Form of Government: Constitutional monarchy
Area: 389 sq km
Population: 110 696 inhab. (estimate 2020)
Density: 284.57 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 13° N; long. 61° W
Capital: Kingstown (capital) 12 940 inhab. (2015); Kingstown 26 636 inhab. (2018), urban agglomeration
Currency: East Caribbean dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.738 (rank: 97)
Head of State: The British Sovereign
Prime Minister: Ralph Gonsalves (ULP, Labour), since 29 March 2001
Internet: www.stats.gov.vc (Statistical Office)
Member of Caricom, Commonwealth, OAS, UN, WTO

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Useful information

International license plate code WV
International dialling code 001784
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission)
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side left
Internet code .vc

GMT  -4
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Kingstown 26
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Kingstown 24.5/27.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Kingstown 7/8
Annual average precipitation (mm) Kingstown 2300
Days of rainfall (annual average) Kingstown 240

Geography.
A group of islands in the Lesser Antilles, consisting of the islands of Saint Vincent and the northern Grenadines. The volcano La Soufrière (1234 m) is the highest peak.

Government


It has been independent since 27 October 1979. The British Sovereign is represented by a Governor General who appoints the Prime Minister. The Parliament is made up of 23 members who serve a five-year term (with 15 being elected).

Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides36.5per 100 000 pop.2016
Police personnel771.9per 100 000 pop.2012
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Administrative division

Administrative division
IslandAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Northern Grenadines23$ sq km6 199 inhab.2015
Saint Vincent347 sq km99 996 inhab.2015
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Kingstown12 940inhab.2015
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Kingstown26 636inhab.2018
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate14.0872019
Death rate9.3362019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
black71.2%2012
mulatto23$%2012


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Protestant61.2%2012
Anglican13.9%2012


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
English Creole
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years20$%2020
15-29 years22.2%2020


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Economy


The primary sector is relevant, especially with the banana growing crops, which are however subject to damage caused by seasonal tropical storms. Tourism, construction and offshore financial activities are important. Unemployment remains high.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)110.02index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)103.65index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population55 567units2020
Active population, Females40.6%2019
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate20.3%2020
Unemployment rate, Females35.9%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses600.4M LCU2019
Revenues601.7M LCU2019
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture10.7%2019
industry19.9%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture8.541%2019
industry16.643%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation0.187BN LCU2020
International reserves205.195M US$2020
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land12.821%2018
forests73.179%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total0.91000 t2019
maize0.91000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.5861000 t2019
roots and tubers, total14.3961000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
carrots and turnips0.5421000 t2019
chillies and peppers0.9731000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.2731000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts2.71000 t2019
copra0.31000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0.2261000 t2019
coffee0.1821000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane18.6851000 t2019
tobacco0.1011000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples1.4821000 t2019
fruits, total75.5191000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits2.431000 t2019
grapefruits0.3251000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas60.8291000 t2019
mangoes1.8561000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize0.0311000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.0851000 ha2019
sweet potatoes0.2531000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
carrots and turnips0.0611000 ha2019
chillies and peppers0.0731000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.0821000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.7041000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0.811000 ha2019
coffee0.5851000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane0.7681000 ha2019
tobacco0.0641000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples0.2661000 ha2019
pears0.0481000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.1061000 ha2019
grapefruits0.0171000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas6.1381000 ha2019
mangoes0.1211000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber7 0712019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle3.8591000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes3.8591000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs5.881000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep10.0921000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats10.4891000 heads2019
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses1.3161000 heads2019
asses and mules1.3161000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds2511000 heads2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.6021000 t2019
hides and skins0.0391000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs334t2019
marine fishes1 426t2019
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal118M kWh2018
non-renewable electricity generation82.517%2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal46$1000 kW2018
- hydro7$1000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation143M kWh2018
total installed capacity54$1000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley4.51000 t2018
coconut oil0.1421000 t2018
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production30.048M US$2020
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products69.775% of goods exports2019
manufactures29.571% of goods exports2019
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
202051$M US$ -
201938$M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2020322M US$ -
2019335M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures48$M US$2018
Number of arrivals85 000units2019
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet792units2021
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage2 035 204t2021
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers203.375per 1000 pop.2019
Computers151.8per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling14.315years2015
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Female112.74index2018
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level13 198units2018
Students, secondary level9 808units2018
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending10.4% of total expenses2004
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds4.32per 1000 pop.2016
Physicians0.5per 1000 pop.2013
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis4.2per 100 000 pop.2019
Tuberculosis (prevalence)33$per 100 000 pop.2014
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking94.2%2019
Access to electricity100%2019
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