Form of Government: Republic
Area: 118 760 sq km
Population: 17 563 749 inhab. (census 2018)
Density: 147.89 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 9° - 17° S; long. 33° - 36° E
Capital: Lilongwe (capital) 989 318 inhab. (2018);
Currency: Malawian kwacha (100 tambala)
Human development index: 0.477 (rank: 171)
President and head of government: Peter Mutharika (DPP), elected 20 May 2014, in office since 31 May 2014, reconfirmed 21 May 2019
National Assembly: seats based on the elections of 21 May 2019: DPP (Democratic Progressive Party), 62; MCP (Malawi Congress Party, conservative), 55; UDF (United Democratic Front, liberal), 10; PP (People's Party), 5; independents, 55; others, 5; outstanding, 1
Internet: www.nsomalawi.mw (National Statistical Office)
Member of AU, COMESA, Commonwealth, SADC, UN, WTO

Malawi

Malaŵi, Malawi, Dziko la Malaŵi, Republic of Malawi
Useful information

International license plate code MW
International dialling code 00265
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission, including travelers having transited more than 12 hours through the airport of a country with risk of transmission); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side left
Internet code .mw

GMT  +2
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Lilongwe 19.8
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Lilongwe 22/15
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Lilongwe 8/6
Annual average precipitation (mm) Lilongwe 846
Days of rainfall (annual average) Lilongwe 58

Geography.
Malawi is bordered by Tanzania to the east, by Mozambique to the south and south-west and by Zambia to the west. The country includes large parts of Lake Malawi (Lake Nyasa). The River Shire links Lake Malawi to the River Zambezi. The climate is tropical.

Government


Formerly a British colony known as Nyasaland, Malawi became independent on 6 July 1964 and since 6 July 1966 has been a republic, part of the Commonwealth. The country was for a long time subject to the authoritarian regime of Hastings Kamuzu Banda until the referendum of 14 June 1993 which introduced a multi-party political system. Based on the Constitution of 18 May 1994, the President of the Republic, who is also head of the government, is elected by direct suffrage every five years, as is the National Assembly (made up of 193 deputies).

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Army100%2015
Military expenditure0.8% of GDP2017
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides1.8per 100 000 pop.2012
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Lilongwe989 318inhab.2018
Blantyre800 264inhab.2018
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate36.42017
Death rate7.12017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Chewa34.4%2018
Lomwe18.9%2018


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other Christian26.6%2018
Catholic17.2%2018


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Chichewa (official)
Chinyanja
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years46.2%2018
15-29 years28%2018


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Economy


The country’s economic growth has been hampered by a lack of infrastructure, frequent droughts and infestations, an unreliable public sector and general inefficiency of the production system. The main subsistence crop are cassava, potatoes and maize. The main plantation crops are tobacco (which accounts for 60% of exports), sugar, peanuts, tea and cotton. Fish from the lakes are essential sources of local food. There are small coal deposits which are mined (at Kaziwiziwi and Rumphi) and precious stones such as rubies and sapphires. The Kayelekera uranium mine is inactive. The main industrial centre is Blantyre which has chemical, textile, cement and tobacco plants, as well as breweries. A cement factory is active at Kasungu. Other industrial sectors include, sugar, paper and wood.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)146.32index2016
Balance of trade-1 811.9M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population8 337 810units2018
Active population, Females48.2%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate20.4%2013
Unemployment rate, Females64.3%2013
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses1 385 254M LCU2018
Revenues1 140 604M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture71.9%2018
industry8.3%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture31.9%2017
industry15.8%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation395.9BN LCU2016
International reserves759.6M US$2018
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land41.79%2015
forests33.38%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total3 711.4541000 t2017
maize3 464.1391000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava4 960.5561000 t2017
potatoes1 226.6031000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages209.1251000 t2017
carrots and turnips4.0791000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry198.4861000 t2017
chick peas1.8471000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes0.2261000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts386.3191000 t2017
sesame seed2.7211000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tung
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tung nuts4.121000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coffee8.421000 t2017
nutmeg0.0791000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane2 964.0061000 t2017
tobacco82.9641000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton29.5451000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sisal0.1351000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples3.4471000 t2017
fruits, total1 189.0681000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts0.2231000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits221.0341000 t2017
citrus fruits, nes2.6331000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados97.3581000 t2017
bananas452.4671000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize1 725.3671000 ha2017
millet55.3921000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava231.6571000 ha2017
potatoes66.6041000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages10.8511000 ha2017
onions, dry8.4371000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry331.9831000 ha2017
chick peas2.2181000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts389.5461000 ha2017
sesame seed9.9241000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tung
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tung nuts3.4961000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coffee4.8681000 ha2017
nutmeg0.1371000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane27.5311000 ha2017
tobacco71.6391000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton41.0971000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sisal0.5951000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.4371000 ha2017
citrus fruits, nes0.4371000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas18.061000 ha2017
mangoes70.0181000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber7 279 5312017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle1 508.2991000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes1 508.2991000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs3 785.2911000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep283.3981000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats7 718.9381000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses5.6131000 heads2017
asses and mules5.6131000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds18 3381000 heads2017
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs23.0671000 t2017
hides and skins14.2551000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
freshwater fishes211 615.8t2017
total catch211 671.8t2017
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coal431000 t2016
coal, total431000 t2016
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bentonite2.41000 t2011
phosphate rock121000 t2016
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
limestone1501000 t2016
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ornamental stones8 000 000kg2016
precious stones - kg170 000kg2016
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro1 400M kWh2016
renewable electricity generation98.591%2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro3501000 kW2016
- other renew.231000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation1 420M kWh2016
total installed capacity3751000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
nitrogen fertilizers0.181000 t2009
sulfuric acid251000 t2014
Industry - Clothing and footwear
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
footwear1 340 000pairs2003
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley34.61000 t2014
cottonseed oil24.11000 t2014
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement3101000 t2016
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production56.7M US$2012
food, beverages and tobacco production374.4M US$2012
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products89.694% of goods exports2017
manufactures8.265% of goods exports2017
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Belgium132.5M US$2010
Canada117.6M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
South Africa654.2M US$2010
China198.4M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20181 013M US$ -
2017884M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20182 825M US$ -
20172 547M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures120M US$2017
Number of arrivals837 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown4 700 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried10.51000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers0.495per 1000 pop.2017
Computers1.8per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling10.7years2011
Gradautes, percentage1.8%1998
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level60 488units2015
Teachers, secondary level25 372units2015
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1.3per 1000 pop.2011
Physicians0.02per 1000 pop.2010
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV9.6% of adults2017
HIV, total7.3%2001
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking2.5%2016
Access to electricity12.7%2017
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear3%2011
education2.2%2011
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