Form of Government: Constitutional monarchy
Area: 2 586 sq km
Population: 626 108 inhab. (estimate 2020)
Density: 242.11 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 50° - 49° N; long. 6° - 7° E
Capital: Luxembourg (capital) 122 273 inhab. (2020); Lussemburgo 174 300 inhab. (2020), urban agglomeration
Currency: euro (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.909 (rank: 21)
Sovereign: Grand Duke Henri of Nassau, since 7 October 2000
Prime Minister: Xavier Bettel (DP), since 4 December 2013, re-elected 14 October 2018
Chamber of Deputies: seats based on the elections of 14 October 2018: CSV (Christian Social People's Party), 21; DP (Democratic Party), 12; LSAP (Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party), 10; The Greens, 9; ADR (Alternative Democratic Reform Party, conservative), 4; Pirate Party (libertarian), 2; The Left (left-wing), 2
Internet: www.statec.public.lu (Service Central de la Statistique)
Member of Benelux, Council of Europe, EBRD, EU, NATO, OAS observer, OECD, OSCE, UN, WTO

Luxembourg

Lëtzebuerg, Luxembourg, Luxemburg, Groussherzogtom Lëtzebuerg, Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, Großherzogtum Luxemburg
Useful information

International license plate code L
International dialling code 00352
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 220/230
Driving side rigth
Internet code .lu

GMT  +1
DST  +2
DST duration (start-end) late March-late October

Annual average temperature (°C) Luxembourg 9.3
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Luxembourg 1/18
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Luxembourg 7/1
Annual average precipitation (mm) Luxembourg 750
Days of rainfall (annual average) Luxembourg 122

Geography.
Luxembourg is bordered by Belgium to the north and west, Germany to the east and France to the south. Most of the country is mountainous, with the hilly Ardennes mountains in the north. It has a transitional continental climate.

Government


Luxembourg is a hereditary constitutional monarchy. In 1921 it signed a joint customs and trading agreement with Belgium (UEBL), which was then extended to the Netherlands (Benelux). In 1957, it was one of the founder members of the EEC. According to the Constitution of 17 October 1868, which has been revised many times, the Grand Duke holds executive power, which he delegates to the Government. He is responsible to the Chamber of Deputies (60 members who are elected directly for five years by direct suffrage), which exerts legislative power.
Luxembourg has a voluntary army (about 450 strong) and a police corps (about 1900 strong).

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Army100%2018
Military expenditure0.6% of GDP2018
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes6 194per 100 000 pop.2018
Homicides0.3per 100 000 pop.2017
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Luxembourg122 273inhab.2020
Esch-sur-Alzette36 218inhab.2020
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Lussemburgo174 300inhab.2020
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE

More than 45% of the population is foreign.

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate10.12019
Death rate6.92019
Foreigners
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Foreigners, total291 500units2019
Portuguese95 500units2019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Luxembourger52.5%2019
Portuguese15.6%2019


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic63.8%2018
nonreligious/atheist23.4%2018


Languages
DESCRIPTION
French
German
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years16.7%2018
15-29 years19.2%2018


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Economy


The 2.3% economic growth in 2019 placed the country above average for the Eurozone. The economy is expected to shrink by 6.25% in 2020.
The main agricultural crops are cereals (wheat and barley). Other commonly grown crops are potatoes and grapevines (along the River Moselle). Livestock farming is highly specialized (especially cattle and pigs). Forests cover about one third of the land.
The iron and steel industry has been downsized on a vast scale, although the production of high-quality steel is still significant. Luxembourg’s main imports are energy minerals, transport vehicles, metals and machinery; it exports, metals, machinery and plastic materials and rubber.
The financial sector drives the economy, which could benefit from the effects of Brexit through the influx of new businesses. There is a high concentration of lending institutions and investment banks, who are attracted to the country by legislation regarding secrecy and banking. The Luxembourg stock exchange plays a key role in the trading of Eurobonds. Due to its fiscal legislation, which is beneficial to foreign capital and companies, the country is controlled by the EU and the OECD. The European Commission continues to apply pressure for measures to combat money laundering and tax evasion.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)102.83index2016
Balance of trade-7 483M US$2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population306 300units2019
Active population, Females45.8%2019
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate5.6%2019
Unemployment rate, Females47.1%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses19 489.9M LCU2019
Revenues19 490.1M LCU2019
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.6%2019
industry10.1%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.2%2019
industry12.5%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation4.188BN LCU2019
International reserves1 054.9M US$2019
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land24.85%2015
forests33.47%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley34.6621000 t2018
cereals, total154.2361000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes16.2111000 t2018
roots and tubers, total16.2111000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.2261000 t2018
carrots and turnips0.4041000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry01000 t2017
beans, green0.0231000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes18.0761000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
rapeseed10.9511000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples2.0771000 t2018
cherries0.011000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
walnuts0.031000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms0.0011000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley6.0041000 ha2018
maize0.0911000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes0.6271000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0141000 ha2018
carrots and turnips0.0261000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry01000 ha2017
beans, green0.0011000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grape1.2491000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
rapeseed3.3931000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples0.2691000 ha2018
cherries0.0021000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
walnuts0.0121000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms01000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber447 9002018
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle196.1271000 heads2018
cattle and buffaloes196.1271000 heads2018
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs91.7361000 heads2018
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep8.6541000 heads2018
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats5.0751000 heads2018
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total4.6621000 heads2018
horses4.6621000 heads2018
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds1231000 heads2018
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.1281000 t2018
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter0.3221000 t2014
condensed milk18 000t2014
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- other renew.651M kWh2018
- thermal182M kWh2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- other renew.2981000 kW2018
- thermal751000 kW2017
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total installed capacity1 6981000 kW2017
total net generation335M kWh2018
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
steel, crude2 119.31000 t2019
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley27.41000 t2014
sesame oil0.051000 t2014
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other paper21.021000 t2016
paper21.021000 t2016
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement1 1001000 t2017
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production86.6M US$2016
food, beverages and tobacco production325.3M US$2018
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures82.020% of goods exports2018
food products9.197% of goods exports2018
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Germany3 925M US$2010
France2 241M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Germany5 198M US$2010
Belgium4 926M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201916 508M US$ -
201816 342M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201923 991M US$ -
201824 038M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures3 290M US$2018
Number of arrivals1 018 000units2018
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown78 300 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried2 099.11000 units2018
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers371.207per 1000 pop.2018
Computers672.8per 1000 pop.2006
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling14.3years2017
Gradautes, percentage43.9%2018
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level4 411units2016
Teachers, secondary level5 405units2016
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending42.9% of total expenses2018
Social protection spending22.4% of GDP2018
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds4.26per 1000 pop.2019
Physicians2.98per 1000 pop.2017
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.3% of adults2018
Tuberculosis8per 100 000 pop.2018
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums3units2019
Museums, visitors263 431units2019
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending1.21% of GDP2018
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking100%2016
Access to electricity100%2018
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear5.1%2018
education0.9%2018
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