Form of Government: Constitutional monarchy
Area: 2.08 sq km
Population: 38 350 inhab. (estimate 2020)
Density: 18 437.5 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 44° N; long. 7°
Capital: Monaco (capital) ;
Currency: euro (100 cents)
Sovereign: Prince Albert II Grimaldi, since 6 April 2005
Minister of State: Pierre Dartout (independent), since 1 September 2020
National Council: seats based on the elections of 11 February 2018: Primo ! Priorité Monaco, 21; Horizon Monaco, 2; Union Monégasque, 1
Internet: www.imsee.mc (Monaco Statistics)
Member of Council of Europe, OAS observer, OSCE, UN

Monaco

Monaco, Principauté de Monaco
Useful information

International license plate code MC
International dialling code 00377
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 220/230
Driving side rigth
Internet code .mc

GMT  +1
DST  +2
DST duration (start-end) late March-late October



Politics and current affairs

The vaccine rollout has been successful in the principality. The historic Formula 1 Grand Prix resumed once more in 2021 after being cancelled due to the pandemic in 2020.

Geography.
Monaco is situated on the Mediterranean Sea and is surrounded by the French department of Alpes-Maritimes. The terrain basically comprises a rocky promontory, on which the city of Monaco is built, and the hill behind. It has a mild Mediterranean climate.

Government


According to the 1962 Constitution, executive power is exercised by the Minister of State, under the authority of the Prince. The Minister of State is chosen from candidates recommended by the French Government (Monaco lies within the customs area of France). The Legislative Council has 24 members who are elected for five years.

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Administrative division

Administrative division
QuarterAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Fontvieille0.33 sq km4 420 inhab.2016
Jardin Exotique0.23 sq km5 117 inhab.2016
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Monaco - inhab. -
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate7$2019
Death rate6.92019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
French24.9%2016
Monegasque22.5%2016


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic90$%2017
other8$%2017


Languages
DESCRIPTION
French (official)
Italian
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years10.4%2020
15-29 years13.5%2020


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Economy


The main sector of the economy is services (tourism and financial activities). Many foreign companies are registered here to take advantage of the attractive tax laws.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Balance of trade- 458M LCU2020
GDP7 423.91M US$2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population15 460units2016
Active population, Females43.7%2002
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate6.3%2016
Unemployment rate, Females60$%2016
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses1 806.2M LCU2020
Revenues1 703M LCU2020
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.3%2019
industry13.5%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
industry12.966%2019
services87.034%2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
marine fishes1$t2019
total catch1$t2019
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Energy

Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation260.6M kWh2018
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Trade

Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2020915M US$ -
20191 174M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20201 373M US$ -
20192 535M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Number of arrivals363 000units2019
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown600 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried0.31000 units2019
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers525.511per 1000 pop.2019
Computers307.4per 1000 pop.2007
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling17.5years2009
Graduates379units2019
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level1 971units2020
Students, secondary level3 392units2020
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds12.5per 1000 pop.2019
Physicians8.5per 1000 pop.2019
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis (prevalence)2.8per 100 000 pop.2014
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums4$units2019
Museums, visitors775 269units2019
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking100%2019
Access to electricity100%2019
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