Form of Government: Republic
Area: 112 492 sq km
Population: 9 012 229 inhab. (estimate 2018)
Density: 80.11 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 16° - 13° N; long. 89° - 83° W
Capital: Tegucigalpa (capital) 1 128 759 inhab. (2018);
Currency: lempira (100 centavos)
Human development index: 0.617 (rank: 133)
President: Juan Orlando Hernández (PNH), elected 24 November 2013, in office since 30 January 2014, reconfirmed 26 November 2017
National Congress: seats based on the elections of 26 November 2017: PNH (National Party), 61; LIBRE (Liberty and Refoundation, social democratic), 30; PLH (Liberal Party), 26; others, 11
Internet: www.ine.gob.hn (Instituto nacional de Estadística)
Member of DR-CAFTA, OAS, UN, WTO

Honduras

Honduras, República de Honduras
Useful information

International license plate code HN
International dialling code 00504
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission, including travelers having transited more than 12 hours through the airport of a country with risk of transmission); malaria prophylaxis (recommended for some areas)
Electricity (Voltage) 110
Driving side rigth
Internet code .hn

GMT  -6
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Tegucigalpa 22.3
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Tegucigalpa 20/23
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Tegucigalpa 6/7
Annual average precipitation (mm) Tegucigalpa 880
Days of rainfall (annual average) Tegucigalpa 73

Politics and current affairs

In 2018-19, protests continued against President J. Hernández, whose re-election (26 November 2017) was marred by irregularities.

Geography.
Honduras is bordered to the south by Nicaragua, to the west by El Salvador and Guatemala. It lies on the Caribbean Sea to the north and on the Pacific Ocean to the south. The country is predominantly mountainous.
The climate is tempered on the plateau with abundant rainfall in the areas exposed to the trade winds yet remaining prone to draught in the areas sheltered from them.

Government


Formerly a Spanish colony, Honduras became independent (within the Central American Confederation) on 15 September 1821, and a complete sovereign state on 5 November 1838. In the 20th century the country was governed by a series of military regimes; a civilian government was only set up in 1982 with the election of President Suazo Córdova of the Liberal Party. Over the years to follow, conflict in neighbouring countries (El Salvador and Nicaragua) also spilled over to Honduras, a close ally of the USA. Nevertheless, elections were held regularly. In 2009, President Manuel Zelaya (PLH) was deposed by a coup. The following elections held in 2009 and 2013 were won by the National Party’s candidates.
On the basis of the 1982 Constitution, the President is the holder of executive power while the National Congress (128 members) holds legislative power; President and Congress are elected by direct suffrage and remain in office for four years.


Defence and justice.
US military bases are present in the country. The judicial system is based on Spanish law with influences from British Common Law.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force21.5%2015
Army68.2%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides56.5per 100 000 pop.2016
Police personnel147.1per 100 000 pop.2015
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Tegucigalpa1 128 759inhab.2018
San Pedro Sula736 751inhab.2018
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate21.42017
Death rate4.82017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
mestizo87%2000
Amerindian5.5%2000


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Protestant48%2016
Catholic41%2016


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Spanish
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years32.4%2018
15-29 years29.9%2018


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Economy


Economic situation.
Economic development is negatively affected by the high level of crime and the unequal distribution of wealth; the country is still one of the poorest in Central America. It is deeply reliant on US companies, which is where most foreign investments come from.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)124.27index2016
Balance of trade-3 095M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population4 236 042units2018
Active population, Females36.7%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate4.1%2018
Unemployment rate, Females47.6%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses128 517.1M LCU2018
Revenues116 255.2M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture31.9%2018
industry20.5%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture13.4%2017
industry27.2%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation39.29BN LCU2018
International reserves4 769.1M US$2018
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Agriculture


Primary sector.
Plantation farming (coffee, bananas, coconut palms, sugar cane and fruit), controlled by US multinationals, continues to be crucial to the country’s economy; forestry (the production of mahogany, cedar wood and pine) is also of importance.
Fishing along both coasts is relevant (shellfish, sea bream, grouper), as well as aquaculture (mainly shrimp and tilapia), which fuel exports.

