Form of Government: Republic
Area: 489 sq km
Population: 17 930 inhab. (estimate 2020)
Density: 36.67 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 8° - 0° N; long. 131° - 135° E
Capital: Ngerulmud (capital) 401 inhab. (2019);
Currency: US dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.826 (rank: 50)
President and head of government: Surangel Whipps Jr., elected 3 November 2020, in office since 21 January 2021
Internet: //palaugov.pw (Republic of Palau National Government)
Member of SPC, UN

Palau

Belau, Palau, Beluu er a Belau, Republic of Palau
Useful information

International license plate code PAL
International dialling code 00680
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 115/230
Driving side rigth
Internet code .pw

GMT  +9
DST  not applied

Geography.
Palau is the westernmost archipelago of the island groups that make up the Caroline Islands within the Micronesia region in the Pacific Ocean. It comprises seven main islands, including Babeldaob and Koror, connected by a bridge, and around 300 islets. The climate is humid tropical.

Government


Placed under the trusteeship of the USA in 1947, Palau became independent on 1 October 1994. An agreement ratified on 9 November 1993 made the USA responsible for foreign relations and defence. The President of the Republic is elected with a four-year mandate, along with the 16 members of the Chamber of Deputies and the 13 members of the Senate. There are no political parties.

Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides3.1per 100 000 pop.2012
TOP

Administrative division

Administrative division
StateAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Aimeliik52$ sq km334 inhab.2015
Airai44$ sq km2 455 inhab.2015
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Koror11 410inhab.2018
Meyuns1 153inhab.2005
TOP

Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate11.22019
Death rate10.82019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Palauan73$%2015
Asian21.7%2015


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic45.3%2015
Protestant34.9%2015


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
Palauan (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years17.9%2020
15-29 years24.9%2020


TOP

Economy


The economy is based on tourism, agriculture and fishing. The main exports are molluscs, copra (extracted from the coconut palm) and tuna fish. Fishing licences for foreign fleets (especially Japanese) generate significant income.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Balance of trade- 145.2M US$2020
External debt137M US$2020
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population10 693units2015
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate1.7%2015
Unemployment rate, Females40.7%2015
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses108.6M LCU2019
Revenues121.9M LCU2019
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture1.7%2019
industry13.6%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture3.432%2019
industry10.37%2019
TOP

Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land5$%2018
forests89.674%2018
TOP

Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs6.7t2018
marine fishes5 355.12t2019
TOP

Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
renewable electricity generation100%1998
- hydro30$M kWh1998
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro10$1000 kW1998
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation208M kWh1998
total installed capacity62$1000 kW1998
TOP

Industry

Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production2.881M US$2018
TOP

Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products88.725% of goods exports2018
manufactures9.013% of goods exports2018
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20204$M US$ -
20197$M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2020150M US$ -
2019169M US$ -
TOP

Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures23.3M US$2017
Number of arrivals94 000units2019
TOP

Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet264units2021
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage1 473 795t2021
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers69.29per 1000 pop.2015
Internet users269.703per 1000 pop.2004
TOP

Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling17.1years2013
Graduates94$units2013
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level1 391units2016
Students, secondary level1 351units2016
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending0.3% of total expenses2012
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds4.8per 1000 pop.2010
Physicians1.8per 1000 pop.2019
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis38$per 100 000 pop.2019
Tuberculosis (prevalence)45$per 100 000 pop.2014
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking100%2019
Access to electricity100%2019
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear4.7%2014
education2$%2014
TOP