Form of Government: Federal republic
Area: 1 964 375 sq km
Population: 123 518 270 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 62.88 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 33° - 15° N; long. 118° - 87° W
Capital: Mexico City=Ciudad de México (capital) 8 874 724 inhab. (2014); Città del Messico=Ciudad de México 21 580 827 inhab. (2018), urban agglomeration
Currency: Mexican peso (100 centavos)
Human development index: 0.774 (rank: 74)
President: Andrés Manuel López Obrador (MORENA), elected 1 July 2018, in office since 1 December 2018
Chamber of Deputies: seats based on the elections of 1 July 2018: MORENA (National Regeneration Movement), 191; PAN (National Action Party, conservative), 82; PT (Labor Party), 61; PES (Social Encounter Party), 55; PRI (Institutional Revolutionary Party), 45; Citizens' Movement, 27; PRD (Party of the Democratic Revolution), 21; Ecologist Green Party, 16; PNA (New Alliance Party), 2
Internet: www.inegi.org.mx (Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía)
Member of APEC, Council of Europe observer, EBRD, NAFTA, OAS, OECD, UN, WTO

Mexico

México, Estados Unidos Mexicanos
Useful information

International license plate code MEX
International dialling code 0052
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 127
Driving side rigth
Internet code .mx

GMT Mexico City -6; Mazatlán -7; Mexicali (Baja California) -8
DST Mexico City -5; Mazatlán -6; Mexicali (Baja California) -7
DST duration (start-end) early April-late October

Annual average temperature (°C) Mexico 15.8; Acapulco 27.7; Chihuahua 18.5; Mérida 25.9
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Mexico 12.5/17; Acapulco 26.5/28.5; Chihuahua 10/25; Mérida 26.5/28.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Mexico 7/7; Acapulco 7/9; Chihuahua 9/6; Mérida 6/5
Annual average precipitation (mm) Mexico 709; Acapulco 1411; Chihuahua 327; Mérida 942
Days of rainfall (annual average) Mexico 94; Acapulco 56; Chihuahua 36; Mérida 73

Politics and current affairs

A.M.L. Obrador became President on 1 December 2018. During his first months in office, he adopted a policy of reducing government costs, providing funds for social projects. Public approval remains high, but the prevailing climate of violence and the economic slowdown are starting to be felt. In foreign policy, Obrador has proved to be pragmatic with the USA, with whom he forged an agreement (7 June 2019) to more closely monitor the flow of migrants.

Geography.
Mexico is bordered by the United States to the north, and by Belize and Guatemala to the south-east.
The Atlantic Ocean (the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea) lies off its east coast and the Pacific Ocean off its west coast. The central Mexican Plateau, enclosed to the south by peaks of over 5000 m (Mount Orizaba, 5610 m and Mount Popocatépetl, 5465 m), lies between the Sierra Madre Occidental and the Sierra Madre Oriental. In the south of the country, mountain ranges (Sierra Madre del Sur and Sierra Madre de Chiapas) alternate with vast plains (the plains of Veracruz and Tabasco). The peninsulas of Baja California and Yucatán are isolated from the main part of Mexico.

Government


From the 16th century, Mexico was a Spanish colony. It became independent in 1821. At that time it was much larger than it is today and comprised territories which were subsequently ceded to the United States following the Mexican-American War (1846-48). Mexico is a presidential Federal Republic of 31 states and a Federal District (the capital, Mexico City), dominated for more than 70 years by the hegemonic party, PRI. Since 2006 the country, and especially the northern states, has been subjected to violent conflict between drug cartels and state forces. The death toll is estimated to be upwards of 200 000.
According to the Constitution of 5 February 1917, which has been revised several times, the President of the Republic is elected by direct suffrage for six years and may not be re-elected. The President is also head of the government and exercises executive power. Legislative power lies in the hands of National Congress (Congreso de la Unión), comprising the Chamber of Deputies (500 members elected for three years) and the Senate (128 members elected for six years term, two-thirds of whom are renewed every three years). Each state and the Federal District has its own elected Governor and Assembly.


Defence.
Military service, which is part-time (four hours a week) lasts for 12 months. A National Guard with police functions was established in 2019.


