Form of Government: Republic
Area: 65 286 sq km
Population: 2 794 184 inhab. (estimate 2019)
Density: 42.80 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 56° - 54° N; long. 21° - 27° E
Capital: Vilnius (capital) 541 212 inhab. (2019);
Currency: euro (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.858 (rank: 35)
President: Gitanas Nauseda (independent), since 26 May 2019
Prime Minister: Saulius Skvernelis (independent), since 14 November 2016
Parliament: seats (June 2019 update): LVŽS (Farmers and Greens Union), 50; TS-LKD (Homeland Union-Christian Democrats), 35; LSDP (Social Democratic Party), 19; LRLS (Liberal Movement), 10; LLRA (Electoral Action of Poles in Lithuania), 8; TT (Order and Justice, conservative), 7; independents, 10; others, 2
Internet: www.stat.gov.lt (Lithuanian Department of Statistics)
Member of Council of Europe, EBRD, EU, NATO, OAS observer, OECD, OSCE, UN, WTO

Lithuania

Lietuva, Lietuvos Respublika
Useful information

International license plate code LT
International dialling code 00370
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 220/230
Driving side rigth
Internet code .lt

GMT  +2
DST  +3
DST duration (start-end) late March-late October

Annual average temperature (°C) Vilnius 5.7
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Vilnius -8/17.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Vilnius 9/1
Annual average precipitation (mm) Vilnius 680
Days of rainfall (annual average) Vilnius 123

Politics and current affairs

On 26 May 2019, Gitanas Nauseda, an independent candidate, was elected president with 68% of the votes. Military investments are underway (the objective is 2.5% of the GDP by 2030) in response to the threat of Russia.

Geography.
Lithuania is bordered by Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east and south-east, Poland and Russia to the south-west. The Baltic Sea lies off its north-west coast. The centre of the country is flat, with rolling hills in the south-east and west. The largest river is the Nemunas. There are many lakes. It has cold, snowy winters and cool, rainy summers.

Government


Having become independent in 1918, Lithuania was annexed by the USSR in 1940. It regained its independence on 9 February 1991. On 1 May 2004, the country joined the EU; it adopted the euro as its currency in 2015.
According to the 1992 Constitution, the President of the Republic is elected directly for five years. The Parliament has 141 members who are elected for four years.
In 2015 compulsory military service was reintroduced due to mounting geopolitical tensions with Russia.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force6.7%2015
Army66.2%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes2 058.8per 100 000 pop.2018
Homicides4.9per 100 000 pop.2016
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Vilnius541 212inhab.2019
Kaunas286 754inhab.2019
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate10.12017
Death rate14.22017
Foreigners
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Foreigners, total27 344units2018
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Lithuanian86.8%2018
Polish5.6%2018


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic77.2%2011
other10.9%2011


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Lithuanian (official)
Polish
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years15.1%2018
15-29 years17.3%2018


