Form of Government: Republic
Area: 111 370 sq km
Population: 5 057 677 inhab. (estimate 2020)
Density: 45.41 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 8° - 4° N; long. 11° - 7° W
Capital: Monrovia (capital) 1 418 300 inhab. (2018);
Currency: Liberian dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.48 (rank: 175)
President and head of government: George Weah (CDC), elected 26 December 2017, in office since 22 January 2018
House of Representatives: seats based on the elections of 10 October 2017: CDC (Congress for Democratic Change), 21; UP (Unity Party), 20; PUP (People’s Unification Party), 5; independents, 13; others, 14
Internet: www.lisgis.net (Liberia Institute of Statistics)
Member of AU, ECOWAS, UN, WTO

Liberia

Liberia, Republic of Liberia
Useful information

International license plate code LB
International dialling code 00231
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 120/240
Driving side rigth
Internet code .lr

GMT  0
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Monrovia 25.7
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Monrovia 26.5/24.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Monrovia 3/7
Annual average precipitation (mm) Monrovia 5135
Days of rainfall (annual average) Monrovia 182

Geography.
Liberia is bordered by Guinea to the north, by Côte d’Ivoire to the east and by Sierra Leone to the west. To the south it faces out onto the Atlantic Ocean.
The country has a flat and level coastal strip, particularly in the north-west, as well as many lagoons. The land rises inland up to a height of 1752 m in the Nimba mountain range on the borders with Guinea and Côte d’Ivoire. Inland, the terrain is a series of tablelands cut by numerous rivers.
The climate is equatorial, hot and humid.

Government


Founded in 1822 by the American Colonization Society, a humanitarian organisation that supported the liberation of African American slaves and their resettlement in Africa, Liberia became independent on 26 July 1847 and adopted a constitution along American lines. A military coup brought Samuel Doe to power and from 1989 he faced armed opposition from Charles Taylor. A 1996 ceasefire and the intervention of international forces saw elections held in 1997 which Taylor won, imposing an authoritarian and corrupt regime as well as intervening in the civil war in nearby Sierra Leone. In 2003, an offensive from the LURD rebels (Liberians United for Reconciliation and Democracy), forced Taylor to seek refuge in Nigeria. He was arrested in 2006 and sentenced in 2012 to fifty years in prison by the Special Court for Sierra Leone. With the Accra peace agreements (18 August 2003) a transitional government was formed and a UN peacekeeping contingent (UNMIL) was installed, which remained until 2018.
According to the Constitution of 6 January 1986, the President of the Republic, who is also head of the government, is elected by direct suffrage for a six-year term. Parliament is made up of two chambers: the House of Representative has 73 members elected for six-year terms, the Senate has 30 members elected for nine-year terms.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Army97.6%2015
Military expenditure0.517% of GDP2019
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides3.2per 100 000 pop.2012
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Monrovia1 418 300inhab.2018
Gbarnga56 986inhab.2008
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate32.6872019
Death rate7.3812019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other24.5%2008
Kpelle20.3%2008


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Christian85.6%2008
Muslim12.2%2008


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
Sudanese dialects
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years43.3%2020
15-29 years27$%2020


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Economy


In 2021, the country began to recover from a recession due to the contraction of services and agricultural production experienced in 2019, aggravated by the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. International aid is still essential. The predominant commercial crops are rubber, cocoa, oil palm and coffee. In addition to mines rich with diamonds (Lofa river), recent offshore prospecting has revealed considerable oil reserves. There are also deposits of gold (in Tchien) and iron ore (in Mount Gangra). A cement plant operates in Monrovia, where a refinery is under construction, and a rubber plant is located in Harbel. The Mount Coffee hydroelectric plant is active again. China established special commercial conditions with Liberia.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)113.31index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)91.66index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population2 193 838units2020
Active population, Females47.4%2020
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate3.3%2020
Unemployment rate, Females37.5%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses749M LCU2019
Revenues902M LCU2019
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture43.3%2019
industry10.2%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture74.042%2019
industry8.688%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation23.903BN LCU2020
International reserves538.53M US$2020
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land7.267%2018
forests79.713%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total1701000 t2019
rice1701000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava558.2221000 t2019
roots and tubers, total631.7451000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tomatoes3.6481000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts6.4121000 t2019
soybeans3.3121000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits176.1191000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts6.9311000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa12$1000 t2019
coffee0.5341000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane273.0221000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total214.5061000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits7.7921000 t2019
oranges7.7921000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas142.5511000 t2019
pineapples9.2411000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
rice2401000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava65.8281000 ha2019
sweet potatoes2.1361000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tomatoes0.2391000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts7.7471000 ha2019
soybeans7.6841000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit17.7131000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts2.4751000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa75.9371000 ha2019
coffee2.2431000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane26.8141000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits2.1261000 ha2019
oranges2.1261000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas13.3191000 ha2019
pineapples1.721000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural rubber42 010t2019
timber9 928 3842019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle45.5831000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes45.5831000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs396.6171000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep317.1351000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats421.0031000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds9 6191000 heads2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs6.7981000 t2019
hides and skins0.7481000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs268.532t2019
freshwater fishes766.841t2019
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
iron ore4 0881000 t2019
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barite12$1000 t2019
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
diamonds48$1000 ct2018
diamonds, industrial - ct32$1000 ct2018
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal370M kWh2018
non-renewable electricity generation98.93%2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1001000 kW2018
- hydro90$1000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation374M kWh2018
total installed capacity192.581000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley11.71000 t2018
palm oil46$1000 t2018
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement332.11000 t2018
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production51.783M US$2019
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Trade

International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Germany129M US$2007
United States118M US$2007
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Korea, South2 511M US$2007
Singapore1 768M US$2007
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2020411M US$ -
2019528M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2020728M US$ -
2019869M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures7.7M US$2018
Receipts46$M US$2015
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet3 942units2021
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage185 686 117t2021
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers1.914per 1000 pop.2017
Daily newspapers12$per 1000 pop.2001
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling11$years2000
Graduates4 390units2012
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level635 478units2017
Students, secondary level227 153units2016
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending1.6% of total expenses2013
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds0.8per 1000 pop.2010
Physicians0.04per 1000 pop.2015
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV1.5% of adults2019
Malaria1 041 800cases2019
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking0.2%2019
Access to electricity27.649%2019
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