Form of Government: Republic
Area: 199 945 sq km
Population: 6 523 500 inhab. (estimate 2020)
Density: 32.63 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 42° - 39° N; long. 69° - 80° E
Capital: Bishkek=Biškek (capital) 1 039 100 inhab. (2020);
Currency: som (100 tyiyn)
Human development index: 0.674 (rank: 122)
President (resigning): Sooronbay Jeenbekov (Social Democratic Party), in office since 24 November 2017; he resigned 15 October 2020
Prime Minister: Sadyr Japarov, since 14 October 2020
Internet: www.stat.kg (National Statistical Committee)
Member of CIS, EAEU, EBRD, OIC, OSCE, SCO, UN, WTO

Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan, Kyrgyz Respublikasy, Kyrgyzskaja Respublika
Useful information

International license plate code KS
International dialling code 00996
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission, including travelers having transited more than 12 hours through the airport of a country with risk of transmission)
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .kg

GMT  +5
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Bishkek=Biškek 10.9
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Bishkek=Biškek -3/24.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Bishkek=Biškek 10/4
Annual average precipitation (mm) Bishkek=Biškek 446
Days of rainfall (annual average) Bishkek=Biškek 64

Geography.
Kyrgyzstan is bordered by Kazakhstan to the north, China to the east and south-east, Tajikistan to the south-west, and Uzbekistan to the west. It comprises most of the Tien Shan mountain range and the Alatau Mountains, and is crossed by the Chüy, Naryn and Talas rivers. The largest lake is Ysyk-Köl. It has a continental climate.

Government


Formerly a federal republic of the USSR, Kyrgyzstan proclaimed independence on 31 August 1991. In 2005, a popular revolt ousted the President Askar Akayev, who had been in office since 1990. He was replaced by Kurmanbek Bakiyev until April 2010, when widespread demonstrations forced him to flee the country. According to the 2010 Constitution, amended in 2016, Kyrgyzstan is a parliamentary republic. The President of the Republic is elected by direct suffrage for a single six-year term and appoints the Prime Minister who must be approved by parliament. The parliamentary assembly, known as the Jogorku Kenesh, has 120 members elected for five years.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force22%2015
Army78%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Crimes597per 100 000 pop.2006
Homicides4.5per 100 000 pop.2016
TOP

Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Bishkek=Biškek1 039 100inhab.2020
Osh=Oš283 300inhab.2020
TOP

Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE

There are sporadic conflicts between ethnic groups, particularly between Kyrgyz and Uzbeks.

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate27.22019
Death rate5.22019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Kyrgyz73.6%2020
Uzbek14.8%2020


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim (Sunni)75%2014
Orthodox20%2014


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Kyrgyz (official)
Russian (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years30.4%2018
15-29 years25.6%2018


TOP

Economy

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)116.88index2016
Balance of trade-2 938M US$2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population2 607 613units2019
Active population, Females38.4%2019
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate6.3%2019
Unemployment rate, Females45.3%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses167 600M LCU2019
Revenues167 200M LCU2019
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture21.2%2019
industry24.1%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture13.1%2018
industry30.9%2018
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation106.245BN LCU2019
International reserves2 428.6M US$2019
TOP

Agriculture


Primary sector.
The principal agricultural crops for export are beans and cotton; other important crops are cereals (wheat and maize), potatoes, sugar beet, fruit (watermelons and apples), tomatoes and grape-vines (especially in the Fergana Valley and Chüy Valley).
Sheep-farming is very important, due to the sheer abundance of grazing land. Yak and the small Kyrgyz breed of horse are also farmed extensively.

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land7.07%2015
forests3.32%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley429.3061000 t2018
cereals, total1 783.481000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes1 446.611000 t2018
roots and tubers, total1 446.611000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages147.0191000 t2018
carrots and turnips176.5481000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry101.8021000 t2018
beans, green7.0071000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes8.7741000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.381000 t2018
rapeseed0.0481000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mustard seed0.0151000 t2018
pepper0.1991000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar beet773.0341000 t2018
tobacco1.7571000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton74.7181000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Flax
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
linseed0.0671000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples144.8891000 t2018
apricots25.7021000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds1.7761000 t2018
hazelnuts4.3461000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.091000 t2018
citrus fruits, nes0.0891000 t2018
Agriculture - products - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms0.221000 t2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley191.8541000 ha2018
maize105.0631000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes84.4281000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages6.1921000 ha2018
carrots and turnips7.7391000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry55.5831000 ha2018
beans, green1.5321000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grape4.8441000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.191000 ha2018
rapeseed0.0321000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mustard seed0.0191000 ha2018
pepper0.181000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar beet16.2611000 ha2018
tobacco0.6961000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton23.0451000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Flax
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
linseed0.0291000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples27.7481000 ha2018
apricots7.8551000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds0.5151000 ha2018
hazelnuts6.8241000 ha2018
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits0.0061000 ha2018
citrus fruits, nes0.0041000 ha2018
TOP

Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber45 9202018
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle1 627.2961000 heads2018
cattle and buffaloes1 627.2961000 heads2018
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs51.2651000 heads2018
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep5 3611000 heads2018
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats806.9491000 heads2018
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses28.9411000 heads2018
asses and mules29.4411000 heads2018
Livestock - Camelids
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
camels0.2461000 heads2018
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds4 8831000 heads2018
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey1.9581000 t2018
Livestock - Silk farming
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
silk, raw0.051000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter5.51000 t2019
cheese4.71000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
freshwater fishes1 565.3t2018
total catch2 577.7t2018
TOP

Minerals


Secondary and tertiary sector.
The main mineral resource is gold (Kumtor and Makmal). There are mines for antimony (Khaydarkan and Batken’s province), mercury (Khaydarkan and Novoye) and uranium (Chüy’s province).
There are significant reserves of coal and lignite (Almalyk, Jyrgalang, Kara-Kiche-Kök-Janggak, Kyzyl-Kyya, Sülüktü, and Tash-Kömür), but limited reserves of oil (the north-eastern edge of the Fergana Basin) and natural gas (Mayluu-Suu, Togap-Beshkent).
Electrical energy production is highly developed and comes from power plants on the River Naryn and smaller power plants elsewhere. Industry tends to be concentrated in the Chüy Valley and the Fergana Valley. The metal-working sector, located especially around Osh, is quite important. Near the capital there are chemical, mechanical, cement and electrical-goods factories and textile companies. The balance of trade is negative. The country exports gold and other metals, textile fibres, fabrics, electricity and food products; the most important imports are industrial products, oil, natural gas and cereals. Remittances from emigrants are extremely significant. The major trading partners are the United Kingdom, China, Russia and Kazakhstan.

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coal2751000 t2018
coal, total2 532.71000 t2019
Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
antimony0.41000 t2019
copper8.21000 t2016
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fluorspar0.51000 t2014
gypsum401000 t2016
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
granite32.81000 t2016
kaolin2131000 t2016
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold27 900kg2017
silver17 000kg2016
TOP

Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro14 135M kWh2018
- thermal1 232M kWh2017
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro3 0901000 kW2018
- thermal9561000 kW2017
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation15 293M kWh2017
total installed capacity4 0461000 kW2017
TOP

Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
antimony0.041000 t2016
copper7.21000 t2016
Industry - Electrical and electronics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
lamps102.9M units2019
ovens611 000no.2016
Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
petrol103.81000 t2019
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
soap1.71000 t2016
Industry - Textiles
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
carpets7.21000 m²2016
cotton fabrics0.056M m²2010
Industry - Clothing and footwear
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
footwear2 964 071pairs2019
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley371000 t2014
cottonseed oil5.71000 t2014
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes496.6M units2014
cigars and cigarettes496.6M units2014
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other paper0.71000 t2018
paper0.71000 t2018
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement2 005.31000 t2019
sheet glass17 8791000 m²2016
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production6.9M US$2016
food, beverages and tobacco production147.1M US$2016
TOP

Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufactures42.708% of goods exports2018
ores and metals24.321% of goods exports2018
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Switzerland387.9M US$2010
United Arab Emirates302.2M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Russia1 084M US$2010
China666.3M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20191 966M US$ -
20181 837M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20194 904M US$ -
20185 292M US$ -
TOP

Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures453M US$2018
Number of arrivals423 000units2018
TOP

Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown6 200 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried709.21000 units2018
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers56.414per 1000 pop.2018
Computers19.4per 1000 pop.2005
TOP

Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling13years2018
Graduates66 622units2018
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level21 154units2018
Teachers, secondary level63 420units2018
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending30.7% of total expenses2018
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds4.1per 1000 pop.2019
Physicians2.2per 1000 pop.2019
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.2% of adults2018
Malaria2cases2017
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums67units2018
Museums, visitors813 800units2018
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.1% of GDP2017
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking81.25%2016
Access to electricity100%2018
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing, footwear9%2005
food, non-alcoholic beverages, tobacco55.9%2005
TOP