Form of Government: Republic
Area: 36 125 sq km
Population: 1 584 791 inhab. (estimate 2018)
Density: 43.87 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 13° - 11° N; long. 17° - 13° W
Capital: Bissau (capital) 387 909 inhab. (2009);
Currency: CFA franc (100 centimes)
Human development index: 0.455 (rank: 177)
President: José Mario Vaz (PAIGC), elected 18 May 2014
Prime Minister: Aristides Gomes (PAIGC), since 16 April 2018
National Assembly: seats based on the elections of 13 April 2014: PAIGC (African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cabo Verde), 57; PRS (Party for Social Renewal), 41; others, 4
Internet: www.stat-guinebissau.com (Instituto Nacional de Estatística e Censos)
Member of AU, ECOWAS, OIC, UN, WTO

Guinea-Bissau

Guiné-Bissau, República da Guiné-Bissau
Useful information

International license plate code GNB
International dialling code 00245
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (required); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .gw

GMT  0
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Bissau 26.6
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Bissau 25.5/26.5
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Bissau 7.5/6
Annual average precipitation (mm) Bissau 1819
Days of rainfall (annual average) Bissau 94

Geography.
Guinea-Bissau is bordered by Senegal to the north, by Guinea to the south and south-east, and looks out onto the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The whole country is very low-lying and crossed by the River Cacheu, Gêba and Corubal. The climate is tropical.

Government


Formerly known as Portuguese Guinea, Guinea-Bissau declared independence on 24 September 1973 after a ten-year independence war led by the PAIGC (Republican Party for Independence and Development). Since then, the political life of the country has been marked by numerous coups d’etat, the last of which took place following the death of President Malam Bacai Sanhá (9 January 2012), when the military took over (12 April), deposing the caretaker president, Raimundo Pereira. New free elections were held in 2014. According to the Constitution of 16 May 1984, the President of the Republic is elected by direct suffrage for a five-year term and has executive powers. The National Assembly is made up of 102 members elected for four years.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force2%2015
Army90%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides9.5per 100 000 pop.2015
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Bissau387 909inhab.2009
Gabú41 612inhab.2009
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE
Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate39.22017
Death rate11.42017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Fulbe23.8%2009
Balante22.9%2009


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim45.1%2010
animist/traditional beliefs30.9%2010


Languages
DESCRIPTION
Portuguese (official)
Portuguese Creole
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years43.6%2018
15-29 years28.1%2018


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Economy


The main crops are rice for subsistence and cashew nuts for exportation; part of the fishing catch is also exported. There are substantial contributions of international aid. The country owns reserves of bauxite and phosphate; prospecting for gas and oil is underway. The “unofficial” economy is very important (the country is a key crossroads for drug-trafficking between South America and Europe).

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)142.63index2016
Balance of trade22M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population815 615units2018
Active population, Females47.5%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate4.1%2018
Unemployment rate, Females49.5%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses145 481M LCU2017
Revenues135 903M LCU2017
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture68%2018
industry8.8%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture52.1%2017
industry13.3%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation239.02BN LCU2018
International reserves24.1M US$2016
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Agriculture

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land15.27%2015
forests54.75%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total230.8641000 t2017
maize7.271000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava55.3021000 t2017
roots and tubers, total145.3931000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts46.6751000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits81.3131000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts39.8611000 t2017
copra91000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane6.6981000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton5.4281000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total104.4551000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts155.9531000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits11.0081000 t2017
lemons4.2141000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas7.1421000 t2017
mangoes9.1431000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize6.9491000 ha2017
millet11.051000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava6.4121000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts40.3271000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit9.621000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts10.7581000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane0.2541000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton4.91000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts277.4651000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits2.0391000 ha2017
lemons0.6851000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas0.6081000 ha2017
mangoes1.0711000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
timber2 991 1812017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle718.4931000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes718.4931000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs464.6221000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep504.0211000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats798.9241000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses5.2421000 heads2017
asses and mules5.2421000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds2 0871000 heads2017
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.1481000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
eggs1.4321000 t2017
hides and skins2.1521000 t2013
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
crustaceans and molluscs61t2017
freshwater fishes185t2017
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
non-renewable electricity generation89.743%2016
- thermal35M kWh2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- thermal281000 kW2016
- other renew.0.31000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation39M kWh2016
total installed capacity28.31000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley1.11000 t2014
coconut oil61000 t2014
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production152.4M US$2018
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Trade

Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018348M US$ -
2017329M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
2018326M US$ -
2017280M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures33M US$2016
Number of arrivals43 800units2015
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet9units2018
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage1 666t2018
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers0.337per 1000 pop.2017
Computers2per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling9.1years2006
Gross enrolment ratio, primary - Female110index2010
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level5 371units2010
Teachers, secondary level1 480units2006
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds1per 1000 pop.2009
Physicians0.05per 1000 pop.2010
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV3.4% of adults2017
HIV, total1.4%2001
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking1.52%2016
Access to electricity26.047%2017
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