Form of Government: Constitutional monarchy
Area: 271.9 sq km
Population: 53 192 inhab. (estimate 2020)
Density: 195.63 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 17° N; long. 63° W
Capital: Basseterre (capital) 14 000 inhab. (2018);
Currency: East Caribbean dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.779 (rank: 74)
Head of State: The British Sovereign
Prime Minister: Timothy Harris (PLP, Labour), since 18 February 2015
Internet: www.stats.gov.kn (Department of Statistics)
Member of Caricom, Commonwealth, OAS, UN, WTO

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Saint Kitts and Nevis, Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis
Useful information

International license plate code KN
International dialling code 001869
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission, including travelers having transited more than 12 hours through the airport of a country with risk of transmission)
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side left
Internet code .kn

GMT  -4
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Basseterre 25.9
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Basseterre 24.5/27
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Basseterre 8/7
Annual average precipitation (mm) Basseterre 1265
Days of rainfall (annual average) Basseterre 145

Geography.
Archipelago part of the Lesser Antilles in the Leeward islands, the country comprises the islands of Saint Kitts (Saint Christopher) and Nevis. Both islands are mountainous, the highest peak is the volcano Liamuiga (1156 m).

Government


The federation of the two islands has been independent since 19 September 1983. UK sovereignty is represented by a Governor General, who appoints the Prime Minister. Legislative power resides in the National assembly (14 or 15 members, of which 11 are elected for a five-year term).

Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides34.2per 100 000 pop.2012
Police personnel760.4per 100 000 pop.2011
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Administrative division

Administrative division
IslandAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Nevis93.2 sq km12 278 inhab.2011
Saint Kitts178.7 sq km34 918 inhab.2011
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Basseterre14 000inhab.2018
Charlestown1 800inhab.2011
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate13.22017
Death rate7.12017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
black90$%2000
mulatto5$%2000


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other29$%2011
Anglican17$%2011


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
English Creole
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years19.8%2020
15-29 years20.5%2020


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Economy


After the last sugar plants were closed, the country decided to focus on technological innovation (electronics), tourism, the offshore finance sector and the sale of citizenship. Public debt, which recently fell sharply, started to rise again in 2020-21.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)39.33index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)92.13index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population21 000units2005
Active population, Females38.1%2005
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate5.1%2001
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses662.8M LCU2015
Revenues934.8M LCU2015
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture20.8%2014
industry and services79.2%2014
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture1.375%2019
industry27.458%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation0.259BN LCU2020
International reserves362.679M US$2020
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land19.615%2018
forests42.308%2018
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes0.0821000 t2017
roots and tubers, total0.8781000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0171000 t2019
carrots and turnips0.1531000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.0311000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts3.0121000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane1101000 t2009
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton0.0011000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total2.0131000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pineapples0.0011000 t2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes0.0031000 ha2017
sweet potatoes0.041000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0021000 ha2019
carrots and turnips0.021000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.0191000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.6431000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane2$1000 ha2009
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton0.0041000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pineapples0.0011000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle2$1000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes2$1000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs7.751000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep5.7781000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats2.6461000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds96$1000 heads2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.1471000 t2019
hides and skins0.0091000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs365t2019
freshwater fishes1$t2019
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal190M kWh2018
non-renewable electricity generation96.154%2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal60$1000 kW2018
- other renew.4$1000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation197.6M kWh2018
total installed capacity64$1000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley2.51000 t2018
coconut oil0.6051000 t2018
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production60.426M US$2020
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures86.367% of goods exports2017
food products13.482% of goods exports2017
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
202055$M US$ -
201958$M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2020258M US$ -
2019338M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures59$M US$2018
Number of arrivals131 000units2019
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet244units2021
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage908 156t2021
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers558.189per 1000 pop.2018
Computers234.1per 1000 pop.2004
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling17.452years2015
Graduates183units1993
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level5 452units2016
Students, secondary level4 175units2016
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds2.3per 1000 pop.2012
Physicians2.68per 1000 pop.2015
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis1.5per 100 000 pop.2019
Tuberculosis (prevalence)9.2per 100 000 pop.2014
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking100%2019
Access to electricity100%2019
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