Form of Government: Republic
Area: 28 052 sq km
Population: 1 221 490 inhab. (estimate 2016)
Density: 43.54 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 4° N - 2° S; long. 8° - 11° E
Capital: Malabo (capital) 145 000 inhab. (2014);
Currency: CFA franc (100 centimes)
Human development index: 0.592 (rank: 135)
President: Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo (PDGE), in office since 3 August 1979 and last re-elected on 24 April 2016
Prime Minister: Francisco Pascual Obama Asue (PDGE), since 22 June 2016
Internet: www.inege.gq (Instituto Nacional de Estadística)
Member of AU, CEMAC, OAS observer, OPEC, UN, WTO observer

Equatorial Guinea

Guinea Ecuatorial, Guinée équatoriale, República de Guinea Ecuatorial, République de Guinée équatoriale
Useful information

International license plate code GQ
International dialling code 00240
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (recommended; it is also required if traveling from a country with risk of transmission); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .gq

GMT  +1
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Malabo 25.7
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Malabo 25/25
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Malabo 2/3
Annual average precipitation (mm) Malabo 1900
Days of rainfall (annual average) Malabo 109

Geography.
The continental area is bordered by Cameroon to the north, by Gabon to the east and south, and it lies on the Gulf of Guinea to the west. The islands include Bioko, Pagalu, Corisco, Elobey Grande and Elobey Chico.
The terrain is mountainous and the climate equatorial.

Government


This former Spanish colony has been independent since 12 October 1968. In 1979 Col. T. Obiang Nguema Mbasogo took power with a military coup d’état, keeping control of the country even after multipartyism was introduced with the 1991 Constitution. The Democratic Party (PDGE), which represents the Fang tribe, has won all elections and maintains a solid majority in parliament. The President is elected by direct suffrage for seven years and appoints the Prime Minister. Since 2013, the Chamber of Deputies (100 members elected for a five-year term) is flanked by a Senate of 70 members (55 elected for five years and 15 appointed by the President).

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force7.6%2015
Army83.3%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides3.2per 100 000 pop.2015
TOP

Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Bata173 046inhab.2005
Malabo145 000inhab.2014
TOP

Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2017)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate34.12016
Death rate10.22016
Foreigners
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Foreigners, total209 611units2015
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Fang56.6%2000
other15.7%2000


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Catholic80.7%2010
Protestant7.5%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
French (official)
Pidgin English
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years39.8%2017
15-29 years27.5%2017


TOP

Economy


The exploitation of natural gas (Alba) and oil (Ceiba, Zafiro) deposits is the main source of revenue for the country; despite attempts to diversify the economy, the country remains susceptible to the trend in hydrocarbon prices.
Subsistence agriculture (based on sweet potatoes, cassava and bananas) is widespread; cocoa and valuable timber resources (rosewood, ebony and okoumé) are exported; fishing is important. Industry is limited to the processing of hydrocarbons and agricultural products (palm oil and beverages). The CFA franc is pegged to the Euro at a fixed rate of exchange.

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)115.19index2016
Balance of trade3 200M US$2017
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population471 495units2017
Active population, Females39.3%2017
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate6.9%2017
Unemployment rate, Females41.3%2017
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses1 766 681M LCU2017
Revenues1 485 200M LCU2017
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture59.5%2017
industry6.4%2017
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture2.5%2016
industry50%2016
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation202.7BN LCU2017
International reserves45.5M US$2017
TOP

Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land6.42%2015
forests55.89%2015
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava72.3781000 t2016
roots and tubers, total204.2241000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits35.871000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts7.481000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa0.4551000 t2016
coffee4.221000 t2016
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total73.2361000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas29.7211000 t2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava23.2461000 ha2016
sweet potatoes17.131000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit3.5151000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts4.0531000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa4.5531000 ha2016
coffee11.5871000 ha2016
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas6.4931000 ha2016
TOP

Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber1 437 0002016
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle5.3491000 heads2016
cattle and buffaloes5.3491000 heads2016
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs6.8441000 heads2016
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep40.2951000 heads2016
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats9.5551000 heads2016
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds4061000 heads2016
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs0.3171000 t2016
hides and skins0.0481000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs40t2016
freshwater fishes1 015t2016
TOP

Minerals

Mineral resources - Energy minerals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural gas6 541M m³2016
oil, crude9 390.21000 t2017
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
gold200kg2011
TOP

Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal230M kWh2015
- hydro195M kWh2015
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal1841000 kW2015
- hydro1501000 kW2015
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation425M kWh2015
total installed capacity3341000 kW2015
TOP

Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
palm oil6.61000 t2014
vegetable oils6.61000 t2014
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production3 126.5M US$2017
TOP

Trade

Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20175 200M US$ -
20164 900M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20172 000M US$ -
20162 000M US$ -
TOP

Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Civil aviation, passengers carried496.31000 units2017
Merchant fleet38units2018
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers2.768per 1000 pop.2016
Computers14.8per 1000 pop.2005
TOP

Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling7.7years2002
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Female61index2015
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level4 021units2015
Teachers, secondary level1 228units2002
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds2.1per 1000 pop.2010
Physicians0.3per 1000 pop.2004
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV6.2% of adults2016
HIV, total1.3%2001
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking34.39%2016
Access to electricity67.889%2016
TOP