Form of Government: Republic
Area: 25 713 sq km
Population: 2 077 132 inhab. (estimate 2018)
Density: 80.78 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 42° - 41° N; long. 20° - 23° E
Capital: Skopje (capital) 584 208 inhab. (2018);
Currency: denar (100 deni)
Human development index: 0.757 (rank: 80)
President: Stevo Pendarovski (SDSM), elected 5 May 2019
Prime Minister: Zoran Zaev (SDSM), since 31 May 2017
Assembly: seats (July 2019 update): VMRO-DPMNE (Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization-Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity, conservative), 35; SDSM (Social Democratic Union), 33; DUI (Democratic Union for Integration, Albanian minority), 10; Besa Movement (Albanian minority), 5; independents, 10; others, 24
Internet: www.stat.gov.mk (State Statistical Office)
Member of CEFTA, Council of Europe, EBRD, OAS observer, OSCE, UN, WTO

North Macedonia

Severna Makedonija, Republika Severna Makedonija
Useful information

International license plate code MK
International dialling code 00389
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .mk

GMT  +1
DST  +2
DST duration (start-end) late March-late October

Annual average temperature (°C) Skopje 12.2
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Skopje 1/23
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Skopje 9/2
Annual average precipitation (mm) Skopje 505
Days of rainfall (annual average) Skopje 66

Politics and current affairs

The referendum on 30 September 2018 for the historical agreement with Greece signed on 17 June 2018, which changes the name of the country to the “Republic of North Macedonia”, did not reach a quorum. However, against a backdrop of strong political polarization, Parliament approved a constitutional amendment that ratified the agreement on 11 January 2019. The agreement normalizes rapports with Greece, which blocked the country’s entrance into NATO and the EU. Meanwhile, on 5 May 2019, Stevo Pendarovski was elected President of the Republic with 53.6% of the votes.

Geography.
It is bordered by Kosovo and Serbia to the north, Bulgaria to the east, Greece to the south and Albania to the west. Although predominantly mountainous (Mount Korab, 2754 m), the central area of the Vardar Valley is flat. Lake Ohrid and Lake Prespa are situated on the border with Albania. It has very cold winters and hot summers.

Government


The country was recognised by the UN on 8 April 1993 with the name Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM). The name was intended to appease Greece’s reservations, fearing irredentist reprisals in the Greek region of the same name. Following the agreement on 17 June 2018, the official name of the country became the “Republic of North Macedonia”. However, the EU postponed negotiations over joining the bloc (its status as a candidate has been recognized since 2005), while on 6 February 2019, an agreement was formalized for the country to join NATO. In 2001, armed conflict broke out between ethnic Kosovar Albanian insurgents of the UCK and government forces, which ended with new constitutional guarantees being granted to the Albanian minority. On 17 December 2005, the EU Council accorded the country the status as a candidate for joining the EU. According to the Constitution of 17 November 1991, the President of the Republic is elected by direct suffrage for five years. The Assembly (between 120 and 140 members elected for four years) chooses the Prime Minister and the members of the government.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Military expenditure1% of GDP2017
Military personnel8 000units2017
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes1 451.7per 100 000 pop.2012
Homicides1.2per 100 000 pop.2014
TOP

Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Skopje584 208inhab.2018
Kumanovo107 211inhab.2010
TOP

Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate10.32018
Death rate9.52018
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Macedonian64.2%2002
Albanian25.2%2002


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Orthodox58.9%2010
Muslim39.3%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Albanian
Macedonian (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years16.2%2018
15-29 years20.8%2018


TOP

Economy


Following stagnation in 2017, economic growth in 2018 stopped at around 2.7% and should accelerate to above 3% by 2020 thanks to a better climate for investments. The main crops are cereals (wheat, barley and maize), sugar beet and tobacco, which is an important export commodity. The lignite reserves in Pelagonia guarantee the country with a mixture of energy, including copper, lead and zinc reserves. An oil pipeline connects Skopje to Greece. Much of the heavy industry is obsolete (chemical and mechanical plants). In Skopje there is an oil refinery. Other important sectors are textiles, tobacco-processing, cement, paper and sugar. A tax-free technical and industrial zone is active at Bunardžik (electronics and automotive components), near Skopje.
Air connections between Skopje and Athens resumed.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)123.17index2016
Balance of trade-2 144.2M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population957 600units2018
Active population, Females39.2%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate20.7%2018
Unemployment rate, Females37.5%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses200 071M LCU2018
Revenues188 505M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture15.7%2018
industry31.4%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture8.4%2018
industry27.4%2018
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation39.84BN LCU2018
International reserves3 284M US$2018
TOP

Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land18%2015
forests39.57%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley93.6661000 t2017
cereals, total447.8181000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes178.9511000 t2017
roots and tubers, total178.9511000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asparagus0.8131000 t2017
cabbages181.3391000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry7.1061000 t2017
beans, green9.9611000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes180.3491000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Olive
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
olives12.3541000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
rapeseed6.1241000 t2017
sesame seed0.0351000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar beet4.1951000 t2017
tobacco22.8851000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton0.0061000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples43.3661000 t2017
apricots3.9921000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds0.5331000 t2017
walnuts2.3411000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms2.851000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley43.8161000 ha2017
maize32.0041000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes13.4361000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages5.7381000 ha2017
carrots and turnips0.4351000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry6.4231000 ha2017
beans, green13.1751000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grape23.3981000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Olive
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
olive5.7771000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
rapeseed2.4911000 ha2017
sesame seed0.031000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar beet0.1421000 ha2017
tobacco15.9591000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton0.0031000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples4.4161000 ha2017
apricots0.4261000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds0.3671000 ha2017
walnuts3.141000 ha2017
TOP

Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber807 0002017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle255.0361000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes255.6821000 heads2017
Livestock - Buffaloes
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
buffaloes0.6461000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs202.1971000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep724.5551000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats107.4661000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total17.9511000 heads2017
horses17.9511000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds1 8401000 heads2017
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.7231000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter5.81000 t2014
cheese81000 t2014
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
freshwater fishes325.7t2017
total catch1 595.4t2017
TOP

Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coal, total5 1521000 t2016
lignite5 1521000 t2016
Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
copper33.81000 t2018
lead57.41000 t2018
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bentonite21000 t2016
feldspar19.91000 t2016
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
dolomite109.61000 t2015
marble30.11000 m³2015
TOP

Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal3 349.22M kWh2016
- hydro1 878M kWh2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1 1091000 kW2016
- hydro6601000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation5 396.22M kWh2016
total installed capacity1 8281000 kW2016
TOP

Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
aluminium0.11000 t2013
ferroalloys10.11000 t2018
Industry - Machinery and transport equipment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bikes1 549no.2014
Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
petrol1.21000 t2014
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fertilizers0.1831000 t2015
paints0.941000 t2015
Industry - Textiles
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
carpets0.141000 m²2015
cotton fabrics5.28M m²2018
Industry - Clothing and footwear
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
footwear2 275 000pairs2016
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley64.11000 t2014
margarine1.91000 t2015
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes3 203M units2018
cigars and cigarettes3 203M units2018
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other paper331000 t2017
paper331000 t2017
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement920.81000 t2018
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production65.5M US$2010
food, beverages and tobacco production273.7M US$2010
TOP

Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures83.753% of goods exports2018
food products8.939% of goods exports2018
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Serbia652M US$2009
Germany450M US$2009
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Germany517M US$2009
Russia495M US$2009
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20186 908M US$ -
20175 684M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20189 052M US$ -
20177 731M US$ -
TOP

Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures233M US$2017
Number of arrivals631 000units2017
TOP

Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown3 100 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried122.61000 units2010
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers185.640per 1000 pop.2017
Computers368per 1000 pop.2008
TOP

Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling13.3years2015
Graduates11 144units2015
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level7 554units2015
Teachers, secondary level17 924units2015
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending14.2% of GDP2016
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds4.4per 1000 pop.2016
Physicians3per 1000 pop.2016
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV-0.1% of adults2017
HIV, total0.004%2001
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums26units2018
Museums, visitors427 000units2018
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.36% of GDP2017
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking65.63%2016
Access to electricity100%2017
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear6.1%2018
education0.4%2018
TOP