Form of Government: Constitutional monarchy
Area: 389 sq km
Population: 110 520 inhab. (estimate 2018)
Density: 284.11 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 13° N; long. 61° W
Capital: Kingstown (capital) 12 940 inhab. (2015); Kingstown 26 785 inhab. (2015), urban agglomeration
Currency: East Caribbean dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.723 (rank: 99)
Head of State: The British Sovereign
Prime Minister: Ralph Gonsalves (ULP, Labour), since 29 March 2001
Internet: www.stats.gov.vc (Statistical Office)
Member of Caricom, Commonwealth, OAS, UN, WTO

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Useful information

International license plate code WV
International dialling code 001784
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission)
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side left
Internet code .vc

GMT  -4
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Kingstown 26
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Kingstown 24.5/27.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Kingstown 7/8
Annual average precipitation (mm) Kingstown 2300
Days of rainfall (annual average) Kingstown 240

Geography.
A group of islands in the Lesser Antilles, consisting of the islands of Saint Vincent and the northern Grenadines. The volcano La Soufrière (1234 m) is the highest peak.

Government


It has been independent since 27 October 1979. The British Sovereign is represented by a Governor General who appoints the Prime Minister. The Parliament is made up of 23 members who serve a five-year term (with 15 being elected).

Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides36.5per 100 000 pop.2016
Police personnel771.9per 100 000 pop.2012
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Administrative division

Administrative division
IslandAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Northern Grenadines23 sq km6 199 inhab.2015
Saint Vincent347 sq km99 996 inhab.2015
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Kingstown12 940inhab.2015
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Kingstown26 785inhab.2015
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate15.22017
Death rate7.32017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
black71.2%2012
mulatto23%2012


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Protestant61.2%2012
Anglican13.9%2012


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
English Creole
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years20.9%2018
15-29 years23%2018


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Economy


The primary sector is relevant, especially with the banana growing crops, which are however subject to damage caused by seasonal tropical storms. Tourism, construction and offshore financial activities are important. Unemployment remains high.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)110.02index2016
Balance of trade- 290M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population57 928units2018
Active population, Females41.2%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate19.8%2018
Unemployment rate, Females36.8%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses564.7M LCU2017
Revenues592.2M LCU2017
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture13.5%2018
industry20.5%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture8.3%2017
industry17.8%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation0.14BN LCU2018
International reserves169.6M US$2018
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land20.51%2015
forests69.23%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total0.6331000 t2017
maize0.6331000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.671000 t2017
roots and tubers, total15.2131000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
carrots and turnips0.4271000 t2017
chillies and peppers0.2921000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.2741000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts2.5251000 t2017
copra0.31000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0.2221000 t2017
coffee0.1841000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane17.781000 t2017
tobacco0.1011000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples1.0871000 t2017
fruits, total74.8881000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits2.161000 t2017
grapefruits0.2561000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas58.9161000 t2017
mangoes1.4661000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize0.0241000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.0981000 ha2017
sweet potatoes2.11000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
carrots and turnips0.0491000 ha2017
chillies and peppers0.0411000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.0811000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.6791000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0.7951000 ha2017
coffee0.5461000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane0.7291000 ha2017
tobacco0.0761000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples0.2031000 ha2017
pears0.0341000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.3881000 ha2017
grapefruits0.0141000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas5.9491000 ha2017
mangoes0.2331000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber7 1412017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle3.9311000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes3.9311000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs5.9871000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep8.5071000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats9.8071000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses1.3131000 heads2017
asses and mules1.3131000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds2501000 heads2017
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.5351000 t2017
hides and skins0.0351000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs269t2017
marine fishes32 640t2017
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal130M kWh2016
non-renewable electricity generation82.802%2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal461000 kW2016
- hydro71000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation157M kWh2016
total installed capacity541000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley4.51000 t2014
coconut oil0.31000 t2014
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production40.3M US$2018
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products73.288% of goods exports2018
manufactures26.184% of goods exports2018
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201850M US$ -
201743M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018340M US$ -
2017330M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures34M US$2017
Number of arrivals76 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet889units2018
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage2 322 953t2018
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers222.999per 1000 pop.2017
Computers151.8per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling13.2years2004
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Female102index2017
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level905units2017
Teachers, secondary level704units2017
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending10.4% of total expenses2004
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds2.6per 1000 pop.2014
Physicians0.5per 1000 pop.2013
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis2.1per 100 000 pop.2017
Tuberculosis (prevalence)33per 100 000 pop.2014
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking95.98%2016
Access to electricity100%2017
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