Form of Government: Principality
Area: 160.5 sq km
Population: 38 747 inhab. (estimate 2019)
Density: 241.41 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 47°; long. 9°
Capital: Vaduz (capital) 5 696 inhab. (2019);
Currency: Swiss franc (100 centimes)
Human development index: 0.919 (rank: 19)
Sovereign: Prince Hans-Adam II, since 14 November 1989
Prime Minister: Daniel Risch (VU), since 25 March 2021
Parliament: seats based on the elections of 7 February 2021: FBP (Progressive Citizens' Party, right), 10; VU (Patriotic Union, centre), 10; FL (The Free List, greens), 3; DpL (Democrats for Liechtenstein, right), 2
Internet: www.llv.li (Liechtensteinische Landesverwaltung)
Member of Council of Europe, EBRD, EFTA, OAS observer, OSCE, UN, WTO

Liechtenstein

Liechtenstein, Fürstentum Liechtenstein
Useful information

International license plate code FL
International dialling code 00423
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side rigth
Internet code .li

GMT  +1
DST  +2
DST duration (start-end) late March-late October


Geography.
Situated between Austria to the east and Switzerland to the west, the east of the country is mountainous (some peaks more than 2500 m high). The Rhine forms the western boundary with Switzerland.

Government


Liechtenstein was formed in 1434 from the union of the feudal lands of Vaduz and Schellenberg and became a principality in 1719. After WWI, the country looked to neighbouring Switzerland for diplomatic representation and the operation of certain services (such as the postal service). It also signed a customs agreement with Switzerland and adopted its currency. In 2011, Liechtenstein joined the “Schengen Area”.
According to the Constitution of 5 October 1921, the Prime Minister is appointed by the Prince on the recommendation of Parliament (25 members elected by direct suffrage for four years). The constitutional reform approved in the referendum of 17 March 2003 extended the powers of the Prince, who may force the Prime Minister to resign and can block bills approved in Parliament by refusing to endorse them. The principality has no army. There is just a small police force of about 120.

Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes3 100.1per 100 000 pop.2012
Homicides2.6per 100 000 pop.2018
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Vaduz5 696inhab.2019
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate9.22019
Death rate6.82019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Liechtensteiner65.8%2019
other11.2%2019


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic73.4%2015
Protestant7.5%2015


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Alemannic German
German (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years15.2%2020
15-29 years17.4%2020


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Economy


The per-capita income of Liechtenstein is one of the highest in the world, partly due to favourable banking and tax laws - partially reformed in 2009 due to mounting international pressure -
which have attracted large flows of capital and have induced many foreign companies to establish their registered offices in the country.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)97.02index2016
Balance of trade1 210M LCU2020
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population19 948units2019
Active population, Females45.7%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate1.5%2019
Unemployment rate, Females48.9%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses789M LCU2019
Revenues889M LCU2019
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.6%2019
industry36.5%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.1%2019
industry46.6%2019
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land13.5%2018
forests41.875%2018
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes0.1961000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total0.1961000 t2018
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber8 3372019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle5.8941000 heads2018
cattle and buffaloes5.8941000 heads2018
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs1.7721000 heads2018
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep3.9891000 heads2018
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats0.4311000 heads2018
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses0.1741000 heads2018
asses and mules0.1821000 heads2018
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds13$1000 heads2018
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.2511000 t2018
milk13.7941000 t2018
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Energy

Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation81$M kWh2000
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
wine0.081000 t2014
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production11.844M US$2017
food, beverages and tobacco production421.629M US$2017
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Trade

Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20202 861M US$ -
20193 698M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20201 651M US$ -
20191 978M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Number of arrivals98 100units2019
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Gas pipelines434km2018
Motor vehicles34 599units2019
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers451.695per 1000 pop.2019
Daily newspapers513.6per 1000 pop.2003
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling14.621years2018
Graduates283units2015
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level1 999units2018
Students, secondary level3 087units2018
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1.02per 1000 pop.2018
Physicians3.53per 1000 pop.2018
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums4$units2018
Museums, visitors108 952units2018
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to electricity100%2019
Access to improved drinking-water source100%2017
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