Form of Government: Constitutional monarchy
Area: 2 586 sq km
Population: 602 005 inhab. (estimate 2018)
Density: 232.79 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 50° - 49° N; long. 6° - 7° E
Capital: Luxembourg (capital) 116 323 inhab. (2018); Lussemburgo 166 400 inhab. (2018), urban agglomeration
Currency: euro (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.898 (rank: 20)
Sovereign: Grand Duke Henri of Nassau, since 7 October 2000
Prime Minister: Xavier Bettel (DP), since 4 December 2013
Chamber of Deputies: seats based on the elections of 20 October 2013: CSV (Christian Social People's Party), 23; LSAP (Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party), 13; DP (Democratic Party), 13; Greens, 6; ADR (Alternative Democratic Reform Party), 3; The Left (left-wing), 2
Internet: www.statec.public.lu (Service Central de la Statistique)
Member of Benelux, Council of Europe, EBRD, EU, NATO, OAS observer, OECD, OSCE, UN, WTO

Luxembourg

Lëtzebuerg, Luxembourg, Luxemburg, Groussherzogtom Lëtzebuerg, Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, Großherzogtum Luxemburg
Useful information

International license plate code L
International dialling code 00352
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 220/230
Driving side rigth
Internet code .lu

GMT  +1
DST  +2
DST duration (start-end) late March-late October

Annual average temperature (°C) Luxembourg 9.3
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Luxembourg 1/18
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Luxembourg 7/1
Annual average precipitation (mm) Luxembourg 750
Days of rainfall (annual average) Luxembourg 122

Geography.
Luxembourg is bordered by Belgium to the north and west, Germany to the east and France to the south. Most of the country is mountainous, with the hilly Ardennes mountains in the north. It has a transitional continental climate.

Government


Luxembourg is a hereditary constitutional monarchy. In 1921 it signed a joint customs and trading agreement with Belgium (UEBL), which was then extended to the Netherlands (Benelux). In 1957, it was one of the founder members of the EEC. According to the Constitution of 17 October 1868, which has been revised many times, the Grand Duke holds executive power, which he delegates to the Government. He is responsible to the Chamber of Deputies (60 members who are elected directly for five years by direct suffrage), which exerts legislative power.
Luxembourg has a voluntary army (about 450 strong) and a police corps (about 1900 strong).

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Army100%2015
Military expenditure0.5% of GDP2016
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes6 687.6per 100 000 pop.2016
Homicides0.9per 100 000 pop.2015
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Luxembourg116 323inhab.2018
Esch-sur-Alzette35 040inhab.2018
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Lussemburgo166 400inhab.2018
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2017)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE

More than 45% of the population is foreign.

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate10.32017
Death rate7.12017
Foreigners
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Foreigners, total281 500units2017
Portuguese96 800units2017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Luxembourger52.4%2017
Portuguese16.4%2017


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic68.7%2011
nonreligious/atheist24.9%2011


Languages
DESCRIPTION
French
German
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years16.8%2017
15-29 years19.3%2017


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Economy


After the slowdown in 2017, economic growth should return to good levels, around 3.7%. Unemployment falls slightly. Public finances remain strong, despite tax cuts.
The main agricultural crops are cereals (wheat and barley). Other commonly grown crops are potatoes and grapevines (along the River Moselle).
Livestock farming is highly specialized (especially cattle and pigs). Forests cover about one third of the land.
The iron and steel industry has been downsized on a vast scale, although the production of high-quality steel is still significant. Luxembourg’s main imports are energy minerals, transport vehicles, metals and machinery; it exports, metals, machinery and plastic materials and rubber.
The financial sector drives the economy. The country is characterized by a high concentration of lending institutions and investment banks, who are attracted to the country by legislation regarding secrecy and banking.
The Luxembourg stock exchange plays a key role in the trading of Eurobonds. Due to its fiscal legislation, which is beneficial to foreign capital and companies, the country is kept under control by the EU and the OCSE.
The European Commission requested the payment of back taxes from Amazon, FCA and Engie.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)102.83index2016
Balance of trade-6 827M US$2017
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population287 700units2017
Active population, Females46.2%2017
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate5.6%2017
Unemployment rate, Females43.8%2017
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses17 103.6M LCU2017
Revenues16 864.4M LCU2017
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.9%2017
industry17.6%2017
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.3%2017
industry12.8%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation3.4BN LCU2017
International reserves878.1M US$2017
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land24.85%2015
forests33.47%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley33.9951000 t2016
cereals, total139.2621000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes18.7141000 t2016
roots and tubers, total18.7141000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.1361000 t2016
carrots and turnips11000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry01000 t2016
beans, green0.0641000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes11.0321000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
rapeseed10.9151000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples2.4191000 t2016
cherries0.0111000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
walnuts0.0261000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms0.0051000 t2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley6.8991000 ha2016
maize0.1251000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes0.6151000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0031000 ha2016
carrots and turnips0.0221000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry01000 ha2016
beans, green0.0021000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grape1.2561000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
rapeseed3.5081000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples0.2421000 ha2016
cherries0.0041000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
walnuts0.0121000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms01000 ha2016
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber380 9582016
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle201.4161000 heads2016
cattle and buffaloes201.4161000 heads2016
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs92.3121000 heads2016
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep8.9441000 heads2016
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats5.1241000 heads2016
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total4.5351000 heads2016
horses4.5351000 heads2016
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds1061000 heads2016
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.1311000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter0.3221000 t2014
condensed milk18 000t2014
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural gas6M m³2016
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal783.96M kWh2015
- other renew.398M kWh2015
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal4801000 kW2015
- other renew.2131000 kW2015
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total installed capacity2 0231000 kW2015
total net generation1 276.96M kWh2015
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
steel, crude2 2601000 t2016
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley27.41000 t2014
sesame oil0.051000 t2014
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other paper21.021000 t2016
paper21.021000 t2016
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement1 0001000 t2015
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production83.3M US$2013
food, beverages and tobacco production325.1M US$2013
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures80.558% of goods exports2016
food products9.484% of goods exports2016
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Germany3 925M US$2010
France2 241M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Germany5 198M US$2010
Belgium4 926M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201715 733.783M US$ -
201615 767.569M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201722 560.334M US$ -
201621 743.279M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures2 868M US$2016
Number of arrivals1 054 000units2016
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown78 300 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried1 9011000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers364.895per 1000 pop.2017
Computers672.8per 1000 pop.2006
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling13.9years2012
Gradautes, percentage42.9%2016
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level4 247units2015
Teachers, secondary level4 978units2015
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending43.1% of total expenses2016
Social protection spending22.1% of GDP2015
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds4.6per 1000 pop.2017
Physicians3per 1000 pop.2017
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.3% of adults2011
Tuberculosis5.8per 100 000 pop.2016
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums38units2011
Museums, visitors380 000units2011
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending1.24% of GDP2016
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking100%2016
Access to electricity100%2016
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear5.6%2016
education0.9%2016
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