Form of Government: Constitutional monarchy
Area: 17 818 sq km
Population: 4 621 638 inhab. (estimate 2018)
Density: 259.38 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 30° - 28° N; long. 46° - 48° E
Capital: Kuwait=Al-Kuwayt (capital) 59 590 inhab. (2014); Al-Kuwayt 2 989 270 inhab. (2018), urban agglomeration
Currency: Kuwaiti dinar (1000 fils)
Human development index: 0.803 (rank: 56)
Sovereign: Ṣabāḥ al-’Aḥmad al-Jābir aṣ-Ṣabāḥ, since 29 January 2006
Prime Minister: Jābir al-Mubārak al-’Aḥmad aṣ-Ṣabāḥ, since 4 December 2011
Internet: www.csb.gov.kw (Central Statistical Bureau)
Member of Arab League, GCC, OIC, OPEC, UN, WTO

Kuwait

Al-Kuwayt, Dawlat al-Kuwayt
Useful information

International license plate code KWT
International dialling code 00965
Travel vaccinations requirement none
Electricity (Voltage) 240
Driving side rigth
Internet code .kw

GMT  +3
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Al-Kuwayt 26.2
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Al-Kuwayt 13.5/37
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Al-Kuwayt 10/7
Annual average precipitation (mm) Al-Kuwayt 109
Days of rainfall (annual average) Al-Kuwayt 16

Geography.
Kuwait is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south and south-west, by Iraq to the north and north-west. The Arabian Gulf lies off its east coast. The land is mainly desert. Kuwait has sovereignty over many islands (of which Būbiyān and Warbah are the largest).

Government


A British protectorate since 1899, the hereditary monarchy of Kuwait became independent on 19 June 1961. On 2 August 1990, the country was invaded by Iraqi troops. It was liberated in February 1991 by an international UN force led by the USA.
The king appoints the prime minister and influences government policy. The National Assembly has 50 members who are elected by direct suffrage, plus the ministers in office.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force16.1%2015
Army71%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides1.8per 100 000 pop.2012
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Qalīb ash-Shuyūkh227 980inhab.2011
As-Sālimīyah196 153inhab.2011
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Al-Kuwayt2 989 270inhab.2018
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate14.72017
Death rate1.72017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Asian37.8%2013
Kuwaiti31.3%2013


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim74%2018
Christian18.2%2018


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Arabic
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years24.8%2018
15-29 years26.6%2018


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Economy


The country’s economy is linked to the trend in oil prices, which comprises more than 90% of exports: by law, at least 10% of the revenue is set aside in an investment fund.
There are about 700 oil-wells in the areas of Al Burqān, Al Maqwa´, Al-Aḥmadī, Muţribah, Ar Rawḍatayn, Al-Baḥrah, Aș-Şābrīyah, Al-Manāqīsh, Umm Qudayr.
Oil pipelines connect the wells to the port of Mīnā’ al-Aḥmadī, where several oil refineries are located. There are other refineries at Mīnā’ ‘Abd Allāh, Mīnā’ az Zawr and Ash Shu‘aybah. There are chemical plants (at Ash Shuwaykh), fertilizer plants, cement factories and several desalination plants. The country is trying to diversify the economy, attract foreign investors and develop the private sector, but economic reforms are compromised by domestic political clashes and by the pervasiveness of the public sector.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)190.62index2016
Balance of trade34 941.8M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population2 443 729units2018
Active population, Females31.9%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate2.1%2018
Unemployment rate, Females70.9%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses19 900M LCU2017-18
Revenues13 344.3M LCU2017-18
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture2.3%2018
industry25.4%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture0.5%2017
industry48.7%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation1.755BN LCU2018
International reserves40 282.4M US$2018
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land0.75%2015
forests0.35%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley2.2431000 t2017
cereals, total6.1031000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes51.7711000 t2017
roots and tubers, total51.7711000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages10.9971000 t2017
carrots and turnips0.3751000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green2.1251000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes0.1441000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Olive
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
olives0.0681000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total123.0671000 t2014
strawberries0.4411000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.4231000 t2017
lemons0.1661000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
dates87.3911000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley0.541000 ha2017
maize0.5321000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes0.831000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.1921000 ha2017
carrots and turnips0.0131000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.11000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grape0.011000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Olive
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
olive0.031000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
strawberries0.0111000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.0171000 ha2017
lemons0.0071000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
dates3.0311000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber20 2322017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle30.631000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes30.631000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep664.6541000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats197.7681000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
equines, total1.1471000 heads2017
horses1.1471000 heads2017
Livestock - Camelids
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
camels9.3891000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds53 0121000 heads2017
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs881000 t2017
hides and skins4.9171000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs1 101t2017
freshwater fishes175t2017
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural gas17 102M m³2017
oil, crude140 0021000 t2018
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
salt151000 t2016
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal65 886.48M kWh2016
non-renewable electricity generation99.898%2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal18 8501000 kW2016
- other renew.411000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation65 953.48M kWh2016
total installed capacity18 8911000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
steel, crude1 1501000 t2015
sulfur, rec.8501000 t2018
Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bitumen991000 t2016
petrol5 503.31000 t2014
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ammonia547.41000 t2016
caustic soda311000 t2017
Industry - Clothing and footwear
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
footwear142 000pairs2016
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fish, frozen4.021000 t2016
groundnut oil0.51000 t2014
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other paper371000 t2017
paper371000 t2017
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement4 2001000 t2016
sheet glass1061000 m²2016
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production1 800.7M US$2016
food, beverages and tobacco production614M US$2016
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fuels90.902% of goods exports2018
manufactures7.802% of goods exports2018
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Japan9 916M US$2007
Korea, South8 747M US$2007
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States2 485M US$2007
Japan1 665M US$2007
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201871 566M US$ -
201754 924M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201836 624M US$ -
201733 599M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures13 722M US$2017
Number of arrivals203 000units2016
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown43 600 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried5 5861000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers27.420per 1000 pop.2017
Computers236.6per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling13.6years2013
Graduates12 716units2013
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level31 081units2017
Teachers, secondary level43 838units2017
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending16.3% of total expenses2015
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1.8per 1000 pop.2017
Physicians2.1per 1000 pop.2017
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV-0.1% of adults2017
Tuberculosis27per 100 000 pop.2017
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums, visitors108 987units2017
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.1% of GDP2017
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking100%2016
Access to electricity100%2017
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear10%2013
education2.4%2013
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