Form of Government: Constitutional monarchy
Area: 462 840 sq km
Population: 8 251 162 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 17.83 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 0° - 12° S; long. 141° - 164° E
Capital: Port Moresby (capital) 364 125 inhab. (2011);
Currency: kina (100 toea)
Human development index: 0.544 (rank: 153)
Head of State: The British Sovereign
Prime Minister: James Marape (PANGU), since 30 May 2019
Parliament: seats based on the elections of 24 June/8 July 2017: PNCP (People's National Congress Party), 27; NA (National Alliance), 14; PANGU Party, 11; URP (United Resources Party), 9; PNGP (Papua New Guinea Party), 6; independents, 14; others, 26; vacant, 4
Internet: www.nso.gov.pg (National Statistical Office)
Member of APEC, Commonwealth, SPC, UN, WTO

Papua New Guinea

Papua New Guinea, Papua Niugini, Independent State of Papua New Guinea, Independen Stet bilong Papua Niugini
Useful information

International license plate code PNG
International dialling code 00675
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 240
Driving side left
Internet code .pg

GMT  +10
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Port Moresby 26.5
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Port Moresby 28/25
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Port Moresby 9/8
Annual average precipitation (mm) Port Moresby 1018
Days of rainfall (annual average) Port Moresby 61

Geography.
Papua New Guinea occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and is bordered by the Indonesian province of Papua, several adjacent islands (including the Bismarck Archipelago, the northern Solomon Islands, the D’Entrecasteaux Islands and the Louisiade Archipelago) as well as numerous smaller atolls. The terrain is mountainous. The climate is hot and humid with very heavy rainfall.

Government


Papua New Guinea comprises Papuasia (a former British colony ceded to Australia in 1906) and New Guinea (a former German colony mandated to Australia in 1920).
After World War II the two territories were placed under the trusteeship of Australia, which granted self-government in 1973 and full independence on 16 September 1975). A secessionist movement on Bougainville Island (1989-98) went on to win full autonomy for the island.
The British sovereign is represented by a Governor General who appoints the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister is responsible before Parliament (111 members elected by direct suffrage for five-year terms).

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force5.3%2015
Army84.2%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides10.4per 100 000 pop.2010
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Port Moresby364 125inhab.2011
Lae88 608inhab.2011
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate27.32017
Death rate7.12017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Papuan84%1983
Melanesian15%1983


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Protestant60.7%2011
Catholic26%2011


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
Hiri Motu (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years32.9%2018
15-29 years28.1%2018


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Economy


Most of the active population works in the primary sector. Subsistence agriculture varies according to climatic region (bananas, sweet potatoes, yam, taro, cassava). Commercial produce (especially coconut and oil palm, cocoa and coffee, but also rubber, tea and spices) is exported. The main livestock species are pigs; fishing is on the rise.
Foreign-owned mining companies, especially Australian ones, are the country’s main source of income. There are substantial deposits of copper (Ok Tedi), gold (Tolukuma, Lihir, Porgera, Ok Tedi, Hidden Valley), silver (Hidden Valley, Ok Tedi), nickel and cobalt (Basamuk), oil (Hedinia, Agogo, Kutubu); to exploit the considerable natural gas reserves, a gas liquefaction plant, set up with foreign capital, has been in operation near the capital since 2014. The nation’s few industries include foodstuffs (sugar), mechanical engineering and wood; an oil refinery is active in Port Moresby, and a cement factory in Lae.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)122.34index2016
Balance of trade6 720M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population2 539 448units2018
Active population, Females48.7%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate2.4%2018
Unemployment rate, Females26.3%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses13 319.9M LCU2017
Revenues11 525.1M LCU2017
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture67.7%2018
industry5%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture19.3%2017
industry31.3%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation2.154BN LCU2018
International reserves2 239.4M US$2018
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land2.21%2015
forests74.1%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total18.9781000 t2017
maize13.2371000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava151.2971000 t2017
potatoes1.2871000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
squashes0.1481000 t2017
tomatoes0.5721000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.1371000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts1.5311000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits2 434.6981000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts1 202.7921000 t2017
copra32.61000 t2008
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa44.5041000 t2017
coffee58.841000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane205.1831000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total2 343.2081000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas1 246.9491000 t2017
pineapples22.8871000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize2.4041000 ha2017
rice0.4071000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava15.4671000 ha2017
potatoes0.2321000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pumpkins and squashes0.081000 ha2017
tomatoes0.1341000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.0581000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts1.4721000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit177.7791000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts204.7631000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa110.2251000 ha2017
coffee54.2381000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane7.1571000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas78.0041000 ha2017
pineapples1.1591000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural rubber8 341t2017
timber9 605 0002017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle93.211000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes93.211000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs2 127.2131000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep7.3461000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats3.0341000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total2.0441000 heads2017
horses2.0441000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds4 5741000 heads2017
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.1531000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs11.1151000 t2017
hides and skins0.5581000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs1 116t2017
freshwater fishes12 364t2017
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural gas11 196M m³2017
oil, crude2 223.11000 t2018
Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chromite401000 t2016
cobalt3.21000 t2018
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold65 000kg2018
silver98 000kg2016
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal2 600M kWh2016
- hydro880M kWh2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal5661000 kW2016
- hydro2741000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation3 481M kWh2016
total installed capacity900.91000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
petrol1031000 t2014
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley701000 t2014
coconut oil21.61000 t2014
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement2001000 t2016
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production14M US$2004
food, beverages and tobacco production61M US$2004
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ores and metals54.6% of goods exports2012
food products27.1% of goods exports2012
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20189 540M US$ -
20179 952M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20182 820M US$ -
20173 059M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures165M US$2017
Number of arrivals179 000units2016
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown11 900 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried1 864.71000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers2.102per 1000 pop.2016
Computers63.9per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Female106index2016
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Male116index2016
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level35 896units2016
Teachers, secondary level14 791units2016
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds4per 1000 pop.1990-2005*
Physicians0.06per 1000 pop.2010
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.9% of adults2017
HIV, total0.3%2001
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking13.43%2016
Access to electricity54.427%2017
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing5.2%1995
energy, water4.9%1995
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