Form of Government: Republic
Area: 111 370 sq km
Population: 4 731 906 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 42.49 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 8° - 4° N; long. 11° - 7° W
Capital: Monrovia (capital) 1 418 300 inhab. (2018);
Currency: Liberian dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.435 (rank: 181)
President and head of government: George Weah (CDC), elected 26 December 2017, in office since 22 January 2018
House of Representatives: seats based on the elections of 10 October 2017: CDC (Congress for Democratic Change), 21; UP (Unity Party), 20; PUP (People’s Unification Party), 5; independents, 13; others, 14
Internet: www.tlcafrica.com/lisgis/lisgis.htm (Liberia Institute of Statistics)
Member of AU, ECOWAS, UN, WTO

Liberia

Liberia, Republic of Liberia
Useful information

International license plate code LB
International dialling code 00231
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 120/240
Driving side rigth
Internet code .lr

GMT  0
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Monrovia 25.7
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Monrovia 26.5/24.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Monrovia 3/7
Annual average precipitation (mm) Monrovia 5135
Days of rainfall (annual average) Monrovia 182

Politics and current affairs

At the end of Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf’s (UP) second term, the presidency was succeeded by former footballer George Weah, candidate for the opposition elected during the second round of voting.

Geography.
Liberia is bordered by Guinea to the north, by Côte d’Ivoire to the east and by Sierra Leone to the west. To the south it faces out onto the Atlantic Ocean.
The country has a flat and level coastal strip, particularly in the north-west, as well as many lagoons. The land rises inland up to a height of 1752 m in the Nimba mountain range on the borders with Guinea and Côte d’Ivoire. Inland, the terrain is a series of tablelands cut by numerous rivers.
The climate is equatorial, hot and humid.

Government


Founded in 1822 by the American Colonization Society, a humanitarian organisation that supported the liberation of African American slaves and their resettlement in Africa, Liberia became independent on 26 July 1847 and adopted a constitution along American lines.
A military coup brought Samuel Doe to power and from 1989 he faced armed opposition from Charles Taylor.
A 1996 ceasefire and the intervention of international forces saw elections held in 1997 which Taylor won, imposing an authoritarian and corrupt regime as well as intervening in the civil war in nearby Sierra Leone.
In 2003, an offensive from the LURD rebels (Liberians United for Reconciliation and Democracy), forced Taylor to seek refuge in Nigeria. He was arrested in 2006 and sentenced in 2012 to fifty years in prison by the Special Court for Sierra Leone. With the Accra peace agreements (18 August 2003) a transitional government was formed and a UN peacekeeping contingent (UNMIL) was installed, which remained until 2018.
According to the Constitution of 6 January 1986, the President of the Republic, who is also head of the government, is elected by direct suffrage for a six-year term. Parliament is made up of two chambers: the House of Representative has 73 members elected for six-year terms, the Senate has 30 members elected for nine-year terms.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Army97.6%2015
Military expenditure0.6% of GDP2017
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides3.2per 100 000 pop.2012
TOP

Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Monrovia1 418 300inhab.2018
Gbarnga56 986inhab.2008
TOP

Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate33.92017
Death rate7.72017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other24.5%2008
Kpelle20.3%2008


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Christian85.6%2008
Muslim12.2%2008


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
Sudanese dialects
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years43.7%2018
15-29 years26.9%2018


TOP

Economy


Following moderate growth in 2017, in 2018-19, the economy was once again stagnant, while the depreciation of the Liberian dollar led to a rise in inflation. International aid is still essential. The predominant commercial crops are rubber, cocoa, oil palm and coffee.
In addition to mines rich with diamonds (Lofa river), recent offshore prospecting has revealed considerable oil reserves. There are also deposits of gold (in Tchien) and iron ore (in Mount Gangra). A cement plant and a refinery operate in Monrovia, and a rubber plant in Harbel. The Mount Coffee hydroelectric plant is active again. China established special commercial conditions with Liberia.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)113.31index2016
Balance of trade- 609.7M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population1 592 558units2018
Active population, Females48.7%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate2%2018
Unemployment rate, Females49.1%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses738M LCU2017
Revenues651M LCU2017
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture46.2%2018
industry11.3%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture72.7%2017
industry8.7%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation53.8BN LCU2017
International reserves475.3M US$2017
TOP

Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land7.27%2015
forests43.39%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total302.6921000 t2017
rice302.6921000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava529.4461000 t2017
roots and tubers, total603.2861000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tomatoes2.8131000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts6.351000 t2017
soybeans3.3561000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits179.3641000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts6.5721000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa8.5521000 t2017
coffee0.5941000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane274.0721000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total203.4441000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits7.9541000 t2017
oranges7.9541000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas140.3071000 t2017
pineapples8.8231000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
rice235.8241000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava65.9981000 ha2017
sweet potatoes2.1661000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
tomatoes0.1951000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts8.0361000 ha2017
soybeans7.7921000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit18.1351000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts2.3971000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa55.9621000 ha2017
coffee2.5581000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane26.9131000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits2.1871000 ha2017
oranges2.1871000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas12.971000 ha2017
pineapples1.6351000 ha2017
TOP

Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural rubber71 185t2017
timber9 340 5312017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle44.2061000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes44.2061000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs361.4481000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep303.4781000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats398.4771000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds9 0481000 heads2017
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs6.4421000 t2017
hides and skins0.6621000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs235t2017
freshwater fishes2 245t2017
TOP

Minerals

Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
iron ore4 3751000 t2016
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barite251000 t2016
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
diamonds60.61000 ct2017
diamonds, industrial - ct421000 ct2016
TOP

Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal300M kWh2016
non-renewable electricity generation100%2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1211000 kW2016
- hydro301000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation300M kWh2016
total installed capacity1511000 kW2016
TOP

Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley12.61000 t2014
palm oil49.31000 t2014
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement264.11000 t2017
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production57.1M US$2018
TOP

Trade

International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Germany129M US$2007
United States118M US$2007
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Korea, South2 511M US$2007
Singapore1 768M US$2007
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018490M US$ -
2017358M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20181 100M US$ -
20171 089M US$ -
TOP

Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures152M US$2015
Receipts46M US$2015
TOP

Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet3 321units2018
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage142 535 833t2018
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers1.733per 1000 pop.2016
Daily newspapers12per 1000 pop.2001
TOP

Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling11years2000
Graduates4 390units2012
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level25 657units2016
Teachers, secondary level14 959units2016
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending1.6% of total expenses2013
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds0.8per 1000 pop.2010
Physicians0.02per 1000 pop.2010
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV1.4% of adults2017
Malaria1 342 953cases2017
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking0.71%2016
Access to electricity21.488%2017
TOP