Form of Government: Presidential republic
Area: 298 sq km
Population: 352 795 inhab. (estimate 2016)
Density: 1 183.88 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 7° N - 1° S; long. 73° - 74° E
Capital: Male=Maale (capital) 109 635 inhab. (2014);
Currency: rufiyaa (100 laari)
Human development index: 0.701 (rank: 105)
President and head of government: Abdulla Yameen Abdul Gayoom (Progressive Party of Maldives), elected on 16 November 2013
Internet: www.planning.gov.mv (Department of National Planning)
Member of OIC, SAARC, UN, WTO

Maldives

Dhivehi Raajje, Dhivehi Raajjeyge Jumhooriyyaa
Useful information

International license plate code MV
International dialling code 00960
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission)
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side left
Internet code .mv

GMT  +5
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Male 28.1
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Male 28/28
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Male 5/7
Annual average precipitation (mm) Male 1895
Days of rainfall (annual average) Male 131

Geography.
An archipelago in the Indian Ocean, south-west of India, it consists of 20 atolls with a total of 1087 islands, of which 220 are inhabited. The climate is hot and humid.

Government


Formerly a British Protectorate, it has been independent since 26 July 1965. The new Constitution was ratified on 7 August 2008; at the presidential elections of 2008, Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, who had held power since 1978, was defeated by the leader of the opposition, Mohamed Nasheed, whose office ended on 7 February 2012, with his resignation following violent anti-government protests led by the Islamic conservatives. Subsequent elections of 2013 were won by Abdulla Yameen Abdul Gayoom, stepbrother of the former dictator. The unicameral parliament consists of 85 members, elected for five-years.

Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides0.9per 100 000 pop.2013
Police personnel892.3per 100 000 pop.2013
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Male=Maale109 635inhab.2014
Hithadhoo10 114inhab.2014
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Population

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate192016
Death rate32016
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Maldivian98.5%2000
other0.8%2000


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim93.9%2014
Hindu2.5%2014


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Dhivehi (official)
English
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years27.8%2017
15-29 years28.2%2017


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Economy


Tourism is the main activity; incoming tourism has a strong impact on the country’s economy. Fishing is important, as are farming for domestic consumption and financial services. Despite economic reforms, the budget deficit remains very high, which is due in part to the reduction of taxes on imports.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)67.36index2016
Balance of trade-2 044M US$2017
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population219 886units2017
Active population, Females27%2017
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate5%2017
Unemployment rate, Females32.2%2017
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses26 131.7M LCU2016
Revenues22 759.6M LCU2016
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture7.5%2017
industry24.8%2017
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture6.8%2016
industry11.2%2016
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation3.5BN LCU2017
International reserves597M US$2017
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land23%2015
forests3.33%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total0.2051000 t2016
maize0.1461000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.0071000 t2016
roots and tubers, total2.1421000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chillies and peppers0.1121000 t2016
onions, dry0.0281000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.2681000 t2016
copra2.31000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total3.9611000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.0411000 t2016
lemons0.0411000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas1.8281000 t2016
mangoes0.0541000 t2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize0.0321000 ha2016
millet0.0051000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.0061000 ha2016
sweet potatoes0.0191000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chillies and peppers0.0331000 ha2016
onions, dry0.0061000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.0641000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.0051000 ha2016
lemons0.0051000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.0661000 ha2016
mangoes0.011000 ha2016
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber16 2892016
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
meat0.8481000 t2016
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
marine fishes129 191t2016
total catch129 191t2016
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal350M kWh2015
non-renewable electricity generation100%2015
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1001000 kW2015
- other renew.41000 kW2015
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation350M kWh2015
total installed capacity1041000 kW2015
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconut oil0.011000 t2014
fish, frozen22.41000 t2010
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production85M US$2017
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products98.557% of goods exports2016
ores and metals1.090% of goods exports2016
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2017324M US$ -
2016256.2M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20172 368M US$ -
20162 125.39M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures347M US$2016
Number of arrivals1 286 000units2016
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown1 900 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried1 485.81000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers82.508per 1000 pop.2017
Computers202.4per 1000 pop.2006
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling12.4years2006
Graduates785units2014
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level4 252units2016
Students, primary level43 781units2016
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending9% of total expenses2011
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds4.3per 1000 pop.2009
Physicians3.6per 1000 pop.2015
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV-0.1% of adults2013
Tuberculosis49per 100 000 pop.2016
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking93.83%2016
Access to electricity100%2016
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear3.4%2009-10
education2.6%2009-10
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