Form of Government: Republic
Area: 1 001 sq km
Population: 201 784 inhab. (estimate 2018)
Density: 201.58 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 3° - 0° N; long. 5° - 8° E
Capital: São Tomé (capital) 80 100 inhab. (2018);
Currency: dobra (100 centavos)
Human development index: 0.589 (rank: 143)
President: Evaristo Carvalho (Independent Democratic Action), elected 7 August 2016, in office since 3 September 2016
Prime Minister: Jorge Bom Jesus (Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe/Social Democratic Party), since 3 December 2018
Internet: www.ine.st (Instituto Nacional de Estatística)
Member of AU, UN, WTO observer

São Tomé and Príncipe

São Tomé e Príncipe, República Democrática de São Tomé e Príncipe
Useful information

International license plate code STP
International dialling code 00239
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .st

GMT  0
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) São Tomé 25.3
Average temperature in January/July (°C) São Tomé 25.5/23.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) São Tomé 6/5
Annual average precipitation (mm) São Tomé 887
Days of rainfall (annual average) São Tomé 91

Geography.
An archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean, within the Gulf of Guinea, including the islands of São Tomé and Príncipe and some other rather rocky islands.

Government


A former Portuguese colony, the country has been independent since 12 July 1975. The President of the Republic is elected by direct suffrage for five years; the National Assembly consists of 55 members, elected for four years.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Military expenditure0.8% of GDP2006
Military personnel300units2009
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides3.4per 100 000 pop.2011
Theft12.5per 100 000 pop.2011
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Administrative division

Administrative division
DistrictAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Água-Grande17 sq km77 689 inhab.2018
Cantagalo119 sq km19 394 inhab.2018
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
São Tomé80 100inhab.2018
Trindade16 140inhab.2012
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate33.42017
Death rate6.62017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mulatto79.5%2000
black17.6%2000


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic55.7%2012
nonreligious/atheist21.2%2012


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Portuguese (official)
Portuguese Creole
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years41.2%2018
15-29 years28.2%2018


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Economy


Bananas, cocoa, coconut and oil palm are noteworthy products. The country has offshore crude oil deposits, which are very rich but not yet in operation. The tourism potential is not properly exploited.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)109.34index2016
Balance of trade- 137.6M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population71 385units2018
Active population, Females36.6%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate13.3%2018
Unemployment rate, Females58.3%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses2 508 000M LCU2018
Revenues2 537 000M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture23.7%2018
industry17.8%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture11.7%2017
industry15.4%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation324BN LCU2017
International reserves43.68M US$2018
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land46.63%2015
forests52.39%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total0.9641000 t2017
maize0.9641000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava1.351000 t2017
roots and tubers, total10.2721000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits18.4121000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts42.6871000 t2017
copra0.41000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cinnamon0.0591000 t2017
cocoa2.7781000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total47.1971000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas45.1331000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize0.4631000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.271000 ha2017
taro1.61000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit1.9311000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts10.0591000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cinnamon0.2351000 ha2017
cocoa26.021000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas2.2591000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber140 3442017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle0.9131000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes0.9131000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs43.8381000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep3.3811000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats5.9331000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses0.0461000 heads2017
asses and mules0.0771000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds2671000 heads2017
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.481000 t2017
hides and skins0.031000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs15t2017
marine fishes10 793t2017
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
non-renewable electricity generation90.909%2016
- thermal60M kWh2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal161000 kW2016
- hydro21000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation66M kWh2016
total installed capacity18.11000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconut oil0.31000 t2014
palm oil0.1661000 t2017
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production31.4M US$2018
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products85.404% of goods exports2017
manufactures10.556% of goods exports2017
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Portugal69.9M US$2010
Angola17.5M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201815M US$ -
201716M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018153M US$ -
2017147M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures17.2M US$2017
Number of arrivals29 000units2016
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown500 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried54.91000 units2010
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers7.238per 1000 pop.2017
Computers39.3per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling12.5years2015
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Female108index2017
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level1 193units2017
Teachers, secondary level936units2016
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds3.1per 1000 pop.2017
Physicians0.6per 1000 pop.2017
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.8% of adults2014
Malaria2 241cases2017
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums, visitors673units2003
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking16.81%2016
Access to electricity72.510%2017
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