Form of Government: Presidential republic
Area: 298 sq km
Population: 383 976 inhab. (estimate 2019)
Density: 1 288.51 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 7° N - 1° S; long. 73° - 74° E
Capital: Male=Maale (capital) 109 635 inhab. (2014);
Currency: rufiyaa (100 laari)
Human development index: 0.74 (rank: 95)
President and head of government: Ibrahim “Ibu” Mohamed Solih (Maldivian Democratic Party), elected 23 September 2018, in office since 17 November 2018
Internet: http://statisticsmaldives.gov.mv (National Bureau of Statistics)
Member of Commonwealth, OIC, SAARC, UN, WTO

Maldives

Dhivehi Raajje, Dhivehi Raajjeyge Jumhooriyyaa
Useful information

International license plate code MV
International dialling code 00960
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission)
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side left
Internet code .mv

GMT  +5
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Male 28.1
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Male 28/28
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Male 5/7
Annual average precipitation (mm) Male 1895
Days of rainfall (annual average) Male 131

Geography.
An archipelago in the Indian Ocean, south-west of India, it consists of 20 atolls with a total of 1087 islands, of which 220 are inhabited. The climate is hot and humid.

Government


Formerly a British Protectorate, it has been independent since 26 July 1965. At the presidential elections of 2008, Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, who had held power since 1978, was defeated by the leader of the opposition, Mohamed Nasheed, who resigned in 2012 following anti-government protests led by the Islamic conservatives. Nasheed returned to the country following his fellow party member I. Solih’s win in the 2018 elections, defeating the incumbent president, Abdulla Yameen Abdul Gayoom, who is also the former dictator’s half-brother. Terrorist groups linked to Islamic fundamentalism are active. The unicameral parliament consists of 85 members, elected for five-years.

Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides0.8per 100 000 pop.2013
Police personnel892.3per 100 000 pop.2013
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Male=Maale109 635inhab.2014
Hithadhoo10 114inhab.2014
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate13.5842019
Death rate2.7642019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Maldivian98.5%2000
other0.8%2000


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim93.9%2014
Hindu2.5%2014


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Dhivehi (official)
English
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years21.7%2020
15-29 years29$%2020


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Economy


Tourism is the main activity; incoming tourism has a strong impact on the country’s economy. Fishing is important, as are farming for domestic consumption and financial services. Despite economic reforms, the budget deficit remains very high, which is due in part to the reduction of taxes on imports.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)67.36index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)104.9index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population293 992units2020
Active population, Females20.2%2019
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate7.2%2020
Unemployment rate, Females19.3%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses25 650.8M LCU2018
Revenues21 322.7M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture8.5%2019
industry18.4%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture6.018%2019
industry13.453%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation3.942BN LCU2020
International reserves994.585M US$2020
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land23$%2018
forests2.733%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total0.2231000 t2019
maize0.1651000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.0051000 t2019
roots and tubers, total2.2111000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chillies and peppers0.0541000 t2019
onions, dry0.0391000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.2721000 t2019
copra2.31000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total5.5041000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.0421000 t2019
lemons0.0421000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.221000 t2019
mangoes0.0521000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize0.0341000 ha2019
millet0.0081000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.0051000 ha2019
sweet potatoes0.0021000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chillies and peppers0.0161000 ha2019
onions, dry0.011000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.0641000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.0051000 ha2019
lemons0.0051000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.0081000 ha2019
mangoes0.011000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber16 5132019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
meat0.9031000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
marine fishes135 069t2019
total catch135 069t2019
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal605M kWh2018
non-renewable electricity generation99.588%2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal2661000 kW2018
- other renew.15.411000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation607.5M kWh2018
total installed capacity276.941000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconut oil0.011000 t2014
fish, frozen28.81000 t2016
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production0.033M US$2015
food, beverages and tobacco production1.418M US$2015
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products98.185% of goods exports2018
ores and metals1.435% of goods exports2018
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2020286M US$ -
2019361M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20201 839M US$ -
20192 888M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures420M US$2019
Number of arrivals1 703 000units2019
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown1 900 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried1 221.81000 units2019
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers99.775per 1000 pop.2019
Computers202.4per 1000 pop.2006
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling12.4years2006
Graduates2 778units2017
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level47 236units2018
Students, secondary level22 765units2018
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending9$% of total expenses2011
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds4.3per 1000 pop.2009
Physicians2.6per 1000 pop.2018
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV-0.1% of adults2013
Tuberculosis36$per 100 000 pop.2019
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking99.1%2019
Access to electricity100%2019
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear3.4%2009-10
education2.6%2009-10
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