Form of Government: Presidential republic
Area: 214 999 sq km
Population: 777 859 inhab. (estimate 2017)
Density: 3.62 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 9° - 1° N; long. 61° - 57° W
Capital: Georgetown (capital) 24 849 inhab. (2012); Georgetown 118 369 inhab. (2012), urban agglomeration
Currency: Guyana dollar (100 cents)
Human development index: 0.654 (rank: 125)
President: David Granger (APNU), since 16 May 2015
Prime Minister: Moses Nagamootoo (AFC), since 20 May 2015
National Assembly: seats based on the elections of 11 May 2015: APNU (A Partnership for National Unity, coalition led by the PNC-R, People’s National Congress-Reform)-AFC (Alliance for Change), 33; PPP-C (People’s Progressive Party-Civic), 32
Internet: www.statisticsguyana.gov.gy (Bureau of Statistics)
Member of Caricom, Commonwealth, Mercosur associated, OAS, OIC, UN, UNASUR, WTO

Guyana

Guyana, Co-operative Republic of Guyana
Useful information

International license plate code GUY
International dialling code 00592
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (recommended; it is also required if traveling from a country with risk of transmission); malaria prophylaxis (recommended for some areas)
Electricity (Voltage) 240
Driving side left
Internet code .gy

GMT  -4
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Georgetown 27
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Georgetown 26.5/27
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Georgetown 6/6
Annual average precipitation (mm) Georgetown 2420
Days of rainfall (annual average) Georgetown 180

Geography.
Guyana is bordered to the east by Suriname, to the south and the south-west by Brazil and to the north-west by Venezuela; it lies on the Atlantic Ocean to the north-east. Mainly made up of plains, in the western (Mount Roraima, 2875 m) and southern (Serra Acaraí) areas it is mountainous and forested.
The climate is hot and humid.

Government


An area of Dutch settlement from the sixteenth century and a British colony since 1831, Guyana gained independence, remaining within the Commonwealth, on 26 May 1966. On 23 February 1970 a “Co-operative Republic” was proclaimed, choosing to follow a socialist model of government. This model was modified by the enactment of the Constitution of 6 October 1980 and by the first freely-held elections of 1992, which allowed alternation between the two major groups, the Liberal Party (representing the Indian community) and the National Congress (supported by the black minority).
The President of the Republic, who enjoys executive powers, is the head of the party that receives the most number of votes in the elections for the National Assembly (65 elected members with a mandate of 5 years), which exercises legislative powers.
There are territorial disputes with Venezuela which lays claim to part of the region of Upper Essequibo, assigned to Guyana by arbitration in 1899, and with Suriname which lays claim to the areas on the south-eastern border.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force5.9%2015
Army88.2%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides18.4per 100 000 pop.2016
Police personnel474.5per 100 000 pop.2015
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Linden28 674inhab.2012
Georgetown24 849inhab.2012
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Georgetown118 369inhab.2012
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE

Almost half of the population descends from immigrants from the Indian sub-continent at the time of the British Empire.

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate20.42017
Death rate8.32017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Indian39.8%2012
black29.2%2012


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Protestant29.6%2012
Hindu24.8%2012


Languages
DESCRIPTION
English (official)
English Creole
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years25.4%2018
15-29 years30%2018


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Economy


The economy is based on the export of agricultural and mineral products but principally depends on foreign capital. Economic activity is hindered by inadequate infrastructure. Rice, sugar cane, coconut palms, tomatoes, bananas and other tropical fruits are grown.
Different types of wood are important products: Mora excels, Carapa guianensis, Eperua falcata and Ocotea rodiei. The fishing of shellfish is also important.
The main mineral resource is bauxite (at Kwakwani, Ituni and Linden). Gold (the alluvial deposits of the Potaro, Mazaruni, Cuyuni and Rapununi) and diamonds (the valley of the Mazaruni) are also extracted. Oil deposits have been identified off shore, but they have yet to be exploited. The food industry is also present with sugar, beer (at Georgetown) and rum factories.
Exports are made up above all of sugar, gold and bauxite; fuel and machinery are imported.
The main commercial partners are the USA, Trinidad and Tobago and Canada.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)129.96index2016
Balance of trade- 545M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population321 095units2018
Active population, Females35.6%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate12.2%2018
Unemployment rate, Females46.2%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses191 152.6M LCU2018
Revenues216 724.3M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture18.5%2018
industry25.7%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture14.8%2017
industry38.2%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation112.03BN LCU2018
International reserves518.5M US$2018
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land2.29%2015
forests83.95%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total634.1041000 t2017
maize41000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava5.3741000 t2017
roots and tubers, total32.9211000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages8.4141000 t2017
chillies and peppers31.8191000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green7.91000 t2017
broad beans, dry0.4721000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.3981000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts136.6061000 t2017
copra2.41000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0.4291000 t2017
coffee0.4011000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane1 859.0371000 t2017
tobacco0.0931000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cherries2.7011000 t2017
fruits, total45.6441000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits15.3121000 t2017
citrus fruits, nes1.071000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.5871000 t2017
bananas13.6781000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize2.9221000 ha2017
rice172.2551000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava1.3541000 ha2017
sweet potatoes0.2251000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cabbages0.91000 ha2017
chillies and peppers3.241000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Pulses
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beans, green0.71000 ha2017
broad beans, dry0.591000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts0.331000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts5.3551000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa1.0561000 ha2017
coffee0.521000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane37.9391000 ha2017
tobacco0.1121000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cherries0.591000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits1.1911000 ha2017
citrus fruits, nes0.3431000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
avocados0.1821000 ha2017
bananas0.5531000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber1 228 5602017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle100.2491000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes100.2491000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs12.61000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep131.6731000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats82.6061000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses1.0181000 heads2017
asses and mules1.1751000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds27 3801000 heads2017
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.0871000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs1.4431000 t2017
hides and skins0.5031000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs23 682.153t2017
freshwater fishes1 165.115t2017
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bauxite1 8941000 t2018
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
diamonds62.11000 ct2018
gold19 167kg2018
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1 000M kWh2016
non-renewable electricity generation99.000%2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal3801000 kW2016
- other renew.471000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation1 010.1M kWh2016
total installed capacity4281000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
soap5.51000 t2018
Industry - Clothing and footwear
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
footwear31 900pairs2017
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley18.91000 t2014
coconut oil1.11000 t2014
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement4001000 t2016
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
chemicals production0.5M US$2001
food, beverages and tobacco production40M US$2001
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
food products49.161% of goods exports2018
manufactures26.666% of goods exports2018
International trade by country - Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States204M US$2010
Canada173M US$2010
International trade by country - Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
United States407.6M US$2010
Trinidad and Tobago247.9M US$2010
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20181 315M US$ -
20171 436M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20181 860M US$ -
20171 632M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures103M US$2016
Number of arrivals247 000units2017
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, passengers carried42.81000 units2014
Merchant fleet55units2018
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers83.42per 1000 pop.2017
Computers38per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling11.4years2012
Graduates1 838units2012
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level4 079units2012
Teachers, secondary level4 235units2012
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds2.4per 1000 pop.2018
Physicians1.35per 1000 pop.2018
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV1.7% of adults2017
Malaria13 936cases2017
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking74.48%2016
Access to electricity90.864%2017
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing8.6%1994
energy, water5.2%1994
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