Form of Government: Constitutional monarchy
Area: 2 586 sq km
Population: 613 894 inhab. (estimate 2019)
Density: 237.39 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 50° - 49° N; long. 6° - 7° E
Capital: Luxembourg (capital) 119 215 inhab. (2019); Lussemburgo 170 300 inhab. (2019), urban agglomeration
Currency: euro (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.904 (rank: 21)
Sovereign: Grand Duke Henri of Nassau, since 7 October 2000
Prime Minister: Xavier Bettel (DP), since 4 December 2013, re-elected 14 October 2018
Chamber of Deputies: seats based on the elections of 14 October 2018: CSV (Christian Social People's Party), 21; DP (Democratic Party), 12; LSAP (Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party), 10; The Greens, 9; ADR (Alternative Democratic Reform Party, conservative), 4; Pirate Party (libertarian), 2; The Left (left-wing), 2
Internet: www.statec.public.lu (Service Central de la Statistique)
Member of Benelux, Council of Europe, EBRD, EU, NATO, OAS observer, OECD, OSCE, UN, WTO

Luxembourg

Lëtzebuerg, Luxembourg, Luxemburg, Groussherzogtom Lëtzebuerg, Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, Großherzogtum Luxemburg
Useful information

International license plate code L
International dialling code 00352
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 220/230
Driving side rigth
Internet code .lu

GMT  +1
DST  +2
DST duration (start-end) late March-late October

Annual average temperature (°C) Luxembourg 9.3
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Luxembourg 1/18
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Luxembourg 7/1
Annual average precipitation (mm) Luxembourg 750
Days of rainfall (annual average) Luxembourg 122

Geography.
Luxembourg is bordered by Belgium to the north and west, Germany to the east and France to the south. Most of the country is mountainous, with the hilly Ardennes mountains in the north. It has a transitional continental climate.

Government


Luxembourg is a hereditary constitutional monarchy. In 1921 it signed a joint customs and trading agreement with Belgium (UEBL), which was then extended to the Netherlands (Benelux). In 1957, it was one of the founder members of the EEC. According to the Constitution of 17 October 1868, which has been revised many times, the Grand Duke holds executive power, which he delegates to the Government. He is responsible to the Chamber of Deputies (60 members who are elected directly for five years by direct suffrage), which exerts legislative power.
Luxembourg has a voluntary army (about 450 strong) and a police corps (about 1900 strong).

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Army100%2017
Military expenditure0.5% of GDP2017
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes6 216.9per 100 000 pop.2017
Homicides0.9per 100 000 pop.2016
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Luxembourg119 215inhab.2019
Esch-sur-Alzette35 382inhab.2019
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Lussemburgo170 300inhab.2019
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE

More than 45% of the population is foreign.

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate10.32018
Death rate7.12018
Foreigners
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Foreigners, total288 200units2018
Portuguese96 500units2018
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Luxembourger52.1%2018
Portuguese16%2018


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic68.7%2011
nonreligious/atheist24.9%2011


Languages
DESCRIPTION
French
German
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years16.7%2018
15-29 years19.2%2018


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Economy


Economic growth, at 3% in 2018, should remain stable also in 2019-20, supported by domestic demand which benefited from wage and pension increases.
The main agricultural crops are cereals (wheat and barley). Other commonly grown crops are potatoes and grapevines (along the River Moselle). Livestock farming is highly specialized (especially cattle and pigs). Forests cover about one third of the land.
The iron and steel industry has been downsized on a vast scale, although the production of high-quality steel is still significant. Luxembourg’s main imports are energy minerals, transport vehicles, metals and machinery; it exports, metals, machinery and plastic materials and rubber.
The financial sector drives the economy, which has felt the effects of international uncertainties, but it could benefit from the effects of Brexit through the influx of new businesses. The country is characterized by a high concentration of lending institutions and investment banks, who are attracted to the country by legislation regarding secrecy and banking.
The Luxembourg stock exchange plays a key role in the trading of Eurobonds. Due to its fiscal legislation, which is beneficial to foreign capital and companies, the country is kept under control by the EU and the OCSE. The European Commission requested the payment of back taxes from Amazon, FCA and Engie.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)102.83index2016
Balance of trade-7 717.5M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population296 500units2018
Active population, Females46.4%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate5.4%2018
Unemployment rate, Females50%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses18 506.8M LCU2018
Revenues18 592.3M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture1%2018
industry10.6%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.3%2018
industry12.2%2018
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation3.569BN LCU2018
International reserves938.9M US$2018
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land24.85%2015
forests33.47%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley34.9511000 t2017
cereals, total149.2911000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes21.2841000 t2017
roots and tubers, total21.2841000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.1161000 t2017
carrots and turnips0.6441000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry01000 t2017
beans, green0.081000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes10.8061000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
rapeseed11.3171000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples0.9831000 t2017
cherries01000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
walnuts0.0261000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms0.0011000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley6.5941000 ha2017
maize0.0811000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes0.6221000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.0051000 ha2017
carrots and turnips0.0281000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry01000 ha2017
beans, green0.0021000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grape1.2581000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
rapeseed3.2671000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples0.2671000 ha2017
cherries0.0021000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
walnuts0.0121000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms01000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber367 7592017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle202.131000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes202.131000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs96.7611000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep8.4781000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats5.4061000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total4.7251000 heads2017
horses4.7251000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds1231000 heads2017
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.1311000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter0.3221000 t2014
condensed milk18 000t2014
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- other renew.410M kWh2016
- thermal242.52M kWh2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- other renew.2751000 kW2016
- thermal1041000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total installed capacity1 7091000 kW2016
total net generation334.52M kWh2016
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
steel, crude2 2451000 t2018
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley27.41000 t2014
sesame oil0.051000 t2014
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other paper21.021000 t2016
paper21.021000 t2016
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement1 0701000 t2016
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production75.9M US$2015
food, beverages and tobacco production294.2M US$2015
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures82.079% of goods exports2018
food products9.138% of goods exports2018
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Germany3 925M US$2010
France2 241M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Germany5 198M US$2010
Belgium4 926M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201816 208M US$ -
201715 746M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201823 925M US$ -
201722 848M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures3 033M US$2017
Number of arrivals1 046 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown78 300 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried1 9011000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers364.895per 1000 pop.2017
Computers672.8per 1000 pop.2006
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling14.2years2016
Gradautes, percentage40.3%2017
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level4 411units2016
Teachers, secondary level5 405units2016
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending42.9% of total expenses2016
Social protection spending22.4% of GDP2018
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds4.6per 1000 pop.2017
Physicians3per 1000 pop.2017
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.3% of adults2017
Tuberculosis6.3per 100 000 pop.2017
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums3units2017
Museums, visitors212 666units2017
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending1.26% of GDP2017
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking100%2016
Access to electricity100%2017
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear5.2%2017
education1.1%2017
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