Form of Government: Constitutional monarchy
Area: 30 407 sq km
Population: 721 455 inhab. (census 2019)
Density: 23.73 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 5° - 13° S; long. 155° - 171° E
Capital: Honiara (capital) 64 609 inhab. (2009); Honiara 81 801 inhab. (2018), urban agglomeration
Currency: Solomon Islands dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.567 (rank: 151)
Head of State: The British Sovereign
Prime Minister: Manasseh Sogavare (Ownership, Unity and Responsibility Party), since 24 April 2019
Internet: www.statistics.gov.sb (National Statistics Office)
Member of Commonwealth, SPC, UN, WTO

Solomon Islands

Solomon Islands
Useful information

International license plate code SOL
International dialling code 00677
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission); malaria prophylaxis (recommended for some areas)
Electricity (Voltage) 240
Driving side left
Internet code .sb

GMT  +11
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Honiara 26.9
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Honiara 27/26.5
Annual average precipitation (mm) Honiara 2030
Days of rainfall (annual average) Honiara 159

Geography.
An archipelago in Melanesia, to the east of Papua New Guinea, formed by Guadalcanal, Malaita, Santa Isabel, Choiseul and other smaller islands.

Government


A former British protectorate dating from 1893, it has been independent within the Commonwealth since 7 July 1978.
The Prime Minister is appointed by the Governor General; the Parliament has 50 members elected for four years. There are often disputes between the inhabitants of Malaita and Isatabu of Guadalcanal (an Australian-led peacekeeping mission operated from 2003 to 2013).

Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides4.3per 100 000 pop.2012
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Administrative division

Administrative division
ProvinceAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Central615 sq km31 732 inhab.2018
Choiseul3 837 sq km35 030 inhab.2018
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Honiara64 609inhab.2009
Tandai10 837inhab.2009
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Honiara81 801inhab.2018
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate31.9562019
Death rate4.2322019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Melanesian95.3%2009
Polynesian3.1%2009


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Anglican31.9%2009
Protestant28.9%2009


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
Pidgin English
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years32.6%2020
15-29 years28.1%2020


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Economy


The country is among the poorest in the Pacific, economically supported by Australia. Besides subsistence-level farming (sweet potatoes, yam and taro) there is a small amount of plantation farming (coconut and oil palm, and cocoa). Fishing and forestry are important. Mining is carried out for gold, silver, bauxite and nickel; there are deposits of lead and zinc.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)112.53index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)105.45index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population345 380units2020
Active population, Females48.6%2019
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate0.8%2020
Unemployment rate, Females50.2%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses3 361.6M LCU2019
Revenues3 632.6M LCU2019
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture37.6%2019
industry9.5%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture26.109%2019
industry15.652%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation1.095BN LCU2020
International reserves660.996M US$2020
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land3.894%2018
forests90.19%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total2.7531000 t2019
rice2.7531000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava3.3811000 t2019
roots and tubers, total205.1121000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
muskmelons0.5791000 t2019
watermelons1.0241000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits308.9491000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts80.4421000 t2019
copra23$1000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa4.21000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tobacco0.1151000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total31.8381000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.3141000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
rice1.821000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.2031000 ha2019
sweet potatoes7.6141000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
muskmelons0.0321000 ha2019
watermelons0.0831000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit22$1000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts66.7961000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa10.6311000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tobacco0.131000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.1551000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber3 335 1932019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle15.6041000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes15.6041000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs54.4561000 heads2019
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total0.1521000 heads2019
horses0.1521000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds2461000 heads2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.5811000 t2019
hides and skins0.1071000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs20$t2019
freshwater fishes1$t2019
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bauxite1 1611000 t2019
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold1 403kg2014
silver280kg2014
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal100M kWh2018
non-renewable electricity generation94.651%2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal36$1000 kW2018
- other renew.3.761000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation105.65M kWh2018
total installed capacity39.761000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley7$1000 t2018
coconut oil14.7191000 t2018
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production25.9M US$2009
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agricultural raw materials73.29% of goods exports2018
food products20.149% of goods exports2018
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2020366M US$ -
2019461M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2020477M US$ -
2019590M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures63$M US$2019
Number of arrivals28 900units2019
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown2 000 000km flown2003
Civil aviation, passengers carried229.71000 units2019
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers1.56per 1000 pop.2019
Computers46.4per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling9.1years2007
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Female103.881index2019
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level105 428units2018
Students, secondary level41 660units2012
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending1.8% of total expenses2015
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1.4per 1000 pop.2012
Physicians0.19per 1000 pop.2016
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Malaria86 116cases2019
Tuberculosis66$per 100 000 pop.2019
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking9$%2019
Access to electricity70.258%2019
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear1.5%2005-06
food, non-alcoholic beverages, tobacco56.1%2005-06
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