Form of Government: Presidential republic
Area: 298 sq km
Population: 359 608 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 1 206.74 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 7° N - 1° S; long. 73° - 74° E
Capital: Male=Maale (capital) 109 635 inhab. (2014);
Currency: rufiyaa (100 laari)
Human development index: 0.717 (rank: 101)
President and head of government: Ibrahim “Ibu” Mohamed Solih (Maldivian Democratic Party), elected 23 September 2018, in office since 17 November 2018
Internet: http://statisticsmaldives.gov.mv (National Bureau of Statistics)
Member of OIC, SAARC, UN, WTO

Maldives

Dhivehi Raajje, Dhivehi Raajjeyge Jumhooriyyaa
Useful information

International license plate code MV
International dialling code 00960
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission)
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side left
Internet code .mv

GMT  +5
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Male 28.1
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Male 28/28
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Male 5/7
Annual average precipitation (mm) Male 1895
Days of rainfall (annual average) Male 131

Geography.
An archipelago in the Indian Ocean, south-west of India, it consists of 20 atolls with a total of 1087 islands, of which 220 are inhabited. The climate is hot and humid.

Government


Formerly a British Protectorate, it has been independent since 26 July 1965. At the presidential elections of 2008, Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, who had held power since 1978, was defeated by the leader of the opposition, Mohamed Nasheed, who resigned in 2012 following violent anti-government protests led by the Islamic conservatives. Nasheed returned to the country following his fellow party member I. Solih’s win in the 2018 elections, defeating the incumbent president, Abdulla Yameen Abdul Gayoom, who is also the former dictator’s half-brother. The unicameral parliament consists of 85 members, elected for five-years.

Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides0.8per 100 000 pop.2013
Police personnel892.3per 100 000 pop.2013
TOP

Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Male=Maale109 635inhab.2014
Hithadhoo10 114inhab.2014
TOP

Population

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate17.72017
Death rate3.32017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Maldivian98.5%2000
other0.8%2000


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim93.9%2014
Hindu2.5%2014


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Dhivehi (official)
English
TOP

Economy


Tourism is the main activity; incoming tourism has a strong impact on the country’s economy. Fishing is important, as are farming for domestic consumption and financial services. Despite economic reforms, the budget deficit remains very high, which is due in part to the reduction of taxes on imports.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)67.36index2016
Balance of trade-2 620M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population222 333units2018
Active population, Females26.6%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate6.1%2018
Unemployment rate, Females24.8%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses22 166.3M LCU2017
Revenues20 814.9M LCU2017
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture9%2018
industry18.6%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture6.6%2017
industry14.9%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation3.67BN LCU2018
International reserves722.1M US$2018
TOP

Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land23%2015
forests3.33%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total0.2041000 t2017
maize0.1511000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.0061000 t2017
roots and tubers, total1.8681000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chillies and peppers0.1051000 t2017
onions, dry0.0331000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.4351000 t2017
copra2.31000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total3.9611000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.041000 t2017
lemons0.041000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas1.0991000 t2017
mangoes0.031000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize0.0331000 ha2017
millet0.0051000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava0.0051000 ha2017
sweet potatoes0.0021000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chillies and peppers0.0311000 ha2017
onions, dry0.0081000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts0.1041000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.0051000 ha2017
lemons0.0051000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.041000 ha2017
mangoes0.0061000 ha2017
TOP

Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber16 3632017
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
meat0.8481000 t2017
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
marine fishes143 159t2017
total catch143 258t2017
TOP

Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal400M kWh2016
non-renewable electricity generation99.502%2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal2701000 kW2016
- other renew.81000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation402M kWh2016
total installed capacity2781000 kW2016
TOP

Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconut oil0.011000 t2014
fish, frozen28.81000 t2016
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food, beverages and tobacco production1.4M US$2015
machinery and transport equipment production2M US$2015
TOP

Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products98.421% of goods exports2017
ores and metals1.321% of goods exports2017
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018350M US$ -
2017318M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20182 970M US$ -
20172 360M US$ -
TOP

Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures365M US$2017
Number of arrivals1 390 000units2017
TOP

Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown1 900 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried1 485.81000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers82.508per 1000 pop.2017
Computers202.4per 1000 pop.2006
TOP

Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling12.4years2006
Graduates785units2014
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level4 460units2017
Students, primary level45 326units2017
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending9% of total expenses2011
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds4.3per 1000 pop.2009
Physicians2.6per 1000 pop.2018
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV-0.1% of adults2013
Tuberculosis39per 100 000 pop.2017
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking93.83%2016
Access to electricity99.8%2017
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear3.4%2009-10
education2.6%2009-10
TOP