Form of Government: Constitutional monarchy
Area: 30 355 sq km
Population: 2 142 252 inhab. (estimate 2020)
Density: 70.57 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 29° - 31° S; long. 27° - 29° E
Capital: Maseru (capital) 330 760 inhab. (2016);
Currency: loti, plural maloti (100 lisente)
Human development index: 0.527 (rank: 165)
Sovereign: Letsie III, since 7 February 1996 (having already reigned from 12 November 1990 to 25 January 1995)
Prime Minister: Moeketsi Majoro (ABC), since 20 May 2020
Internet: www.bos.gov.ls (Lesotho Bureau of Statistics)
Member of AU, Commonwealth, EU associated, SACU, SADC, UN, WTO

Lesotho

Lesotho, Kingdom of Lesotho, Muso oa Lesotho
Useful information

International license plate code LS
International dialling code 00266
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission, including travelers having transited more than 12 hours through the airport of a country with risk of transmission)
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side left
Internet code .ls

GMT  +2
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Maseru 15.6
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Maseru 22.5/8
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Maseru 8/10
Annual average precipitation (mm) Maseru 625
Days of rainfall (annual average) Maseru 68

Geography.
An enclave within South Africa, the country lies on a plateau which rises towards the east.

Government


Formerly a British Protectorate (from 1868) known as Basutoland, Lesotho became independent on 4 October 1966. Initially under the authoritarian ruler Joseph Leabua Jonathan (1966-86), the country was then subjected to military rule (1986-1993). However, Lesotho began its path towards democracy with elections in 1993, won by the Basutoland Congress Party (BCP). In 1994, King Letsie III, with support from the military, dissolved parliament but was forced to reinstate it after a month due to popular protests and international pressure. The main political parties are the Lesotho Congress for Democracy (LCD) and the All Basotho Convention (ABC), which obtained the relative majority at the 2017 elections. As a constitutional monarchy within the Commonwealth, the country has a non-elected Senate comprising 33 members and Legislative Assembly of 120 members elected by direct suffrage for five-year terms. The leader of the majority party is appointed Prime Minister.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Army100%2015
Military expenditure1.547% of GDP2019
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes1 961.4per 100 000 pop.2015
Homicides42$per 100 000 pop.2015
TOP

Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Maseru330 760inhab.2016
Maputsoe55 541inhab.2016
TOP

Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate26.4152019
Death rate13.9262019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Sotho80$%2000
Zulu14$%2000


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Protestant49.9%2010
Catholic45.7%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
Sesotho (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years33.8%2020
15-29 years27.9%2020


TOP

Economy


The major resources are diamonds and water: a vast system of dams and reservoirs, currently being expanded, ensures that the country is self-sufficient as far as electricity is concerned and at the same time it supplies water to South Africa. Agriculture is at the subsistence level, with widespread sheep farming. The main industries are connected to foodstuffs and clothing. Exports (of diamonds, clothes and mohair wool), customs duties and money sent home by emigrant workers in the mines of South Africa are important for the country’s economy. Levels of social inequality are high.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)95.57index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)95.97index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population967 758units2020
Active population, Females45.1%2020
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate24.7%2020
Unemployment rate, Females52.4%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses13 535M LCU2019-20
Revenues16 637M LCU2019-20
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture8.5%2019
industry42.2%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture4.993%2019
industry34.751%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation1.608BN LCU2019
International reserves774.095M US$2019
TOP

Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land14.272%2018
forests1.137%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley0.4591000 t2019
cereals, total38.8181000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes130.541000 t2019
roots and tubers, total130.541000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry4.031000 t2019
peas, dry0.5041000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total14.0621000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley1.6511000 ha2019
maize50.2021000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes7.6831000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry13.4971000 ha2019
peas, dry1.1011000 ha2019
TOP

Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber2 156 6412019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle509.8611000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes509.8611000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs40$1000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep1 521.5441000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats849.4731000 heads2019
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses116.5531000 heads2019
asses and mules117.121000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds4191000 heads2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.9961000 t2019
hides and skins3.8831000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
freshwater fishes52.46t2019
total catch2 652.46t2019
TOP

Minerals

Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clay26$1000 t2016
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
diamonds1 0001000 ct2020
TOP

Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro538.67M kWh2018
renewable electricity generation100%2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro80$1000 kW2019
- other renew.0.41000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation539.67M kWh2018
total installed capacity80.41000 kW2018
TOP

Industry

Industry - Clothing and footwear
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
footwear4 176 000pairs2015
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley45$1000 t2018
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production291.447M US$2020
TOP

Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures89.326% of goods exports2017
agricultural raw materials6.355% of goods exports2017
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2020935M US$ -
20191 063M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20201 884M US$ -
20192 016M US$ -
TOP

Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures289M US$2019
Number of arrivals1 142 000units2019
TOP

Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Motor vehicles37 620units1996
Passenger cars12 610units1996
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers2.978per 1000 pop.2019
Computers2.5per 1000 pop.2005
TOP

Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling12.131years2017
Graduates4 616units2018
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level367 931units2017
Students, secondary level136 497units2017
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending0.3% of total expenses2007
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1.3per 1000 pop.2006
Physicians0.07per 1000 pop.2010
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV22.8% of adults2019
HIV, total17.5%2001
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.051% of GDP2015
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking39.4%2019
Access to electricity44.641%2019
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear5.7%2010-11
education8.9%2010-11
TOP