Form of Government: Republic
Area: 118 760 sq km
Population: 18 449 828 inhab. (estimate 2020)
Density: 155.35 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 9° - 17° S; long. 33° - 36° E
Capital: Lilongwe (capital) 989 318 inhab. (2018);
Currency: Malawian kwacha (100 tambala)
Human development index: 0.483 (rank: 174)
President and head of government: Lazarus Chakwera (MCP), elected 23 June 2020
National Assembly: seats based on the elections of 21 May 2019: DPP (Democratic Progressive Party), 62; MCP (Malawi Congress Party, conservative), 55; UDF (United Democratic Front, liberal), 10; PP (People's Party), 5; independents, 55; others, 5; outstanding, 1
Internet: www.nsomalawi.mw (National Statistical Office)
Member of AU, COMESA, Commonwealth, SADC, UN, WTO

Malawi

Malaŵi, Malawi, Dziko la Malaŵi, Republic of Malawi
Useful information

International license plate code MW
International dialling code 00265
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission, including travelers having transited more than 12 hours through the airport of a country with risk of transmission); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side left
Internet code .mw

GMT  +2
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Lilongwe 19.8
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Lilongwe 22/15
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Lilongwe 8/6
Annual average precipitation (mm) Lilongwe 846
Days of rainfall (annual average) Lilongwe 58

Geography.
Malawi is bordered by Tanzania to the east, by Mozambique to the south and south-west and by Zambia to the west. The country includes large parts of Lake Malawi (Lake Nyasa). The River Shire links Lake Malawi to the River Zambezi. The climate is tropical.

Government


Formerly a British colony known as Nyasaland, Malawi became independent on 6 July 1964 and since 6 July 1966 has been a republic, part of the Commonwealth.
The country was for a long time subject to the authoritarian regime of Hastings Kamuzu Banda until the referendum of 14 June 1993 which introduced a multi-party political system. Based on the Constitution of 18 May 1994, the President of the Republic, who is also head of the government, is elected by direct suffrage every five years, as is the National Assembly (made up of 193 deputies).

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Army100%2015
Military expenditure0.885% of GDP2019
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides1.8per 100 000 pop.2012
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Lilongwe989 318inhab.2018
Blantyre800 264inhab.2018
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate33.732019
Death rate6.4182019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Chewa34.4%2018
Lomwe18.9%2018


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other Christian26.6%2018
Catholic17.2%2018


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Chichewa (official)
Chinyanja
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years40.8%2020
15-29 years28.7%2020


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Economy


Economic growth is negatively affected by frequent droughts and infestations, rapid population increase, lack of infrastructure, an unreliable public sector and general inefficiency of the production system.
The main subsistence crop are cassava, potatoes and maize. The main plantation crops are tobacco (which accounts for 60% of exports), sugar, pulses, tea and cotton. Fish from the lakes are essential sources of local food. There are small coal deposits which are mined (at Kaziwiziwi and Rumphi) and precious stones such as rubies and sapphires. The Kayelekera uranium mine is inactive. The main industrial centre is Blantyre which has chemical, textile, cement and tobacco plants, as well as breweries. A cement factory is active at Kasungu. Other industrial sectors include, sugar, paper and wood.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)146.32index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)129.22index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population8 204 922units2020
Active population, Females48.7%2020
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate6$%2020
Unemployment rate, Females57.1%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses1 559 433.1M LCU2019
Revenues1 230 419.6M LCU2019
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture43.6%2019
industry13.8%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture30.819%2019
industry15.985%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation395.9BN LCU2016
International reserves574.988M US$2020
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land40.305%2018
forests24.668%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total3 335.4791000 t2019
maize3 0301000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava5 667.8871000 t2019
potatoes1 219.3661000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages186.91000 t2019
carrots and turnips4$1000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry191.2861000 t2019
chick peas1.3391000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes0.2441000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts3501000 t2019
sesame seed3$1000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tung
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tung nuts5.8271000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coffee11.0711000 t2019
nutmeg0.0621000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane3 136.9181000 t2019
tobacco102.4591000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton46.071000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sisal0.1471000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples2.9781000 t2019
fruits, total3 896.211000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts0.2141000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits225.4561000 t2019
citrus fruits, nes2.6741000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados93.3411000 t2019
bananas433.5171000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize1 7001000 ha2019
millet53.3791000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava238.4441000 ha2019
potatoes66.5021000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages8.5471000 ha2019
carrots and turnips0.21000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry348.5921000 ha2019
chick peas1.6021000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grape0.041000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts4001000 ha2019
sesame seed9.6311000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tung
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tung nuts4.0471000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coffee5.1361000 ha2019
nutmeg0.1261000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane29.1641000 ha2019
tobacco98.1331000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton68.1261000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sisal0.6281000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples0.7431000 ha2019
peaches1.7691000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits30.4111000 ha2019
citrus fruits, nes0.4261000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados18.1541000 ha2019
bananas13.861000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber7 407 5792019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle1 736.2911000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes1 736.2911000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs7 283.5841000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep318.3291000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats8 964.4341000 heads2019
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses6.3761000 heads2019
asses and mules6.3761000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds18 7831000 heads2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs23.1081000 t2019
hides and skins15.6981000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
freshwater fishes163 136.7t2019
total catch163 184t2019
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coal47.11000 t2019
coal, total47.11000 t2019
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bentonite2.41000 t2011
phosphate rock12$1000 t2019
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
limestone48$1000 t2018
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ornamental stones8 000 000kg2016
precious stones - kg1 197 002kg2018
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro1 356.47M kWh2018
- thermal172M kWh2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro3701000 kW2019
- other renew.35$1000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation1 629.32M kWh2018
total installed capacity4071000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sulfuric acid25$1000 t2014
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley1001000 t2018
cottonseed oil1.91000 t2018
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement231.51000 t2018
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production56.7M US$2012
food, beverages and tobacco production373.7M US$2012
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products91.788% of goods exports2019
manufactures6.699% of goods exports2019
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Belgium132.5M US$2010
Canada117.6M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
South Africa654.2M US$2010
China198.4M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2020788M US$ -
2019913M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20202 643M US$ -
20192 941M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures150M US$2019
Number of arrivals871 000units2018
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown4 700 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried7.11000 units2019
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers0.61per 1000 pop.2019
Computers1.8per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling10.7years2011
Gradautes, percentage1.8%1998
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level4 441 839units2018
Students, secondary level1 040 839units2018
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1.3per 1000 pop.2011
Physicians0.04per 1000 pop.2018
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV8.9% of adults2019
HIV, total7.3%2001
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking1.9%2019
Access to electricity11.2%2019
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear3$%2011
education2.2%2011
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