Form of Government: Federal republic
Area: 707.1 sq km
Population: 104 104 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 147.23 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 13° - 0° N; long. 136° - 168° E
Capital: Palikir, on Pohnpei (capital) 6 647 inhab. (2010);
Currency: US dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.627 (rank: 131)
President and head of government: David W. Panuelo, since 11 May 2019
Internet: www.fsmstatistics.fm (FSM Division of Statistics)
Member of SPC, UN

Micronesia

Federated States of Micronesia
Useful information

International license plate code FSM
International dialling code 00691
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 120
Driving side rigth
Internet code .fm

GMT Pohnpei +11; Chuuk and Yap +10
DST Pohnpei not applied; Chuuk and Yap not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Palikir (Pohnpei) 27.2
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Palikir (Pohnpei) 27/27
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Palikir (Pohnpei) 5.5/4.5
Annual average precipitation (mm) Palikir (Pohnpei) 4620
Days of rainfall (annual average) Palikir (Pohnpei) 259

Geography.
An archipelago in the Pacific Ocean, Micronesia comprises the eastern Caroline Islands (Pohnpei, Chuuk and Kosrae, as well as numerous other groups of coral-reef islets) and the Yap Islands (Yap, Gagil-Tomil, Map, Rumung and 10 other islets).

Government


The archipelago was colonized by Spain (1886) and Germany (1899), and then assigned to Japan by the League of Nations (1920) as a mandate territory. Finally it became a United Nations Trust Territory under US administration (1947). It has been independent since 22 December 1990 but, according to the Compact of Free Association of 1986, the US continues to look after the territory from the point of view of foreign affairs and defence. The Federation comprises the four states of Pohnpei, Chuuk, Kosrae and Yap, each of which has its own assembly and governor. Congress, which has 14 members, elects the President. There are no political parties.

Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides4.7per 100 000 pop.2015
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Administrative division

Administrative division
StateAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Chuuk126.9 sq km49 250 inhab.2017
Kosrae111.4 sq km6 697 inhab.2017
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Weno13 856inhab.2010
Palikir, on Pohnpei6 647inhab.2010
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate23.82017
Death rate6.22017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Micronesian96.2%2010
other2.4%2010


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic54.7%2010
Protestant41.5%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years29.8%2018
15-29 years27.6%2018


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Economy


The only activities are agriculture (coconut palm, cassava) and fishing. Financial aid from the US and the granting of fishing licences are both essential to the economy.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)100.81index2016
Balance of trade-35M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population37 919units2010
Active population, Females41.8%2010
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate8.9%2014
Unemployment rate, Females44.1%2010
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses174.4M LCU2017
Revenues286.7M LCU2017
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture2%2013
industry11%2013
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture27.5%2017
industry6.5%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation0.027BN LCU2010
International reserves203.7M US$2017
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land22.02%2015
forests74.5%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total0.2591000 t2017
maize0.0861000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava10.3321000 t2017
roots and tubers, total13.4521000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts36.0381000 t2017
copra4.51000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0.0331000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total2.6241000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas2.0341000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize0.061000 ha2017
rice0.091000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.9711000 ha2017
sweet potatoes0.5541000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts16.3441000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0.0831000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.3831000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber2 6542017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle17.651000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes17.8231000 heads2017
Livestock - Buffaloes
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
buffaloes0.1731000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs37.2231000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats4.6161000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds1921000 heads2017
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.251000 t2017
hides and skins0.0511000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs45t2017
freshwater fishes5t2017
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconut oil2.91000 t2014
vegetable oils2.91000 t2014
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production1.8M US$2016
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Trade

Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201875M US$ -
201746M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018110M US$ -
2017183M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures29M US$2014
Number of arrivals29 600units2016
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet63units2018
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage100 260t2018
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers35.776per 1000 pop.2017
Computers54.8per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Female96index2015
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Male95index2015
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level698units2015
Students, primary level13 758units2015
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending1.4% of total expenses2012
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds3.2per 1000 pop.2009
Physicians0.2per 1000 pop.2010
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis165per 100 000 pop.2017
Tuberculosis (prevalence)250per 100 000 pop.2014
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking11.97%2016
Access to electricity80.756%2017
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