Form of Government: Republic
Area: 1 001 sq km
Population: 199 910 inhab. (estimate 2016)
Density: 199.71 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 3° - 0° N; long. 5° - 8° E
Capital: São Tomé (capital) 67 000 inhab. (2012);
Currency: dobra (100 centavos)
Human development index: 0.574 (rank: 142)
President: Evaristo Carvalho (Independent Democratic Action), elected 7 August 2016, in office since 3 September 2016
Prime Minister: Patrice Trovoada (ADI), since 25 November 2014
Internet: www.ine.st (Instituto Nacional de Estatística)
Member of AU, UN, WTO observer

São Tomé and Príncipe

São Tomé e Príncipe, República Democrática de São Tomé e Príncipe
Useful information

International license plate code STP
International dialling code 00239
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .st

GMT  0
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) São Tomé 25.3
Average temperature in January/July (°C) São Tomé 25.5/23.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) São Tomé 6/5
Annual average precipitation (mm) São Tomé 887
Days of rainfall (annual average) São Tomé 91

Geography.
An archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean, within the Gulf of Guinea, including the islands of São Tomé and Príncipe and some other rather rocky islands.

Government


A former Portuguese colony, the country has been independent since 12 July 1975. The President of the Republic is elected by direct suffrage for five years; the National Assembly consists of 55 members, elected for four years.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Military expenditure1.2% of GDP2005
Military personnel460units2005
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides3.4per 100 000 pop.2011
Theft12.5per 100 000 pop.2011
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Administrative division

Administrative division
DistrictAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Água-Grande17 sq km69 454 inhab.2012
Cantagalo119 sq km17 161 inhab.2012
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
São Tomé67 000inhab.2012
Trindade16 140inhab.2012
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2017)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate33.82016
Death rate6.72016
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mulatto79.5%2000
black17.6%2000


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic55.7%2012
nonreligious/atheist21.2%2012


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Portuguese (official)
Portuguese Creole
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years41.9%2017
15-29 years28%2017


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Economy


Bananas, cocoa, coconut and oil palm are noteworthy products. The country has offshore crude oil deposits, which are very rich but not yet in operation. The tourism potential is not properly exploited.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)109.34index2016
Balance of trade- 135M US$2017
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population67 950units2017
Active population, Females36.1%2017
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate13.4%2017
Unemployment rate, Females41.4%2017
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses2 438 531M LCU2016
Revenues2 177 578M LCU2016
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture17.1%2017
industry14.1%2017
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture11.5%2016
industry16.7%2016
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation324BN LCU2017
International reserves59M US$2017
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land46.63%2015
forests52.39%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total1.0181000 t2016
maize1.0181000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.9891000 t2016
roots and tubers, total5.7031000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits17.6181000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts42.2331000 t2016
copra0.41000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cinnamon0.0591000 t2016
cocoa2.7871000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total47.1971000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas44.0791000 t2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize0.4851000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.2721000 ha2016
taro0.4641000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit1.8491000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts10.3611000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cinnamon0.2331000 ha2016
cocoa25.7791000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas2.3621000 ha2016
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber139 7522016
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle0.981000 heads2016
cattle and buffaloes0.981000 heads2016
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs41.2471000 heads2016
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep3.3771000 heads2016
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats5.8591000 heads2016
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses0.0461000 heads2016
asses and mules0.0771000 heads2016
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds2711000 heads2016
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.4731000 t2016
hides and skins0.031000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs11t2016
marine fishes11 739t2016
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
non-renewable electricity generation90.909%2015
- thermal60M kWh2015
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal161000 kW2015
- hydro41000 kW2015
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation66M kWh2015
total installed capacity201000 kW2015
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconut oil0.31000 t2014
palm oil4.11000 t2014
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production28.2M US$2017
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products88.447% of goods exports2016
manufactures10.362% of goods exports2016
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Portugal69.9M US$2010
Angola17.5M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201714.227M US$ -
201613.64M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2017149.366M US$ -
2016139.352M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures20.5M US$2016
Number of arrivals29 000units2016
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown500 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried54.91000 units2010
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers7.238per 1000 pop.2017
Computers39.3per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling12.5years2015
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Female108index2017
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level1 193units2017
Teachers, secondary level936units2016
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds2.9per 1000 pop.2011
Physicians0.5per 1000 pop.2004
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.8% of adults2014
Malaria2 238cases2016
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums, visitors673units2003
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking16.81%2016
Access to electricity65.440%2016
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