Form of Government: Islamic republic
Area: 1 628 792 sq km
Population: 79 926 270 inhab. (census 2016)
Density: 49.07 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 40° - 25° N; long. 44° - 63° E
Capital: Tehrān (capital) 8 693 706 inhab. (2016);
Currency: Iranian rial (100 dinars)
Human development index: 0.774 (rank: 69)
President and head of government: Hassan Rouhani, elected on 14 June 2013, in office since 3 August 2013, reconfirmed on 19 May 2017
Supreme Leader (Rahbar): Mohamad Ali Khamenei, since 3 June 1989
Islamic Consultative Assembly: seats based on the elections of 26 February and 29 April 2016: List of Hope (reformist coalition), 121; Principlists Grand Coalition (conservatives), 83; People's Voice (moderate conservatives), 11; independents, 65; religious minorities, 5; others, 5
Internet: www.amar.org.ir (Statistical Centre of Iran)
Member of OIC, OPEC, SCO observer, UN, WTO observer

Iran

Īrān, Jomhūrī-ye Eslāmī-ye Īrān
Useful information

International license plate code IR
International dialling code 0098
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission); malaria prophylaxis (recommended for some areas)
Electricity (Voltage) 230
Driving side rigth
Internet code .ir

GMT  +3.30
DST  +4.30
DST duration (start-end) early Spring-early Autumn

Annual average temperature (°C) Teheran 17.1; Bandar-e ‘Abbas 26.9
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Teheran 3/30.5; Bandar-e ‘Abbas 17.5/34
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Teheran 11.5/5.5; Bandar-e ‘Abbas 10/7.5
Annual average precipitation (mm) Teheran 227; Bandar-e ‘Abbas 176
Days of rainfall (annual average) Teheran 40; Bandar-e ‘Abbas 12

Politics and current affairs

Between December 2017 and January 2018, public protests were held against the rise in prices, unemployment and the government led by H. Rouhani, increasingly pressed by radical factions. On 8 May 2018, US President D. Trump announced his country’s withdrawal from the 2015 agreement to reduce sanctions in exchange for scaling back the nuclear program.

Geography.
Iran is bordered to the north by Armenia, Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the west by Iraq and Turkey. It lies on the Caspian Sea to the north and on the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman to the south. There is a considerable contrast between the outlying mountain chains (the Elburz and the Zagros) and the inland areas that are made up of a large rocky depression with no outlet to the sea, alternating with large salty expanses, saline steppes and sandy desert areas (such as the Dasht-e Kavīr).
The climate is continental on the upper plains; on the coasts the winters are warm and the summers are hot.

Government


The monarchy, particularly under Shah Pahlavi who ruled from 1941 and was supported by the USA, encouraged the country’s modernisation. In January 1979, however, the Shah was forced into exile by a popular revolt led by the Ayatollah Khomeini; in the referendum of 30 March 1979 Iran was transformed into an Islamic Republic, proclaiming itself defender of the destitute masses of Islam fighting against the “Great Satan” (the USA) and its ally (Israel). In the period 1980-88, Iran was involved in a long war against Iraq which ended with neither side having won or been defeated, but with an exceptionally high number of victims (more than a million dead) as well as material damage. The presidential elections in 1997 and the parliamentary elections 2000 paved the way to the government of the moderate Mohammad Khatami. The “reformist spring” ended in 2005 with the ultra-conservative Mahmoud Ahmadinejad winning the presidential elections. He was re-elected in 2009, but defeated in 2013 by Hassan Rouhani, a reformist backed by former presidents Rafsanjani and Khatami. The development of the Iranian civil nuclear programme, opposed by Israel and the USA, slowed down considerably following the agreement signed in Vienna on 14 July 2015, which in exchange provides for the slackening in economic sanctions.
The 2 December 1979 Constitution ratified the subordination of the State to Shia religious authority. As a result, the supreme head of the state is the Rahbar, the religious leader appointed for life by the Assembly of Experts (86 theologians elected by the people for a term of eight years); he presides over the Guardian Council of the Constitution (6 members appointed by him and 6 elected by the Islamic Assembly), who controls the laws and the organs of the State, including the President of the Republic. The latter, also head of the government, is elected by direct suffrage for a term of four years and may be re-elected only once. The legislative organ is the Islamic Assembly, made up of 290 members elected for a term of four years; the candidates must have the approval of the Guardian Council.


