Form of Government: Republic
Area: 1 001 sq km
Population: 210 240 inhab. (estimate 2020)
Density: 210.03 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 3° - 0° N; long. 5° - 8° E
Capital: São Tomé (capital) 80 100 inhab. (2018);
Currency: dobra (100 centavos)
Human development index: 0.625 (rank: 135)
President: Evaristo Carvalho (Independent Democratic Action), elected 7 August 2016, in office since 3 September 2016
Prime Minister: Jorge Bom Jesus (Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe/Social Democratic Party), since 3 December 2018
Internet: www.ine.st (Instituto Nacional de Estatística)
Member of AU, UN, WTO observer

São Tomé and Príncipe

São Tomé e Príncipe, República Democrática de São Tomé e Príncipe
Useful information

International license plate code STP
International dialling code 00239
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .st

GMT  0
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) São Tomé 25.3
Average temperature in January/July (°C) São Tomé 25.5/23.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) São Tomé 6/5
Annual average precipitation (mm) São Tomé 887
Days of rainfall (annual average) São Tomé 91

Geography.
An archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean, within the Gulf of Guinea, including the islands of São Tomé and Príncipe and some other rather rocky islands.

Government


A former Portuguese colony, the country has been independent since 12 July 1975. The President of the Republic is elected by direct suffrage for five years; the National Assembly consists of 55 members, elected for four years.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Military expenditure0.8% of GDP2006
Military personnel300units2009
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides3.4per 100 000 pop.2011
Theft12.5per 100 000 pop.2011
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Administrative division

Administrative division
DistrictAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Água-Grande17$ sq km77 689 inhab.2018
Cantagalo119 sq km19 394 inhab.2018
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
São Tomé80 100inhab.2018
Trindade16 140inhab.2012
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate31.1522019
Death rate4.7612019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mulatto79.5%2000
black17.6%2000


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic55.7%2012
nonreligious/atheist21.2%2012


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Portuguese (official)
Portuguese Creole
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years39.5%2020
15-29 years28.9%2020


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Economy


Bananas, cocoa, coconut and oil palm are noteworthy products. The country has offshore crude oil deposits, which are very rich but not yet in operation. The tourism potential is not properly exploited.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)109.34index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)107.41index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population70 639units2020
Active population, Females36$%2020
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate13.9%2020
Unemployment rate, Females56.4%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses2 508 000M LCU2018
Revenues2 537 000M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture19.1%2019
industry18.4%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture12.439%2019
industry12.789%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation0.432BN LCU2020
International reserves75.288M US$2020
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land44.266%2018
forests54.705%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total1.1111000 t2019
maize1.1111000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava1.3841000 t2019
roots and tubers, total13.4241000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.8481000 t2019
carrots and turnips0.9811000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits18.0121000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts12.6371000 t2019
copra0.41000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cinnamon0.0581000 t2019
cocoa2.8341000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total51.7441000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas5.9181000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize0.5531000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.2831000 ha2019
taro2.0081000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0561000 ha2019
carrots and turnips0.1311000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit1.8931000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts2.5521000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cinnamon0.2341000 ha2019
cocoa28.291000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.2171000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber140 9442019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle1.4481000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes1.4481000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs38.561000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep3.4081000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats6.0421000 heads2019
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses0.0471000 heads2019
asses and mules0.0791000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds3801000 heads2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.4021000 t2019
hides and skins0.0481000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs101.132t2019
marine fishes5 922.976t2019
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
non-renewable electricity generation91.954%2018
- thermal80$M kWh2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal16$1000 kW2018
- hydro2$1000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation87$M kWh2018
total installed capacity18.321000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconut oil0.351000 t2018
palm oil4.5441000 t2018
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production26.33M US$2020
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products87.758% of goods exports2019
manufactures11.433% of goods exports2019
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Portugal69.9M US$2010
Angola17.5M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
202016$M US$ -
201913$M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2020136M US$ -
2019148M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures18$M US$2019
Number of arrivals33 400units2018
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown500 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried41.91000 units2019
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers7.635per 1000 pop.2019
Computers39.3per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling12.383years2015
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Female105.003index2017
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level37 172units2017
Students, secondary level25 875units2017
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds3.1per 1000 pop.2017
Physicians0.6per 1000 pop.2017
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.8% of adults2014
Malaria2 742cases2019
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums, visitors673units2003
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking3.2%2019
Access to electricity75.182%2019
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