Form of Government: Federal republic
Area: 1 964 375 sq km
Population: 126 014 024 inhab. (census 2020)
Density: 64.15 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 33° - 15° N; long. 118° - 87° W
Capital: Mexico City=Ciudad de México (capital) 8 843 706 inhab. (2020); Città del Messico=Ciudad de México 21 804 515 inhab. (2020), urban agglomeration
Currency: Mexican peso (100 centavos)
Human development index: 0.779 (rank: 74)
President: Andrés Manuel López Obrador (MORENA), elected 1 July 2018, in office since 1 December 2018
Chamber of Deputies: seats based on the elections of 6 June 2021: MORENA (National Regeneration Movement), 197; PAN (National Action Party), 111; PRI (Institutional Revolutionary Party), 69; Ecologist Green Party, 44; PT (Labour Party), 38; Citizens' Movement, 24; PRD (Party of the Democratic Revolution), 17
Internet: www.inegi.org.mx (Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía)
Member of APEC, Council of Europe observer, EBRD, OAS, OECD, UN, USMCA, WTO

Mexico

México, Estados Unidos Mexicanos
Useful information

International license plate code MEX
International dialling code 0052
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 127
Driving side rigth
Internet code .mx

GMT Mexico City -6; Mazatlán -7; Mexicali (Baja California) -8
DST Mexico City -5; Mazatlán -6; Mexicali (Baja California) -7
DST duration (start-end) early April-late October

Annual average temperature (°C) Mexico 15.8; Acapulco 27.7; Chihuahua 18.5; Mérida 25.9
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Mexico 12.5/17; Acapulco 26.5/28.5; Chihuahua 10/25; Mérida 26.5/28.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Mexico 7/7; Acapulco 7/9; Chihuahua 9/6; Mérida 6/5
Annual average precipitation (mm) Mexico 709; Acapulco 1411; Chihuahua 327; Mérida 942
Days of rainfall (annual average) Mexico 94; Acapulco 56; Chihuahua 36; Mérida 73

Politics and current affairs

At the legislative elections held on 6 June 2021, President Obrador (MORENA)’s party lost seats and only held the absolute majority due to the coalition allies (PT and the Greens). Despite the often authoritarian governmental stance, Obrador remains popular due to his empathetic style of communication and his fight against corruption, austerity and his support of redistributing wealth.

Geography.
Mexico is bordered by the United States to the north, and by Belize and Guatemala to the south-east.
The Atlantic Ocean (the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea) lies off its east coast and the Pacific Ocean off its west coast. The central Mexican Plateau, enclosed to the south by peaks of over 5000 m (Mount Orizaba, 5610 m and Mount Popocatépetl, 5465 m), lies between the Sierra Madre Occidental and the Sierra Madre Oriental.
In the south of the country, mountain ranges (Sierra Madre del Sur and Sierra Madre de Chiapas) alternate with vast plains (the plains of Veracruz and Tabasco).
The peninsulas of Baja California and Yucatán are isolated from the main part of Mexico.

Government


From the 16th century, Mexico was a Spanish colony. It became independent in 1821. At that time it was much larger than it is today and comprised territories which were subsequently ceded to the United States following the Mexican-American War (1846-48). Mexico is a presidential Federal Republic of 31 states and a Federal District (the capital, Mexico City). Since 2006 the country, and especially the northern states, has been subjected to violent conflict between drug cartels and state forces. The death toll is estimated at over 200 000.
According to the Constitution of 5 February 1917, which has been revised several times, the President of the Republic is elected by direct suffrage for six years and may not be re-elected. The President is also head of the government and exercises executive power. Legislative power lies in the hands of National Congress (Congreso de la Unión), comprising the Chamber of Deputies (500 members elected for three years) and the Senate (128 members elected for six years term, two-thirds of whom are renewed every three years). Each state and the Federal District has its own elected Governor and Assembly.


Defence.
Military service lasts for 12 months. A National Guard with police functions was established in 2019.