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Economy


Economic growth (3.4% in 2018) is expected to slow down to below 3%, despite the contribution of domestic consumption. The main crops are cereals, sugar beet, flax and vegetables. Its vast expanses of forest (especially conifers) are intensively exploited. Its mineral resources include peat and crude oil. Basic industries include an oil refinery, petrochemical facilities and a regasification terminal (Klaipėda LNG FSRU). In a bid to reduce energy dependence on Russia, the gas pipeline shared with Poland (GIPL) will be finished in 2021, while a plan to connect the two countries’ electrical grids is being developed. Another major supplier is Norway. The electro-technical, electronic and fintech segments are highly developed as are food processing, clothing, textiles, furniture and timber. Since 2000, there has been a special economic zone at Klaipėda with tax incentives for foreign investors. Russia, Germany, Latvia and Poland are the main trading partners. The Vilnius stock exchange is part of the NASDAQ OMX Group.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)131.12index2016
Balance of trade-3 107.9M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population1 464 800units2018
Active population, Females50.2%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate6.2%2018
Unemployment rate, Females44.4%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses13 662.3M LCU2018
Revenues9 878.6M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture7.2%2018
industry25.8%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture3%2018
industry29%2018
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation6.752BN LCU2018
International reserves5 771M US$2018
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land35.23%2015
forests34.8%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley519.7321000 t2017
cereals, total5 074.1881000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes237.0451000 t2017
roots and tubers, total237.0451000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
artichokes0.111000 t2017
asparagus0.4981000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry229.7671000 t2017
beans, green0.3451000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
rapeseed543.5181000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mustard seed0.4931000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar beet956.9471000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Flax
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
flax fibre and tow0.0071000 t2017
linseed0.7371000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples87.3671000 t2017
blueberries0.1241000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms13.7971000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley141.6451000 ha2017
maize9.9291000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes19.3511000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
artichokes0.0111000 ha2017
cabbages2.3091000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry67.1371000 ha2017
beans, green0.2521000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
rapeseed180.9321000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mustard seed1.1691000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar beet17.1461000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Flax
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
flax fibre and tow0.011000 ha2017
linseed0.3991000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples12.3741000 ha2017
blueberries0.0851000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms0.0541000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber6 795 0002017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle694.7521000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes694.7521000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs663.9151000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep163.5651000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats13.4091000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total16.3241000 heads2017
horses16.3241000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds10 0921000 heads2017
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey1.991000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter16.2021000 t2014
cheese82.8911000 t2014
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs2 814t2017
freshwater fishes4 478.4t2017
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil, crude99.81000 t2018
peat4001000 t2018
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clay324.51000 t2016
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
dolomite3 073.61000 t2016
granite344.71000 t2016
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- other renew.1 749M kWh2016
- thermal1 134.58M kWh2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal2 1841000 kW2016
- other renew.6491000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total installed capacity3 7101000 kW2016
total net generation3 130.58M kWh2016
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
steel, crude2 1721000 t2017
sulfur94.51000 t2016
Industry - Machinery and transport equipment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bikes291 816no.2018
mopeds4 040no.2016
Industry - Precision and optical instruments
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
watches and clocks23 459no.2018
Industry - Electrical and electronics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
air conditioners63 110no.2018
computers13 007no.2018
Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bitumen241.81000 t2018
petrol3 478.51000 t2014
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ammonia782.31000 t2018
artificial yarn3.51000 t2016
Industry - Textiles
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
carpets39.61000 m²2018
cotton fabrics0.167M m²2018
Industry - Clothing and footwear
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
footwear1 324 000pairs2018
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley317.11000 t2014
fish, frozen25.51000 t2018
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes31 347.9M units2015
cigars and cigarettes31 347.9M units2015
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
newsprint91000 t2017
other paper1251000 t2017
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement1 150.61000 t2018
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production922M US$2016
food, beverages and tobacco production1 559.9M US$2016
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures62.067% of goods exports2018
food products16.244% of goods exports2018
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Russia4 680M US$2018
Latvia3 240M US$2018
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Russia5 386M US$2018
Germany4 353M US$2018
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201833 407M US$ -
201729 901M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201836 515M US$ -
201732 259M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures1 312M US$2017
Number of arrivals2 523 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown12 500 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried1 069.31000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers276.362per 1000 pop.2017
Computers242per 1000 pop.2008
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling16.5years2016
Gradautes, percentage40.3%2017
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level8 425units2017
Teachers, secondary level31 075units2017
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending32.8% of total expenses2016
Social protection spending16.2% of GDP2018
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds6.4per 1000 pop.2018
Physicians4.9per 1000 pop.2018
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.2% of adults2017
HIV, total0.07%2001
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums104units2018
Museums, visitors5 026 000units2018
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.89% of GDP2017
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking100%2016
Access to electricity100%2017
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear5.9%2017
education0.5%2017
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