Form of Government: Republic
Area: 28 052 sq km
Population: 1 454 789 inhab. (estimate 2020)
Density: 51.86 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 4° N - 2° S; long. 8° - 11° E
Capital: Malabo (capital) 296 770 inhab. (2018);
Currency: CFA franc (100 centimes)
Human development index: 0.592 (rank: 145)
President: Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo (PDGE), in office since 3 August 1979 and last re-elected on 24 April 2016
Prime Minister: Francisco Pascual Obama Asue (PDGE), since 22 June 2016
Internet: www.inege.gq (Instituto Nacional de Estadística)
Member of AU, CEMAC, OAS observer, OPEC, UN, WTO observer

Equatorial Guinea

Guinea Ecuatorial, Guinée équatoriale, República de Guinea Ecuatorial, République de Guinée équatoriale
Useful information

International license plate code GQ
International dialling code 00240
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (recommended; it is also required if traveling from a country with risk of transmission); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .gq

GMT  +1
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Malabo 25.7
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Malabo 25/25
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Malabo 2/3
Annual average precipitation (mm) Malabo 1900
Days of rainfall (annual average) Malabo 109

Geography.
The continental area is bordered by Cameroon to the north, by Gabon to the east and south, and it lies on the Gulf of Guinea to the west. The islands include Bioko, Pagalu, Corisco, Elobey Grande and Elobey Chico.
The terrain is mountainous and the climate equatorial.

Government


This former Spanish colony has been independent since 12 October 1968. In 1979 Col. T. Obiang Nguema Mbasogo took power with a military coup d’état, keeping control of the country even after multipartyism was introduced with the 1991 Constitution. The Democratic Party (PDGE), which represents the Fang tribe, has won all elections and maintains a solid majority in parliament. The President is elected by direct suffrage for seven years and appoints the Prime Minister. Since 2013, the Chamber of Deputies (100 members elected for a five-year term) is flanked by a Senate of 70 members (55 elected for five years and 15 appointed by the President).

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force7.6%2015
Army83.3%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides2.3per 100 000 pop.2015
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Malabo296 770inhab.2018
Bata250 770inhab.2012
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2020)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate32.7832019
Death rate9.1122019
Foreigners
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Foreigners, total209 611units2015
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Fang56.6%2000
other15.7%2000


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic80.7%2010
Protestant7.5%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
French (official)
Pidgin English
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years38.5%2020
15-29 years27.8%2020


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Economy


The exploitation of natural gas (Alba) and oil (Ceiba, Zafiro) deposits is the main source of revenue; despite attempts to diversify the economy, the country remains susceptible to the trend in hydrocarbon prices.
Subsistence agriculture (based on sweet potatoes, cassava and bananas) is widespread; cocoa and valuable timber resources (rosewood, ebony and okoumé) are exported; fishing is important. Industry is limited to the processing of hydrocarbons (gas liquefaction plant at Malabo) and agricultural products (palm oil and beverages). The CFA franc is pegged to the Euro at a fixed rate of exchange.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)115.19index2016
Agricultural prod. index (2014-16=100)109.47index2019
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population539 296units2020
Active population, Females36.6%2020
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate9.2%2020
Unemployment rate, Females35.3%2019
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses1 171 449M LCU2019
Revenues1 235 787M LCU2019
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture42.4%2019
industry19.1%2019
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture2.532%2019
industry50.616%2019
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation207.729BN LCU2019
International reserves40.817M US$2019
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land6.417%2018
forests87.884%2018
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava79.6461000 t2019
roots and tubers, total247.571000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits35.9421000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts7.7521000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa1$1000 t2019
coffee4.2281000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total73.0071000 t2019
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas31.9651000 t2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava24.511000 ha2019
sweet potatoes19.8291000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit3.5141000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts4.3691000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa9.9281000 ha2019
coffee11.51000 ha2019
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas6.6481000 ha2019
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber1 747 0002019
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle5.421000 heads2019
cattle and buffaloes5.421000 heads2019
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs7.0051000 heads2019
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep40.6071000 heads2019
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats9.6711000 heads2019
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds4161000 heads2019
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.3121000 t2019
hides and skins0.0461000 t2019
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs40$t2019
freshwater fishes1 015t2019
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Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural gas6 976M m³2019
oil, crude7 359.71000 t2020
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold200kg2011
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal841.3M kWh2018
- hydro580.14M kWh2018
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal2221000 kW2018
- hydro1261000 kW2019
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation1 421.44M kWh2018
total installed capacity3491000 kW2018
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
palm oil5.511000 t2018
vegetable oils5.511000 t2018
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production2 070.424M US$2020
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Trade

Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20203 200M US$ -
20195 200M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20201 747M US$ -
20192 275M US$ -
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, passengers carried420.81000 units2019
Merchant fleet42$units2021
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers1.238per 1000 pop.2018
Computers14.8per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling7.7years2002
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Female61.589index2015
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Students, primary level113 561units2018
Students, secondary level57 147units2018
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds2.1per 1000 pop.2010
Physicians0.4per 1000 pop.2017
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV7.2% of adults2019
HIV, total1.3%2001
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking23.9%2019
Access to electricity66.592%2019
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