Form of Government: Principality
Area: 160.5 sq km
Population: 37 810 inhab. (estimate 2016)
Density: 235.58 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 47°; long. 9°
Capital: Vaduz (capital) 5 407 inhab. (2016);
Currency: Swiss franc (100 centimes)
Human development index: 0.912 (rank: 15)
Sovereign: Prince Hans-Adam II, since 14 November 1989
Prime Minister: Adrian Hasler (FBP), since 27 March 2013
Parliament: seats based on the elections of 5 February 2017: FBP (Progressive Citizens' Party, right), 8; VU (Patriotic Union, centre), 8; DU (The Independents), 5; FL (The Free List, greens), 3; independents, 1
Internet: www.liechtenstein.li (Fürstentum Liechtenstein)
Member of Council of Europe, EBRD, EFTA, OAS observer, OSCE, UN, WTO

Liechtenstein

Liechtenstein, Fürstentum Liechtenstein
Useful information

International license plate code FL
International dialling code 00423
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side rigth
Internet code .li

GMT  +1
DST  +2
DST duration (start-end) late March-late October


Geography.
Situated between Austria to the east and Switzerland to the west, the east of the country is mountainous (some peaks more than 2500 m high). The Rhine forms the western boundary with Switzerland.

Government


Liechtenstein was formed in 1434 from the union of the feudal lands of Vaduz and Schellenberg and became a principality in 1719. After WWI, the country looked to neighbouring Switzerland for diplomatic representation and the operation of certain services (such as the postal service). It also signed a customs agreement with Switzerland and adopted its currency. In 2011, Liechtenstein joined the “Schengen Area”.
According to the Constitution of 5 October 1921, the Prime Minister is appointed by the Prince on the recommendation of Parliament (25 members elected by direct suffrage for four years). The constitutional reform approved in the referendum of 17 March 2003 extended the powers of the Prince, who may force the Prime Minister to resign and can block bills approved in Parliament by refusing to endorse them. The principality has no army. There is just a small police force of about 120.

Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes3 100.1per 100 000 pop.2012
Homicides2.7per 100 000 pop.2014
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Vaduz5 407inhab.2016
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2017)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate102016
Death rate7.22016
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Liechtensteiner66.2%2016
other11.1%2016


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic75.9%2010
Evangelical7.8%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Alemannic German
German (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years15.3%2017
15-29 years17.9%2017


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Economy


The per-capita income of Liechtenstein is one of the highest in the world, partly due to favourable banking and tax laws - partially reformed in 2009 due to mounting international pressure -
which have attracted large flows of capital and have induced many foreign companies to establish their registered offices in the country.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)97.02index2016
Balance of trade1 301M LCU2015
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population36 680units2014
Active population, Females40.1%2014
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate2.4%2014
Unemployment rate, Females47.3%2014
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses784M LCU2014
Revenues712M LCU2014
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.8%2014
industry38.8%2014
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.7%2015
industry40.1%2015
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land13.5%2015
forests43.12%2015
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes0.2151000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total0.2061000 t2014
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber7 9432016
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle6.2321000 heads2016
cattle and buffaloes6.2321000 heads2016
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs1.7891000 heads2016
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep4.051000 heads2016
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats0.3231000 heads2016
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses0.1651000 heads2016
asses and mules0.1721000 heads2016
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds131000 heads2016
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.2481000 t2016
milk12.9461000 t2016
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Energy

Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation81M kWh2000
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
wine0.081000 t2014
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Trade

Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20153 217M US$ -
20143 453M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20151 916M US$ -
20142 040M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Number of arrivals60 000units2016
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Motor vehicles33 347units2016
Motor vehicles per 1000 pop.882per 1000 pop.2016
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers423.060per 1000 pop.2016
Daily newspapers513.6per 1000 pop.2003
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling14.7years2016
Graduates283units2015
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level260units2016
Teachers, secondary level339units2016
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1.6per 1000 pop.2016
Physicians3.3per 1000 pop.2016
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to electricity100%2016
Calories available per capita/day3 531units1998
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