Form of Government: Constitutional monarchy
Area: 271.9 sq km
Population: 54 821 inhab. (estimate 2016)
Density: 201.62 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 17° N; long. 63° W
Capital: Basseterre (capital) 14 000 inhab. (2014);
Currency: East Caribbean dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.765 (rank: 74)
Head of State: The British Sovereign
Prime Minister: Timothy Harris (PLP, Labour), since 18 February 2015
Internet: www.gov.kn (Government of St. Kitts and Nevis)
Member of Caricom, Commonwealth, OAS, UN, WTO

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Saint Kitts and Nevis, Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis
Useful information

International license plate code KN
International dialling code 001869
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission, including travelers having transited more than 12 hours through the airport of a country with risk of transmission)
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side left
Internet code .kn

GMT  -4
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Basseterre 25.9
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Basseterre 24.5/27
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Basseterre 8/7
Annual average precipitation (mm) Basseterre 1265
Days of rainfall (annual average) Basseterre 145

Geography.
Archipelago part of the Lesser Antilles in the Leeward islands, the country comprises the islands of Saint Kitts (Saint Christopher) and Nevis. Both islands are mountainous, the highest peak is the volcano Liamuiga (1156 m).

Government


The federation of the two islands has been independent since 19 September 1983. UK sovereignty is represented by a Governor General, who appoints the Prime Minister. Legislative power resides in the National assembly (14 or 15 members, of which 11 are elected for a five-year term).

Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides33.6per 100 000 pop.2012
Police personnel760.4per 100 000 pop.2011
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Administrative division

Administrative division
IslandAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Nevis93.2 sq km11 415 inhab.2011
Saint Kitts178.7 sq km34 983 inhab.2011
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Basseterre14 000inhab.2014
Charlestown1 500inhab.2006
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2017)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate13.52015
Death rate7.12015
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
black90%2000
mulatto5%2000


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other29%2011
Anglican17%2011


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
English Creole
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years20.3%2017
15-29 years22%2017


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Economy


After the last sugar plants were closed in 2005, the country decided to focus on technological innovation (electronics), tourism, the offshore finance sector and the sale of citizenship. The inflated public debt has been reduced.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)39.33index2016
Balance of trade- 250M US$2017
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population21 000units2005
Active population, Females38.1%2005
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate5.1%2001
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses662.8M LCU2015
Revenues934.8M LCU2015
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture20.8%2014
industry and services79.2%2014
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture1.1%2016
industry28%2016
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation0.231BN LCU2017
International reserves365.1M US$2017
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land19.62%2015
forests42.3%2015
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes0.0731000 t2016
roots and tubers, total0.7771000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.041000 t2016
carrots and turnips0.0621000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.0191000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts3.2411000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane1101000 t2009
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton0.0021000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total1.9071000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pineapples0.021000 t2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes0.0031000 ha2016
sweet potatoes0.0241000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0051000 ha2016
carrots and turnips0.0081000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.0121000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.6661000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane21000 ha2009
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton0.0051000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pineapples0.0021000 ha2016
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle2.41000 heads2016
cattle and buffaloes2.41000 heads2016
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs7.81000 heads2016
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep6.1381000 heads2016
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats2.7691000 heads2016
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds601000 heads2016
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.2721000 t2016
hides and skins0.0181000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs666t2016
freshwater fishes1t2016
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal200M kWh2015
non-renewable electricity generation96.153%2015
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal601000 kW2015
- other renew.3.21000 kW2015
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation208M kWh2015
total installed capacity63.21000 kW2015
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley2.31000 t2014
coconut oil0.31000 t2014
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production49.9M US$2017
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures85.580% of goods exports2016
food products13.224% of goods exports2016
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201750M US$ -
201651.081M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2017300M US$ -
2016333.348M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures36M US$2016
Number of arrivals114 000units2016
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet240units2018
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage775 788t2018
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers299.155per 1000 pop.2016
Computers234.1per 1000 pop.2004
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling14.4years2015
Graduates183units1993
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level393units2016
Teachers, secondary level527units2016
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds2.3per 1000 pop.2012
Physicians1.2per 1000 pop.2013
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis (prevalence)9.2per 100 000 pop.2014
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking100%2016
Access to electricity100%2016
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