Form of Government: Principality
Area: 160.5 sq km
Population: 38 114 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 237.47 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 47°; long. 9°
Capital: Vaduz (capital) 5 526 inhab. (2017);
Currency: Swiss franc (100 centimes)
Human development index: 0.916 (rank: 17)
Sovereign: Prince Hans-Adam II, since 14 November 1989
Prime Minister: Adrian Hasler (FBP), since 27 March 2013
Parliament: seats based on the elections of 5 February 2017: FBP (Progressive Citizens' Party, right), 8; VU (Patriotic Union, centre), 8; DU (The Independents), 5; FL (The Free List, greens), 3; independents, 1
Internet: www.liechtenstein.li (Fürstentum Liechtenstein)
Member of Council of Europe, EBRD, EFTA, OAS observer, OSCE, UN, WTO

Liechtenstein

Liechtenstein, Fürstentum Liechtenstein
Useful information

International license plate code FL
International dialling code 00423
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side rigth
Internet code .li

GMT  +1
DST  +2
DST duration (start-end) late March-late October


Geography.
Situated between Austria to the east and Switzerland to the west, the east of the country is mountainous (some peaks more than 2500 m high). The Rhine forms the western boundary with Switzerland.

Government


Liechtenstein was formed in 1434 from the union of the feudal lands of Vaduz and Schellenberg and became a principality in 1719. After WWI, the country looked to neighbouring Switzerland for diplomatic representation and the operation of certain services (such as the postal service). It also signed a customs agreement with Switzerland and adopted its currency. In 2011, Liechtenstein joined the “Schengen Area”.
According to the Constitution of 5 October 1921, the Prime Minister is appointed by the Prince on the recommendation of Parliament (25 members elected by direct suffrage for four years). The constitutional reform approved in the referendum of 17 March 2003 extended the powers of the Prince, who may force the Prime Minister to resign and can block bills approved in Parliament by refusing to endorse them. The principality has no army. There is just a small police force of about 120.

Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes3 100.1per 100 000 pop.2012
Homicides2.7per 100 000 pop.2014
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Vaduz5 526inhab.2017
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate8.92017
Death rate6.62017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Liechtensteiner66%2017
other11.2%2017


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic73.4%2015
Protestant7.5%2015


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Alemannic German
German (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years15.2%2018
15-29 years17.7%2018


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Economy


The per-capita income of Liechtenstein is one of the highest in the world, partly due to favourable banking and tax laws - partially reformed in 2009 due to mounting international pressure -
which have attracted large flows of capital and have induced many foreign companies to establish their registered offices in the country.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)97.02index2016
Balance of trade1 642M LCU2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population38 661units2017
Active population, Females40.5%2017
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate1.8%2017
Unemployment rate, Females46.1%2017
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses789M LCU2017
Revenues800M LCU2017
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.6%2017
industry37.5%2017
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture4.6%2017
industry41%2017
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land13.5%2015
forests43.12%2015
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes0.2181000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total0.2061000 t2014
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber8 5602017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle5.7851000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes5.7851000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs1.8751000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep4.1231000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats0.3611000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses0.1711000 heads2017
asses and mules0.1791000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds121000 heads2017
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.2481000 t2017
milk13.1721000 t2017
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Energy

Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation81M kWh2000
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
wine0.081000 t2014
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Trade

Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20183 657M US$ -
20173 372M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20182 015M US$ -
20172 002M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Number of arrivals69 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Motor vehicles33 801units2017
Motor vehicles per 1000 pop.887per 1000 pop.2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers423.060per 1000 pop.2016
Daily newspapers513.6per 1000 pop.2003
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling14.7years2016
Graduates283units2015
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level260units2016
Teachers, secondary level339units2016
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds2.4per 1000 pop.2017
Physicians3.2per 1000 pop.2017
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums4units2017
Museums, visitors114 205units2017
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to electricity100%2017
Calories available per capita/day3 531units1998
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