Form of Government: Constitutional monarchy
Area: 30 407 sq km
Population: 667 044 inhab. (estimate 2018)
Density: 21.94 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 5° - 13° S; long. 155° - 171° E
Capital: Honiara (capital) 64 609 inhab. (2009); Honiara 80 082 inhab. (2009), urban agglomeration
Currency: Solomon Islands dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.546 (rank: 152)
Head of State: The British Sovereign
Prime Minister: Manasseh Sogavare (Ownership, Unity and Responsibility Party), since 24 April 2019
Internet: www.statistics.gov.sb (National Statistics Office)
Member of Commonwealth, SPC, UN, WTO

Solomon Islands

Solomon Islands
Useful information

International license plate code SOL
International dialling code 00677
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission); malaria prophylaxis (recommended for some areas)
Electricity (Voltage) 240
Driving side left
Internet code .sb

GMT  +11
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Honiara 26.9
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Honiara 27/26.5
Annual average precipitation (mm) Honiara 2030
Days of rainfall (annual average) Honiara 159

Geography.
An archipelago in Melanesia, to the east of Papua New Guinea, formed by Guadalcanal, Malaita, Santa Isabel, Choiseul and other smaller islands.

Government


A former British protectorate dating from 1893, it has been independent within the Commonwealth since 7 July 1978.
The Prime Minister is appointed by the Governor General; the Parliament has 50 members elected for four years. There are often disputes between the inhabitants of Malaita and Isatabu of Guadalcanal (an Australian-led peacekeeping mission operated from 2003 to 2013).

Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides4.3per 100 000 pop.2012
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Administrative division

Administrative division
ProvinceAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Central615 sq km31 732 inhab.2018
Choiseul3 837 sq km35 030 inhab.2018
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Honiara64 609inhab.2009
Tandai10 837inhab.2009
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Honiara80 082inhab.2009
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate28.22017
Death rate4.72017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Melanesian95.3%2009
Polynesian3.1%2009


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Anglican31.9%2009
Protestant28.9%2009


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
Pidgin English
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years34%2018
15-29 years28.4%2018


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Economy


The country is among the poorest in the Pacific, economically supported by Australia. Besides subsistence-level farming (sweet potatoes, yam and taro) there is a small amount of plantation farming (coconut and oil palm, and cocoa). Fishing and forestry are important. Mining is carried out for gold, silver, bauxite and nickel; there are deposits of lead and zinc.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)112.53index2016
Balance of trade35M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population273 508units2018
Active population, Females43.4%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate1.8%2018
Unemployment rate, Females38%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses4 681.7M LCU2017
Revenues4 441.7M LCU2017
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture61.4%2018
industry9.1%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture25.6%2017
industry15.2%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation0.908BN LCU2018
International reserves617.1M US$2018
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land3.57%2015
forests78.06%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total2.7891000 t2017
rice2.7891000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava3.281000 t2017
roots and tubers, total199.181000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
muskmelons0.6051000 t2017
watermelons1.0461000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits285.7211000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts317.6821000 t2017
copra231000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa4.941000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tobacco0.1181000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total30.3561000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.3131000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
rice1.7191000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.1961000 ha2017
sweet potatoes7.4191000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
muskmelons0.0351000 ha2017
watermelons0.0671000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit201000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts531000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa12.4451000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tobacco0.1351000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.1311000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber3 340 3162017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle15.2541000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes15.2541000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs54.4291000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total0.1511000 heads2017
horses0.1511000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds2441000 heads2017
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.691000 t2017
hides and skins0.11000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
corals0t2017
crustaceans and molluscs20t2017
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold1 403kg2014
silver280kg2014
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal100M kWh2016
non-renewable electricity generation97.087%2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal361000 kW2016
- other renew.21000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation103M kWh2016
total installed capacity381000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley3.91000 t2014
coconut oil13.71000 t2014
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production25.9M US$2009
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agricultural raw materials66.053% of goods exports2017
food products23.634% of goods exports2017
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018620M US$ -
2017500M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018585M US$ -
2017572M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures73M US$2017
Number of arrivals25 700units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown2 000 000km flown2003
Civil aviation, passengers carried427.81000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers1.907per 1000 pop.2017
Computers46.4per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling9.1years2007
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Female114index2017
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level4 205units2017
Teachers, secondary level2 202units2015
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending1.8% of total expenses2015
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1.4per 1000 pop.2012
Physicians0.2per 1000 pop.2013
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Malaria68 676cases2017
Tuberculosis76per 100 000 pop.2017
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking8.45%2016
Access to electricity62.895%2017
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear1.5%2005-06
food, non-alcoholic beverages, tobacco56.1%2005-06
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