Form of Government: Republic
Area: 726 sq km
Population: 119 940 inhab. (census 2020)
Density: 165.21 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 5° N - 13° S; long. 168° E - 148° W
Capital: Tarawa 70 480 inhab. (2020), urban agglomeration
Currency: Australian dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.63 (rank: 134)
President and head of government: Taneti Maamau (TKP), elected 9 March 2016
Internet: //nso.gov.ki (National Statistics Office)
Member of Commonwealth, SPC, UN

Kiribati

Kiribati, Republic of Kiribati, Ribaberiki Kiribati
Useful information

International license plate code KIR
International dialling code 00686
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission)
Electricity (Voltage) 240
Driving side left
Internet code .ki

GMT Bairiki +12; Phoenix Islands +13; Line Islands +14
DST Bairiki not applied; Phoenix Islands not applied; Line Islands not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Is. Banaba 28
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Is. Banaba 28/28
Annual average precipitation (mm) Is. Banaba 1890
Days of rainfall (annual average) Is. Banaba 109

Geography.
The Kiribati archipelago in the Pacific Ocean, situated right on the Equator, comprises the Gilbert Islands, the Ocean Island (Banaba), the Phoenix Islands and the Line Islands (or Equatorial Islands), along with Kiritimati (or Christmas Island, 388 km2, pop. 5586), the largest atoll in the World. It has an equatorial climate.

Government


Formerly a British protectorate, it has been an independent republic since 1979. The President and head of government is elected by universal suffrage from among the deputies of the House of Assembly (46 members). Pillars Kiribati First (BKM) and Embracing Kiribati (TKP) are the main political parties.

Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides7.5per 100 000 pop.2012
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Administrative division

Administrative division
IslandAREAINHABITANTSYEAR
Abaiang17$ sq km5 568 inhab.2015
Abemama27$ sq km3 262 inhab.2015
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tarawa70 480inhab.2020
Betio17 330inhab.2015
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tarawa70 480inhab.2020
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
60+
15-59
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate27.4532019
Death rate6.282019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
I-Kiribati96.2%2015
other3.6%2015


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic57.3%2015
Protestant31.3%2015


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English
Gilbertese
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years28.2%2020
15-29 years29.5%2020


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Economy


Since the rich phosphate reserves ran out in 1979, the economy has been based on international aid (especially from Japan) and on income from fishing licences and a sovereign fund. The main crop is the coconut palm. Fishing is important as well as the production and export of seaweed, and tourism.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)60.64index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)93.08index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population47 300units2015
Active population, Females45.7%2010
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate8.6%2019
Unemployment rate, Females51$%2010
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses190.7M LCU2017
Revenues252.6M LCU2017
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture24.3%2015
industry18.2%2015
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture27.104%2019
industry13.9%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
International reserves7.5M US$2019
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land41.975%2018
forests1.457%2018
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
roots and tubers, total11.9041000 t2019
taro2.0011000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts145.2371000 t2019
copra6.21000 t2009
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total10.1561000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas8.4541000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
taro0.3181000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts30.6671000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas1.6291000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber3 3832019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs14.3781000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds7001000 heads2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.2521000 t2019
meat2.0061000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs41$t2019
marine fishes224 992t2019
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
non-renewable electricity generation83.789%2018
- thermal25$M kWh2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal8$1000 kW2018
- other renew.3$1000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation29.84M kWh2018
total installed capacity11$1000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconut oil3.031000 t2018
vegetable oils3.031000 t2018
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production8.021M US$2018
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products74.418% of goods exports2016
manufactures13.822% of goods exports2016
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Australia20$M US$2009
Fiji17.6M US$2009
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
202012$M US$ -
201912$M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2020184M US$ -
2019132M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures13.2M US$2018
Number of arrivals12 000units2019
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, passengers carried65.81000 units2019
Merchant fleet88$units2021
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers0.893per 1000 pop.2019
Computers11.8per 1000 pop.2004
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling12$years2008
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Female104.858index2017
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level16 695units2017
Students, secondary level11 583units2008
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending2.186% of total expenses2019
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1.86per 1000 pop.2016
Physicians0.2per 1000 pop.2013
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tuberculosis436per 100 000 pop.2019
Tuberculosis (prevalence)749per 100 000 pop.2014
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking10.2%2019
Access to electricity100%2019
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