Defence and justice.
Apart from the armed forces there is a Revolutionary Guard (Pasdaran) that controls the Basij, a body of volunteers who may mobilise in cases of emergency. The judicial system is based on Islamic (sharia) law.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force5.7%2015
Army66.9%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides4.1per 100 000 pop.2015
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tehrān8 693 706inhab.2016
Mashhad3 001 184inhab.2016
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2017)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate16.52016
Death rate4.52016
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Persian34.9%2000
other16%2000


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim99.6%2016
other0.2%2016


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Farsi (Persian)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years24.2%2017
15-29 years25.2%2017


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Economy


Economic situation.
In 2017, the push in economic growth that came from having Iranian crude oil and gas on the markets in 2016 petered out, but the contribution from sectors not tied to hydrocarbons increased. Unemployment and the debts of companies continue to be high. H. Rouhani’s administration reviewed the inefficient system of subsidies, replaced by direct support for the poorer classes, allowing for public accounts to be improved, though this caused widespread anger. Public protests and uncertainty about the future of the nuclear deal have contributed to a rapid depreciation of the rial in 2018. Most production activities are under the control of the state and the religious foundations (Bonyad), which keep the prices of consumer goods controlled.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)110.07index2016
Balance of trade45 000M US$2017
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population27 344 745units2017
Active population, Females19%2017
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate13.1%2017
Unemployment rate, Females31.6%2017
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses1 438 316M LCU2014-15
Revenues977 963.1M LCU2014-15
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture17.1%2017
industry32.4%2017
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture9.8%2016
industry34.3%2016
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation1 207 559.2BN LCU2014-15
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Agriculture


Primary sector
Agriculture and forests.
Agricultural production does not satisfy domestic needs due to the scarcity of water, the lack of technologies in the water sector and the excessive fragmentation of land ownership. Wheat, barley and rice are grown in Khūzestān and Golestān; sugar beet in Khūzestān, in the oasis of Eṣfahān and in the areas of Yazd, Tehrān and Kermān; vegetables and fruit, destined for export, on the shores of the Caspian Sea. Tea production is significant (the national drink) in Gīlān and Māzandarān. Iran is the largest producer of pistachios in the world (especially in Rafsanjān area). Cotton, the main industrial crop, is widespread in the provinces of Māzandarān, Golestān and Kho­rāsān-e Raẕavī.
Wooded areas are scarce (the Caspian slopes of the Elburz mountains, the mountain chains of Kordestān and Lorestān).
Spontaneous floral production includes tragacanth and Asafoetida.
Livestock and fishing.
Sheep are numerous and produce the finest of skins (Karakul, Persian). Oceanic fishing is important (tuna, oily fish), as is sturgeon fishing developed along the coasts of the Caspian Sea, from whose eggs caviar is produced (prepared in Bandar-e Anzalī); aquaculture is also relevant (carp, trout, crustaceans).

