Form of Government: Republic
Area: 65 286 sq km
Population: 2 795 680 inhab. (estimate 2021)
Density: 42.82 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 56° - 54° N; long. 21° - 27° E
Capital: Vilnius (capital) 559 250 inhab. (2021);
Currency: euro (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.882 (rank: 34)
President: Gitanas Nauseda (independent), since 26 May 2019
Prime Minister: Ingrida Šimonytė (TS-LKD), since 11 December 2020
Parliament: seats based on the elections of 25 October 2020): TS-LKD (Homeland Union-Christian Democrats), 50; LVŽS (Farmers and Greens Union), 32; LSDP (Social Democratic Party), 13; LRLS (Liberal Movement of the Republic of Lithuania), 13; LP (Freedom Party, liberal, centre-left), 11; DP (Labour Party, centre), 10; independents, 4; others, 8
Internet: www.stat.gov.lt (Lithuanian Department of Statistics)
Member of Council of Europe, EBRD, EU, NATO, OAS observer, OECD, OSCE, UN, WTO

Lithuania

Lietuva, Lietuvos Respublika
Useful information

International license plate code LT
International dialling code 00370
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 220/230
Driving side rigth
Internet code .lt

GMT  +2
DST  +3
DST duration (start-end) late March-late October

Annual average temperature (°C) Vilnius 5.7
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Vilnius -8/17.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Vilnius 9/1
Annual average precipitation (mm) Vilnius 680
Days of rainfall (annual average) Vilnius 123

Politics and current affairs

The TS-LKD Christian Democrats won the elections on 25 October 2020. The agreement with the liberal parties (LP and LRLS) resulted in the election of Ingrida Šimonytė as prime minister. In summer 2021, Lithuania accused Belarus of having encouraged the migrant flow as payback for previous diplomatic spats. The EU sent in a FRONTEX force to help the country control its borders.

Geography.
Lithuania is bordered by Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east and south-east, Poland and Russia to the south-west. The Baltic Sea lies off its north-west coast.
The centre of the country is flat, with rolling hills in the south-east and west. The largest river is the Nemunas. There are many lakes. It has cold, snowy winters and cool, rainy summers.

Government


Having become independent in 1918, Lithuania was annexed by the USSR in 1940. It regained its independence on 9 February 1991. On 1 May 2004, the country joined the EU; it adopted the euro as its currency in 2015.
According to the 1992 Constitution, the President of the Republic is elected directly for five years. The Parliament has 141 members who are elected for four years.
In 2015 compulsory military service was reintroduced due to mounting geopolitical tensions with Russia.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force6.7%2015
Army66.2%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes1 647.6per 100 000 pop.2020
Homicides3.5per 100 000 pop.2018
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Vilnius559 250inhab.2021
Kaunas293 257inhab.2021
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate9.82019
Death rate13.72019
Foreigners
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Foreigners, total65 819units2020
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Lithuanian85.9%2020
Polish5.7%2020


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic77.2%2011
other10.9%2011


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Lithuanian (official)
Polish
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years15.3%2020
15-29 years16.5%2020


