Form of Government: Parliamentary republic
Area: 30 373 sq km
Population: 2 998 235 inhab. (census 2014)
Density: 98.71 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 48° - 45° N; long. 27° - 30° E
Capital: Chişinău (capital) 532 513 inhab. (2014); Chisinau 662 836 inhab. (2014), urban agglomeration
Currency: Moldovan leu, plural lei (100 bani)
Human development index: 0.7 (rank: 112)
President: Igor Dodon (PSRM), since 23 December 2016
Prime Minister: Maia Sandu (PAS), since 8 June 2019
Parliament: seats based on the elections of 24 February 2019: PSRM (Party of Socialists), 35; PDM (Democratic Party), 30; PAS (liberal, pro-European), 13; DA (centre-right), 12; Șor Party (pro-Russian, Eurosceptic), 7; independents, 4
Internet: www.statistica.md (National Bureau of Statistics)
Member of CEFTA, CIS, Council of Europe, EBRD, OSCE, UN, WTO

Moldova

Moldova, Republica Moldova
Useful information

International license plate code MD
International dialling code 00373
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .md

GMT  +2
DST  +3
DST duration (start-end) late March-late October

Annual average temperature (°C) Chişinău 10.2
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Chişinău -4/21.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Chişinău 9/1
Annual average precipitation (mm) Chişinău 540
Days of rainfall (annual average) Chişinău 90

Politics and current affairs

After the elections on 24 February 2019 were inconclusive, the country fell into an institutional crisis. On 8 June 2019, Maia Sandu (PAS) became prime minister thanks to support from a coalition of parties both pro-Russian (PSRM, 31% of the votes) and pro-European (PAS and DA, 27%). For a few days, the country had two governments, as the losing party that was in power refused to step down. The outgoing prime minister, Pavel Filip, made the decision to resign on 14 June.

Geography.
Moldova is bordered by Ukraine to the north, east and south, and by Romania to the west. It is situated in the south-west corner of the East European Plain and extends from the valley of the River Prut in the west to the valley of the River Dniester (Nistru) in the north-east.

Government


Formerly a federal republic of the USSR, Moldova became independent on 27 August 1991. The region of Gagauzia, where the majority of the population is Turkish-speaking, has a high degree of autonomy. Transnistria (where the majority of the population is Russian) has effectively made itself independent on 1990.
Based on the 1994 Constitution, amended in 2000, and the Constitutional Court’s decision in 2016 to re-establish direct voting for the head of State, the President of the Republic and Parliament (101 members) are directly elected by the citizens for a term of 4 years.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force15%2015
Army60.7%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes903per 100 000 pop.2018
Homicides4.8per 100 000 pop.2018
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Administrative division

Administrative division
DistrictAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Anenii Noi892 sq km78 996 inhab.2014
Basarabeasca295 sq km23 012 inhab.2014
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Chişinău532 513inhab.2014
Tiraspol133 800inhab.2014
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Chisinau662 836inhab.2014
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate9.22018
Death rate10.52018
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Moldovan73.7%2014
Romanian6.9%2014


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Orthodox90.1%2014
other7.2%2014


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Romanian (official)
Russian
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years18.3%2018
15-29 years19.7%2018


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Economy


Over the medium term, economic growth should stabilize at around 3.7%. Because of its very fertile soil, agriculture is the leading sector of the economy (mainly cereals fruit and tobacco). Wine-production is considerable. Engineering, electronics and textiles are also important.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)111.46index2016
Balance of trade-3 057.3M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population1 253 660units2018
Active population, Females48.7%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate3.4%2018
Unemployment rate, Females42.5%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses59 576.9M LCU2018
Revenues57 964.9M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture32.2%2018
industry16.6%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture14.3%2017
industry20.9%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation23.75BN LCU2018
International reserves2 995.2M US$2018
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land64.25%2015
forests12.44%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley2491000 t2017
cereals, total3 282.5551000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes1971000 t2017
roots and tubers, total1971000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages20.821000 t2017
carrots and turnips14.6261000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry11.431000 t2017
beans, green1.5311000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes576.5071000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
rapeseed711000 t2017
soybeans471000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar beet8761000 t2017
tobacco0.7951000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples303.1551000 t2017
apricots13.7431000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds0.6211000 t2017
hazelnuts0.2551000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms2.151000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley811000 ha2017
maize4811000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes201000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages1.5921000 ha2017
carrots and turnips1.5241000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry12.8541000 ha2017
beans, green0.3351000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grape126.2141000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
rapeseed291000 ha2017
soybeans341000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar beet241000 ha2017
tobacco0.6071000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples47.1861000 ha2017
apricots3.0771000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds0.3231000 ha2017
hazelnuts0.4651000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber1 266 6452017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle182.31000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes182.31000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs4391000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep710.61000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats159.21000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses3.11000 heads2017
asses and mules3.11000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds37 8661000 heads2017
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey3.8961000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter4.6731000 t2014
cheese7.4271000 t2014
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs20t2015
freshwater fishes12 133t2017
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
peat4801000 t2016
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gypsum1201000 t2016
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
limestone3001000 t2016
sand and gravel - t2 8001000 t2016
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal5 246.14M kWh2016
- hydro225M kWh2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal4431000 kW2016
- hydro641000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation5 490.14M kWh2016
total installed capacity5151000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
steel, crude5701000 t2018
Industry - Electrical and electronics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
computers5 369no.2016
ovens1 278no.2016
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
paints29.51000 t2017
soap1.21000 t2017
Industry - Textiles
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
carpets1 814.21000 m²2016
fabrics - sq m0.012M m²2013
Industry - Clothing and footwear
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
footwear1 921 097pairs2017
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley911000 t2014
fish, frozen0.161000 t2016
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes1 838.7M units2016
tobacco1 097.1t2016
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other paper71000 t2017
paper71000 t2017
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement1 3001000 t2016
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production39M US$2016
food, beverages and tobacco production393.1M US$2016
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products57.534% of goods exports2018
manufactures40.406% of goods exports2018
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Russia404.2M US$2010
Romania257.3M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Russia586.5M US$2010
Ukraine528.5M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20182 707M US$ -
20172 425M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20185 764M US$ -
20174 831M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures381M US$2017
Number of arrivals145 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown5 500 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried1 092.61000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers144.235per 1000 pop.2017
Computers114.3per 1000 pop.2008
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling11.6years2017
Graduates29 681units2017
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level7 880units2017
Teachers, secondary level22 931units2017
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending35.6% of total expenses2016
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds5.1per 1000 pop.2018
Physicians3.6per 1000 pop.2018
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.6% of adults2017
HIV, total0.2%2001
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums127units2018
Museums, visitors759 500units2018
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.3% of GDP2017
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking92.19%2016
Access to electricity100%2017
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear10.7%2018
education0.5%2018
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