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land10.12%2015
forests6.56%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley2 907.5721000 t2016
cereals, total17 307.7911000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes5 164.8911000 t2016
roots and tubers, total5 164.8911000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
artichokes17.61000 t2016
asparagus16.0211000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry202.6011000 t2016
beans, green61.5781000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes2 450.0211000 t2016
raisins145.51000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Olive
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
olives85.0491000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
castor oil seed0.1281000 t2016
groundnuts14.7621000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mustard seed0.0051000 t2016
tea751000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar beet5 536.9141000 t2016
sugar cane7 687.5931000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton173.1931000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Flax
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
linseed0.0771000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
hempseed0.2011000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples2 799.1971000 t2016
apricots306.1151000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds147.8631000 t2016
hazelnuts16.3271000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits3 744.7451000 t2016
citrus fruits, nes617.1721000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas129.6871000 t2016
dates1 065.7041000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Others
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mushrooms150.0631000 t2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
barley1 611.4231000 ha2016
maize130.1191000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
potatoes161.7711000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
artichokes0.9141000 ha2016
cabbages7.1951000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry87.6171000 ha2016
beans, green6.7341000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grape207.3291000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Olive
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
olive66.9151000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
castor oil seed0.0761000 ha2016
groundnuts3.3641000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mustard seed0.0071000 ha2016
tea20.4031000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar beet101.2111000 ha2016
sugar cane95.7851000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton82.1121000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Flax
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
linseed0.2131000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
hempseed0.1981000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples238.6381000 ha2016
apricots54.3921000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
almonds104.7161000 ha2016
hazelnuts17.8991000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits214.7461000 ha2016
citrus fruits, nes26.8641000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas4.3881000 ha2016
dates193.3681000 ha2016
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber446 0002016
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle5 658.5961000 heads2016
cattle and buffaloes5 753.6461000 heads2016
Livestock - Buffaloes
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
buffaloes95.051000 heads2016
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep42 501.9871000 heads2016
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats19 100.8171000 heads2016
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses1 557.7131000 heads2016
asses and mules1 734.571000 heads2016
Livestock - Camelids
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
camels101.171000 heads2016
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds1 030 4491000 heads2016
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey761000 t2014
Livestock - Silk farming
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
silk, raw0.91000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter165.8641000 t2014
cheese241.1251000 t2014
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs38 199t2016
freshwater fishes270 665t2016
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Minerals


Secondary sector
Minerals.
Iran is one of the world’s greatest producers of oil. The main deposits are at Masjed-e Soleymān, Haftgel, Gachsārān, Āghājārī, Naft Sefīd, Ahvāz, Kūpāl, Mārūn, Bībī Hakīmeh, Kāranj, Bīnak and Manṣūrī, connected by oil pipelines to the refinery of Ābādān. There are also significant offshore deposits at Doroud, Soroush, Ras Bahrgān and Salmān as well as oil wells in Naft Shahr, along the border areas with Iraq (at Khānaqīn), which are connected by oil pipeline to the refinery in Kermānshāh. There are further deposits in Resālat, Reshadat and Salmān, connected by three oil pipelines to the island of Lāvān; a further undersea oil pipeline, 44 km in length, connects the island of Khārk to Gonāveh, on the mainland. Iran has vast natural gas reserves both offshore (North and South Pars fields) and on the mainland: the main extraction plants are in Gorgān, Sarājeh, Rāmshīr, Dālān, Aghar, Kangān, Nar, Varāvī, Lāmard, Sūrū and Sarkhūn.
There are, moreover, rich deposits of copper (in Cheshmeh and Bīrjand); coalmines (in Kermān, Māzandarān, Semnān and Ṭabas), iron (in Kermān and Yazd), lead (in Nakhlak, Shāh Kūh and Angūrān), zinc (at Yazd, Eṣfahān and Qom), chromite (at Mīnāb, Forūmad and Esfandaqeh), bauxite (in Jājarm), sulfur (in Bandar ‘Abbās) and uranium mines (in Yazd). The most important nuclear plants and research centres are in Naṭanz, Arāk, Eṣfahān and Būshehr.
Energy and industry.
Large oil refineries are located at Ābādān, Arāk, Bandar ‘Abbās, Eṣfahān, Kermānshāh, Lavan, Shīrāz, Tehrān and Tabrīz; the petrol produced, however, is less than domestic requirements. Among the chemical plants those worthy of note are those involved in the production of sulfuric acid, caustic soda and nitrogenous fertilizers in Ābādān, Karaj, Tehrān and Shīrāz.
The iron and steel industry is centred on Eṣfahān and Ahvāz; there are also plants involved in aluminium production (in Arāk), foundry copper, refined copper and lead. The automotive industry is very developed (Kāshān, Mashhad, Semnān, Tabrīz,Tehrān). The woollen textile industry is important (in Eṣfahān, Tehrān, Kermān, Yazd and Qazvīn) as well as the cotton industry (in Qā’emshahr, Semnān, Tehrān, Qazvīn, Eṣfahān, Mashhad, Shīrāz, Yazd and Bandar ‘Abbās).
Carpet-making is renowned, for the most part produced with modern systems (at Tabrīz, Kermān, Eṣfahān and Shīrāz).
Cement-making is also important (in Tehrān, Ābyek, Eṣfahān, Shīrāz, Bandar-e Khamīr and Mashhad), as are the rubber and glass (in Tehrān and Qazvīn), leather and hide (in Mashhad, Tehrān, Tabrīz and Hamadan), sugar (in Karaj, Varāmīn-Tehrān, Marv Dasht-Shīrāz, Eslamābād, Arāk, Torbat-e Heydarīyeh, Miāndowāb and Mashhad) industries.

