Form of Government: Emirate
Area: 11 627 sq km
Population: 2 580 734 inhab. (estimate 2018)
Density: 221.96 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 26° - 24° N; long. 51° - 52° E
Capital: Doha=Ad-Dawḥah (capital) 633 401 inhab. (2018);
Currency: Qatari riyal (100 dirham)
Human development index: 0.856 (rank: 37)
Sovereign: Emir Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani, since 25 June 2013
Prime Minister: Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa al-Thani, since 26 June 2013
Internet: www.mdps.gov.qa/en (Statistics Authority)
Member of Arab League, GCC, OAS observer, OIC, UN, WTO

Qatar

Qațar, Dawlat Qațar
Useful information

International license plate code Q
International dialling code 00974
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 240
Driving side rigth
Internet code .qa

GMT  +3
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Doha 27.2
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Doha 17.5/35.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Doha 11/8
Annual average precipitation (mm) Doha 74
Days of rainfall (annual average) Doha 8

Geography.
Qatar is bordered to the south by Saudi Arabia, the country’s territory is a flat desert peninsula extending into the Arabian Gulf. The climate is arid.

Government


Formerly a British protectorate, Qatar has been a hereditary monarchy since gaining independence on 3 September 1971. The Constitution, which came into force only on 8 June 2004, provides for a Consultative Assembly of 45 members (30 elected by direct suffrage, 15 chosen by the Emir), but the nation’s first elections have been postponed several times; the power of Qatar is concentrated in the hands of the Emir: there are no political parties.
The foreign policy established by the emirate, autonomous and in good rapport with Iran, causes frequent tensions with other countries in the region.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force12.7%2015
Army72%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides8.1per 100 000 pop.2015
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Doha=Ad-Dawḥah633 401inhab.2018
Ar-Rayyān589 531inhab.2015
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE

The percentage of immigrant population, mostly from India, is one of the highest in the world. Most workers come to the country to do manual labour; this creates a clear conflict with the native population.

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate102017
Death rate1.62017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Arab40%2008
Indian and Pakistani27%2008


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim67.7%2010
Christian13.8%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Arabic
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years12.7%2018
15-29 years25.9%2018


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Economy


Agriculture is only possible due to artificial irrigation and plays a marginal role (dates, fruits and vegetables). Some animal husbandry is present (cattle, sheep, camels) as well as fishing. The main resources are oil and natural gas, that latter of which is extracted mostly from the world’s largest gas field, located off the northern coast of the country and owned in partnership with Iran. Natural gas is then liquefied in Ra’s Lafān. Oil refineries can be found in Ra’s Lafān and Musay’īd, which also has an aluminium foundry; cement factories can be found at Umm Bāb and Musay’īd. The country is a major exporter of helium, extracted from natural gas in Ra’s Lafān. Al Jazeera, the Arab world’s most important television broadcaster, is based in Doha. Favourable tax laws attract financial and high-tech investment from abroad. A large part of the mining industry is reinvested in wide-ranging infrastructural projects. In 2014 the new airport of the capital came into operation and in 2019 the first part of the extensive underground subway was inaugurated. A new port near Musay’īd, south of Doha, has been active since 2015.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)165.89index2016
Balance of trade52 170.9M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population2 016 230units2018
Active population, Females14.1%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate0.1%2018
Unemployment rate, Females63.3%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses211 038M LCU2016
Revenues161 180M LCU2016
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture1.2%2018
industry54.5%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.2%2017
industry52.8%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation16.216BN LCU2018
International reserves30 358.3M US$2018
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land1.34%2015
meadows & pastures4.31%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley0.6841000 t2017
cereals, total1.5261000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes0.0321000 t2017
roots and tubers, total0.0321000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages1.751000 t2017
carrots and turnips0.11000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.3551000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes0.0081000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
figs0.021000 t2017
fruits, total28.2441000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.191000 t2017
citrus fruits, nes0.191000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
dates29.4041000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley0.2171000 ha2017
maize0.0551000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes0.0031000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.1161000 ha2017
carrots and turnips0.0081000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.0261000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grape0.0031000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
figs0.0061000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.081000 ha2017
citrus fruits, nes0.081000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
dates2.4581000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber5 1182017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle21.6751000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes21.6751000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep287.2311000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats169.2321000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total6.0741000 heads2017
horses6.0741000 heads2017
Livestock - Camelids
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
camels40.8431000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds9 4581000 heads2017
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs4.51000 t2017
hides and skins1.6941000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs550t2017
freshwater fishes10t2017
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural gas169 087M m³2017
oil, crude73 028.41000 t2018
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gypsum2101000 t2016
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
limestone2 3001000 t2016
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal39 768.58M kWh2016
non-renewable electricity generation99.979%2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal8 7511000 kW2016
- other renew.451000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation39 776.58M kWh2016
total installed capacity8 7961000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
aluminium6201000 t2017
steel, crude2 5751000 t2018
Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
petrol5 4251000 t2014
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ammonia3 2001000 t2018
nitrogen fertilizers2 971.71000 t2016
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other paper31000 t2017
paper31000 t2017
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement6 5001000 t2016
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production6 248.7M US$2016
food, beverages and tobacco production272.3M US$2016
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fuels81.554% of goods exports2016
ores and metals0.437% of goods exports2016
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201886 469M US$ -
201767 433M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201834 298M US$ -
201730 885M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures12 284M US$2017
Number of arrivals2 256 500units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown86 800 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried29 949.21000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers97.034per 1000 pop.2017
Computers157per 1000 pop.2008
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling11.9years2017
Graduates5 521units2017
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level12 435units2017
Teachers, secondary level9 893units2017
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1.2per 1000 pop.2014
Physicians2per 1000 pop.2014
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.1% of adults2017
Tuberculosis26per 100 000 pop.2017
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums5units2018
Museums, visitors596 916units2018
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.5% of GDP2015
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking98.49%2016
Access to electricity100%2017
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear5%2012-13
education2.8%2012-13
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