Justice.
The legal system is based on European Continental Civil Law, with influences from the American Constitution. The legal system comprises jurisdiction at federal level and at state level. At the federal level, the highest court is the Supreme Court.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force3$%2015
Army75.2%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes2 501.8per 100 000 pop.2011
Homicides19.3per 100 000 pop.2016
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Mexico City=Ciudad de México8 843 706inhab.2020
Tijuana1 810 645inhab.2020
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Città del Messico=Ciudad de México21 804 515inhab.2020
Monterrey5 341 177inhab.2020
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE

The 2001 Ley indigena recognised the culture and fundamental rights of indigenous peoples and granted a large amount of administrative autonomy to the regions in which they live. Migratory flows towards the USA, where there are nearly 40 million Mexican residents, are very significant.

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate16.82020
Death rate6.12020
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mestizo64.3%2010
Amerindian18$%2010


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic78.1%2020
other religions14$%2020


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Amerindian languages (Nahuatl, Maya, Mixtec)
Spanish (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years26$%2020
15-29 years25.1%2020


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Economy


Economic situation.
In 2021, the recovery after the recession due to the COVID-19 pandemic was favoured by the economic development in the US. A low rate of growth is a structural problem for the country, which went into recession in 2019. The new executive decided to overturn the previous laissez-faire policies: spending for the state machinery was reduced and social spending was increased (pensions, employment incentives, etc). The minimum wage was raised on 1 January 2019. These economic policies, intended to stave off recession, have greatly exacerbated public debt. Officially, unemployment is low, but illegal activities (involving about one quarter of the working population) are very common, especially drug-dealing. The violence that the latter involves, along with rampant corruption, constitutes a factor of instability that discourages the development of new businesses.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)125.72index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)112.52index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population53 584 160units2020
Active population, Females38.8%2020
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate4.4%2020
Unemployment rate, Females36.9%2020
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses4 500 396.6M LCU2020
Revenues3 774 669.2M LCU2020
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture12.56%2020
industry25.277%2020
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture3.644%2019
industry32.805%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation2 117.034BN LCU2020
International reserves199 069.189M US$2020
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Agriculture


Primary sector
Agriculture.
Arable land is mainly used for cultivating cereal crops, especially maize (Sinaloa and Jalisco States), which (along with dried beans) constitutes the staple food of the local diet. The production of sorghum (Tamaulipas and Guanajuato), wheat (Sonora) and barley (on the central plateau) is important, whereas rice is common on the humid coastal lowlands (Nayarit and Campeche). Among plants grown on an industrial scale, sugar cane (States of Veracruz and Jalisco) and textiles are prevalent: typical of Mexico are agaves, from which are obtained istle fibres and henequén (a traditional alcoholic drink). Cotton is grown in the states of Chihuahua and Baja California. Important export crops are tomatoes, maize, chillies and peppers, cucurbits, avocados and coffee, which is commonly grown in the humid lands of the tierras templadas (the “temperate lands” of Chiapas, Veracruz, Oaxaca and Guerrero), whereas cocoa is common in the tierras calientes (the “hot lands” of Chiapas and Tabasco). Sugar cane is grown on the slopes of the Sierras and in the lowlands. Fruit from the large banana plantations in the states of Colima, Nayarit, Veracruz, Guerrero and Tabasco is bound for export.
Forests.
The forests of the lowlands are important for timber (mahogany, ebony, cedar, sandalwood and rosewood). They also yield substances used for tanning and dyeing. Mexico is an important producer of chicle gum, a variety of natural rubber.
Livestock and fishing.
The dairy and beef cattle are reared on large estates in the north of the country are particularly important, but pigs are also farmed on a large scale. Fishing (sardines, tuna fish, shellfish and sole) is based at Guaymas, Mazatlán and Topolobampo, in the Gulf of California, at Manzanillo, on the Pacific coast, at Tampico, Veracruz and Campeche, in the Gulf of Mexico, and at Puerto Morelos and Progreso, on the Caribbean Sea. Aquaculture produces mainly shrimp, tilapia and oysters.