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coal1 264.41000 t2017
coal, total1 264.41000 t2017
Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
alumina2411000 t2015
antimony0.21000 t2017
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asbestos1.41000 t2008
barite5001000 t2017
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
dolomite6001000 t2011
kaolin7901000 t2017
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold3 500kg2015
precious stones - kg21 000kg2015
Mineral resources - Other minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arsenic0.111000 t2015
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal247 589.42M kWh2015
- hydro13 949M kWh2015
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal60 6801000 kW2015
- hydro10 1561000 kW2015
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation264 971.42M kWh2015
total installed capacity72 9381000 kW2015
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
aluminium3551000 t2016
coke, metall.1 030.61000 t2015
Industry - Machinery and transport equipment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bikes151 700no.2009
cars1 418 550no.2017
Industry - Electrical and electronics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
air conditioners1 638 200no.2009
fridges896 000no.2009
Industry - Petrochemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bitumen4 860.71000 t2015
petrol20 420.91000 t2014
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ammonia2 7001000 t2017
caustic soda1 158.41000 t2008
Industry - Textiles
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
carpets77 2451000 m²2010
cotton fabrics - m19.8M m2008
Industry - Clothing and footwear
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
footwear27 185 400pairs2009
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cottonseed oil15.81000 t2014
fish, preserved27.51000 t2010
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes22 354M units2010
tobacco1 826.9t2009
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemical pulp2091000 t2016
chemi-mechanical pulp2091000 t2016
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement56 0001000 t2017
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production16 328.5M US$2014
food, beverages and tobacco production6 409.8M US$2014
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Trade


Tertiary sector
Foreign trade.

The balance of trade is active. Imports are made up of machinery, petrol, military supplies, food products, steel, metal and pharmaceutical products.
Intensive exports to China (Iran is a main oil supplier) and imports from the United Arab Emirates, through which the embargo was partly circumvented.


Main exports (M US$ - 2016) crude oil and petroleum products 50 710, natural gas 5 296, plastics and articles thereof 4 940, chemicals 4 705, iron and steel 2 999, fruit and vegetables 2 872, metal ores 1 103, fertilizers 790


Finance and banking.
All banking institutions, even those that are private and foreign, are subject to Islamic law, which forbids interest. The uncertain application of the law has led to a significant accumulation of bad debt.

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fuels70.5% of goods exports2011
manufactures12.1% of goods exports2011
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
China8 370M US$2016
United Arab Emirates7 417M US$2016
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
China10 696M US$2016
United Arab Emirates5 689M US$2016
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201792 000M US$ -
201673 000M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201747 000M US$ -
201640 000M US$ -
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Tourism


Tourism. There are numerous centres of archaeological worth, especially at Eṣfahān, Yazd, Tabrīz, Susa and Persepolis.

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures8 485M US$2015
Number of arrivals4 942 000units2016
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, km flown91 400 000km flown2004
Civil aviation, passengers carried19 282.81000 units2017
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers123.920per 1000 pop.2017
Computers106per 1000 pop.2008
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Social and welfare


Education, culture & research.

Elementary education is obligatory and free; secondary schools are divided into two cycles of 4 and 3 years. The literacy gap between men and women has diminished considerably: indeed, at the higher levels of education the number of female students has overtaken that of the males.

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling14.9years2015
Graduates859 697units2016
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level286 477units2015
Teachers, secondary level335 686units2015
Social statistics - Social protection
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Social protection spending37.3% of total expenses2009
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds0.1per 1000 pop.2012
Physicians1.5per 1000 pop.2014
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.1% of adults2016
HIV, total0.03%2001
Museums
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Museums139units2012-13
Museums, visitors7 268 000units2012-13
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.25% of GDP2013
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking98.49%2016
Access to electricity100%2016
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing6%2005-06
education2.5%2005-06
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