Form of Government: Presidential republic
Area: 245 857 sq km
Population: 11 883 516 inhab. (estimate 2018)
Density: 48.34 inhab./sq km
Coordinates: lat. 13° - 7° N; long. 15° - 8° W
Capital: Conakry 1 877 924 inhab. (2018), urban agglomeration
Currency: Guinean franc (100 centimes)
Human development index: 0.459 (rank: 175)
Head of State: Alpha Condé (RPG), elected 7 November 2010, in office since 21 December 2010, re-elected 11 October 2015
Prime Minister: Ibrahima Kassory Fofana (RPG), since 21 May 2018
National Assembly: seats based on the elections of 28 September 2013: RPG (Rally of the Guinean People), 53; UFDG (Union of Democratic Forces of Guinea), 37; UFR (Union of Republican Forces), 10; others, 14
Internet: www.stat-guinee.org (Institut National de la Statistique)
Member of AU, ECOWAS, OIC, UN, WTO

Guinea

Guinée, République de Guinée
Useful information

International license plate code RG
International dialling code 00224
Travel vaccinations requirement yellow fever (recommended; it is also required if traveling from a country with risk of transmission); malaria prophylaxis (recommended)
Electricity (Voltage) 220
Driving side rigth
Internet code .gn

GMT  0
DST  not applied
Annual average temperature (°C) Conakry 25.6
Average temperature in January/July (°C) Conakry 26.5/25
Daily sunshine hours in June/December (average) Conakry 5/7
Annual average precipitation (mm) Conakry 3235
Days of rainfall (annual average) Conakry 142

Geography.
Guinea is bordered by Senegal to the north, by Mali to the north-east, by Côte d’Ivoire to the south-east, by Liberia and Sierra Leone to the south and by Guinea-Bissau to the north-west. To the west, the country lies on the Atlantic Ocean. Apart from the coastal strip with its very jagged coastline, most of the country is mountainous or hilly. In the south-east is Nimba massif which reaches heights of 1752 m and provides a natural border with Liberia. In the centre and north of the country lies the Fouta Djalon massif (1538 m), where the sources of the River Gambia and the River Bafing are found. The River Niger starts in the Loma mountains.
The climate is generally hot and humid.

Government


Formerly a French colony, Guinea became independent on 2 October 1958 and for a long time was a single-party state headed by President Ahmed Sekou Touré. After his death in 1984, power was seized by Colonel Lansana Conté, and the country was turned into a military regime. In 2008, after Conté’s death, a transitional government was formed which was controlled by the military. It drew up a new Constitution and led the country to the first free presidential elections in 2010, won by Alpha Condé.
The country’s political life is strongly influenced by the rivalry between various ethnic groups, especially the Fula (Fulbe) and the Mandinka (Malinke).
According to the 2010 Constitution, the President of the Republic, who is elected by direct suffrage for five years, is head of executive power. Legislative power lies in the hands of the National Assembly, formed by 114 members elected for five years.

Defence
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Air force8.3%2015
Army87.6%2015
Justice
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Homicides8.8per 100 000 pop.2015
Police personnel77per 100 000 pop.2012
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Administrative division

Administrative divisions
Cities
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Conakry1 877 924inhab.2018
Nzérékoré195 027inhab.2014
Urban agglomerations
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Conakry1 877 924inhab.2018
Kankan533 530inhab.2018
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Population

Population by age and gender (% - 2018)
75+
60-74
45-59
30-44
15-29
0-14
MALEAGEFEMALE

Life expectancy is low with a high level of infant mortality. It is estimated that two million Guineans live abroad, mostly in Senegal and Côte d’Ivoire.

Demographic statistics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Birth rate38.22017
Death rate10.32017
Ethnic groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Fulbe33.9%2012
Malinke31.1%2012


Religions
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Muslim89.1%2014
Christian6.8%2014


Languages
DESCRIPTION
French (official)
Sudanese dialects
Population by selected age groups
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
0-14 years41.4%2018
15-29 years26.7%2018


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Economy

Economy - General data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Agricultural prod. index (2004-06=100)134.58index2016
Balance of trade294.4M US$2018
Economy - Employment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Active population4 887 409units2018
Active population, Females49.6%2018
Economy - Unemployment
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Unemployment rate3.6%2018
Unemployment rate, Females36.4%2018
Economy - State budget
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenses15 797 530M LCU2018
Revenues16 122 940M LCU2018
Employment by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture66.5%2018
industry6.9%2018
GDP by economic activity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
agriculture17.9%2017
industry36.2%2017
Financial data
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Currency in circulation16 974BN LCU2015
International reserves1 225M US$2018
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Agriculture


Primary sector.
The principal cash crops are rubber, cocoa, coffee, peanuts, and cashew nuts. Almost half of the usable land in the country is dedicated to subsistence crops, including rice, cassava, maize, bananas and fonio millet. Livestock farming (mainly cattle) is practised on the slopes of the Fouta Djalon.

