Form of Government: Republic
Area: 2 048 sq km
Population: 1 265 570 inhab. (estimate 2018)
Density: 617.95 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 10° - 21° S; long. 55° - 64° E
Capital: Port Louis (capital) 118 800 inhab. (2018);
Currency: Mauritian rupee (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.79 (rank: 65)
Interim President: Paramasivum “Barlen” Pillay Vyapoory (Militant Socialist Movement), since 23 March 2018
Prime Minister: Pravind Jugnauth (MSM), since 23 January 2017
National Assembly: seats based on the elections of 10 December 2014: Alliance of the People (LEPEP, social democrat, formed by MSM-Militant Socialist Movement, PMSD-Social Democratic Party, ML-Liberal Movement) 47; Alliance PTR-MMM (formed by the Labor Party and the Mauritian Militant Movement), 13; OPR (Rodrigues People's Organisation), 2
Internet: //statsmauritius.govmu.org (Statistics Mauritius)
Member of AU, COMESA, Commonwealth, SADC, UN, WTO

Mauritius

Mauritius, Republic of Mauritius
Useful information

International license plate code MS
International dialling code 00230
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission, including travelers having transited more than 12 hours through the airport of a country with risk of transmission)
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side left
Internet code .mu

GMT  +4
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Port Louis 23.2
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Port Louis 26.5/20.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Port Louis 6/8
Annual average precipitation (mm) Port Louis 1960
Days of rainfall (annual average) Port Louis 185

Geography.
An island nation in the Indian Ocean east of Madagascar, Mauritius lies in the Mascarene Archipelago. The island of Rodrigues, the Agalega Islands and the Cargados Carajos Shoals all belong to Mauritius, which also lays claim to Tromelin Island and the Chagos Archipelago.

Government


Formerly a British colony, Mauritius became independent on 12 March 1968. According to the Constitution of 12 August 1967, it is a parliamentary republic. Executive power lies in the hands of the government which must be approved by the National Assembly (70 members who serve for five years, 62 of whom are elected and 8 of whom represent ethnic minorities). The National Assembly also elects the President of the Republic.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Military expenditure0.2% of GDP2017
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes3 591.8per 100 000 pop.2018
Homicides1.8per 100 000 pop.2016
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Port Louis118 800inhab.2018
Vacoas-Phoenix106 183inhab.2017
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate10.22018
Death rate8.52018
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Indian67%2000
Creole27.4%2000


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hindu48.5%2011
Catholic26.3%2011


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
French Creole
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years19.9%2018
15-29 years22.3%2018


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Economy


The main plantation crop is sugar cane. Tea and coconut palms are also grown as well as cereals, fruit and vegetables at a subsistence level. Local industry includes textile mills, sugar refineries that also produce electricity from biomass and a fertilizer factory at Port Louis, fish-processing plants. The creation of tax-free zones and fiscal incentives has encouraged the growth of financial services. Tourism is important to the economy.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)92.14index2016
Balance of trade-3 293.6M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population605 498units2018
Active population, Females39.4%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate6.9%2018
Unemployment rate, Females57.7%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses123 814M LCU2018
Revenues114 447M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture7.1%2018
industry27.1%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture3.5%2017
industry20.5%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation39.34BN LCU2018
International reserves6 353.1M US$2018
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land38.42%2015
forests19.01%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total0.6021000 t2017
maize0.4421000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.4651000 t2017
potatoes14.1241000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages4.7791000 t2017
carrots and turnips4.6251000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green1.7921000 t2017
peas, green0.0021000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.2691000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts1.4911000 t2017
copra0.21000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ginger0.5621000 t2017
tea1.3791000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane3 713.3311000 t2017
tobacco0.2751000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total25.9821000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pistachios0.0051000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.6591000 t2017
citrus fruits, nes0.6591000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas8.6441000 t2017
pineapples8.761000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize0.0591000 ha2017
rice0.0561000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.0351000 ha2017
potatoes0.711000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.2561000 ha2017
carrots and turnips0.3171000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.2991000 ha2017
peas, green0.0011000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.0911000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.5041000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ginger0.0481000 ha2017
tea0.6221000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane49.9731000 ha2017
tobacco0.1651000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.2141000 ha2017
citrus fruits, nes0.2141000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.5071000 ha2017
pineapples0.4011000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber6 5202017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle4.61000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes4.6251000 heads2017
Livestock - Buffaloes
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
buffaloes0.0251000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs24.541000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep2.8471000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats25.7821000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses0.061000 heads2017
asses and mules0.081000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds16 1401000 heads2017
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs12.41000 t2017
hides and skins0.3291000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs677.32t2017
freshwater fishes3t2017
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
salt21000 t2016
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sand and gravel - t151000 t2016
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal2 235.32M kWh2016
- other renew.564M kWh2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal7111000 kW2016
- other renew.1221000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation2 898.32M kWh2016
total installed capacity8941000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
steel, crude241000 t2016
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fertilizers271000 t2016
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley35.61000 t2014
coconut oil0.061000 t2014
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes6M units2008
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement6201000 t2010
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production73.6M US$2016
food, beverages and tobacco production254.6M US$2016
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures60.849% of goods exports2018
food products35.295% of goods exports2018
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20182 373M US$ -
20172 342M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20185 666M US$ -
20175 254M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures738M US$2017
Number of arrivals1 342 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown44 000 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried1 674.41000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers194.445per 1000 pop.2017
Computers176per 1000 pop.2008
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling15years2017
Graduates6 666units2015
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level5 184units2017
Teachers, secondary level9 901units2017
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending23.8% of total expenses2016
Social protection spending7.8% of GDP2017
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds3.7per 1000 pop.2018
Physicians2.5per 1000 pop.2018
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.9% of adults2015
HIV, total0.06%2001
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.4% of GDP2017
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking93.34%2016
Access to electricity98.031%2017
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear4.7%2017
education5%2017
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