Form of Government: Parliamentary republic
Area: 2 785 sq km
Population: 202 506 inhab. (estimate 2020)
Density: 72.71 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 10° - 15° S; long. 175° - 171° W
Capital: Apia (capital) 37 391 inhab. (2016); Apia 68 531 inhab. (2016), urban agglomeration
Currency: tala (100 sene)
Human development index: 0.715 (rank: 111)
Head of State: Tuimaleali’ifano Va’aletoa Sualauvi II, since 4 July 2017
Prime Minister: Naomi Mata‘afa (FAST, “Samoa United in Faith”), since 24 May 2021
Internet: www.sbs.gov.ws (Samoa Bureau of Statistics)
Member of Commonwealth, SPC, UN, WTO

Samoa

Samoa, Independent State of Samoa, Malo Sa‘oloto Tuto‘atasi o Samoa
Useful information

International license plate code WS
International dialling code 00684
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission)
Electricity (Voltage) 230/240
Driving side left
Internet code .ws

GMT  +13
DST  +14
DST duration (start-end) late September-early April

Annual average temperature (°C) Apia 26.4
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Apia 27/26
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Apia 8/6
Annual average precipitation (mm) Apia 2865
Days of rainfall (annual average) Apia 171

Geography.
The western part of the Samoan archipelago, including the islands of Savaii and Upolu and some minor islands situated in the central southern part of the Pacific Ocean.

Government


A former German protectorate, then from 1920 a trusteeship of New Zealand, Samoa became independent on 1 January 1962. As provided for in the Constitution, after the death of King Malietoa Tanumafili II (on 11 May 2007) the country became a parliamentary republic and the President is elected by a legislative assembly of 50 members (47 of whom are nominated as candidates by family chiefs) elected for a five-year term.

Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides3.1per 100 000 pop.2013
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Administrative division

Administrative division
Statistical regionAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Apia Urban Area (AUA)60$ sq km37 391 inhab.2016
North West Upolu (NWU)251 sq km69 376 inhab.2016
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Apia37 391inhab.2016
Vaitele8 156inhab.2016
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Apia68 531inhab.2016
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate24.12019
Death rate5.2022019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Samoan97$%2016
other3$%2016


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Protestant52.7%2016
Catholic18.8%2016


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
Samoan (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years29.2%2020
15-29 years28.3%2020


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Economy


Plantation crops (coconut palms), tobacco and food processing are important. Tourism and offshore finance are significant. The economy is affected by frequent typhoons.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)117.56index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)104.22index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population53 775units2020
Active population, Females34.4%2019
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate8.9%2020
Unemployment rate, Females40.5%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses623.4M LCU2020
Revenues794.8M LCU2020
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture30.4%2019
industry23.1%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture10.121%2019
industry15.704%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation0.17BN LCU2020
International reserves277.056M US$2020
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land22.473%2018
forests57.466%2018
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.4741000 t2019
roots and tubers, total40.0151000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts180.7011000 t2019
copra11$1000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0.4761000 t2019
coffee0.0121000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane0.0121000 t2019
tobacco0.2691000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total49.1371000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.7261000 t2019
citrus fruits, nes0.7261000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados1.4281000 t2019
bananas26.4561000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.0381000 ha2019
taro5.0591000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts27.3481000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa2.6191000 ha2019
coffee0.041000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane0.0011000 ha2019
tobacco0.0521000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.1511000 ha2019
citrus fruits, nes0.1511000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.0471000 ha2019
bananas5.2061000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber75 7002019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle61.2861000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes61.2861000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs169.2431000 heads2019
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses7$1000 heads2019
asses and mules7$1000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds5071000 heads2019
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.1571000 t2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.3211000 t2019
hides and skins0.4041000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs1 700.3t2019
freshwater fishes14$t2019
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal90$M kWh2018
non-renewable electricity generation67.698%2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal25$1000 kW2018
- other renew.14.551000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation132.94M kWh2018
total installed capacity51.551000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley4.6961000 t2018
coconut oil5.11000 t2018
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production43.952M US$2020
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products64.981% of goods exports2019
fuels24.723% of goods exports2019
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Australia45.9M US$2010
New Zealand6.5M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
New Zealand95.2M US$2010
Australia72.2M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
202037$M US$ -
201949$M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2020312M US$ -
2019391M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures5.2M US$2019
Number of arrivals172 000units2019
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown4 800 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried74.91000 units2019
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers8.661per 1000 pop.2017
Computers23.5per 1000 pop.2006
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling12.3years2005
Graduates406units2000
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level33 123units2018
Students, secondary level25 964units2016
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1$per 1000 pop.2005
Physicians0.34per 1000 pop.2016
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis11$per 100 000 pop.2019
Tuberculosis (prevalence)31$per 100 000 pop.2014
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking35.5%2019
Access to electricity99.2%2019
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear0.9%2008
education1.7%2008
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