Form of Government: Republic
Area: 112 492 sq km
Population: 9 304 380 inhab. (estimate 2020)
Density: 82.71 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 16° - 13° N; long. 89° - 83° W
Capital: Tegucigalpa (capital) 1 128 759 inhab. (2018);
Currency: lempira (100 centavos)
Human development index: 0.634 (rank: 132)
President: Juan Orlando Hernández (PNH), elected 24 November 2013, in office since 30 January 2014, reconfirmed 26 November 2017
National Congress: seats based on the elections of 26 November 2017: PNH (National Party), 61; LIBRE (Liberty and Refoundation, social democratic), 30; PLH (Liberal Party), 26; others, 11
Internet: www.ine.gob.hn (Instituto nacional de Estadística)
Member of DR-CAFTA, OAS, UN, WTO

Honduras

Honduras, República de Honduras
Useful information

International license plate code HN
International dialling code 00504
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission, including travelers having transited more than 12 hours through the airport of a country with risk of transmission); malaria prophylaxis (recommended for some areas)
Electricity (Voltage) 110
Driving side rigth
Internet code .hn

GMT  -6
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Tegucigalpa 22.3
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Tegucigalpa 20/23
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Tegucigalpa 6/7
Annual average precipitation (mm) Tegucigalpa 880
Days of rainfall (annual average) Tegucigalpa 73

Geography.
Honduras is bordered to the south by Nicaragua, to the west by El Salvador and Guatemala. It lies on the Caribbean Sea to the north and on the Pacific Ocean to the south. The country is predominantly mountainous.
The climate is tempered on the plateau with abundant rainfall in the areas exposed to the trade winds yet remaining prone to draught in the areas sheltered from them.

Government


Formerly a Spanish colony, Honduras became independent (within the Central American Confederation) on 15 September 1821, and a complete sovereign state on 5 November 1838. In the 20th century the country was governed by a series of military regimes; a civilian government was only set up in 1982 with the election of President Suazo Córdova of the Liberal Party. Over the years to follow, conflict in neighbouring countries (El Salvador and Nicaragua) also spilled over to Honduras, a close ally of the USA. Nevertheless, elections were held regularly. In 2009, President Manuel Zelaya (PLH) was deposed by a coup. The following elections held in 2009 and 2013 were won by the National Party’s candidates.
On the basis of the 1982 Constitution, amended several times, the President is the holder of executive power while the National Congress (128 members) holds legislative power; President and Congress are elected by direct suffrage and remain in office for four years.


Defence and justice.
US military bases are present in the country. The judicial system is based on Spanish law with influences from British Common Law.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force21.5%2015
Army68.2%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides56.5per 100 000 pop.2016
Police personnel147.1per 100 000 pop.2015
TOP

Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tegucigalpa1 128 759inhab.2018
San Pedro Sula736 751inhab.2018
TOP

Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate21.3372019
Death rate4.452019
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mestizo87$%2000
Amerindian5.5%2000


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Protestant48$%2016
Catholic41$%2016


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Spanish
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years30.2%2020
15-29 years29.8%2020


TOP

Economy


Economic situation.
In 2021, the country started to recover from the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and the damage caused by the two hurricanes that struck in November 2020. The development is negatively affected by a high crime rate, which is linked to the unequal distribution of wealth. The country remains one of the poorest in Central America. It is deeply reliant on US companies, which is where most foreign investment comes from.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)124.27index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)115.87index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population4 122 938units2020
Active population, Females38.2%2019
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate9.4%2020
Unemployment rate, Females49.7%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses138 046.5M LCU2020
Revenues97 149.2M LCU2020
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture30.3%2019
industry20$%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture11.206%2019
industry28.624%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation53.499BN LCU2020
International reserves8 138.458M US$2020
TOP

Agriculture


Primary sector.
Plantation farming (coffee, bananas, coconut palms, sugar cane and fruit), controlled by US multinationals, continues to be crucial to the country’s economy; forestry (the production of mahogany, cedar wood and pine) is also of importance.
Fishing along both coasts is relevant (shellfish, sea bream, grouper), as well as aquaculture (mainly shrimp and tilapia), which fuel exports.

