Form of Government: Emirate
Area: 11 627 sq km
Population: 2 684 329 inhab. (estimate 2020)
Density: 230.87 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 26° - 24° N; long. 51° - 52° E
Capital: Doha=Ad-Dawḥah (capital) 633 401 inhab. (2018);
Currency: Qatari riyal (100 dirham)
Human development index: 0.848 (rank: 45)
Sovereign: Emir Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani, since 25 June 2013
Prime Minister: Khalid bin Khalifa bin Abdul Aziz al-Thani, since 28 January 2020
Internet: www.psa.gov.qa/en (Planning and Statistics Authority)
Member of Arab League, GCC, OAS observer, OIC, UN, WTO

Qatar

Qațar, Dawlat Qațar
Useful information

International license plate code Q
International dialling code 00974
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 240
Driving side rigth
Internet code .qa

GMT  +3
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Doha 27.2
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Doha 17.5/35.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Doha 11/8
Annual average precipitation (mm) Doha 74
Days of rainfall (annual average) Doha 8

Geography.
Qatar is bordered to the south by Saudi Arabia, the country’s territory is a flat desert peninsula extending into the Arabian Gulf. The climate is arid.

Government


Formerly a British protectorate, Qatar has been a hereditary monarchy since gaining independence on 3 September 1971. The Constitution, which came into force only on 8 June 2004, provides for a Consultative Assembly of 45 members (30 elected by direct suffrage, 15 chosen by the Emir), but the nation’s first elections have been postponed several times; the power of Qatar is concentrated in the hands of the Emir: there are no political parties. The foreign policy established by the emirate, autonomous and in good rapport with Iran, causes frequent tensions with other countries in the region.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force12.7%2015
Army72$%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides8.1per 100 000 pop.2015
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Doha=Ad-Dawḥah633 401inhab.2018
Ar-Rayyān589 531inhab.2015
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE

The percentage of immigrant population, mostly from India, is one of the highest in the world. Most workers come to the country to do manual labour; this creates a clear conflict with the native population.

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate9.3852019
Death rate1.2442019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Arab40$%2008
Indian and Pakistani27$%2008


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim67.7%2010
Christian13.8%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Arabic
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years12.9%2020
15-29 years24.9%2020


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Economy


Agriculture is only possible due to artificial irrigation and plays a marginal role (dates, fruits and vegetables). Some animal husbandry is present (cattle, sheep, camels) as well as fishing. The main resources are oil and natural gas, that latter of which is extracted mostly from the world’s largest gas field, located off the northern coast of the country and owned in partnership with Iran. Natural gas is then liquefied in Ra’s Lafān. Oil refineries can be found in Ra’s Lafān and Musay’īd, which also has an aluminium foundry; cement factories can be found at Umm Bāb and Musay’īd. The country is a major exporter of helium, extracted from natural gas in Ra’s Lafān. Al Jazeera, the Arab world’s most important television broadcaster, is based in Doha. Favourable tax laws attract financial and high-tech investment from abroad. A large part of the mining industry is reinvested in wide-ranging infrastructural projects. In 2014 the new airport of the capital came into operation, and in 2019 an extensive underground subway was inaugurated. A new port near Musay’īd, south of Doha, has been active since 2015.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)165.89index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)118.89index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population2 146 646units2020
Active population, Females13.7%2019
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate3.5%2020
Unemployment rate, Females64.6%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses192 835M LCU2018
Revenues207 915M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture1.2%2019
industry54.4%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.174%2019
industry55.283%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation26.271BN LCU2020
International reserves40 972.507M US$2020
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land1.48%2018
meadows & pastures4.352%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley0.2291000 t2019
cereals, total1.0111000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes0.0871000 t2019
roots and tubers, total0.0871000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages2.0021000 t2019
carrots and turnips0.0621000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.1821000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes0.0051000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
figs0.0081000 t2019
fruits, total28.8961000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.4451000 t2019
citrus fruits, nes0.4451000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
dates25.8431000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley0.0761000 ha2019
maize0.051000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes0.0091000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.1341000 ha2019
carrots and turnips0.0051000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.0371000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grape0.0011000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
figs0.0031000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.0991000 ha2019
citrus fruits, nes0.0991000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
dates2.1541000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber5 1142019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle41.7491000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes41.7491000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep1 065.1391000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats435.9931000 heads2019
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total7.5241000 heads2019
horses7.5241000 heads2019
Livestock - Camelids
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
camels115.2951000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds9 7111000 heads2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs5.2361000 t2019
hides and skins2.4821000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs479t2019
freshwater fishes10$t2019
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural gas171 319M m³2020
oil, crude66 989.81000 t2020
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gypsum2101000 t2019
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
limestone2 4001000 t2018
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal45 038.22M kWh2018
- other renew.123.21M kWh2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal10 5791000 kW2018
- other renew.45$1000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation45 161.43M kWh2018
total installed capacity10 6241000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
aluminium6271000 t2019
steel, crude1 2181000 t2020
Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
petrol5 4251000 t2014
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ammonia3 2001000 t2020
nitrogen fertilizers2 937.11000 t2019
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other paper3$1000 t2019
paper3$1000 t2019
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement6 6001000 t2018
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production6 792.516M US$2018
food, beverages and tobacco production397.652M US$2018
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fuels88.811% of goods exports2019
manufactures6.921% of goods exports2019
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
202051 116M US$ -
201972 935M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
202025 648M US$ -
201929 178M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures12 528M US$2019
Number of arrivals2 137 000units2019
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown86 800 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried32 953.31000 units2019
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers100.52per 1000 pop.2019
Computers157per 1000 pop.2008
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling12.308years2019
Graduates6 040units2018
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level159 109units2019
Students, secondary level117 369units2019
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1.4per 1000 pop.2018
Physicians3.5per 1000 pop.2018
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.1% of adults2017
Tuberculosis35$per 100 000 pop.2019
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums7$units2019
Museums, visitors992 927units2019
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.509% of GDP2018
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking100%2019
Access to electricity100%2019
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear5$%2012-13
education2.8%2012-13
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