Justice.
The legal system is based on European Continental Civil Law, with influences from the American Constitution. The legal system comprises jurisdiction at federal level and at state level. At the federal level, the highest court is the Supreme Court.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force3%2015
Army75.2%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes2 501.8per 100 000 pop.2011
Homicides19.3per 100 000 pop.2016
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Mexico City=Ciudad de México8 874 724inhab.2014
Ecatepec de Morelos1 743 268inhab.2014
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Città del Messico=Ciudad de México21 580 827inhab.2018
Guadalajara4 796 603inhab.2015
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE

The 2001 Ley indigena recognised the culture and fundamental rights of indigenous peoples and granted a large amount of administrative autonomy to the regions in which they live. Migratory flows towards the USA, where there are more than 30 million Mexican residents, are very significant.

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate18.12017
Death rate5.82017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mestizo64.3%2010
Amerindian18%2010


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic82.7%2010
Protestant7.9%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Amerindian languages (Nahuatl, Maya, Mixtec)
Spanish (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years26.6%2018
15-29 years25.6%2018


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Economy


Economic situation.
The drop in investments and exports owing to unfavourable international circumstances related to the uncertainties regarding the revision of the free trade agreement with the USA led to a slowdown in economic growth in 2018-19. The inflation rate, which rose rapidly in 2017, steadied in 2018-19. The new executive announced a revision to the previous laissez-faire policies; spending for the state machinery was reduced and social spending was increased (increase in pensions, employment incentives). On 1 January 2019, the minimum salary was raised. The government’s policy for economic support through a program of investments in infrastructure appears to be insufficient, however. In the last decade, low wages and increases in transportation costs at a world level have encouraged foreign business to set up shop in Mexico, mostly from the US. Officially, unemployment is low, but illegal activities (involving about one quarter of the working population) are very common, especially drug-dealing. The latter, along with rampant corruption, constitutes a factor of instability that discourages the development of new businesses.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)125.72index2016
Balance of trade-25 996.4M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population55 554 910units2018
Active population, Females38.3%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate3.3%2018
Unemployment rate, Females40%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses4 126 916.9M LCU2018
Revenues3 770 176.6M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture12.7%2018
industry25.6%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture3.6%2017
industry32.5%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation1 673.2BN LCU2018
International reserves176 390.3M US$2018
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Agriculture


Primary sector
Agriculture.
Arable land is mainly used for cultivating cereal crops, especially maize (Sinaloa and Jalisco States), which (along with dried beans) constitutes the staple food of the local diet. Wheat and barley are grown on the central plateau, whereas rice is common on the humid coastal lowlands. Among plants grown on an industrial scale, sugar cane (States of Veracruz and Jalisco) and textiles are prevalent: typical of Mexico are agave and sisal, from which are obtained istle fibres and henequén (a traditional alcoholic drink). Cotton is grown in the states of Chihuahua, Baja California, Coahuila, Sonora and Durango. Important export crops are tomatoes, maize, chillies and peppers, cucurbits, avocados and coffee, which is commonly grown in the humid lands of the tierras templadas (the “temperate lands” of Chiapas, Veracruz, Oaxaca and Guerrero), whereas cocoa is common in the tierras calientes (the “hot lands” of Chiapas and Tabasco). Sugar cane is grown on the slopes of the Sierras and in the lowlands. Fruit from the large banana plantations in the states of Colima, Nayarit, Veracruz, Guerrero and Tabasco is bound for export.
Forests.
The forests of the lowlands are important for timber (mahogany, ebony, cedar, sandalwood and rosewood). They also yield substances used for tanning and dyeing. Mexico is an important producer of chicle gum, a variety of natural rubber.
Livestock and fishing.
The dairy and beef cattle are reared on large estates in the north of the country are particularly important, but pigs are also farmed on a large scale. Fishing (sardines, tuna fish, shellfish and sole) is based at Guaymas, Mazatlán and Topolobampo, in the Gulf of California, at Manzanillo, on the Pacific coast, at Tampico, Veracruz and Campeche, in the Gulf of Mexico, and at Puerto Morelos and Progreso, on the Caribbean Sea. Aquaculture produces mainly shrimp, tilapia and oysters.

