Form of Government: Constitutional monarchy
Area: 30 407 sq km
Population: 680 806 inhab. (estimate 2019)
Density: 22.39 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 5° - 13° S; long. 155° - 171° E
Capital: Honiara (capital) 64 609 inhab. (2009); Honiara 80 082 inhab. (2009), urban agglomeration
Currency: Solomon Islands dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.557 (rank: 153)
Head of State: The British Sovereign
Prime Minister: Manasseh Sogavare (Ownership, Unity and Responsibility Party), since 24 April 2019
Internet: www.statistics.gov.sb (National Statistics Office)
Member of Commonwealth, SPC, UN, WTO

Solomon Islands

Solomon Islands
Useful information

International license plate code SOL
International dialling code 00677
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission); malaria prophylaxis (recommended for some areas)
Electricity (Voltage) 240
Driving side left
Internet code .sb

GMT  +11
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Honiara 26.9
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Honiara 27/26.5
Annual average precipitation (mm) Honiara 2030
Days of rainfall (annual average) Honiara 159

Geography.
An archipelago in Melanesia, to the east of Papua New Guinea, formed by Guadalcanal, Malaita, Santa Isabel, Choiseul and other smaller islands.

Government


A former British protectorate dating from 1893, it has been independent within the Commonwealth since 7 July 1978.
The Prime Minister is appointed by the Governor General; the Parliament has 50 members elected for four years. There are often disputes between the inhabitants of Malaita and Isatabu of Guadalcanal (an Australian-led peacekeeping mission operated from 2003 to 2013).

Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides4.3per 100 000 pop.2012
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Administrative division

Administrative division
ProvinceAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Central615 sq km31 732 inhab.2018
Choiseul3 837 sq km35 030 inhab.2018
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Honiara64 609inhab.2009
Tandai10 837inhab.2009
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Honiara80 082inhab.2009
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate32.42018
Death rate4.22018
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Melanesian95.3%2009
Polynesian3.1%2009


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Anglican31.9%2009
Protestant28.9%2009


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
Pidgin English
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years34%2018
15-29 years28.4%2018


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Economy


The country is among the poorest in the Pacific, economically supported by Australia. Besides subsistence-level farming (sweet potatoes, yam and taro) there is a small amount of plantation farming (coconut and oil palm, and cocoa). Fishing and forestry are important. Mining is carried out for gold, silver, bauxite and nickel; there are deposits of lead and zinc.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)112.53index2016
Balance of trade- 110M US$2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population336 195units2019
Active population, Females48.6%2019
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate0.6%2019
Unemployment rate, Females50.2%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses3 273.1M LCU2018
Revenues4 068.2M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture37.6%2019
industry9.5%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture25.4%2018
industry15.2%2018
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation0.908BN LCU2018
International reserves571.6M US$2019
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land3.57%2015
forests78.06%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total2.7371000 t2018
rice2.7371000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava3.3871000 t2018
roots and tubers, total202.0411000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
muskmelons0.571000 t2018
watermelons1.0131000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits258.3451000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts386.2581000 t2018
copra231000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa5.0041000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tobacco0.1141000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total31.3031000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.3131000 t2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
rice1.5981000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.2031000 ha2018
sweet potatoes7.5031000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
muskmelons0.0321000 ha2018
watermelons0.0791000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit211000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts53.3611000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa12.8851000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tobacco0.131000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.151000 ha2018
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber3 334 7532018
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle15.4461000 heads2018
cattle and buffaloes15.4461000 heads2018
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs54.4351000 heads2018
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total0.1521000 heads2018
horses0.1521000 heads2018
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds2461000 heads2018
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.5871000 t2018
hides and skins0.1071000 t2018
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
corals0t2017
crustaceans and molluscs20t2018
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bauxite1 608.51000 t2018
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold1 403kg2014
silver280kg2014
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal100M kWh2017
non-renewable electricity generation93.457%2017
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal361000 kW2017
- other renew.41000 kW2018
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation107M kWh2017
total installed capacity401000 kW2017
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley3.91000 t2014
coconut oil13.71000 t2014
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production25.9M US$2009
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agricultural raw materials73.691% of goods exports2018
food products20.243% of goods exports2018
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2019460M US$ -
2018534M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2019570M US$ -
2018615M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures53M US$2018
Number of arrivals27 900units2018
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown2 000 000km flown2003
Civil aviation, passengers carried427.81000 units2018
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers2.279per 1000 pop.2018
Computers46.4per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling9.1years2007
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Female106index2018
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level4 149units2018
Teachers, secondary level2 202units2015
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending1.8% of total expenses2015
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1.4per 1000 pop.2012
Physicians0.19per 1000 pop.2016
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Malaria72 430cases2018
Tuberculosis74per 100 000 pop.2018
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking8.45%2016
Access to electricity66.666%2018
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear1.5%2005-06
food, non-alcoholic beverages, tobacco56.1%2005-06
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