Form of Government: Constitutional monarchy
Area: 30 355 sq km
Population: 2 233 339 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 73.57 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 29° - 31° S; long. 27° - 29° E
Capital: Maseru (capital) 330 760 inhab. (2016);
Currency: loti, plural maloti (100 lisente)
Human development index: 0.52 (rank: 159)
Sovereign: Letsie III, since 7 February 1996 (having already reigned from 12 November 1990 to 25 January 1995)
Prime Minister: Thomas Thabane (ABC), since 16 June 2017
Internet: www.bos.gov.ls (Lesotho Bureau of Statistics)
Member of AU, Commonwealth, EU associated, SACU, SADC, UN, WTO

Lesotho

Lesotho, Kingdom of Lesotho, Muso oa Lesotho
Useful information

International license plate code LS
International dialling code 00266
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission, including travelers having transited more than 12 hours through the airport of a country with risk of transmission)
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side left
Internet code .ls

GMT  +2
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Maseru 15.6
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Maseru 22.5/8
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Maseru 8/10
Annual average precipitation (mm) Maseru 625
Days of rainfall (annual average) Maseru 68

Geography.
An enclave within South Africa, the country lies on a plateau which rises towards the east.

Government


Formerly a British Protectorate (from 1868) known as Basutoland, Lesotho became independent on 4 October 1966. Initially under the authoritarian ruler Leabua Jonathan (1966-86), the country was then subjected to military rule (1986-1993). However, Lesotho began its path towards democracy with elections in 1993, won by the Basutoland Congress Party (BCP). In 1994, King Letsie III, with support from the military, dissolved parliament but was forced to reinstate it after a month due to popular protests and international pressure. The main political parties are the Lesotho Congress for Democracy (LCD) and the All Basotho Convention (ABC), which obtained the relative majority at the 2017 elections. As a constitutional monarchy within the Commonwealth, the country has a non-elected Senate comprising 33 members and Legislative Assembly of 120 members elected by direct suffrage for five-year terms. The leader of the majority party is appointed Prime Minister.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Army100%2015
Military expenditure2.2% of GDP2017
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes1 961.4per 100 000 pop.2015
Homicides42per 100 000 pop.2015
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Maseru330 760inhab.2016
Maputsoe55 541inhab.2016
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate27.52017
Death rate12.52017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Sotho80%2000
Zulu14%2000


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Protestant49.9%2010
Catholic45.7%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
Sesotho (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years31.8%2018
15-29 years28.8%2018


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Economy


The main natural resources are diamonds and water: the vast Muela reservoir ensures that the country is self-sufficient as far as electricity is concerned and at the same time it supplies water to South Africa. Agriculture is at the subsistence level, with widespread sheep farming.
The main industries are connected to foodstuffs and clothing. Exports (of diamonds, clothes and mohair wool), customs duties and money sent home by emigrant workers in the mines of South Africa are important for the country’s economy. Levels of social inequality are high.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)95.57index2016
Balance of trade-1 063.7M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population981 052units2018
Active population, Females46.7%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate23.6%2018
Unemployment rate, Females53.4%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses18 630M LCU2018
Revenues16 099M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture66.9%2018
industry10%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture6.1%2017
industry35.4%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation1.53BN LCU2018
International reserves728.5M US$2018
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land9.13%2015
forests1.61%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley0.5151000 t2017
cereals, total216.3251000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes123.8571000 t2017
roots and tubers, total123.8571000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry6.6431000 t2017
peas, dry0.8861000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total15.4771000 t2014
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley1.8551000 ha2017
maize165.8821000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes7.3861000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry21.3131000 ha2017
peas, dry1.4591000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber2 137 0622017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle461.5731000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes461.5731000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs38.6891000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep2 041.4791000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats972.7011000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses124.7881000 heads2017
asses and mules125.0971000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds4331000 heads2017
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs1.41000 t2017
hides and skins3.0981000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
freshwater fishes53t2017
total catch1 352t2017
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clay261000 t2016
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
diamonds1 1001000 ct2018
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro510M kWh2016
renewable electricity generation100%2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro801000 kW2016
- other renew.0.41000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation510M kWh2016
total installed capacity80.41000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Clothing and footwear
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
footwear4 176 000pairs2015
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley25.41000 t2014
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production354M US$2017
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures89.328% of goods exports2017
agricultural raw materials6.352% of goods exports2017
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20181 230M US$ -
20171 028M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20182 294M US$ -
20172 107M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures193M US$2017
Number of arrivals1 137 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Motor vehicles37 620units1996
Passenger cars12 610units1996
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers2.231per 1000 pop.2017
Computers2.5per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling10.6years2015
Graduates5 920units2015
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level11 167units2017
Teachers, secondary level5 386units2017
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending0.3% of total expenses2007
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1.3per 1000 pop.2006
Physicians0.07per 1000 pop.2007
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV23.8% of adults2017
HIV, total17.5%2001
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.05% of GDP2015
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking35.61%2016
Access to electricity33.730%2017
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear5.7%2010-11
education8.9%2010-11
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