Form of Government: Republic
Area: 315.2 sq km
Population: 514 564 inhab. (estimate 2019)
Density: 1 632.5 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 36° - 35° N; long. 14° - 15° E
Capital: Valletta (capital) 5 891 inhab. (2019);
Currency: euro (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.895 (rank: 28)
President: George William Vella (PL), since 4 February 2019
Prime Minister: Robert Abela (PL), since 13 January 2020
House of Representatives: seats (July 2021 update): PL (Labour Party), 36; PN (Nationalist Party), 28; independents, 3
Internet: www.nso.gov.mt (National Statistics Office)
Member of Commonwealth, Council of Europe, EBRD, EU, OAS observer, OSCE, UN, WTO

Malta

Malta, Repubblika ta’ Malta, Republic of Malta
Useful information

International license plate code M
International dialling code 00356
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission)
Electricity (Voltage) 240
Driving side left
Internet code .mt

GMT  +1
DST  +2
DST duration (start-end) late March-late October

Annual average temperature (°C) Valletta 18.6
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Valletta 12/26
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Valletta 11/5
Annual average precipitation (mm) Valletta 552
Days of rainfall (annual average) Valletta 83

Politics and current affairs

The European Commission announced the start of legal proceedings against Malta for the easy concession of Maltese (hence EU) citizenship to wealthy investors (golden passport).

Geography.
An archipelago in the southern central Mediterranean Sea, lying between Sicily and Tunisia. It comprises the islands of Malta, Gozo (Ghawdex), Comino (Kemmuna) and other minor islets. The landscape of the main island (Malta) is uneven, with a high, rugged coastline.

Government


Part of the British Empire from 1800, Malta became independent on 21 September 1964, and a republic on 13 December 1974. The two main political parties (the Nationalist Party and the Labour Party) have alternated in government. On 1 May 2004, Malta joined the EU. The House of Representatives is normally made up of 65 members elected for 5 years under the first-past-the-post system (the number of members can be increased in order to give the winning party a majority) and elects the President of the Republic.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Military expenditure0.6% of GDP2019
Military personnel1 950units2018
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes3 726.8per 100 000 pop.2012
Homicides1.3per 100 000 pop.2018
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Saint Paul's Bay/San Pawl il-Baħar32 204inhab.2019
Birkirkara25 463inhab.2019
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate8.62019
Death rate7.32019
Foreigners
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Foreigners, total103 180units2020
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Maltese95.1%2011
other2.5%2011


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic83$%2019
other Christian7$%2019


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
Maltese (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years14.4%2020
15-29 years17.3%2020


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Economy


The Maltese economy, which is mainly based on tourism and financial services, has been deeply affected by the pandemic (GDP -7% in 2020), but it is recovering in 2021 (+4.7%).
In the industrial sector, the most important segments are electronics, information technology, pharmaceuticals and precision instruments. Since 2008 Malta has adopted the Euro as its official currency.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)90.39index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)70.58index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population273 000units2020
Active population, Females40.9%2020
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate4.3%2020
Unemployment rate, Females41.7%2020
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses5 958.2M LCU2020
Revenues4 649.6M LCU2020
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture1.109%2020
industry18.171%2020
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.542%2020
industry14.795%2020
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation1.475BN LCU2020
International reserves939.827M US$2020
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land32.438%2018
forests1.438%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley2.1861000 t2018
cereals, total14.3941000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes8.991000 t2019
roots and tubers, total8.991000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
artichokes1.31000 t2019
cabbages4.231000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry0.321000 t2018
beans, green0.81000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes3.241000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Olive
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
olives0.031000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples0.011000 t2019
apricots0.021000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits1.051000 t2019
citrus fruits, nes0.4171000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms0.641000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley0.5241000 ha2018
wheat2.4031000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes0.691000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
artichokes0.1861000 ha2018
cabbages0.2581000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry0.1221000 ha2018
broad beans, dry0.2671000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grape0.421000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Olive
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
olive0.0641000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples0.0061000 ha2018
apricots0.0051000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.1351000 ha2018
citrus fruits, nes0.0541000 ha2018
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle14$1000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes14$1000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs35.481000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep13.161000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats5.591000 heads2019
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses0.4811000 heads2018
asses and mules0.7751000 heads2018
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds1 0121000 heads2018
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cheese0.1931000 t2018
eggs5.4521000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs119.274t2019
marine fishes6 145.095t2019
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
salt2$1000 t2018
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
limestone1 870.51000 t2018
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1 746.52M kWh2019
- other renew.209.58M kWh2019
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal5951000 kW2018
- other renew.159.11000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation1 956.1M kWh2019
total installed capacity731.421000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Machinery and transport equipment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ships5 000G.T.2002
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley18.11000 t2018
olive oil0.0091000 t2018
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production42.338M US$2018
food, beverages and tobacco production165.373M US$2018
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures61.486% of goods exports2019
fuels28.844% of goods exports2019
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Germany304M US$2009
Singapore285M US$2009
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Italy987M US$2009
United Kingdom485M US$2009
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20202 679M US$ -
20193 007M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20205 212M US$ -
20197 072M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures530M US$2019
Number of arrivals2 753 000units2019
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown22 500 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried2 251.91000 units2019
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers459.868per 1000 pop.2019
Computers165per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling16.839years2019
Graduates4 580units2017
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level26 788units2019
Students, secondary level30 727.82units2019
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending29.14% of total expenses2019
Social protection spending15.4% of GDP2019
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds4.31per 1000 pop.2018
Physicians3.97per 1000 pop.2018
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.1% of adults2016
HIV, total0.1%2001
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums72$units2014
Museums, visitors2 322 879units2014
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.59% of GDP2019
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking100%2019
Access to electricity100%2019
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear5.6%2020
education2.1%2020
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