Form of Government: Republic
Area: 27 065 sq km
Population: 11 411 527 inhab. (estimate 2018)
Density: 421.63 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 20° - 18° N; long. 75° - 72° W
Capital: Port-au-Prince/Pòtoprens (capital) 977 790 inhab. (2015); Port-au-Prince 2 618 894 inhab. (2015), urban agglomeration
Currency: gourde (100 centimes)
Human development index: 0.498 (rank: 168)
President: Jovenel Moïse (PHTK), elected 20 November 2016, in office since 7 February 2017
Prime Minister: Fritz-William Michel (indep.), since 22 July 2019
Internet: www.ihsi.ht (Institut Haïtien de Statistique)
Member of Caricom, OAS, UN, WTO

Haiti

Ayiti, Haïti, Repiblik d'Ayiti, République d'Haïti
Useful information

International license plate code RH
International dialling code 00509
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required only if traveling from a country with risk of transmission); malaria prophylaxis (recommended or advised)
Electricity (Voltage) 110
Driving side rigth
Internet code .ht

GMT  -5
DST  -4
DST duration (start-end) mid March (Sunday 9)-early November

Annual average temperature (°C) Port-au-Prince 27
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Port-au-Prince 25.5/28.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Port-au-Prince 8/8
Annual average precipitation (mm) Port-au-Prince 1245
Days of rainfall (annual average) Port-au-Prince 99

Politics and current affairs

Since 2018, there have been many protests against the misappropriation of funds earmarked for development. Dozens of people have been killed during attempts to suppress the protests. On 18 March 2019, the Chamber of Deputies held a vote of no confidence that resulted in the fall of Prime Minister Jean-Henry Céant.

Geography.
Haiti lies on the western part of the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean Sea and is bordered to the east by the Dominican Republic. The country is mountainous and is formed by two mountain ranges (Morne La Selle, 2674 m) with a small chain between them. The coastline is rugged, high and rocky. The climate is hot and humid, tempered by the altitude.

Government


Formerly a French colony, Haiti was the first country in Latin America to gain independence in 1804. The USA occupied the island militarily from 1915 to 1934, also maintaining control following the Second World War. In 1957, the ferocious dictatorship of the Duvalier family began. It was toppled by popular revolt in 1986. In 1987, a new Constitution was approved, setting up a presidential republic. The first free elections in 1990 elected Jean-Bertrand Aristide to the presidency, but in 1991 the President was forced into exile by a military coup d’état. The democratic process began again in 1994 following US military intervention on a UN mandate which brought Aristide back to power. He was re-elected as President of the country in the elections of 2000. In 2004, a new revolt, led by the Democratic Convergence opposition, was quashed by US and French mediation and by the intervention of a UN stabilization mission (MINUSTAH), which officially ended in October 2017.
The President of the Republic, who is also head of the government, is elected with a mandate of five years. Legislative power is in the hands of a two-chamber parliament (the Chamber of Deputies with 119 members elected for four years, and the Senate with 30 members elected for six years, one-third of whom are renewed every two years).

Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides10per 100 000 pop.2012
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Port-au-Prince/Pòtoprens977 790inhab.2015
Carrefour/Kafou501 768inhab.2015
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Port-au-Prince2 618 894inhab.2015
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE

Huge numbers of emigrants have moved to the USA, Canada, Cuba and the Dominican Republic.

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate23.82017
Death rate8.52017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
black94%2000
mulatto5%2000


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic55%2017
Protestant29%2017


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Creole (official)
French (official)
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years32.3%2018
15-29 years30.2%2018


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Economy


Haiti is the poorest country in the region and depends on international aid. The remittances received from emigrants are significant.
Agriculture is severely hindered by the poor soil, by frequent hurricanes and by the lack of farm machinery and irrigation systems. In the more fertile areas, produce destined for export is grown (especially coffee, cocoa and fruit). There are textile factories (at Port-au-Prince, Caracol, Les Cayes and Léogane), sugar refineries (at Port-au-Prince, Jérémie, Léogane and Les Cayes), distilleries, tobacco factories, chemical plants and a cement factory (at Cabaret).

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)154.61index2016
Balance of trade-3 743.5M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population5 082 250units2018
Active population, Females47.8%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate13.5%2018
Unemployment rate, Females57.7%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses108 810.7M LCU2018
Revenues79 767.2M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture49.8%2018
industry10.3%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture17.8%2017
industry32.2%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation64.59BN LCU2018
International reserves2 369.1M US$2018
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land48.98%2015
forests3.52%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total4841000 t2017
maize2251000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava498.0341000 t2017
potatoes38.7231000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages18.2251000 t2017
eggplants0.8511000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry111.3981000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
castor oil seed1.5561000 t2017
groundnuts38.531000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts27.1431000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa14.1731000 t2017
coffee39.5371000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane1 501.9271000 t2017
tobacco0.5641000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton0.9181000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sisal11.0771000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total1 761.5161000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits158.3211000 t2017
grapefruits24.9261000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados97.521000 t2017
bananas259.0061000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize270.8271000 ha2017
rice70.6731000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava111.0011000 ha2017
potatoes3.0441000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages2.8621000 ha2017
eggplants0.0771000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, dry171.851000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
castor oil seed2.6261000 ha2017
groundnuts43.4491000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts9.2231000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa29.1731000 ha2017
coffee76.6151000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane23.7811000 ha2017
tobacco0.4521000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton1.9321000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sisal19.8551000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits33.1861000 ha2017
grapefruits3.3181000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados16.4611000 ha2017
bananas53.5611000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber2 347 9612017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle1 497.2281000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes1 497.2281000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs1 032.8021000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep156.0381000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats1 990.3011000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses210.1561000 heads2017
asses and mules290.091000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds6 1551000 heads2017
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.4191000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs5.171000 t2017
hides and skins7.4711000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
corals10t2017
crustaceans and molluscs750t2017
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
marble0.131000 m³2010
sand and gravel2 4501000 m³2010
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal952.22M kWh2016
non-renewable electricity generation93.061%2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal2711000 kW2016
- hydro601000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation1 023.22M kWh2016
total installed capacity3321000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
soap0.8251000 t2005-06
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cottonseed oil0.091000 t2014
rum, bottles530.11000 units2008
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement2001000 t2016
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production580.2M US$2017
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Trade

Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20181 078M US$ -
2017999M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20184 822M US$ -
20173 877M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures485M US$2017
Number of arrivals467 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet4units2018
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage891t2018
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers2.722per 1000 pop.2017
Computers51.4per 1000 pop.2008
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Gradautes, percentage0.7%1986
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Female155index1997
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level30 205units1994-95
Teachers, secondary level15 275units1995-96
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds0.7per 1000 pop.2013
Physicians0.3per 1000 pop.2004
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV1.9% of adults2017
Malaria19 135cases2017
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking4.34%2016
Access to electricity43.752%2017
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing8.7%1995
food, non-alcoholic beverages51.1%1995
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