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land14.264%2018
forests57.209%2018
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total674.9761000 t2019
maize595.4791000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava26.7321000 t2019
potatoes26.5221000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages94.1751000 t2019
carrots and turnips4.5351000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry134.41000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes0.181000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.0811000 t2019
sesame seed1.3321000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits2 337.21000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts13.341000 t2019
copra1$1000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa1$1000 t2019
coffee476.3451000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane5 4091000 t2019
tobacco5.8531000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton3.391000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples0.1871000 t2019
fruits, total1 591.5661000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts2.0971000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits320.0421000 t2019
citrus fruits, nes0.9531000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados1.2181000 t2019
bananas634.11000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize326.9431000 ha2019
rice15.2321000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava2.7461000 ha2019
potatoes1.8431000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages2.8181000 ha2019
carrots and turnips0.3891000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry167.5741000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grape0.0371000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.1511000 ha2019
sesame seed1.4991000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit2001000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts1.5391000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa2.9071000 ha2019
coffee420.9571000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane62.2861000 ha2019
tobacco3.3151000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton1.8581000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples0.1241000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts1.451000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits11.7191000 ha2019
citrus fruits, nes0.3821000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.2981000 ha2019
bananas14.7951000 ha2019
TOP

Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber9 030 2252019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle2 897.531000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes2 897.531000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs464.7611000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep16.6721000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats25.4271000 heads2019
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses23.3291000 heads2019
asses and mules93.5191000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds47 1981000 heads2019
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.121000 t2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter4.1571000 t2018
cheese8.5581000 t2018
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs39 779t2019
freshwater fishes36 600t2019
TOP

Minerals


Secondary sector.
Polarised in the centres of San Pedro Sula and Tegucigalpa, industrial activity is based on the processing of agricultural products (sugar refineries, breweries, cigarette factories, cotton factories and rum distilleries) and on a number of cement plants and companies making textiles (maquiladoras), clothing and automobile cable harnesses.

Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
antimony0.011000 t2019
lead9.91000 t2018
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gypsum6$1000 t2011
salt40$1000 t2011
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
limestone1 2001000 t2011
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold2 064kg2018
silver31 182kg2018
TOP

Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro3 229.38M kWh2018
- other renew.3 136M kWh2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- other renew.986.681000 kW2019
- thermal9601000 kW2018
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation9 305.7M kWh2018
total installed capacity2 620.681000 kW2018
TOP

Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
alcoholic beverages130 660hl2020
beer of barley169.3351000 t2018
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes2 841.9M units2020
cigars and cigarettes2 841.9M units2020
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other paper50.9371000 t2019
paper50.9371000 t2019
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement1 798.11000 t2020
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production48$M US$2004
food, beverages and tobacco production781M US$2004
TOP

Trade


Tertiary sector.
The Central American Bank for Economic Integration has its headquarters in Tegucigalpa. Remittances from migrant workers play a key part in the economy.


Main exports
(M US$ - 2017) 
coffee 1 292, electrical and electronic equipment 525, fish and crustaceans 449, bananas 250, palm oil 345, paper 230, fruit and vegetables 201, iron and steel 167, gold and precious stones 157, soap and detergents 103, plastics 101, sugar and derived products 99

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products71.066% of goods exports2019
manufactures20.783% of goods exports2019
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States1 030M US$2019
Germany210M US$2019
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States3 318M US$2019
China1 476M US$2019
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20207 733M US$ -
20198 718M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20209 871M US$ -
201911 826M US$ -
TOP

Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures655M US$2019
Number of arrivals724 000units2019
TOP

Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, passengers carried245.11000 units2019
Merchant fleet505units2021
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers40.055per 1000 pop.2019
Computers25$per 1000 pop.2008
TOP

Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling10.295years2019
Graduates24 424units2018
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level1 103 956units2019
Students, secondary level688 235units2019
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds0.8per 1000 pop.2019
Physicians2.1per 1000 pop.2019
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.3% of adults2019
HIV, total0.9%2001
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.04% of GDP2017
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking44.9%2019
Access to electricity92.78%2019
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing9.1%1995
food, non-alcoholic beverages44.4%1995
TOP