Form of Government: Constitutional monarchy
Area: 617 sq km
Population: 169 155 inhab. (estimate 2020)
Density: 274.16 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 14° N; long. 61° W
Capital: Castries (capital) 22 258 inhab. (2018); Castries 66 262 inhab. (2011), urban agglomeration
Currency: East Caribbean dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.759 (rank: 86)
Head of State: The British Sovereign
Prime Minister: Philip Joseph Pierre (SLP, Labour), since 28 July 2021
Internet: www.stats.gov.lc (Central Statistical Office)
Member of Caricom, Commonwealth, OAS, UN, WTO

Saint Lucia

Saint Lucia
Useful information

International license plate code WL
International dialling code 001758
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission)
Electricity (Voltage) 240
Driving side left
Internet code .lc

GMT  -4
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Soufrière 25.9
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Soufrière 24.5/27
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Soufrière 8/8
Annual average precipitation (mm) Soufrière 2195
Days of rainfall (annual average) Soufrière 215

Geography.
Saint Lucia is an island in the Lesser Antilles, between the islands of Martinique to the north and Saint Vincent to the south.

Government


Saint Lucia has been independent since 22 February 1979 within the British Commonwealth. UK sovereignty is represented by a Governor General who appoints the Prime Minister. There are two houses of parliament: the Chamber consisting of 17 members elected for a five-year term and the Senate, with 11 members appointed by the Governor.

Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides19.3per 100 000 pop.2014
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Administrative division

Administrative division
DistrictAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Anse-la-Raye31$ sq km6 305 inhab.2011
Canaries16$ sq km2 063 inhab.2011
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Castries22 258inhab.2018
Vieux-Fort4 600inhab.2006
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Castries66 262inhab.2011
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate11.8392019
Death rate7.2632019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
black85.3%2010
mestizo10.9%2010


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic61.1%2010
Protestant24$%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
French Creole
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years19.2%2020
15-29 years21$%2020


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Economy


The main crop is bananas, which are often damaged by hurricanes, but the economy is mostly based on tourism and on offshore finance. There are food, apparel and electronic components factories.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)64.86index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)104.3index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population104 794units2020
Active population, Females45.3%2019
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate17.1%2020
Unemployment rate, Females50.9%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses1 161.3M LCU2016-17
Revenues1 091.6M LCU2016-17
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture17.3%2019
industry18.2%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture2.307%2019
industry11.436%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation0.234BN LCU2020
International reserves231.361M US$2020
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land16.393%2018
forests34.049%2018
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava1.4591000 t2019
roots and tubers, total4.451000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.1811000 t2019
carrots and turnips0.0271000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts9.71000 t2019
copra0.91000 t2005
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0.021000 t2019
ginger0.0111000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total30.271000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits1.5321000 t2019
grapefruits0.5941000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.3441000 t2019
bananas16.1821000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.8071000 ha2019
sweet potatoes0.0231000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0091000 ha2019
carrots and turnips0.0011000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts1.7811000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0.0111000 ha2019
ginger0.0011000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.0541000 ha2019
grapefruits0.0191000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.0511000 ha2019
bananas0.3571000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber9 3622019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle10.8851000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes10.8851000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs14.3491000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep8.891000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats11.5761000 heads2019
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses0.6371000 heads2019
asses and mules1.771000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds4691000 heads2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.9521000 t2019
hides and skins0.0791000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs382.132t2019
freshwater fishes13.813t2019
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal375M kWh2018
non-renewable electricity generation99.164%2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal88$1000 kW2018
- other renew.4$1000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation378.16M kWh2018
total installed capacity92$1000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley17.21000 t2018
coconut oil0.221000 t2018
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production71.711M US$2020
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures52.173% of goods exports2019
food products38.373% of goods exports2019
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
202069$M US$ -
201982$M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2020600M US$ -
2019598M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures87$M US$2018
Number of arrivals424 000units2019
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Motor vehicles38 572units2002
Passenger cars24 860units2002
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers177.388per 1000 pop.2018
Computers163per 1000 pop.2004
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling12.939years2019
Gradautes, percentage3.4%2004
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level15 693units2019
Students, secondary level11 394units2019
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1.3per 1000 pop.2017
Physicians0.64per 1000 pop.2017
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis3.8per 100 000 pop.2019
Tuberculosis (prevalence)11$per 100 000 pop.2014
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking96.6%2019
Access to electricity99.548%2019
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