Form of Government: Parliamentary republic
Area: 30 373 sq km
Population: 2 998 235 inhab. (census 2014)
Density: 98.71 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 48° - 45° N; long. 27° - 30° E
Capital: Chişinău (capital) 532 513 inhab. (2014); Chisinau 662 836 inhab. (2014), urban agglomeration
Currency: Moldovan leu, plural lei (100 bani)
Human development index: 0.75 (rank: 90)
President: Maia Sandu (PAS), since 24 December 2020
Prime Minister: Natalia Gavrilița (PAS), since 6 August 2021
Parliament: seats based on the elections of 11 July 2021: PAS (liberal, pro-European), 63; Electoral Bloc of Communists and Socialists, 32; Șor Party (pro-Russian, Eurosceptic), 6
Internet: www.statistica.md (National Bureau of Statistics)
Member of CEFTA, CIS, Council of Europe, EBRD, OSCE, UN, WTO

Moldova

Moldova, Republica Moldova
Useful information

International license plate code MD
International dialling code 00373
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .md

GMT  +2
DST  +3
DST duration (start-end) late March-late October

Annual average temperature (°C) Chişinău 10.2
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Chişinău -4/21.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Chişinău 9/1
Annual average precipitation (mm) Chişinău 540
Days of rainfall (annual average) Chişinău 90

Politics and current affairs

The early parliamentary elections on 11 July 2021 were won by PAS, the pro-European liberal party with 52.8% of the vote. Natalia Gavrilita was elected as prime minister (PAS).

Geography.
Moldova is bordered by Ukraine to the north, east and south, and by Romania to the west. It is situated in the south-west corner of the East European Plain and extends from the valley of the River Prut in the west to the valley of the River Dniester (Nistru) in the north-east.

Government


Formerly a federal republic of the USSR, Moldova became independent on 27 August 1991. The region of Gagauzia, where the majority of the population is Turkish-speaking, has a high degree of autonomy. Transnistria (where the majority of the population is Russian) has effectively made itself independent on 1990. Based on the 1994 Constitution, amended in 2000, and the Constitutional Court’s decision in 2016 to re-establish direct voting for the head of State, the President of the Republic and Parliament (101 members) are directly elected by the citizens for a term of 4 years.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force15$%2015
Army60.7%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes742.6per 100 000 pop.2020
Homicides4.8per 100 000 pop.2020
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Administrative division

Administrative division
DistrictAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Anenii Noi892 sq km78 996 inhab.2014
Basarabeasca295 sq km23 012 inhab.2014
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Chişinău532 513inhab.2014
Tiraspol133 800inhab.2014
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Chisinau662 836inhab.2014
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate11.62020
Death rate15.42020
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Moldovan73.7%2014
Romanian6.9%2014


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Orthodox90.1%2014
other7.2%2014


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Romanian (official)
Russian
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years18.3%2020
15-29 years18.3%2020


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Economy


The impact of the health crisis caused an economic contraction of 7.5% in 2020. GDP is expected to grow (+4.5%) in 2021. Because of its very fertile soil, agriculture is the leading sector of the economy (mainly cereals fruit and tobacco). Wine-production is considerable. Engineering, electronics and textiles are also important.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)111.46index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)118.22index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population885 334units2020
Active population, Females49.6%2019
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate4.7%2020
Unemployment rate, Females37.6%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses65 971.9M LCU2019
Revenues62 949.2M LCU2019
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture21.08%2020
industry21.802%2020
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture11.347%2019
industry26.232%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation33.062BN LCU2020
International reserves3 783.579M US$2020
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land58.611%2018
forests11.823%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley168.061000 t2019
cereals, total3 498.6821000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes176.851000 t2019
roots and tubers, total176.851000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages17.5661000 t2019
carrots and turnips26.761000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry14.011000 t2019
beans, green1.3941000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes658.7261000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
rapeseed77.2681000 t2019
soybeans64.2391000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar beet606.9941000 t2019
tobacco0.4621000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples610.9211000 t2019
apricots16.7311000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds0.5321000 t2019
hazelnuts0.2451000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms1.8821000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley52.8931000 ha2019
maize492.4051000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes18.0991000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages1.4591000 ha2019
carrots and turnips2.4581000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry19.3141000 ha2019
beans, green0.3021000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grape118.5941000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
rapeseed38.0191000 ha2019
soybeans37.0761000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar beet15.1641000 ha2019
tobacco0.31000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples51.131000 ha2019
apricots3.5191000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds0.2721000 ha2019
hazelnuts0.4951000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber1 266 6452019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle144.8281000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes144.8281000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs397.2991000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep613.441000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats155.3231000 heads2019
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses3.7721000 heads2019
asses and mules3.7721000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds39 9971000 heads2019
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey3.9271000 t2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter3.9381000 t2018
cheese7.4011000 t2018
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
freshwater fishes12 620t2019
total catch12 700t2019
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural gas0.1M m³2019
peat4801000 t2016
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gypsum1001000 t2019
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
limestone1551000 t2018
sand and gravel - t2 020.11000 t2018
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal4 999.86M kWh2019
- hydro297.99M kWh2019
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal4251000 kW2018
- hydro64$1000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation5 374.85M kWh2019
total installed capacity530.711000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
steel, crude4651000 t2020
Industry - Electrical and electronics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
computers5 369no.2016
ovens1 278no.2016
Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bitumen0.41000 t2018
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
paints29.61000 t2018
soap1.31000 t2018
Industry - Textiles
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
carpets1 814.21000 m²2016
fabrics - sq m0.018M m²2018
Industry - Clothing and footwear
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
footwear1 794 000pairs2018
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley76.621000 t2018
fish, frozen0.161000 t2016
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes1 838.7M units2016
tobacco700t2018
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other paper6.8321000 t2019
paper6.8321000 t2019
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement1 233.21000 t2018
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production71.172M US$2018
food, beverages and tobacco production542.297M US$2018
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products56.1% of goods exports2019
manufactures42.173% of goods exports2019
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Russia404.2M US$2010
Romania257.3M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Russia586.5M US$2010
Ukraine528.5M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20202 485M US$ -
20192 779M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20205 416M US$ -
20195 843M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures480M US$2019
Number of arrivals174 000units2019
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown5 500 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried1 408.21000 units2019
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers165.839per 1000 pop.2019
Computers114.3per 1000 pop.2008
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling11.427years2019
Graduates27 479units2018
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level139 612units2019
Students, secondary level224 148units2019
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending35.374% of total expenses2019
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds6.83per 1000 pop.2019
Physicians4.75per 1000 pop.2019
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.7% of adults2019
HIV, total0.2%2001
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums127units2019
Museums, visitors794 100units2019
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.252% of GDP2018
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking95.7%2019
Access to electricity100%2019
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear10.7%2018
education0.5%2018
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