Form of Government: Constitutional monarchy
Area: 389 sq km
Population: 109 643 inhab. (estimate 2016)
Density: 281.86 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 13° N; long. 61° W
Capital: Kingstown (capital) 12 930 inhab. (2014); Kingstown 26 764 inhab. (2014), urban agglomeration
Currency: East Caribbean dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.722 (rank: 99)
Head of State: The British Sovereign
Prime Minister: Ralph Gonsalves (ULP, Labour), since 29 March 2001
Internet: www.stats.gov.vc (Statistical Office)
Member of Caricom, Commonwealth, OAS, UN, WTO

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Useful information

International license plate code WV
International dialling code 001784
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission)
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side left
Internet code .vc

GMT  -4
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Kingstown 26
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Kingstown 24.5/27.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Kingstown 7/8
Annual average precipitation (mm) Kingstown 2300
Days of rainfall (annual average) Kingstown 240

Geography.
A group of islands in the Lesser Antilles, consisting of the islands of Saint Vincent and the northern Grenadines. The volcano La Soufrière (1234 m) is the highest peak.

Government


It has been independent since 27 October 1979. The British Sovereign is represented by a Governor General who appoints the Prime Minister. The Parliament is made up of 23 members who serve a five-year term (with 15 being elected).

Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides25.6per 100 000 pop.2012
Police personnel771.9per 100 000 pop.2012
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Administrative division

Administrative division
IslandAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Northern Grenadines23 sq km6 194 inhab.2014
Saint Vincent347 sq km99 917 inhab.2014
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Kingstown12 930inhab.2014
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Kingstown26 764inhab.2014
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2017)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate15.52016
Death rate7.22016
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
black71.2%2012
mulatto23%2012


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Protestant61.2%2012
Anglican13.9%2012


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
English Creole
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years21.3%2017
15-29 years23.4%2017


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Economy


The primary sector is relevant, especially with the banana growing crops, which are however subject to damage caused by seasonal tropical storms. Tourism, construction and offshore financial activities are important. Unemployment remains high.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)110.02index2016
Balance of trade- 265M US$2017
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population58 076units2017
Active population, Females42%2017
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate18.3%2017
Unemployment rate, Females45%2017
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses512.1M LCU2015
Revenues543.1M LCU2015
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture6.2%2017
industry12.8%2017
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture8.2%2016
industry17.4%2016
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation0.129BN LCU2017
International reserves182M US$2017
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land20.51%2015
forests69.23%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total0.8661000 t2016
maize0.8661000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.6931000 t2016
roots and tubers, total15.1071000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
carrots and turnips0.4871000 t2016
chillies and peppers0.311000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.2891000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts2.4051000 t2016
copra0.31000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0.221000 t2016
coffee0.1831000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane17.8711000 t2016
tobacco0.1021000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples1.0461000 t2016
fruits, total74.8881000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits2.131000 t2016
grapefruits0.2641000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas59.1091000 t2016
mangoes1.5491000 t2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize0.0351000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.1021000 ha2016
sweet potatoes2.0361000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
carrots and turnips0.0561000 ha2016
chillies and peppers0.0441000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.0841000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.6421000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0.7861000 ha2016
coffee0.5191000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane0.7321000 ha2016
tobacco0.0761000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples0.1981000 ha2016
pears0.0341000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.3771000 ha2016
grapefruits0.0151000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas6.0131000 ha2016
mangoes0.2481000 ha2016
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber7 1672016
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle4.0231000 heads2016
cattle and buffaloes4.0231000 heads2016
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs6.2941000 heads2016
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep9.7261000 heads2016
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats9.7381000 heads2016
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses1.3111000 heads2016
asses and mules1.3111000 heads2016
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds1781000 heads2016
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.6161000 t2016
hides and skins0.0351000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs350t2016
marine fishes22 727t2016
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal130M kWh2015
non-renewable electricity generation83.870%2015
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal401000 kW2015
- hydro71000 kW2015
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation155M kWh2015
total installed capacity481000 kW2015
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley4.51000 t2014
coconut oil0.31000 t2014
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production37.7M US$2017
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products85.945% of goods exports2015
manufactures13.602% of goods exports2015
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201740M US$ -
201646.743M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2017305M US$ -
2016334.754M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures24M US$2016
Number of arrivals79 000units2016
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet889units2018
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage2 322 953t2018
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers222.999per 1000 pop.2017
Computers151.8per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling13.2years2004
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Female102index2016
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level908units2016
Teachers, secondary level706units2016
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending10.4% of total expenses2004
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds5.2per 1000 pop.2012
Physicians0.5per 1000 pop.2013
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis6.3per 100 000 pop.2016
Tuberculosis (prevalence)33per 100 000 pop.2014
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking95.98%2016
Access to electricity100%2016
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