Form of Government: Republic
Area: 118 484 sq km
Population: 17 373 185 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 146.63 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 9° - 17° S; long. 33° - 36° E
Capital: Lilongwe (capital) 1 161 408 inhab. (2017);
Currency: Malawian kwacha (100 tambala)
Human development index: 0.476 (rank: 170)
President and head of government: Peter Mutharika (DPP), elected 20 May 2014, in office since 31 May 2014
National Assembly: seats based on the elections of 20 May 2014: DPP (Democratic Progressive Party), 50; MCP (Malawi Congress Party, conservative), 48; PP (People's Party), 26; UDF (United Democratic Front, liberal), 14; independents, 52; others, 2; suspended 1
Internet: www.nsomalawi.mw (National Statistical Office)
Member of AU, COMESA, Commonwealth, SADC, UN, WTO

Malawi

Malaŵi, Malawi, Dziko la Malaŵi, Republic of Malawi
Useful information

International license plate code MW
International dialling code 00265
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission, including travelers having transited more than 12 hours through the airport of a country with risk of transmission); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side left
Internet code .mw

GMT  +2
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Lilongwe 19.8
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Lilongwe 22/15
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Lilongwe 8/6
Annual average precipitation (mm) Lilongwe 846
Days of rainfall (annual average) Lilongwe 58

Geography.
Malawi is bordered by Tanzania to the east, by Mozambique to the south and south-west and by Zambia to the west. The country includes large parts of Lake Malawi (Lake Nyasa). The River Shire links Lake Malawi to the River Zambezi. The climate is tropical.

Government


Formerly a British colony known as Nyasaland, Malawi became independent on 6 July 1964 and since 6 July 1966 has been a republic, part of the Commonwealth. The country was for a long time subject to the authoritarian regime of Hastings Kamuzu Banda until the referendum of 14 June 1993 which introduced a multi-party political system. Based on the Constitution of 18 May 1994, the President of the Republic, who is also head of the government, is elected by direct suffrage every five years, as is the National Assembly (made up of 193 deputies).

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Army100%2015
Military expenditure0.6% of GDP2016
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides1.8per 100 000 pop.2012
TOP

Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Lilongwe1 161 408inhab.2017
Blantyre956 898inhab.2017
TOP

Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2017)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate36.72016
Death rate7.32016
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Chewa32.6%2008
Lomwe17.6%2008


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Christian86.9%2016
Muslim12.5%2016


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Chichewa (official)
Chinyanja
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years46.3%2017
15-29 years27.9%2017


TOP

Economy


The country’s economic growth has been hampered by a lack of infrastructure, frequent droughts and infestations, an unreliable public sector and general inefficiency of the production system. The main subsistence crop are cassava, potatoes and maize. The main plantation crops are tobacco (which accounts for 60% of exports), sugar, peanuts, tea and cotton. Fish from the lakes are essential sources of local food. There are small coal deposits which are mined (at Kaziwiziwi and Rumphi) and precious stones such as rubies and sapphires. Output of uranium from the mines (at Kayelekera) is highly, and this will be of major economic benefit to the country. The main industrial centre is Blantyre which has chemical, textile, cement and tobacco plants, as well as breweries. Other industrial sectors include, sugar, paper and wood.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)146.32index2016
Balance of trade-1 407M US$2017
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population8 030 201units2017
Active population, Females48%2017
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate20.4%2013
Unemployment rate, Females64.3%2013
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses1 176 000M LCU2017
Revenues946 000M LCU2017
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture84.7%2017
industry8.4%2017
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture25.1%2016
industry16.4%2016
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation395.9BN LCU2016
International reserves678.7M US$2015
TOP

Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land41.79%2015
forests33.38%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total2 531.7491000 t2016
maize2 369.4931000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava5 088.5951000 t2016
potatoes1 043.3381000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages91.0241000 t2016
onions, dry53.7931000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry157.7691000 t2016
chick peas67.4981000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts275.071000 t2016
soybeans132.4171000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Tung
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tung nuts4.1081000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coffee7.2171000 t2016
nutmeg0.0841000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane2 915.4061000 t2016
tobacco84.9621000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton31.4391000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sisal0.1321000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total1 189.0681000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits2.6091000 t2016
citrus fruits, nes2.6091000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas441.7971000 t2016
mangoes134.9911000 t2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize1 674.0761000 ha2016
millet51.6771000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava231.0581000 ha2016
potatoes63.041000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages4.1951000 ha2016
onions, dry2.3871000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry328.3391000 ha2016
chick peas115.7271000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts369.9871000 ha2016
soybeans149.6891000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tung
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tung nuts3.5531000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coffee4.2891000 ha2016
nutmeg0.1521000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane27.0871000 ha2016
tobacco112.7341000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton78.4741000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sisal0.5861000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.4431000 ha2016
citrus fruits, nes0.4431000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas18.0491000 ha2016
mangoes7.3271000 ha2016
TOP

Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber7 121 2082016
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle1 470.8951000 heads2016
cattle and buffaloes1 470.8951000 heads2016
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs3 644.11000 heads2016
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep286.9741000 heads2016
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats7 348.3611000 heads2016
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses5.5791000 heads2016
asses and mules5.5791000 heads2016
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds18 0781000 heads2016
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs22.71000 t2016
hides and skins14.2551000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
freshwater fishes160 403.99t2016
total catch160 498t2016
TOP

Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coal75.21000 t2015
coal, total75.21000 t2015
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bentonite2.41000 t2011
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
limestone1301000 t2015
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ornamental stones8 000 000kg2015
precious stones - kg310 000kg2015
TOP

Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro2 100M kWh2015
renewable electricity generation99.056%2015
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro3501000 kW2015
- other renew.231000 kW2015
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation2 120M kWh2015
total installed capacity3751000 kW2015
TOP

Industry

Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
nitrogen fertilizers0.181000 t2009
sulfuric acid251000 t2014
Industry - Clothing and footwear
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
footwear1 340 000pairs2003
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley34.61000 t2014
cottonseed oil24.11000 t2014
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement5501000 t2015
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production56.8M US$2012
food, beverages and tobacco production374.4M US$2012
TOP

Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products77.239% of goods exports2015
manufactures15.356% of goods exports2015
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Belgium132.5M US$2010
Canada117.6M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
South Africa654.2M US$2010
China198.4M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20171 026.183M US$ -
20161 017.411M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20172 433.584M US$ -
20162 425.144M US$ -
TOP

Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures130M US$2016
Number of arrivals849 000units2016
TOP

Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown4 700 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried10.51000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers0.495per 1000 pop.2017
Computers1.8per 1000 pop.2005
TOP

Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling10.7years2011
Gradautes, percentage1.8%1998
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level60 488units2015
Teachers, secondary level25 372units2015
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1.3per 1000 pop.2011
Physicians0.02per 1000 pop.2010
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV9.2% of adults2016
HIV, total7.3%2001
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking2.5%2016
Access to electricity11%2016
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear3%2011
education2.2%2011
TOP