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land13.18%2015
forests41.04%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total774.8131000 t2017
maize675.6651000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava25.6081000 t2017
potatoes26.7641000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages89.8851000 t2017
carrots and turnips4.3381000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry121.9591000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grapes0.1781000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.0821000 t2017
sesame seed0.7491000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits2 403.31000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts14.0191000 t2017
copra11000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0.7511000 t2017
coffee475.0421000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane5 379.8691000 t2017
tobacco5.8991000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton3.3581000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples0.1841000 t2017
fruits, total1 380.5531000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts2.0081000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits313.9941000 t2017
citrus fruits, nes0.7691000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados1.0741000 t2017
bananas686.7651000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize393.9631000 ha2017
rice8.0391000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava2.531000 ha2017
potatoes1.6441000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages2.6611000 ha2017
carrots and turnips0.3731000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry149.8171000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Grape
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
grape0.0381000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.1511000 ha2017
sesame seed0.8661000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit1801000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts1.6231000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa1.9331000 ha2017
coffee505.1151000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane64.5771000 ha2017
tobacco3.2831000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton1.8571000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
apples0.111000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts1.3751000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits20.8471000 ha2017
citrus fruits, nes0.2781000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.2011000 ha2017
bananas25.4811000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber8 779 9112017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle2 869.2011000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes2 869.2011000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs456.0071000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep16.4791000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats25.3281000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses23.2781000 heads2017
asses and mules93.3961000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds45 6331000 heads2017
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.0891000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter6.951000 t2014
cheese13.8791000 t2014
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs39 900t2017
freshwater fishes30 100t2017
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Minerals


Secondary sector.
Polarised in the centres of San Pedro Sula and Tegucigalpa, industrial activity is based on the processing of agricultural products (sugar refineries, breweries, cigarette factories, cotton factories and rum distilleries) and on a number of cement plants and companies making textiles (maquiladoras), clothing and automobile cable harnesses.

Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
lead41000 t2016
zinc14.61000 t2016
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gypsum61000 t2011
salt401000 t2011
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
limestone1 2001000 t2011
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold2 607kg2016
silver17 634kg2016
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal4 058.92M kWh2016
- hydro2 327M kWh2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1 0811000 kW2016
- other renew.7951000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation8 500.92M kWh2016
total installed capacity2 5461000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
alcoholic beverages184 350hl2018
beer of barley104.51000 t2014
Industry - Tobacco
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cigarettes3 928.9M units2018
cigars and cigarettes3 928.9M units2018
Industry - Paper and wood products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
other paper751000 t2017
paper751000 t2017
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement1 7001000 t2016
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production48M US$2004
food, beverages and tobacco production781M US$2004
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Trade


Tertiary sector.
The Central American Bank for Economic Integration has its headquarters in Tegucigalpa. Remittances from migrant workers play a key part in the economy. The country’s main trading partner is the USA.


Main exports
(M US$ - 2017) 
coffee 1 292, electrical and electronic equipment 525, fish and crustaceans 449, bananas 250, palm oil 345, paper 230, fruit and vegetables 201, iron and steel 167, gold and precious stones 157, soap and detergents 103, plastics 101, sugar and derived products 99

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products64.814% of goods exports2017
manufactures30.362% of goods exports2017
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States1 721M US$2018
El Salvador319M US$2018
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States3 465M US$2018
China1 483M US$2018
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20189 105M US$ -
20178 675M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
201812 200M US$ -
201711 324M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures517M US$2017
Number of arrivals851 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, passengers carried242.41000 units2016
Merchant fleet550units2018
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers25.147per 1000 pop.2017
Computers25per 1000 pop.2008
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling10.2years2015
Graduates21 481units2015
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level43 908units2017
Teachers, secondary level39 322units2017
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds0.8per 1000 pop.2018
Physicians2per 1000 pop.2018
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV0.3% of adults2017
HIV, total0.9%2001
Research
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Research and development spending0.02% of GDP2015
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking53.1%2016
Access to electricity86.5%2017
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing9.1%1995
food, non-alcoholic beverages44.4%1995
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