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Economy


The economy is expected to grow by 3.2% in 2021. The main crops are cereals, sugar beet, flax and vegetables. Its vast expanses of forest (especially conifers) are intensively exploited. Its mineral resources include peat and crude oil. Basic industries include an oil refinery, petrochemical facilities and a regasification terminal (Klaipėda LNG FSRU). In a bid to reduce energy dependence on Russia, the gas pipeline shared with Poland (GIPL) will be finished in 2021, while a plan to connect the two countries’ electrical grids is being developed. Another major supplier is Norway. The plan to import nuclear energy produced in Belarus has been challenged. The electro-technical, electronic and fintech segments are highly developed as are food processing, clothing, textiles, furniture and timber. A special economic zone is active at Klaipėda with tax incentives for foreign investors. Russia, Germany, Latvia and Poland are the main trading partners. The Vilnius stock exchange is part of the NASDAQ OMX Group.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)131.12index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)94.04index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population1 484 100units2020
Active population, Females49.5%2020
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate8.5%2020
Unemployment rate, Females45.2%2020
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses16 346.5M LCU2020
Revenues12 445.3M LCU2020
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture5.692%2020
industry25.366%2020
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture3.666%2020
industry27.713%2020
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation7.769BN LCU2020
International reserves4 846.519M US$2020
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land34.345%2018
forests35.095%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley588.451000 t2019
cereals, total5 207.891000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes329.781000 t2019
roots and tubers, total329.781000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
artichokes0.1031000 t2018
asparagus0.5091000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry149.6751000 t2018
beans, green0.181000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
rapeseed692.481000 t2019
soybeans2.311000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mustard seed0.4931000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar beet1 001.611000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Flax
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
flax fibre and tow0.0071000 t2017
linseed0.331000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
hemp tow waste9.81000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples32.071000 t2019
blueberries0.411000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms11.461000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley174.771000 ha2019
maize12.771000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes18.221000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
artichokes0.011000 ha2018
cabbages1.951000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry69.9381000 ha2018
beans, green0.151000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
rapeseed241.71000 ha2019
soybeans1.821000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mustard seed1.1591000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar beet14.121000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Flax
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
flax fibre and tow0.011000 ha2017
linseed0.441000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
hemp tow waste6$1000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples10.181000 ha2019
blueberries0.21000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms0.051000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber6 688 0002019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle634.61000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes634.61000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs550.81000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep152.11000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats15.11000 heads2019
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total12.9341000 heads2019
horses12.9341000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds11 8141000 heads2019
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey5.2841000 t2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter13.71000 t2019
cheese79$1000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs4 120.516t2019
freshwater fishes4 986.8t2019
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil, crude34.91000 t2020
peat5001000 t2020
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clay369.81000 t2018
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
dolomite4 863.21000 t2019
granite763.91000 t2019
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- other renew.2 182.7M kWh2019
- thermal556.48M kWh2019
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1 7411000 kW2018
- other renew.7701000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total installed capacity3 3541000 kW2018
total net generation2 957.72M kWh2019
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pig iron1.41000 t2019
steel, crude2 1721000 t2017
Industry - Machinery and transport equipment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bikes268 939no.2019
mopeds4 040no.2016
Industry - Precision and optical instruments
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
watches and clocks23 459no.2018
Industry - Electrical and electronics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
air conditioners63 110no.2018
computers11 562no.2019
Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bitumen241.81000 t2018
petrol2 527.21000 t2019
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ammonia8651000 t2019
artificial yarn3.51000 t2016
Industry - Textiles
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
carpets39.51000 m²2019
cotton fabrics0.183M m²2019
Industry - Clothing and footwear
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
footwear1 282 000pairs2019
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley285.1541000 t2018
fish, frozen27.81000 t2019
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes31 347.9M units2015
cigars and cigarettes31 347.9M units2015
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
newsprint5.11000 t2019
other paper153.991000 t2019
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement1 222.91000 t2019
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production659.039M US$2017
food, beverages and tobacco production1 721.984M US$2018
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures63.364% of goods exports2019
food products17.322% of goods exports2019
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Russia4 382M US$2020
Latvia3 036M US$2020
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Poland4 327M US$2020
Germany4 239M US$2020
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
202032 767M US$ -
201933 151M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
202033 140M US$ -
201935 759M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures1 390M US$2019
Number of arrivals2 875 000units2019
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown12 500 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried40.61000 units2019
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers286.932per 1000 pop.2019
Computers242per 1000 pop.2008
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling16.569years2018
Gradautes, percentage43.149%2019
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level116 626units2018
Students, secondary level232 993units2018
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending35.463% of total expenses2019
Social protection spending16.698% of GDP2019
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds6.3per 1000 pop.2019
Physicians4.8per 1000 pop.2019
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.2% of adults2019
HIV, total0.07%2001
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums107units2019
Museums, visitors5 589 000units2019
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending1$% of GDP2019
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking100%2019
Access to electricity100%2019
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear5.8%2019
education0.5%2019
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