Form of Government: Constitutional monarchy
Area: 30 407 sq km
Population: 653 248 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 21.48 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 5° - 13° S; long. 155° - 171° E
Capital: Honiara (capital) 64 609 inhab. (2009); Honiara 80 082 inhab. (2009), urban agglomeration
Currency: Solomon Islands dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.515 (rank: 156)
Head of State: The British Sovereign
Prime Minister: Rick Houenipwela (Democratic Party), since 15 November 2017
Internet: www.statistics.gov.sb (National Statistics Office)
Member of Commonwealth, SPC, UN, WTO

Solomon Islands

Solomon Islands
Useful information

International license plate code SOL
International dialling code 00677
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission); malaria prophylaxis (recommended for some areas)
Electricity (Voltage) 240
Driving side left
Internet code .sb

GMT  +11
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Honiara 26.9
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Honiara 27/26.5
Annual average precipitation (mm) Honiara 2030
Days of rainfall (annual average) Honiara 159

Geography.
An archipelago in Melanesia, to the east of Papua New Guinea, formed by Guadalcanal, Malaita, Santa Isabel, Choiseul and other smaller islands.

Government


A former British protectorate dating from 1893, it has been independent within the Commonwealth since 7 July 1978.
The Prime Minister is appointed by the Governor General; the Parliament has 50 members elected for four years. There are often disputes between the inhabitants of Malaita and Isatabu of Guadalcanal (an Australian-led peacekeeping mission operated from 2003 to 2013).

Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides4.3per 100 000 pop.2012
TOP

Administrative division

Administrative division
ProvinceAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Central615 sq km31 289 inhab.2017
Choiseul3 837 sq km34 197 inhab.2017
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Honiara64 609inhab.2009
Tandai10 837inhab.2009
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Honiara80 082inhab.2009
TOP

Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2017)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate28.72016
Death rate4.82016
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Melanesian95.3%2009
Polynesian3.1%2009


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Anglican31.9%2009
Protestant28.9%2009


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
Pidgin English
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years34.6%2017
15-29 years28.3%2017


TOP

Economy


The country is among the poorest in the Pacific, economically supported by Australia. Besides subsistence-level farming (sweet potatoes, yam and taro) there is a small amount of plantation farming (coconut and oil palm, and cocoa). Fishing and forestry are important. Mining is carried out for gold and silver; there are deposits of bauxite, lead, nickel and zinc.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)112.53index2016
Balance of trade-70M US$2017
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population266 572units2017
Active population, Females43.6%2017
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate2.1%2017
Unemployment rate, Females45.6%2017
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses3 366.4M LCU2015
Revenues4 161.6M LCU2015
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture69.6%2017
industry9.7%2017
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture26.9%2016
industry15.2%2016
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation0.896BN LCU2017
International reserves574.2M US$2017
TOP

Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land3.57%2015
forests78.06%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total2.7791000 t2016
rice2.7791000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava3.2131000 t2016
roots and tubers, total196.7991000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
muskmelons0.6041000 t2016
watermelons0.9931000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits241.1621000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts341.8761000 t2016
copra231000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa4.9231000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tobacco0.1131000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total30.3561000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.3171000 t2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
rice1.6771000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.1921000 ha2016
sweet potatoes7.3191000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
muskmelons0.0371000 ha2016
watermelons0.0651000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit16.5731000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts521000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa12.3691000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tobacco0.1291000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.1341000 ha2016
TOP

Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber2 478 8842016
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle15.2351000 heads2016
cattle and buffaloes15.2351000 heads2016
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs54.4111000 heads2016
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total0.1521000 heads2016
horses0.1521000 heads2016
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds2451000 heads2016
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.691000 t2016
hides and skins0.11000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
corals1.348t2016
crustaceans and molluscs20t2016
TOP

Minerals

Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold1 403kg2014
silver280kg2014
TOP

Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
non-renewable electricity generation100%2015
- thermal90M kWh2015
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal361000 kW2015
- other renew.11000 kW2015
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation90M kWh2015
total installed capacity371000 kW2015
TOP

Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley3.91000 t2014
coconut oil13.71000 t2014
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production25.9M US$2009
TOP

Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agricultural raw materials68.596% of goods exports2016
food products23.848% of goods exports2016
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2017460M US$ -
2016437.303M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2017530M US$ -
2016453.854M US$ -
TOP

Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures74.9M US$2016
Number of arrivals23 200units2016
TOP

Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown2 000 000km flown2003
Civil aviation, passengers carried427.81000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers1.907per 1000 pop.2017
Computers46.4per 1000 pop.2005
TOP

Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling9.1years2007
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Female114index2016
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level4 262units2016
Teachers, secondary level2 202units2015
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending1.8% of total expenses2015
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1.3per 1000 pop.2012
Physicians0.2per 1000 pop.2013
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Malaria84 513cases2016
Tuberculosis84per 100 000 pop.2016
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking8.45%2016
Access to electricity47.919%2016
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear1.5%2005-06
food, non-alcoholic beverages, tobacco56.1%2005-06
TOP