Form of Government: Constitutional monarchy
Area: 271.9 sq km
Population: 55 345 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 203.55 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 17° N; long. 63° W
Capital: Basseterre (capital) 14 000 inhab. (2018);
Currency: East Caribbean dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.778 (rank: 72)
Head of State: The British Sovereign
Prime Minister: Timothy Harris (PLP, Labour), since 18 February 2015
Internet: www.gov.kn (Government of St. Kitts and Nevis)
Member of Caricom, Commonwealth, OAS, UN, WTO

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Saint Kitts and Nevis, Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis
Useful information

International license plate code KN
International dialling code 001869
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission, including travelers having transited more than 12 hours through the airport of a country with risk of transmission)
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side left
Internet code .kn

GMT  -4
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Basseterre 25.9
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Basseterre 24.5/27
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Basseterre 8/7
Annual average precipitation (mm) Basseterre 1265
Days of rainfall (annual average) Basseterre 145

Geography.
Archipelago part of the Lesser Antilles in the Leeward islands, the country comprises the islands of Saint Kitts (Saint Christopher) and Nevis. Both islands are mountainous, the highest peak is the volcano Liamuiga (1156 m).

Government


The federation of the two islands has been independent since 19 September 1983. UK sovereignty is represented by a Governor General, who appoints the Prime Minister. Legislative power resides in the National assembly (14 or 15 members, of which 11 are elected for a five-year term).

Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides34.2per 100 000 pop.2012
Police personnel760.4per 100 000 pop.2011
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Administrative division

Administrative division
IslandAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Nevis93.2 sq km12 278 inhab.2011
Saint Kitts178.7 sq km34 918 inhab.2011
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Basseterre14 000inhab.2018
Charlestown1 800inhab.2011
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate13.22017
Death rate7.12017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
black90%2000
mulatto5%2000


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other29%2011
Anglican17%2011


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
English Creole
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years20.1%2018
15-29 years21.7%2018


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Economy


After the last sugar plants were closed in 2005, the country decided to focus on technological innovation (electronics), tourism, the offshore finance sector and the sale of citizenship. The inflated public debt has been reduced.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)39.33index2016
Balance of trade- 278M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population21 000units2005
Active population, Females38.1%2005
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate5.1%2001
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses662.8M LCU2015
Revenues934.8M LCU2015
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture20.8%2014
industry and services79.2%2014
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture1.2%2017
industry28.8%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation0.246BN LCU2018
International reserves363.2M US$2018
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land19.62%2015
forests42.3%2015
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes0.0821000 t2017
roots and tubers, total0.7911000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0421000 t2017
carrots and turnips0.0621000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.0341000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts3.0191000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane1101000 t2009
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton0.0021000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total1.9071000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pineapples0.041000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes0.0031000 ha2017
sweet potatoes0.0221000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0051000 ha2017
carrots and turnips0.0081000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.0211000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.6261000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane21000 ha2009
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton0.0051000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pineapples0.0031000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle21000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes21000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs7.11000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep6.0281000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats3.851000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds941000 heads2017
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.2431000 t2017
hides and skins0.0181000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs601t2017
freshwater fishes1t2017
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal200M kWh2016
non-renewable electricity generation96.153%2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal601000 kW2016
- other renew.4.21000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation208M kWh2016
total installed capacity64.21000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley2.31000 t2014
coconut oil0.31000 t2014
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production52.8M US$2018
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures86.367% of goods exports2017
food products13.263% of goods exports2017
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201853M US$ -
201750M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018331M US$ -
2017309M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures53M US$2017
Number of arrivals114 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet240units2018
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage775 788t2018
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers299.155per 1000 pop.2016
Computers234.1per 1000 pop.2004
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling14.4years2015
Graduates183units1993
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level393units2016
Teachers, secondary level527units2016
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds2.3per 1000 pop.2012
Physicians1.2per 1000 pop.2013
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis2.1per 100 000 pop.2017
Tuberculosis (prevalence)9.2per 100 000 pop.2014
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking100%2016
Access to electricity100%2017
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