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land13.69%2018
forests33.925%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley964.0831000 t2019
cereals, total36 164.1021000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava27.1531000 t2019
potatoes1 783.8961000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
artichokes2.3871000 t2019
asparagus272.2021000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry879.4041000 t2019
beans, green81.1611000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes472.7081000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Olive
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
olives25.4221000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
castor oil seed0.1191000 t2019
groundnuts81.4131000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits1 194.211000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts1 287.9571000 t2019
copra203.81000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa28.4521000 t2019
coffee165.7121000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar beet0.8911000 t2019
sugar cane59 334.0591000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton916.9841000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Flax
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
linseed0.0081000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sisal18.4151000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples761.4831000 t2019
apricots0.9671000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds0.0381000 t2019
cashew nuts3.5631000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits8 756.4881000 t2019
citrus fruits, nes342.7581000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados2 300.8891000 t2019
bananas2 227.1731000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley357.9941000 ha2019
maize6 690.4491000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava2.1011000 ha2019
potatoes58.4421000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
artichokes0.1741000 ha2019
cabbages6.1151000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry1 207.3951000 ha2019
beans, green8.4581000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grape31.7071000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Olive
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
olive5.461000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
castor oil seed0.0341000 ha2019
groundnuts47.5321000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit85.531000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts204.1331000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa58.5271000 ha2019
coffee629.31000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar beet0.3331000 ha2019
sugar cane795.9841000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton207.2461000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Flax
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
linseed0.0091000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sisal30.7951000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples52.9811000 ha2019
apricots0.1851000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds0.0271000 ha2019
cashew nuts1.341000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits641.8991000 ha2019
citrus fruits, nes74.8771000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados215.9421000 ha2019
bananas76.481000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural rubber79 979t2019
timber46 477 1352019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle35 224.961000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes35 224.961000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs18 365.2891000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep8 708.2461000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats8 791.8941000 heads2019
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses3 284.3471000 heads2019
asses and mules6 572.3411000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds593 1531000 heads2019
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey61.9861000 t2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter22.9831000 t2018
cheese170.821000 t2018
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
corals0.879t2019
crustaceans and molluscs451 826.818t2019
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Minerals


Secondary sector
Minerals.
Around three quarters of oil production comes from off-shore deposits in the Bay of Campeche, particularly in the north-eastern sector; the most productive pits on the mainland are in the state of Tabasco. Substantial deposits of shale oil can be found in the state of Tamaulipas. The oil sector is controlled by a monopolist public company (Pemex); in 2014 legislation was revised in order to allow the flow of private capital. Natural gas is produced at many of the oil wells. There are modest coal reserves. The subsoil possesses vast metalliferous mineral resources. Silver extraction is mainly concentrated in the states of Zacatecas, Durango, Sonora, Chihuahua and México. Lead and zinc mines in Charcas (San Luis Potosí), Naica and Santa Bárbara (Chihuahua), La Encantada (Coahuila), Fresnillo and Peñasquito (Zacatecas). The gold mines in El Sauzal and Ocampo (Chihuahua), La Herradura and Mulatos (Sonora), San Dimas and La Cienega (Durango), Pachuca (Hidalgo) and Peñasquito (Zacatecas) all play an important role. There are copper ore deposits in Cananea and La Caridad (Sonora), Boleo-Santa Rosalía (Baja California), Mazapil, Nacozari, La Colorada (Coahuila) and iron ore deposits in Cerro de Mercado (Durango) and Peña Colorada-El Mamey (Colima). There are also significant lithium reserves.
Energy and industry.
More than three-quarters of the electricity produced is of thermal origin (mainly from coal-fired power plants). There are two nuclear reactors operating at Laguna Verde (in Veracruz) which produce about 4% of the country’s electricity requirement. Oil refineries operate at Cadereyta Jiménez, Ciudad Madero, Tula, Minatitlán, Salamanca and Salina Cruz. A regasification plant is active in Ensenada. The metal-working sector is based in Mexico City and in the triangle of Monterrey, Saltillo and Monclova. The chemical industry is quite highly developed. The car-making industry is based in Aguascalientes, Mexico City, Cuernavaca, Puebla (components), Saltillo, Monterrey, Lerma and Guadalajara. Other important segments of the engineering sector are textile machinery and railway rolling stock. The textile industry is based at Torreón, Monterrey and Durango. Other important segments include glass, paper, wood pulp and cellulose, ceramics, leather goods and footwear, cement, beer and tobacco. Close to the US border (in the towns of Tijuana, Ensenada, Nogales, Ciudad Juárez, Ciudad Acuña, Piedras Negras, Nuevo Laredo, Reynosa and Matamoros) there are thousands of maquiladoras, factories run with US or mixed US-Mexican capital, operating in sectors such as textiles, electrical goods, electronics and vehicle assembly based on imported components.

