Form of Government: Republic
Area: 1 267 000 sq km
Population: 20 651 070 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 16.30 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 23° - 12° N; long. 0° - 16° E
Capital: Niamey (capital) 1 203 766 inhab. (2017);
Currency: CFA franc (100 centimes)
Human development index: 0.354 (rank: 189)
President: Mahamadou Issoufou (PNDS), elected 12 March 2011, re-elected 20 March 2016
Prime Minister: Brigi Rafini (PNDS), since 7 April 2011
National Assembly: seats based on elections of 21 February 2016: PNDS (Party for Democracy and Socialism), 75; MODEN-FA (Democratic Movement for an African Federation), 25; MNSD (National Movement for the Society of Development), 20; others, 51
Internet: www.stat-niger.org (Institut National de la Statistique)
Member of AU, ECOWAS, OIC, UN, WTO

Niger

Niger, République du Niger
Useful information

International license plate code RN
International dialling code 00227
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .ne

GMT  +1
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Niamey 29.1
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Niamey 24.5/29
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Niamey 9/9
Annual average precipitation (mm) Niamey 603
Days of rainfall (annual average) Niamey 42

Geography.
Niger is bordered to the north by Algeria and Libya, to the east by Chad, to the south by Nigeria and Benin, to the south-west by Burkina Faso and to the west by Mali. The country lies on a plateau with the Aïr Massif (2022 m) rising at its centre. Towards the north-east, beyond the sandy Ténéré region, the land rises up to form the Djado plateau, before sloping down in a south-westerly direction towards the valley of the River Niger and in a south-easterly direction towards the basin of Lake Chad.
There is a desert-like climate in the north in the region of Ténéré and a semi-desert climate in the southern areas with light rainfall in the summer months.

Government


Formerly a French colony, Niger achieved independence on 3 August 1960. In 1974, a military regime gained power and lasted until the beginning of the transition process (1991). General and presidential elections held in 1993 enabled an ostensibly democratic government to establish itself.
In 2010, a military coup ousted President Tandja who, in 2009, had imposed a constitutional reform that would have enabled him to stand for a third mandate; the 2011 elections marked a return to the democratic system.
Tuareg rebels are active in the north of the country, including the Niger Movement for Justice (MNJ) and groups linked to Sunni fundamentalism.
On the basis of the Constitution of 31 October 2010, the President of the Republic, who appoints the Prime Minister, is elected by direct suffrage for a term of five years, as is the National Assembly, currently made up of 171 members.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force1.9%2015
Army98.1%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides4.4per 100 000 pop.2012
TOP

Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Niamey1 203 766inhab.2017
Zinder392 835inhab.2017
TOP

Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE

The considerable increase in population is triggering a high flow of emigration to Europe, where it combines with groups coming from Sub-Saharan Africa.

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate45.52017
Death rate7.22017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hausa55.3%2001
Djerma-Songhai21%2001


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim99%2012
other1%2012


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Djerma
French (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years48.7%2018
15-29 years26%2018


TOP

Economy


Despite the abundance of mineral resources, the country is one of the poorest in the world both on account of widespread corruption and on account of the fact that mining companies’ earnings are commandeered from them. International aid is still of key importance.
The most widespread activity is agriculture, continually threatened by drought and desertification. It is based around subsistence crops (millet, beans, sorghum) and some commercial crops (sugar cane, vegetables, oil palm and tobacco). Livestock farming is also important (cattle, sheep and goats). There are vast uranium deposits (at Arlit and Akouta), as well as gypsum, salt (near Bilma and Agadez), coal (at Ânou Ararén) and gold (Samira Hill gold mine). The oilfield at Agadem is exploited by a Chinese company. Industrial activity is scarce. As well as textile manufacturing and a refinery (at Zinder) there are factories for the production of oil, soap, sugar and cement (Malbaza). The CFA franc is pegged to the Euro by a fixed exchange rate.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)172.68index2016
Balance of trade- 964.9M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population8 760 638units2018
Active population, Females43.3%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate5.1%2014
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses1 267 940M LCU2017
Revenues1 022 809M LCU2017
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture75.9%2018
industry8.1%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture41.9%2017
industry16.8%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation530.04BN LCU2018
International reserves71M US$2016
TOP

Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land13.34%2015
forests0.9%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total5 899.7771000 t2017
maize38.3451000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava319.6531000 t2017
potatoes165.7431000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages352.1461000 t2017
carrots and turnips42.9541000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry20.2071000 t2017
beans, green33.1351000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts461.8421000 t2017
sesame seed49.2631000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pepper0.8621000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane252.8541000 t2017
tobacco1.6161000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton10.3971000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total466.4991000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
dates19.1861000 t2017
mangoes190.3391000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize26.8951000 ha2017
millet6 998.7761000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava13.8551000 ha2017
potatoes5.651000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages12.4721000 ha2017
carrots and turnips2.0671000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry38.3931000 ha2017
beans, green9.9291000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts921.5021000 ha2017
sesame seed117.3211000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pepper2.6751000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane6.4741000 ha2017
tobacco0.6281000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton10.541000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
dates6.7771000 ha2017
mangoes42.3461000 ha2017
TOP

Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber12 133 5052017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle13 550.5611000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes13 550.5611000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs42.7561000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep12 315.7371000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats16 741.981000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses1 837.4291000 heads2017
asses and mules1 837.4291000 heads2017
Livestock - Camelids
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
camels1 788.1491000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds19 2091000 heads2017
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter15.3541000 t2014
cheese61.2021000 t2014
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
freshwater fishes34 930t2017
total catch34 930t2017
TOP

Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coal221.61000 t2018
coal, total221.61000 t2018
Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tin0.011000 t2012
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gypsum61000 t2013
salt301000 t2016
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
limestone23.21000 t2012
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold6 207.4kg2018
silver300kg2016
TOP

Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal489.74M kWh2016
non-renewable electricity generation98.989%2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1761000 kW2016
- other renew.81000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation494.74M kWh2016
total installed capacity1841000 kW2016
TOP

Industry

Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
petrol269.21000 t2014
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
soap9.41000 t2007
sulfuric acid701000 t2010
Industry - Textiles
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fabrics - m2 6001000 metres2007
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley61000 t2014
cottonseed oil0.71000 t2014
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement511000 t2016
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production7.9M US$2015
food, beverages and tobacco production188.9M US$2015
TOP

Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products38.791% of goods exports2016
ores and metals33.544% of goods exports2016
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20181 427M US$ -
20171 206M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20182 392M US$ -
20171 952M US$ -
TOP

Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures111M US$2016
Number of arrivals164 000units2017
TOP

Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown1 500 000km flown2001
Civil aviation, passengers carried14.71000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers0.402per 1000 pop.2017
Computers0.8per 1000 pop.2005
TOP

Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling6.5years2017
Graduates19 632units2017
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level76 185units2017
Teachers, secondary level26 456units2017
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds0.15per 1000 pop.2016
Physicians0.05per 1000 pop.2016
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.3% of adults2017
Malaria2 638 580cases2017
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking1.91%2016
Access to electricity20.041%2017
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing5.8%2005
education1.3%2005
TOP