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land13.17%2015
forests33.97%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley1 008.1581000 t2017
cereals, total37 487.1131000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava18.9891000 t2017
potatoes1 715.4991000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
artichokes2.3231000 t2017
asparagus245.6811000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry1 183.8681000 t2017
beans, green98.5721000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes415.8891000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Olive
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
olives12.8791000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
castor oil seed3.4781000 t2017
groundnuts99.4651000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits873.5181000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts1 158.9781000 t2017
copra203.81000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa27.2871000 t2017
coffee153.7941000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar beet0.8591000 t2017
sugar cane56 954.9931000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton1 009.1031000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Flax
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
linseed1.3171000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sisal22.8561000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples714.1491000 t2017
apricots0.8331000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds0.0511000 t2017
cashew nuts3.7671000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits8 273.6731000 t2017
citrus fruits, nes181.3731000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados2 029.8861000 t2017
bananas2 229.5191000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley354.7571000 ha2017
maize7 327.5011000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava1.511000 ha2017
potatoes59.2561000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
artichokes0.1891000 ha2017
cabbages6.8691000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry1 625.2131000 ha2017
beans, green10.2431000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grape30.8141000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Olive
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
olive3.0291000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
castor oil seed1.7681000 ha2017
groundnuts58.5651000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit65.8051000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts183.7941000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa58.691000 ha2017
coffee638.6031000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar beet0.0451000 ha2017
sugar cane772.0031000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton211.9171000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Flax
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
linseed2.61000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sisal22.3291000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples53.6191000 ha2017
apricots0.1631000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds0.0361000 ha2017
cashew nuts1.4191000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits582.5141000 ha2017
citrus fruits, nes37.8291000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados188.7231000 ha2017
bananas77.2381000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural rubber68 765t2017
timber46 643 8132017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle31 771.7361000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes31 771.7361000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs17 210.2691000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep8 902.4511000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats8 725.1721000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses3 283.0171000 heads2017
asses and mules6 569.8271000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds568 2861000 heads2017
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey60.6241000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter20.91000 t2014
cheese155.6981000 t2014
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
corals0.4t2017
crustaceans and molluscs479 512.412t2017
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Minerals


Secondary sector
Minerals.
Around three quarters of oil production comes from off-shore deposits in the Bay of Campeche, particularly in the north-eastern sector; the most productive pits on the mainland are in the state of Tabasco. Substantial deposits of shale oil can be found in the state of Tamaulipas. The oil sector is controlled by a monopolist public company (Pemex); in 2014 legislation was revised in order to allow the flow of private capital. Natural gas is produced at many of the oil wells. There are modest coal reserves. The subsoil possesses vast metalliferous mineral resources. Silver extraction is mainly concentrated in the states of Zacatecas, Durango, Sonora, Chihuahua and México. Lead and zinc mines in Charcas (San Luis Potosí), Naica and Santa Bárbara (Chihuahua), La Encantada (Coahuila), Fresnillo and Peñasquito (Zacatecas). The gold mines in El Sauzal and Ocampo (Chihuahua), La Herradura and Mulatos (Sonora), San Dimas and La Cienega (Durango), Pachuca (Hidalgo) and Peñasquito (Zacatecas) all play an important role. There are copper ore deposits in Cananea and La Caridad (Sonora), Boleo-Santa Rosalía (Baja California), Mazapil, Nacozari, La Colorada (Coahuila) and iron ore deposits in Cerro de Mercado (Durango) and Peña Colorada-El Mamey (Colima). There are also significant lithium reserves.
Energy and industry.
More than three-quarters of the electricity produced is of thermal origin (mainly from coal-fired power plants). There are two nuclear reactors operating at Laguna Verde (in Veracruz) which produce about 5% of the country’s electricity requirement. Oil refineries operate at Cadereyta Jiménez, Ciudad Madero, Tula, Minatitlán, Salamanca and Salina Cruz. The metal-working sector is based in Mexico City and in the triangle of Monterrey, Saltillo and Monclova. The chemical industry is quite highly developed. The car-making industry is based in Aguascalientes, Mexico City, Cuernavaca, Puebla (components), Saltillo, Monterrey, Lerma and Guadalajara. Other important segments of the engineering sector are textile machinery and railway rolling stock. The textile industry is based at Torreón, Monterrey and Durango. Other important segments include glass, paper, wood pulp and cellulose, ceramics, leather goods and footwear, cement, beer and tobacco. Close to the US border (in the towns of Tijuana, Ensenada, Nogales, Ciudad Juárez, Ciudad Acuña, Piedras Negras, Nuevo Laredo, Reynosa and Matamoros) there are thousands of maquiladoras, factories run with US or mixed US-Mexican capital, operating in sectors such as textiles, electrical goods, electronics and vehicle assembly based on imported components.

