Form of Government: Republic
Area: 1 267 000 sq km
Population: 20 651 070 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 16.30 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 23° - 12° N; long. 0° - 16° E
Capital: Niamey (capital) 1 203 766 inhab. (2017);
Currency: CFA franc (100 centimes)
Human development index: 0.353 (rank: 187)
President: Mahamadou Issoufou (PNDS), elected 12 March 2011, re-elected 20 March 2016
Prime Minister: Brigi Rafini (PNDS), since 7 April 2011
National Assembly: seats based on elections of 21 February 2016: PNDS (Party for Democracy and Socialism), 75; MODEN-FA (Democratic Movement for an African Federation), 25; MNSD (National Movement for the Society of Development), 20; others, 51
Internet: www.stat-niger.org (Institut National de la Statistique)
Member of AU, ECOWAS, OIC, UN, WTO

Niger

Niger, République du Niger
Useful information

International license plate code RN
International dialling code 00227
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .ne

GMT  +1
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Niamey 29.1
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Niamey 24.5/29
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Niamey 9/9
Annual average precipitation (mm) Niamey 603
Days of rainfall (annual average) Niamey 42

Geography.
Niger is bordered to the north by Algeria and Libya, to the east by Chad, to the south by Nigeria and Benin, to the south-west by Burkina Faso and to the west by Mali. The country lies on a plateau with the Aïr Massif (2022 m) rising at its centre. Towards the north-east, beyond the sandy Ténéré region, the land rises up to form the Djado plateau, before sloping down in a south-westerly direction towards the valley of the River Niger and in a south-easterly direction towards the basin of Lake Chad.
There is a desert-like climate in the north in the region of Ténéré and a semi-desert climate in the southern areas with light rainfall in the summer months.

Government


Formerly a French colony, Niger achieved independence on 3 August 1960. In 1974, a military regime gained power and lasted until the beginning of the transition process (1991). General and presidential elections held in 1993 enabled an ostensibly democratic government to establish itself. 
In 2010, a military coup ousted President Tandja who, in 2009, had imposed a constitutional reform that would have enabled him to stand for a third mandate; the 2011 elections marked a return to the democratic system.
Tuareg rebels are active in the north of the country, including the Niger Movement for Justice (MNJ) and groups linked to Sunni fundamentalism.
On the basis of the Constitution of 31 October 2010, the President of the Republic, who appoints the Prime Minister, is elected by direct suffrage for a term of five years, as is the National Assembly, currently made up of 171 members.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force1.9%2015
Army98.1%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides4.5per 100 000 pop.2012
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Niamey1 203 766inhab.2017
Zinder392 835inhab.2017
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2017)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE

The considerable increase in population is triggering a high flow of emigration to Europe, where it combines with groups coming from Sub-Saharan Africa.

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate45.52017
Death rate7.22017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hausa55.3%2001
Djerma-Songhai21%2001


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim99%2012
other1%2012


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Djerma
French (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years49%2017
15-29 years25.7%2017


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Economy


Despite the abundance of mineral resources, the country is one of the poorest in the world both on account of widespread corruption and on account of the fact that mining companies’ earnings are commandeered from them. International aid is still of key importance. The most widespread activity is agriculture, continually threatened by drought and desertification. It is based around subsistence crops (millet, beans, sorghum) and some commercial crops (sugar cane, vegetables, oil palm and tobacco). Livestock farming is also important (cattle, sheep and goats). There are vast uranium deposits (at Arlit and Akouta), as well as gypsum, salt (near Bilma and Agadez), coal (at Ânou Ararén) and gold (Samira Hill gold mine). The oilfield at Agadem is exploited by a Chinese company. Industrial activity is scarce. As well as textile manufacturing and a refinery (at Zinder) there are factories for the production of oil, soap, sugar and cement (Malbaza). The CFA franc is pegged to the Euro by a fixed exchange rate.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)172.68index2016
Balance of trade- 508M US$2017
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population8 438 930units2017
Active population, Females43.4%2017
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate5.1%2014
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses1 187 914M LCU2016
Revenues905 109M LCU2016
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture75.6%2017
industry7.6%2017
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture41.1%2016
industry18%2016
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation533BN LCU2017
International reserves71M US$2016
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land13.34%2015
forests0.9%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total5 778.2931000 t2016
maize38.0221000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava146.5631000 t2016
potatoes161.1811000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages339.6921000 t2016
carrots and turnips37.0421000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry19.6141000 t2016
beans, green32.8251000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts453.5771000 t2016
sesame seed66.7221000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pepper0.9211000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane216.0371000 t2016
tobacco1.81000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton10.6221000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total466.4991000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
dates18.881000 t2016
mangoes181.9681000 t2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize31.2241000 ha2016
millet7 230.2281000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava6.2721000 ha2016
potatoes5.591000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages13.3371000 ha2016
carrots and turnips1.7361000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry36.8171000 ha2016
beans, green9.7221000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts771.0751000 ha2016
sesame seed129.9121000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pepper2.7731000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane5.841000 ha2016
tobacco0.781000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton10.5191000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
dates6.6241000 ha2016
mangoes40.61000 ha2016
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber11 919 6902016
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle12 783.5481000 heads2016
cattle and buffaloes12 783.5481000 heads2016
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs42.5231000 heads2016
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep11 899.2631000 heads2016
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats16 098.0581000 heads2016
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses1 801.4021000 heads2016
asses and mules1 801.4021000 heads2016
Livestock - Camelids
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
camels1 765.2011000 heads2016
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds18 7071000 heads2016
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter15.3541000 t2014
cheese61.2021000 t2014
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
freshwater fishes34 892t2016
total catch34 892t2016
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coal2261000 t2015
coal, total2261000 t2015
Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tin0.011000 t2012
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gypsum61000 t2013
salt301000 t2015
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
limestone23.21000 t2012
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold1 220kg2015
silver300kg2015
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal495.38M kWh2015
non-renewable electricity generation99.199%2015
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1721000 kW2015
- other renew.71000 kW2015
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation499.38M kWh2015
total installed capacity1791000 kW2015
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Industry

Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
petrol269.21000 t2014
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
soap9.41000 t2007
sulfuric acid701000 t2010
Industry - Textiles
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fabrics - m2 6001000 metres2007
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley61000 t2014
cottonseed oil0.71000 t2014
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement50.51000 t2015
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production35M US$2002
food, beverages and tobacco production46M US$2002
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products38.791% of goods exports2016
ores and metals33.544% of goods exports2016
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20171 193.495M US$ -
20161 031.689M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20171 701.411M US$ -
20161 715.322M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures140M US$2015
Number of arrivals152 000units2016
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown1 500 000km flown2001
Civil aviation, passengers carried14.71000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers0.402per 1000 pop.2017
Computers0.8per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling5.3years2012
Graduates2 969units2010
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level72 021units2016
Teachers, secondary level26 839units2016
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds0.3per 1000 pop.2013
Physicians0.05per 1000 pop.2013
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.4% of adults2016
Malaria5 056 393cases2016
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking1.91%2016
Access to electricity16.217%2016
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing5.8%2005
education1.3%2005
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