Form of Government: Republic
Area: 181.5 sq km
Population: 59 194 inhab. (estimate 2020)
Density: 326.14 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 14° - 4° N; long. 157° - 173° E
Capital: Majuro (capital) 27 797 inhab. (2011);
Currency: US dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.704 (rank: 117)
President and head of government: David Kabua, since 13 January 2020
Internet: www.rmieppso.org (Economic Policy, Planning and Statistics Office)
Member of SPC, UN

Marshall Islands

Marshall Islands, Aelōn in Majeļ, Republic of the Marshall Islands, Aolepān Aorōkin Majeļ
Useful information

International license plate code MH
International dialling code 00692
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 110/120
Driving side rigth
Internet code .mh

GMT  +12
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Delap-Uliga-Djarrit (Majuro) 27.5
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Delap-Uliga-Djarrit (Majuro) 27.5/27.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Delap-Uliga-Djarrit (Majuro) 7/6.5
Annual average precipitation (mm) Delap-Uliga-Djarrit (Majuro) 3645
Days of rainfall (annual average) Delap-Uliga-Djarrit (Majuro) 222

Geography.
A Micronesian archipelago in the Pacific Ocean, the Marshall Islands are part of the Ratak Chain (with 16 atolls) and the Ralik Chain (with 18 atolls).
The main atolls are Jaluit, Kwajalein, Enewetak and Bikini.

Government


From 1947 to 1990, the Marshall Islands were part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, ruled by the United States. The National Assembly has 33 members who are elected for four years. The USA continues to look after the islands’ foreign affairs and defence.

Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides4.7per 100 000 pop.2012
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Administrative division

Administrative division
AtollAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Ailinglaplap14.7 sq km1 729 inhab.2011
Ailuk5.4 sq km339 inhab.2011
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Majuro27 797inhab.2011
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate25.62015
Death rate4.22015
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Marshallese92.1%2006
other7.6%2006


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Protestant76$%2011
Catholic9$%2011


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
Marshallese (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years32.7%2020
15-29 years25.7%2020


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Economy


The main crop for export is coconut palm. Fishing licences issued to foreign (Chinese and Japanese) fishing-boats are an important source of income. Financial aid from the US is of key importance (they pay a rent for the military base on the Kwajalein atoll).

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)104.14index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)74.92index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population12 647units2011
Active population, Females34$%2007
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate6.4%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses128.9M LCU2017
Revenues145.5M LCU2017
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture6.4%2017
industry10.2%2017
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture16.093%2019
industry13.612%2019
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land47.222%2018
forests52.222%2018
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts17.981000 t2019
copra5.11000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts6.5171000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs3.3t2019
marine fishes101 652t2019
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Industry

Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production11.28M US$2019
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Trade

Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
202044$M US$ -
201955$M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
202075$M US$ -
201968$M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures31.4M US$2018
Number of arrivals6 100units2019
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown800 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried21.51000 units2019
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers17.224per 1000 pop.2017
Computers81.7per 1000 pop.2004
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling10.239years2019
Graduates121units2012
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level7 234units2019
Students, secondary level5 764units2019
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds2.7per 1000 pop.2010
Physicians0.78per 1000 pop.2017
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis483per 100 000 pop.2019
Tuberculosis (prevalence)466per 100 000 pop.2014
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.3% of GDP2004
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking65.1%2019
Access to electricity97.444%2019
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