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coal11 3561000 t2017
coal, total13 539.21000 t2018
Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
antimony0.241000 t2018
copper7601000 t2018
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barite4001000 t2018
bentonite4601000 t2018
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
diatomite1001000 t2018
dolomite7 814.71000 t2015
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold125 000kg2018
silver6 100 000kg2018
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal245 129.44M kWh2016
- hydro29 744M kWh2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal52 0441000 kW2016
- hydro12 5801000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation302 678.44M kWh2016
total installed capacity72 5561000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
aluminium6001000 t2011
bismuth0.341000 t2018
Industry - Machinery and transport equipment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bikes579 800no.2016
cars1 575 808no.2018
Industry - Electrical and electronics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
air conditioners723 500no.2016
computers382 500no.2008
Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bitumen9821000 t2016
petrol22 933.21000 t2014
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ammonia1 1001000 t2017
artificial tow122.41000 t2010
Industry - Textiles
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
carpets9 0771000 m²2008
cotton fabrics - t1321000 t2016
Industry - Clothing and footwear
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
footwear79 965 100pairs2016
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley8 588.21000 t2014
coconut oil126.61000 t2014
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes52 485.9M units2016
cigars and cigarettes52 485.9M units2016
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemical pulp1251000 t2017
chemi-mechanical pulp1251000 t2017
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement40 0001000 t2016
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production16 516.4M US$2016
food, beverages and tobacco production41 428.7M US$2016
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Trade


Tertiary sector
Foreign trade.
A member of the NAFTA since 1 January 1994, Mexico has considerably increased its volume of trade with the USA and Canada. Mexico has also established free-trade agreements with the EU, Japan and other countries.


Main exports
(M US$ - 2017)
vehicles and parts thereof 60 050, electrical and electronic equipment 48 829, cars 41 689, machinery 34 252, computers and accessories 23 297, crude oil 19 930, telecommunications equipment 19 560, technical and electro-medical appliances 17 475, fruit and vegetables 13 298, television receivers 13 252


Finance and banking.
The Banco de México acts as the central bank. There is an active stock exchange in Mexico City.

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures81.255% of goods exports2018
food products7.615% of goods exports2018
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States344 602M US$2018
Canada14 065M US$2018
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States216 282M US$2018
China83 505M US$2018
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018450 572M US$ -
2017409 401M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018476 569M US$ -
2017432 153M US$ -
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Tourism


Tourism. Tourism is a key economic sector and an important source of foreign currency. Its many attractions include seaside resorts (such as those at Cancún, Acapulco and Zihuatanejo), pre-Colombian archaeological sites and Spanish colonial sites.

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures13 648M US$2017
Number of arrivals39 291 000units2017
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Communications


Media and telecommunication.
Televisa is the world’s largest Spanish-speaking media group.

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown271 500 000km flown2009
Civil aviation, passengers carried58 536.91000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers132.636per 1000 pop.2017
Computers144per 1000 pop.2008
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Social and welfare


Education, culture & research.
Primary education is free and compulsory (in state schools) and lasts for six years. Secondary education, which is not compulsory, lasts for another six years (between the ages of 12 and 18).


Social security and health.
The social security system provides retirement pensions, healthcare and various kinds of protection for workers. A solidarity programme is in place to finance education, agriculture, and food and water distribution.

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling14.3years2017
Gradautes, percentage17.4%2017
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level534 127units2017
Teachers, secondary level832 536units2017
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending20.1% of total expenses2000
Social protection spending7.5% of GDP2016
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1.5per 1000 pop.2016
Physicians2.4per 1000 pop.2016
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.3% of adults2017
HIV, total0.2%2001
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Archaeological sites191units2018
Museums1 387units2018
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.5% of GDP2016
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking85.35%2016
Access to electricity100%2017
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear4.5%2018
education, recreation12.1%2018
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