Land use
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
arable land15.46%2015
forests25.9%2015
Agriculture - products - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cereals, total3 755.6651000 t2017
maize768.0821000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava1 384.4471000 t2017
potatoes59.0121000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
muskmelons2.8741000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts5401000 t2017
sesame seed2.921000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruits842.0451000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts56.4781000 t2017
copra2.21000 t2006
Agriculture - products - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa10.6381000 t2017
coffee17.8131000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane305.951000 t2017
tobacco2.4061000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton43.4121000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sisal0.1991000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
fruits, total1 261.531000 t2014
Agriculture - products - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts10.51000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits232.7781000 t2017
citrus fruits, nes232.7781000 t2017
Agriculture - products - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas213.8181000 t2017
mangoes177.4991000 t2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cereals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
maize608.9191000 ha2017
millet194.071000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Roots and tubers
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cassava178.6741000 ha2017
potatoes5.6161000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Vegetables
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
muskmelons0.2851000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oilcrops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
groundnuts6501000 ha2017
sesame seed14.7441000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Oil palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
oil palm fruit315.0531000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Coconut palm
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
coconuts14.6451000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Aromatics
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cocoa21.6191000 ha2017
coffee39.0771000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Industrial crops
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sugar cane5.6981000 ha2017
tobacco1.9641000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Cotton
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
seed cotton45.4531000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Fiber plants
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sisal2.0071000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Nuts
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cashew nuts91000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Citrus fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
citrus fruits43.6641000 ha2017
citrus fruits, nes43.6641000 ha2017
Agriculture - areas harvested - Tropical fruits
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bananas41.841000 ha2017
mangoes87.9321000 ha2017
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Forests-Livestock-Fishing

Forestry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
natural rubber16 665t2017
timber12 953 5562017
Livestock - Cattle
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cattle7 108.3281000 heads2017
cattle and buffaloes7 108.3281000 heads2017
Livestock - Pigs
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
pigs133.0311000 heads2017
Livestock - Sheep
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
sheep2 522.0191000 heads2017
Livestock - Goats
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
goats2 9201000 heads2017
Livestock - Equines
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
asses2.311000 heads2017
asses and mules2.311000 heads2017
Livestock - Poultry
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
birds31 5411000 heads2017
Livestock - Beekeeping
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
honey0.8811000 t2014
Livestock - Livestock products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
butter0.4471000 t2014
eggs25.5021000 t2017
Fishing
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
freshwater fishes30 250t2017
marine fishes100 000t2017
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Minerals


Secondary and tertiary sector.
Vast reserves of bauxite (among the largest in the world) are found in Fria, Sangarédi and Debélé. Diamonds (near Macenta) and gold (in Kouroussa and Siguiri) are also mined. There are unexploited reserves of iron, manganese, nickel and uranium.
Electricity is in part supplied by the plants built along the rivers Samou, Konkouré and Bafing. The country’s industrial system includes an alumina refinery plant (at Fria), some tobacco and cement factories (at Conakry), a tea processing plant (at Macenta), peanuts processing plants (at Dabola) and cotton plants (at Conarky and Sanoyah).

Mineral resources - Metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
bauxite50 0001000 t2018
Mineral resources - Non-metal ores
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
salt151000 t2011
Mineral resources - Rocks
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
granite - cu m500.31000 m³2017
Mineral resources - Precious metals and stones
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
diamonds1401000 ct2018
diamonds, industrial - ct231000 ct2016
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Energy

Electric energy - Generated
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro395M kWh2016
- thermal200M kWh2016
Electric energy - Installed capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
- hydro3681000 kW2016
- thermal1801000 kW2016
Electric energy - Total production and capacity
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
total net generation598M kWh2016
total installed capacity5501000 kW2016
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Industry

Industry - Iron and Steel, Metallurgy
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
alumina1001000 t2018
Industry - Chemicals
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
paints13.61000 t2017
Industry - Food and beverages
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
beer of barley25.21000 t2014
coconut oil1.41000 t2014
Industry - Glass and other non-metallic mineral products
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
cement9111000 t2017
Industry - Various
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
manufacturing production1 103.8M US$2018
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Trade

Composition of goods exports
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
ores and metals61.282% of goods exports2015
manufactures27.165% of goods exports2015
Merchandise Export
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20184 085M US$ -
20174 594M US$ -
Merchandise Import
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
20183 790M US$ -
20173 484M US$ -
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Tourism

International Tourism
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expenditures16M US$2017
Number of arrivals60 000units2016
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Communications

Communication - Transport
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Merchant fleet1units2018
Merchant fleet, gross tonnage196t2018
Communication - Media and telecommunication
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Broadband subscribers0.088per 1000 pop.2016
Computers4.9per 1000 pop.2005
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Social and welfare

Social statistics - Education
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Expected years of schooling9.1years2014
Graduates32 755units2014
Social statistics - Students and Teachers by level
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Teachers, primary level37 680units2016
Teachers, secondary level21 501units2012
Social statistics - Health
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Hospital beds0.2per 1000 pop.2014
Physicians0.08per 1000 pop.2016
Social statistics - Diseases
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
HIV1.5% of adults2017
Malaria1 335 323cases2017
Other social indicators
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking1.24%2016
Access to electricity35.441%2017
Household consumption expenditure
DESCRIPTIONVALUEUNITSYEAR
clothing7.9%1995
food, non-alcoholic beverages61.5%1995
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