Form of Government: Federal republic
Area: 707.1 sq km
Population: 104 650 inhab. (estimate 2020)
Density: 148 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 13° - 0° N; long. 136° - 168° E
Capital: Palikir, on Pohnpei (capital) 6 647 inhab. (2010);
Currency: US dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.62 (rank: 136)
President and head of government: David W. Panuelo, since 11 May 2019
Internet: www.fsmstatistics.fm (FSM Division of Statistics)
Member of SPC, UN

Micronesia

Federated States of Micronesia
Useful information

International license plate code FSM
International dialling code 00691
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 120
Driving side rigth
Internet code .fm

GMT Pohnpei +11; Chuuk and Yap +10
DST Pohnpei not applied; Chuuk and Yap not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Palikir (Pohnpei) 27.2
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Palikir (Pohnpei) 27/27
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Palikir (Pohnpei) 5.5/4.5
Annual average precipitation (mm) Palikir (Pohnpei) 4620
Days of rainfall (annual average) Palikir (Pohnpei) 259

Geography.
An archipelago in the Pacific Ocean, Micronesia comprises the eastern Caroline Islands (Pohnpei, Chuuk and Kosrae, as well as numerous other groups of coral-reef islets) and the Yap Islands (Yap, Gagil-Tomil, Map, Rumung and 10 other islets).

Government


The archipelago was colonized by Spain (1886) and Germany (1899), and then assigned to Japan by the League of Nations (1920) as a mandate territory. Finally it became a United Nations Trust Territory under US administration (1947). It has been independent since 22 December 1990 but, according to the Compact of Free Association of 1986, the US continues to look after the territory from the point of view of foreign affairs and defence. The Federation comprises the four states of Pohnpei, Chuuk, Kosrae and Yap, each of which has its own assembly and governor. Congress, which has 14 members, elects the President. There are no political parties.

Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides4.7per 100 000 pop.2015
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Administrative division

Administrative division
StateAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Chuuk126.9 sq km49 250 inhab.2017
Kosrae111.4 sq km6 697 inhab.2017
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Weno13 856inhab.2010
Palikir, on Pohnpei6 647inhab.2010
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate22.7122019
Death rate6.6152019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Micronesian96.2%2010
other2.4%2010


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic54.7%2010
Protestant41.5%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years28.7%2020
15-29 years27$%2020


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Economy


The only activities are agriculture (coconut palm, cassava) and fishing. Financial aid from the US and the granting of fishing licences are both essential to the economy.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)100.81index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)101.51index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population37 919units2010
Active population, Females41.8%2010
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate8.9%2014
Unemployment rate, Females44.1%2010
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses184.5M LCU2018
Revenues320.4M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture2$%2018
industry9.6%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture27.403%2019
industry5.793%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation0.027BN LCU2010
International reserves442 892.03M US$2020
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land22.001%2018
forests74.525%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total0.3161000 t2019
maize0.0981000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava8.421000 t2019
roots and tubers, total11.5281000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts48.3691000 t2019
copra4.51000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0.0321000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total2.6221000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas2.0361000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize0.0651000 ha2019
rice0.0991000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.7841000 ha2019
sweet potatoes0.5611000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts18.3581000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0.0831000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.3831000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber2 7022019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle18.3741000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes18.5541000 heads2019
Livestock - Buffaloes
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
buffaloes0.181000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs38.3441000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats4.7261000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds1921000 heads2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.2471000 t2019
hides and skins0.0371000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs45$t2019
freshwater fishes5$t2019
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconut oil2.91000 t2014
vegetable oils2.91000 t2014
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production2.011M US$2019
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Trade

Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
202046$M US$ -
201949$M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2020205M US$ -
2019195M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures29$M US$2014
Number of arrivals18 000units2019
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet38$units2021
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage50 725t2021
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers33.878per 1000 pop.2017
Computers54.8per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Female94.73index2019
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Male98.804index2019
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level13 758units2015
Students, secondary level14 742units2007
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending1.4% of total expenses2012
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds3.2per 1000 pop.2009
Physicians0.18per 1000 pop.2010
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis100per 100 000 pop.2019
Tuberculosis (prevalence)250per 100 000 pop.2014
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking12.5%2019
Access to electricity82.117%2019
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