E
Capital: Greater Victoria 28 091 inhab. (2018), urban agglomeration
Currency: Seychelles rupee (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.797 (rank: 62)
President and head of government: Danny Faure (People's Party), since 16 October 2016
Internet: www.nbs.gov.sc (National Bureau of Statistics)
Member of AU, COMESA, Commonwealth, SADC, UN, WTO

Seychelles

Sesel, Seychelles, Repiblik Sesel, République des Seychelles, Republic of Seychelles
Useful information

International license plate code SY
International dialling code 00248
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission, including travelers having transited more than 12 hours through the airport of a country with risk of transmission)
Electricity (Voltage) 240
Driving side left
Internet code .sc

GMT  +4
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Victoria 27.2
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Victoria 27/26
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Victoria 8/5
Annual average precipitation (mm) Victoria 2195
Days of rainfall (annual average) Victoria 149

Geography.
The Seychelles are an archipelago (88 islands of which 36 are inhabited) in the Indian Ocean, to the north-east of Madagascar. The main islands are Mahé (153 km²), Praslin (40 km²), Silhouette (20 km²), La Digue (15 km²), Curieuse and Félicité. In addition, there is the Amirante group (10.3 km²), the triad of Alphonse, Bijoutier and Saint François, the islands of Platte, Coetivy, Providence, Saint Pierre, Cerf, Astove and Assumption, the Cosmoledo group, and the islands of Aldabra, Farquhar and Desroches. The climate is warm and humid with heavy rainfalls.

Government


The Seychelles have been an independent state within the British Commonwealth since the 29 June 1976. At the end of 1992 the Marxist-inspired regime which was put in place following a military coup in 1977 opened up the system to become a multi-party system, but the People’s Progressive Front (SPPF), formerly the sole political party, has remained firmly in power. According to the 1993 Constitution, the President of the Republic is elected for a five-year term, at the same time as the National Assembly (34 members). During the 2016 elections, the People’s Party (PL), the new name of the SPPF, lost their majority to the Seychellois Democratic Alliance (LDS). The legal system is based on British Common law and French law.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force4.8%2015
Army47.6%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes28 497.9per 100 000 pop.2017
Homicides7.3per 100 000 pop.2017
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Administrative division

Administrative division
DistrictAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Anse Aux Pins2.5 sq km3 850 inhab.2010
Anse Boileau12 sq km4 011 inhab.2010
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Victoria28 091inhab.2018
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Greater Victoria28 091inhab.2018
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate17.12018
Death rate8.42018
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Creole91.4%2010
Indian4.4%2010


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic76.2%2010
other13.7%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
French (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years19.5%2018
15-29 years20.5%2018


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Economy


The country’s economy is based mainly on tourism and tuna fishing. Coconuts and bananas are the main crops. There are some cigarette and food processing factories (beer, tinned tuna). Public debt is high but constantly decreasing. Trade routes which cross the waters of the archipelago are susceptible to attack by pirates.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)98.97index2016
Balance of trade- 711M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population47 085units2016
Active population, Females49.5%2011-12
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate3.7%2017
Unemployment rate, Females50.5%2016
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses8 851M LCU2018
Revenues8 580M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.9%2017
industry22.1%2017
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture2.4%2017
industry13.7%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation1.373BN LCU2018
International reserves549.5M US$2018
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land3.37%2015
forests88.41%2015
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.241000 t2017
roots and tubers, total0.241000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tomatoes0.4751000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts2.4821000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cinnamon0.041000 t2017
tea0.0131000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total2.9061000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.0981000 t2017
lemons0.0541000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.0121000 t2017
bananas1.9681000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.021000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tomatoes0.0731000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.5381000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cinnamon0.671000 ha2017
tea0.0281000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.0061000 ha2017
lemons0.0031000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.0011000 ha2017
bananas0.0991000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber12 8402017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle0.291000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes0.291000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs5.191000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats5.611000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds1551000 heads2017
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.8641000 t2017
hides and skins0.0051000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs49t2017
marine fishes135 689t2017
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
granite1671000 t2016
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal350M kWh2016
non-renewable electricity generation97.98%2015
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal801000 kW2016
- other renew.81000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation350M kWh2016
total installed capacity881000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
soap0.071000 t2016
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley4.51000 t2014
coconut oil0.021000 t2014
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes62.1M units2018
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production102.2M US$2018
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products80.767% of goods exports2017
manufactures17.688% of goods exports2017
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Saudi Arabia94.5M US$2007
United Kingdom80.7M US$2007
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Saudi Arabia214M US$2007
Germany82.2M US$2007
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018573M US$ -
2017547M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20181 284M US$ -
20171 303M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures104M US$2017
Number of arrivals350 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown13 700 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried633.51000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers160.665per 1000 pop.2017
Computers211.7per 1000 pop.2007
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling15.5years2017
Graduates344units2017
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level644units2017
Teachers, secondary level635units2017
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending15.7% of total expenses2016
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds3.1per 1000 pop.2017
Physicians1.5per 1000 pop.2017
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis19per 100 000 pop.2017
Tuberculosis (prevalence)33per 100 000 pop.2014
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.22% of GDP2016
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking90.36%2016
Access to electricity100%2017
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear5.8%2013
education1.6%2013
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