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coal11 804.71000 t2018
coal, total6 5461000 t2020
Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
antimony0.31000 t2020
copper6901000 t2020
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barite2801000 t2020
bentonite2501000 t2020
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
diatomite96$1000 t2020
dolomite6 751.21000 t2019
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold100 000kg2020
silver5 600 000kg2020
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal247 413.64M kWh2019
- other renew.31 514.62M kWh2019
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal52 652.041000 kW2018
- other renew.13 7771000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation313 654.4M kWh2019
total installed capacity76 865.041000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
aluminium6001000 t2011
bismuth0.271000 t2020
Industry - Machinery and transport equipment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bikes579 800no.2016
cars967 479no.2020
Industry - Electrical and electronics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
air conditioners723 500no.2016
computers382 500no.2008
Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bitumen8051000 t2018
petrol22 933.21000 t2014
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ammonia1241000 t2018
artificial tow122.41000 t2010
Industry - Textiles
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
carpets9 0771000 m²2008
cotton fabrics - t1321000 t2016
Industry - Clothing and footwear
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
footwear79 965 100pairs2016
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley11 978.1081000 t2018
coconut oil1311000 t2018
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes52 485.9M units2016
cigars and cigarettes52 485.9M units2016
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemical pulp1231000 t2019
newsprint47$1000 t2019
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement48 3281000 t2018
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production18 670.514M US$2018
food, beverages and tobacco production47 722.748M US$2018
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Trade


Tertiary sector
Foreign trade.
A member of the NAFTA since 1 January 1994, the country revised the treaty with the USA and Canada by signing a new agreement (USMCA) in 2020. Mexico has also established free-trade agreements with the EU, Japan and other countries.


Main exports (M US$ - 2017)
vehicles and parts thereof 60 050, electrical and electronic equipment 48 829, cars 41 689, machinery 34 252, computers and accessories 23 297, crude oil 19 930, telecommunications equipment 19 560, technical and electro-medical appliances 17 475, fruit and vegetables 13 298


Finance and banking.
The Banco de México acts as the central bank. There is an active stock exchange in Mexico City.

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures79.96% of goods exports2019
food products7.848% of goods exports2019
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States330 793M US$2020
Canada11 046M US$2020
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States168 223M US$2020
China73 608M US$2020
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2020417 670M US$ -
2019460 704M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2020393 248M US$ -
2019467 342M US$ -
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Tourism


Tourism. Tourism is a key economic sector and an important source of foreign currency. Its many attractions include seaside resorts (such as those at Cancún, Acapulco and Zihuatanejo), pre-Colombian archaeological sites and Spanish colonial sites.

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures12 240M US$2019
Number of arrivals45 024 000units2019
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Communications


Media and telecommunication.
Televisa is the world’s largest Spanish-speaking media group.

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown271 500 000km flown2009
Civil aviation, passengers carried69 937.81000 units2019
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers151.714per 1000 pop.2019
Computers144per 1000 pop.2008
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Social and welfare


Education, culture & research.
Primary education is free and compulsory (in state schools) and lasts for six years. Secondary education, which is not compulsory, lasts for another six years (between the ages of 12 and 18).


Social security & health.
The social security system provides retirement pensions, healthcare and various kinds of protection for workers. A solidarity programme is in place to finance education, agriculture, and food and water distribution.

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling14.865years2018
Gradautes, percentage18.26%2019
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level14 061 377units2018
Students, secondary level14 160 635units2018
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending20.1% of total expenses2000
Social protection spending7.481% of GDP2019
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds0.98per 1000 pop.2018
Physicians2.44per 1000 pop.2018
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.2% of adults2018
HIV, total0.2%2001
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Archaeological sites191units2018
Museums1 387units2018
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.313% of GDP2018
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking84.8%2019
Access to electricity100%2019
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear4.5%2018
education, recreation12.1%2018
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