Form of Government: Republic
Area: 489 sq km
Population: 17 769 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 36.34 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 8° - 0° N; long. 131° - 135° E
Capital: Ngerulmud (capital) 391 inhab. (2006);
Currency: US dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.798 (rank: 60)
President and head of government: Tommy E. Remengesau, elected 6 November 2012, in office since 17 January 2013, reconfirmed 1 November 2016
Internet: //palaugov.pw (Republic of Palau National Government)
Member of SPC, UN

Palau

Belau, Palau, Beluu er a Belau, Republic of Palau
Useful information

International license plate code PAL
International dialling code 00680
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 115/230
Driving side rigth
Internet code .pw

GMT  +9
DST  not applied

Geography.
Palau is the westernmost archipelago of the island groups that make up the Caroline Islands within the Micronesia region in the Pacific Ocean. It comprises seven main islands, including Babeldaob and Koror, connected by a bridge, and around 300 islets. The climate is humid tropical.

Government


Placed under the trusteeship of the USA in 1947, Palau became independent on 1 October 1994. An agreement ratified on 9 November 1993 made the USA responsible for foreign relations and defence. The President of the Republic is elected with a four-year mandate, along with the 16 members of the Chamber of Deputies and the 13 members of the Senate. There are no political parties.

Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides3.1per 100 000 pop.2012
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Administrative division

Administrative division
StateAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Aimeliik52 sq km334 inhab.2015
Airai44 sq km2 455 inhab.2015
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Koror11 444inhab.2015
Meyuns1 153inhab.2005
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate12.42017
Death rate10.32017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Palauan73%2015
Asian21.7%2015


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic45.3%2015
Protestant34.9%2015


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
Palauan (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years19.4%2018
15-29 years24.9%2018


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Economy


The economy is based on tourism, agriculture and fishing. The main exports are molluscs, copra (extracted from the coconut palm) and tuna fish. Fishing licences for foreign fleets (especially Japanese) generate significant income.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Balance of trade- 145.3M US$2018
External debt91M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population10 693units2015
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate1.7%2015
Unemployment rate, Females40.7%2015
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses105.6M LCU2017
Revenues118.6M LCU2017
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture1.8%2018
industry13.1%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture3.5%2017
industry10.3%2017
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land6.52%2015
forests87.61%2015
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs6.7t2017
marine fishes812t2017
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
renewable electricity generation100%1998
- hydro30M kWh1998
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro101000 kW1998
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation208M kWh1998
total installed capacity621000 kW1998
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Industry

Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production2.8M US$2017
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures74.150% of goods exports2017
food products21.756% of goods exports2017
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20188M US$ -
20176M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018153M US$ -
2017158M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures23.8M US$2016
Number of arrivals123 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet156units2018
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage775 247t2018
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers57.497per 1000 pop.2015
Internet users269.703per 1000 pop.2004
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling17.1years2013
Graduates94units2013
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level98units2016
Teachers, secondary level72units2016
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending0.3% of total expenses2012
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds4.8per 1000 pop.2010
Physicians1.7per 1000 pop.2018
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis106per 100 000 pop.2017
Tuberculosis (prevalence)45per 100 000 pop.2014
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking86.9%2016
Access to electricity100%2017
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear4.7%2014
education2%2014
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