Form of Government: Republic
Area: 21.2 sq km
Population: 13 649 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 643.82 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 1° S; long. 167° E
Capital: Yaren (capital) 747 inhab. (2011);
Currency: Australian dollar (100 cents)
President and head of government: Lionel Aingimea (independent), since 27 August 2019
Internet: //nauru.prism.spc.int (Nauru Bureau of Statistics)
Member of Commonwealth, SPC, UN

Nauru

Naoero, Nauru, Repubrikin Naoero, Republic of Nauru
Useful information

International license plate code NAU
International dialling code 00674
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission)
Electricity (Voltage) 240
Driving side left
Internet code .nr

GMT  +12
DST  not applied

Geography.
An atoll in the Pacific Ocean, west of the Gilbert Islands, Nauru is a coral island, surrounded by a reef. It has 30 km of coastline and is the smallest island state in the world. It has an equatorial climate.

Government


A German colony since 1888, Nauru was administered by Australia from 1914 until its independence in 1968.
The Parliament (19 elected members for a 3-year term) appoints the President of the Republic.

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Administrative division

Administrative division
DistrictAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Aiwo1.1 sq km1 220 inhab.2011
Anabar1.5 sq km452 inhab.2011
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Yaren747inhab.2011
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate29.62015
Death rate8.32015
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Nauruan94%2011
other4%2011


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Protestant50.9%2011
Catholic33%2011


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English
Nauruan (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years31.2%2018
15-29 years25%2018


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Economy


Phosphate mining is the only relevant industrial activity; part of its revenues has been invested in unit trusts, however this is not sufficient to support the country’s finances.
Australian aid is fundamental - the country has a contested detention centre for immigrants on the island.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)113.6index2016
Balance of trade- 103M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population4 349units2014
Active population, Females38.7%2011
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate22.1%2014
Unemployment rate, Females42.9%2011
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses166.5M LCU2017
Revenues166.6M LCU2017
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture20%2014
industry and services80%2014
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture3.2%2017
industry59.3%2017
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land20%2015
other land80%2015
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts2.871000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total0.4221000 t2014
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.2871000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs3.0321000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds51000 heads2017
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.0281000 t2017
meat0.0781000 t2017
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
marine fishes530t2017
total catch530.3t2017
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
phosphate rock171000 t2011
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
non-renewable electricity generation100%2016
- thermal24M kWh2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal61000 kW2016
- other renew.11000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation24M kWh2016
total installed capacity71000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
phosphate fertilizers281000 t2016
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production18.9M US$2014
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Trade

Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201813M US$ -
201723M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018116M US$ -
201743M US$ -
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown3 200 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried45.51000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers39per 1000 pop.2010
Internet users540per 1000 pop.2011
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling9.3years2008
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Female109index2016
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level45units2016
Teachers, secondary level40units2016
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds5per 1000 pop.2010
Physicians1.4per 1000 pop.2011
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis91per 100 000 pop.2017
Tuberculosis (prevalence)94per 100 000 pop.2014
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking91.33%2016
Access to electricity99.553%2017
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear5.7%2012-13
food, non-alcoholic beverages, tobacco47%2012-13
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